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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Bergström Göran) ;pers:(Wickman Anna 1969)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Bergström Göran) > Wickman Anna 1969

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1.
  • Andersson, Irene, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Endothelial dysfunction in growth hormone transgenic mice
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Science. - 0143-5221. ; 110:2, s. 217-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acromegaly [overproduction of GH (growth hormone)] is associated with cardiovascular disease. Transgenic mice overexpressing bGH (bovine GH) develop hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia and could be a model for cardiovascular disease in acromegaly. The aims of the present study were to investigate the effects of excess GH on vascular function and to test whether oxidative stress affects endothelial function in bGH transgenic mice. We studied the ACh (acetylcholine)-induced relaxation response in aortic and carotid rings of young (9-11 weeks) and aged (22-24 weeks) female bGH transgenic mice and littermate control mice, without and with the addition of a free radical scavenger {MnTBAP [Mn(III)tetrakis(4-benzoic acid)porphyrin chloride]}. We also measured mRNA levels of eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) and EC-SOD (extracellular superoxide dismutase). Intracellular superoxide anion production in the vascular wall was estimated using a dihydroethidium probe. Carotid arteries from bGH transgenic mice had an impaired ACh-induced relaxation response (young, 46 +/- 7% compared with 69 +/- 8%; aged, 52 +/- 5% compared with 80 +/- 3%; P < 0.05), whereas endothelial function in aorta was intact in young but impaired in aged bGH transgenic mice. Endothelial dysfunction was corrected by addition of MnTBAP in carotid arteries from young mice and in aortas from aged mice; however, MnTBAP did not correct endothelial dysfunction in carotid arteries from aged bGH transgenic mice. There was no difference in intracellular superoxide anion production between bGH transgenic mice and control mice, whereas mRNA expression of EC-SOD and eNOS was increased in aortas from young bGH transgenic mice compared with control mice (P < 0.05). We interpret these data to suggest that bGH overexpression is associated with a time- and vessel-specific deterioration in endothelial function, initially caused by increased oxidative stress and later by other alterations in vascular function.
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2.
  • Betsholtz, Christer, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet-derived growth factor B retention is essential for development of normal structure and function of conduit vessels and capillaries
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Cardiovasc Res. - 0008-6363. ; 71:3, s. 557-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Extracellular retention of PDGF-B has been proposed to play an important role in PDGF-B signalling. We used the PDGF-B retention motif knockout mouse (RetKO) to study the effects of retention motif deletion on development of micro- and macrovascular structure and function. METHODS: Passive and active properties of conduit vessels were studied using myograph techniques and histological examination. Capillary structure and function was studied using measurements of capillary density in skeletal muscle and by assessing aerobic physical performance in a treadmill setup. Cardiac function was assessed using echocardiography. RESULTS: Myograph experiments revealed an increased diameter and stiffness of the aorta in RetKO. Histological examination showed increased media collagen content and a decreased number of aortic wall layers, however with a similar number of vascular smooth muscle cells. This outward eutrophic remodelling of the aorta was accompanied by endothelial dysfunction. RetKO showed decreased capillary density in skeletal muscle and signs of a defective delivery of capillary oxygen to skeletal muscle, as shown by a decreased physical performance. In RetKO mice, echocardiography revealed an adaptive eccentric cardiac hypertrophy. CONCLUSION: We conclude that retention of PDGF-B during development is essential for a normal conduit vessel function in the adult mouse. Furthermore, PDGF-B retention is also necessary for the development of an adequate capillary density, and thereby for a normal oxygen delivery to skeletal muscle. The lack of primary effects on cardiac function supports the redundant role of PDGF-B in cardiac development.
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4.
  • Johansson, Maria, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Angiotensin II, type 2 receptor is not involved in the angiotensin II-mediated pro-atherogenic process in ApoE-/- mice
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: J Hypertens. - 0263-6352. ; 23:8, s. 1541-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin II (Ang II) accelerates atherogenesis in ApoE mice via the angiotensin II, type 1 receptor (AT1) while the type 2 receptor (AT2) is suggested to counteract atherogenesis. To confirm and further explore this possibility, we studied the effect of AT2 receptor antagonism on Ang II-accelerated atherosclerosis. METHODS: ApoE mice were fed a standard or high cholesterol diet (1.25%) for 4 weeks. Mice on each diet were treated with either Ang II (0.5 microg/kg per min) or Ang II in combination with PD123319 (3 mg/kg per day). Plaque distribution was assessed by en face quantification of the thoracic aorta and in cross-sections of the aortic root. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured. AT1 and AT2 receptor expression were analysed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the localization of the AT2 receptor protein confirmed with immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Ang II infusion increased MAP only in mice on a standard diet (P < 0.001). Regardless of diet, Ang II-infused mice had 22-30 times increased plaque area in the thoracic aorta (P < 0.001 for both). Ang II had no effect on plaque in the aortic root. Plaque area was not affected by PD123319. AT2 receptor was heavily expressed in the plaques and increased six- to ninefold by a high cholesterol diet and Ang II infusion (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Ang II increases the extent of atherosclerosis in ApoE mice. Despite up-regulation of the AT2 receptor, we found no support for an effect of the AT2 receptor on atherogenesis in this model.
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5.
  • Johansson, Maria E, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Blood pressure is the major driving force for plaque formation in aortic-constricted ApoE-/- mice
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hypertension. - 0263-6352. ; 24:10, s. 2001-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Using an aortic constriction model in mice, we studied whether the increase in pressure or the activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and its main receptors is the main driving force for plaque progression. METHODS: Male ApoE mice underwent sham surgery or placement of a suprarenal silver clip around the aorta (AoC). Half the group was treated with the selective AT1 receptor antagonist losartan (30 mg/kg per day) for 4 weeks. RESULTS: Anesthetized mean arterial pressure (MAP) was increased in AoC mice compared to sham (106 +/- 3 versus 90 +/- 1 mmHg, P < 0.001). Losartan reduced MAP in sham mice (78 +/- 2 mmHg, P < 0.01) but not in AoC (AoC losartan 104 +/- 2 mmHg). Plasma renin concentration (PRC) was increased in AoC mice compared to sham [1.6 +/- 0.3 versus 0.8 +/- 0.2 milliGoldblatt units (mGU)/ml, P < 0.001]. Losartan treatment augmented this difference (18.7 +/- 3.7 versus 4.6 +/- 1.7 mGU/ml, P < 0.01). AT2 receptor mRNA expression was increased 5.8-fold by aortic constriction in thoracic aorta (P < 0.05) and the major site for expression of the AT2 receptor protein was within the plaques. The plaque area was increased in AoC mice compared to sham (0.61 +/- 0.09 versus 0.07 +/- 0.01%, P < 0.001); however, losartan did not alter plaque area. CONCLUSIONS: Our data do not support a role for the AT1 receptor in the progression of atherosclerosis in this model, since blockade with losartan did not alter plaque distribution. Furthermore, we found no support for the counteraction of atherogenesis by increased activity of the RAS acting on the AT2 receptor. Our data suggest that increased pressure is the main driving force for atherosclerosis in this model.
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6.
  • Johansson, Maria E, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Haemodynamically significant plaque formation and regional endothelial dysfunction in cholesterol-fed ApoE-/- mice
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Clinical Science. - 0143-5221. ; 108:6, s. 531-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Flow-mediated vasodilation is suggested as one of the mechanisms involved in arterial expansive remodelling, which is thought to be a defence mechanism in atherogenesis. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that lumen obstructive plaque formation is associated with failure of NO (nitric oxide)-dependent vasodilation in conduit vessels. Cardiac function and aortic root flow velocities were assessed using high-resolution echocardiography and two-dimensional-guided pulsed Doppler in ApoE(-/-) (apolipoprotein E-deficient) mice fed a standard or high-cholesterol diet. Endothelial function in the proximal and mid-descending aortic regions was studied using a myograph technique. Flow velocity at the aortic root of cholesterol-fed ApoE(-/-) mice was significantly increased as a result of lumen narrowing, detected via histological analysis. NO-dependent vasodilatory responses were selectively impaired in the atherosclerosis-prone vascular regions in cholesterol-fed ApoE(-/-) mice. In conclusion, consumption of a high-cholesterol diet results in lumen obstructive plaque formation in ApoE(-/-) mice, which significantly alters aortic root haemodynamics. This phenomenon is associated with impaired NO-dependent vasodilation in vessel segments known to be prone to atherosclerosis.
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7.
  • Nyström, Henrik, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Short-term administration of growth hormone (GH) lowers blood pressure by activating eNOS/nitric oxide (NO)-pathway in male hypophysectomized (Hx) rats
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: BMC Physiol. - 1472-6793. ; 5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the acute and continuous (up to 14 days of treatment) effect of growth hormone (GH) on blood pressure (BP) regulation and to investigate the interplay between GH, nitric oxide (NO) and BP. In un-supplemented and GH supplemented hypophysectomized (Hx) male rats as well as intact rats, continuous resting mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was measured using telemetry. Baroreceptor activity and the influences of NO on BP control were assessed during telemetric measurement. Furthermore, basal plasma and urine nitrate levels and aortic endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression were analysed. Endothelial function as well as vascular structure in the hindquarter vascular bed was estimated using an in vivo constant-flow preparation. RESULTS: Hypophysectomy was associated with decreased MAP (Hx: 83 +/- 3 vs Intact: 98 +/- 6 mmHg, p < 0.05) and heart rate (HR) (Hx: 291 +/- 4 vs Intact: 351 +/- 7 beat/min, p < 0.05). Endothelial dysfunction and reduced vasculature mass in the hindquarter vascular bed was found in Hx rats. GH substitution caused a further transient decrease in MAP and a transient increase in HR (14% and 16% respectively, p < 0.05). The reduction in MAP appeared to be NO dependent. Aortic eNOS expression was unchanged. GH substitution resulted in an impaired baroreceptor function. Two weeks of GH treatment did not normalise the BP, vascular structure and the endothelial function in the resistance vessels. CONCLUSION: GH substitution seems to have a short lasting effect on lowering blood pressure via activation of the NO-system. An interaction between GH, NO-system and BP regulation can be demonstrated.
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