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1.
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2.
  • Rüetschi, Ulla, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of CSF biomarkers for frontotemporal dementia using SELDI-TOF.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Experimental neurology. - 0014-4886. ; 196:2, s. 273-81
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This investigation describes the discovery of novel possible cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for frontotemporal dementia (FTD) using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS). Sixteen clinically diagnosed FTD patients and 12 non-demented controls were included in the study. CSF was collected and analyzed for protein expression by SELDI-TOF MS. The samples were analyzed on four different array surfaces using two different energy-absorbing molecules as matrices. In total each sample was subjected to eight different surface/matrix conditions. About 2000 protein peaks (mass/charge ratios) were detected. Forty-two peaks were differentially expressed in FTD (P < 0.01). After exclusion of peaks with low signal-to-noise ratio and/or poor resolution and peaks representing differentially charged proteins, 10 peaks remained, five of which were increased and five decreased in FTD cases compared to controls. Using partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), the combination of these biomarkers discriminated FTD from non-demented controls with a sensitivity of 94%, a specificity of 83% and an accuracy of 89%. Five of the peaks were purified further and identified by tandem MS as a fragment of neurosecretory protein VGF, transthyretin, S-cysteinylated transthyretin, truncated cystatin C and a fragment of chromogranin B. With use of these potential biomarkers, FTD can be distinguished from control subjects with high accuracy in this pilot study.
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3.
  • Abramsson, Alexandra, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Proteomics Profiling of Single Organs from Individual Adult Zebrafish.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Zebrafish. - 1557-8542. ; 7:2, s. 161-168
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract The model organism zebrafish (Danio rerio) is extensively utilized in studies of developmental biology but is also being investigated in the context of a growing list of human age-related diseases. To facilitate such studies, we here present protein expression patterns of adult zebrafish organs, including blood, brain, fin, heart, intestine, liver, and skeletal muscle. Protein extracts were prepared from the different organs of two zebrafish and analyzed using liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry. Zebrafish tissue was digested directly after minimal fractionation and cleaned up (the shotgun approach). Proteins were identified using Mascot software. In total, 1394 proteins were identified of which 644 were nonredundant. Of these, 373 demonstrated an organ-specific expression pattern and 57 had not been shown on protein level before. These data emphasize the need for increased research at the protein level to facilitate the selection of candidate proteins for targeted quantification and to refine systematic genetic network analysis in vertebrate development, biology, and disease.
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6.
  • Alves, Guido, et al. (författare)
  • CSF amyloid-β and tau proteins, and cognitive performance, in early and untreated Parkinson's Disease: the Norwegian ParkWest study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. - 1468-330X. ; 81:10, s. 1080-1086
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is found in a considerable portion of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), particularly those with early dementia (PDD). Altered cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of amyloid-beta (Abeta) and tau proteins have been found in PDD, with intermediate changes for Abeta42 in non-demented PD. The authors investigated whether AD-related CSF protein levels are altered and relate to neuropsychological performance in early, untreated PD. Methods CSF concentrations of Abeta42, Abeta40 and Abeta38 were measured by electrochemiluminiscene and levels of total tau (T-tau) and phosphorylated tau (P-tau) by ELISA in 109 newly diagnosed, unmedicated, non-demented, community-based PD patients who had undergone comprehensive neuropsychological testing, and were compared with those of 36 age-matched normal controls and 20 subjects with mild AD. Results PD patients displayed significant reductions in Abeta42 (19%; p=0.009), Abeta40 (15.5%; p=0.008) and Abeta38 (23%; p=0.004) but not T-tau (p=0.816) or P-tau (p=0.531) compared with controls. CSF Abeta42 reductions in PD were less marked than in AD (53%; p=0.002). Sequential regression analyses demonstrated significant associations between CSF levels of Abeta42 (beta=0.205; p=0.019), Abeta40 (beta=0.378; p<0.001) and Abeta38 (beta=0.288; p=0.001) and memory impairment, but not executive-attentional or visuospatial dysfunction. Tau protein levels did not correlate with cognitive measures. Conclusion CSF Abeta levels are altered in a subset of patients with early PD and relate to memory impairment. Our study suggests that alterations in Abeta protein metabolism may contribute to the heterogeneity in pattern and course of cognitive decline associated with PD. Longitudinal studies are needed to clarify the clinical significance of CSF Abeta peptides as prognostic biomarkers in PD.
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8.
  • Anckarsäter, Henrik, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Increased CSF/serum albumin ratio: a recurrent finding in violent offenders.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Acta neurologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6314. ; 112:1, s. 48-50
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/ serum albumin ratios are increased in violent offenders. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a previous study of violent offenders, we found significantly higher CSF/serum album ratios (as a sign of increased blood-brain barrier permeability) in violent offenders than in healthy controls. For the present replication study, we recruited a new group of 28 violent offenders, aged 45 years or younger, and 20 new control subjects. RESULTS: The albumin ratio was again significantly higher in the offender group (mean 6.2) than in the control group (mean 4.6) (P = 0.012). Substance abuse or current medication did not appear to explain this finding. CONCLUSION: Increased CSF/serum albumin ratios are an unspecific sign of neurological dysfunction in subgroups of violent offenders.
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9.
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10.
  • Anckarsäter, R, et al. (författare)
  • Non-neurological surgery results in a neurochemical stress response.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996). - 0300-9564. ; 115:3, s. 397-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is a paucity of studies assessing changes in measures of human neurotransmission during stressful events, such as surgery. Thirty-five patients without any neurological disorders undergoing knee replacements with spinal bupivacaine anaesthesia and propofol sedation had cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drawn from a spinal catheter before, three hours after and the morning after surgery. The CSF concentrations of the dopamine metabolite homovanillinic acid (HVA) and the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), which are related to the activity of the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems of the brain, increased sharply during surgery and reached 188% and 166% of their initial concentrations on the morning after the intervention (p &lt; 0.0001). The CSF concentrations of the norepinephrine metabolite 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglucol (MHPG) increased modestly (non-significantly) during and after surgery. The HVA/5-HIAA ratios initially increased but returned to the initial level during the night after surgery. We conclude that non-neurological surgery, in this case to the lower limb, is accompanied by a marked central nervous stress response in spite of a spinal blockade.
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