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Sökning: WFRF:(Blennow Kaj 1958 ) > Månsson Jan Eric 1946

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1.
  • Brinkmalm, Gunnar, et al. (författare)
  • An online nano-LC-ESI-FTICR-MS method for comprehensive characterization of endogenous fragments from amyloid β and amyloid precursor protein in human and cat cerebrospinal fluid.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of mass spectrometry : JMS. - 1096-9888. ; 47:5, s. 591-603
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is the precursor protein to amyloid β (Aβ), the main constituent of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Endogenous Aβ peptides reflect the APP processing, and greater knowledge of different APP degradation pathways is important to understand the mechanism underlying AD pathology. When one analyzes longer Aβ peptides by low-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), mainly long b-fragments are observed, limiting the possibility to determine variations such as amino acid variants or post-translational modifications (PTMs) within the N-terminal half of the peptide. However, by using electron capture dissociation (ECD), we obtained a more comprehensive sequence coverage for several APP/Aβ peptide species, thus enabling a deeper characterization of possible variants and PTMs. Abnormal APP/Aβ processing has also been described in the lysosomal storage disease Niemann-Pick type C and the major large animal used for studying this disease is cat. By ECD MS/MS, a substitution of Asp7 → Glu in cat Aβ was identified. Further, sialylated core 1 like O-glycans at Tyr10, recently discovered in human Aβ (a previously unknown glycosylation type), were identified also in cat cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It is therefore likely that this unusual type of glycosylation is common for (at least) species belonging to the magnorder Boreoeutheria. We here describe a detailed characterization of endogenous APP/Aβ peptide species in CSF by using an online top-down MS-based method.
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2.
  • Mattsson, Niklas, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Amyloid-β metabolism in Niemann-Pick C disease models and patients.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Metabolic brain disease. - 1573-7365. ; 27:4, s. 573-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) is a progressive neurodegenerative lysosomal disease with altered cellular lipid trafficking. The metabolism of amyloid-β (Aβ) - previously mainly studied in Alzheimer's disease - has been suggested to be altered in NPC. Here we aimed to perform a detailed characterization of metabolic products from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in NPC models and patients. We used multiple analytical technologies, including immunoassays and immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometry (IP-MS) to characterize Aβ peptides and soluble APP fragments (sAPP-α/β) in cell media from pharmacologically (U18666A) and genetically (NPC1 ( -/- ) ) induced NPC cell models, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from NPC cats and human patients. The pattern of Aβ peptides and sAPP-α/β fragments in cell media was differently affected by NPC-phenotype induced by U18666A treatment and by NPC1 ( -/- ) genotype. U18666A treatment increased the secreted media levels of sAPP-α, AβX-40 and AβX-42 and reduced the levels of sAPP-β, Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42, while IP-MS showed increased relative levels of Aβ5-38 and Aβ5-40 in response to treatment. NPC1 ( -/- ) cells had reduced media levels of sAPP-α and Aβ1-16, and increased levels of sAPP-β. NPC cats had altered CSF distribution of Aβ peptides compared with normal cats. Cats treated with the potential disease-modifying compound 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin had increased relative levels of short Aβ peptides including Aβ1-16 compared with untreated cats. NPC patients receiving β-cyclodextrin had reduced levels over time of CSF Aβ1-42, AβX-38, AβX-40, AβX-42 and sAPP-β, as well as reduced levels of the axonal damage markers tau and phosphorylated tau. We conclude that NPC models have altered Aβ metabolism, but with differences across experimental systems, suggesting that NPC1-loss of function, such as in NPC1 ( -/- ) cells, or NPC1-dysfunction, seen in NPC patients and cats as well as in U18666A-treated cells, may cause subtle but different effects on APP degradation pathways. The preliminary findings from NPC cats suggest that treatment with cyclodextrin may have an impact on APP processing pathways. CSF Aβ, sAPP and tau biomarkers were dynamically altered over time in human NPC patients.
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3.
  • Mattsson, Niklas, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Elevated cerebrospinal fluid levels of prostaglandin E2 and 15-(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in multiple sclerosis.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of internal medicine. - 1365-2796. ; 265:4, s. 459-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the arachodinic acid metabolites prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 15-(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are elevated and reflect neuroinflammation and degenerative changes in multiple sclerosis (MS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured PGE2 and 15(S)-HETE concentrations, as well as markers of axonal and astroglial injury in CSF from 46 MS patients, 46 healthy siblings and 50 controls. RESULTS: We found elevated levels of both PGE2 and 15(S)-HETE in MS compared with the control and sibling groups. Siblings had lower PGE2 levels and higher 15(S)-HETE levels than controls. There were no correlations between either PGE2 or 15(S)-HETE and clinical scores of MS severity or biochemical markers of axonal or astroglial injury. CONCLUSION: These data suggest no direct involvement of PGE2 and 15(S)-HETE in the MS disease process. Rather, the elevated levels reflect a general up-regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism and neuroinflammation.
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4.
  • Mattsson, Niklas, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • {gamma}-Secretase-dependent amyloid-{beta} is increased in Niemann-Pick type C: A cross-sectional study.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - 0028-3878. ; 76:4, s. 366-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is an inherited disorder characterized by intracellular accumulation of lipids such as cholesterol and glycosphingolipids in endosomes and lysosomes. This accumulation induces progressive degeneration of the nervous system. NPC shows some intriguing similarities with Alzheimer disease (AD), including neurofibrillary tangles, but patients with NPC generally lack amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques. Lipids affect γ-secretase-dependent amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism that generates Aβ in vitro, but this has been difficult to prove in vivo. Our aim was to assess the effect of altered lipid constituents in neuronal membranes on amyloidogenic APP processing in humans. METHODS: We examined Aβ in CSF from patients with NPC (n = 38) and controls (n = 14). CSF was analyzed for Aβ(38), Aβ(40), Aβ(42), α-cleaved soluble APP, β-cleaved soluble APP, total-tau, and phospho-tau. RESULTS: Aβ release was markedly increased in NPC, with a shift toward the Aβ(42) isoform. Levels of α- and β-cleaved soluble APP were similar in patients and controls. Patients with NPC had increased total-tau. Patients on treatment with miglustat (n = 18), a glucosylceramide synthase blocker, had lower Aβ(42) and total-tau than untreated patients. CONCLUSION: Increased CSF levels of Aβ(38), Aβ(40), and Aβ(42) and unaltered levels of β-cleaved soluble APP are consistent with increased γ-secretase-dependent Aβ release in the brains of patients with NPC. These results provide the first in vivo evidence that neuronal lipid accumulation facilitates γ-secretase-dependent Aβ production in humans and may be of relevance to AD pathogenesis.
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5.
  • Mattsson, Niklas, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Miglustat treatment may reduce cerebrospinal fluid levels of the axonal degeneration marker tau in niemann-pick type C.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: JIMD reports. - 2192-8304. ; 3, s. 45-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lysosomal storage disorder that leads to progressive neurodegeneration. The glucosylceramide synthase blocker miglustat is being used to treat NPC, but monitoring of disease progression and treatment response is difficult. NPC patients have elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of total-tau (T-tau) indicating axonal degeneration, and increased CSF amyloid β (Aβ) indicating abnormal brain amyloid metabolism, but it is unknown if start of miglustat treatment affects these biomarker levels. Methods: Biomarkers were measured in serial CSF samples from NPC patients who started miglustat between samplings (N=5), were untreated at both samplings (N=5) or received treatment during the whole study (N=6) (median time between samplings 309 days [range 175-644]). CSF was analyzed for Aβ(38), Aβ(40), Aβ(42), α-cleaved soluble APP, β-cleaved soluble APP, T-tau and phospho-tau. Results: T-tau levels decreased in patients who started miglustat treatment (median 955 [range 338-1,271]ng/L at baseline vs. 382 [187-736]ng/L at follow-up, p=0.043). Untreated patients and continuously treated patients had stable levels (p>0.05). No changes were seen in the other biomarkers. Conclusion: Reduced CSF T-tau suggests that miglustat treatment might affect axonal degeneration in NPC. However, the results must be interpreted with caution and verified in future studies, since this pilot study was small, treatment was not randomized, and patients starting treatment had higher baseline CSF T-tau than untreated patients.
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7.
  • Tullberg, Mats, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid markers before and after shunting in patients with secondary and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Cerebrospinal fluid research. - 1743-8454. ; 5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore biochemical changes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) induced by shunt surgery and the relationship between these changes and clinical improvement. METHODS: We measured clinical symptoms and analysed lumbar CSF for protein content, neurodegeneration and neurotransmission markers in patients with secondary (SNPH, n = 17) and idiopathic NPH (INPH, n = 18) before and 3 months after shunt surgery. Patients were divided into groups according to whether or not there was improvement in clinical symptoms after surgery. RESULTS: Preoperatively, the only pathological findings were elevated neurofilament protein (NFL), significantly more so in the SNPH patients than in the INPH patients, and elevated albumin content. Higher levels of NFL correlated with worse gait, balance, wakefulness and neuropsychological performance. Preoperatively, no differences were seen in any of the CSF biomarkers between patients that improved after surgery and those that did not improve. Postoperatively, a greater improvement in gait and balance performance correlated with a more pronounced reduction in NFL. Levels of albumin, albumin ratio, neuropeptide Y, vasoactive intestinal peptide and ganglioside GD3 increased significantly after shunting in both groups. In addition, Gamma amino butyric acid increased significantly in SNPH and tau in INPH. CONCLUSION: We conclude that a number of biochemical changes occur after shunt surgery, but there are no marked differences between the SNPH and INPH patients. The results indicate that NFL may be a marker that can predict a surgically reversible state in NPH.
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8.
  • Tullberg, Mats, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Ventricular cerebrospinal fluid neurofilament protein levels decrease in parallel with white matter pathology after shunt surgery in normal pressure hydrocephalus.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies. - 1468-1331. ; 14:3, s. 248-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is characterized by disturbed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics and white matter lesions (WML). Although the morphology of these lesions is described, little is known about the biochemistry. Our aim was to explore the relationship between ventricular CSF markers, periventricular WML and postoperative clinical outcome in patients with NPH. We analysed lumbar and ventricular concentrations of 10 CSF markers, 12 clinical symptoms and signs, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) periventricular white matter hyperintensities (PVH) and ventricular size before and 3 months after shunt surgery in 35 patients with NPH. Higher ventricular CSF neurofilament protein (NFL), an axonal marker, correlated with more extensive PVH. A larger postoperative reduction in NFL correlated with larger reduction in PVH and a more pronounced overall improvement. Albumin ratio, HMPG, NPY, VIP and GD3 increased postoperatively whereas NFL, tau and HVA decreased. Variations in ventricular size were not associated with CSF concentrations of any marker. We conclude that NPH is characterized by an ongoing periventricular neuronal dysfunction seen on MRI as PVH. Clinical improvement after shunt surgery is associated with CSF changes indicating a restitution of axonal function. Other biochemical effects of shunting may include increased monoaminergic and peptidergic neurotransmission, breakdown of blood brain barrier function, and gliosis.
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