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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Cabello Adán) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Cabello Adán) > (2010-2014)

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1.
  • Ahrens, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Experimental device independent tests of classical and quantum dimensions
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature Physics. - 1745-2473 .- 1745-2481. ; 8:8, s. 592-595
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A fundamental resource in any communication and computation task is the amount of information that can be transmitted and processed. The classical information encoded in a set of states is limited by the number of distinguishable states or classical dimension d(c) of the set. The sets used in quantum communication and information processing contain states that are neither identical nor distinguishable, and the quantum dimension d(q) of the set is the dimension of the Hilbert space spanned by these states. An important challenge is to assess the (classical or quantum) dimension of a set of states in a device-independent way, that is, without referring to the internal working of the device generating the states. Here we experimentally test dimension witnesses designed to efficiently determine the minimum dimension of sets of (three or four) photonic states from the correlations originated from measurements on them, and distinguish between classical and quantum sets of states.
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2.
  • Ahrens, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Two Fundamental Experimental Tests of Nonclassicality with Qutrits
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report two fundamental experiments on three-level quantum systems (qutrits). The first one tests the simplest task for which quantum mechanics provides an advantage with respect to classical physics. The quantum advantage is certified by the violation of Wright's inequality, the simplest classical inequality violated by quantum mechanics. In the second experiment, we obtain contextual correlations by sequentially measuring pairs of compatible observables on a qutrit, and show the violation of Klyachko et al.'s inequality, the most fundamental noncontextuality inequality violated by qutrits. Our experiment tests exactly Klyachko et al.'s inequality, uses the same measurement procedure for each observable in every context, and implements the sequential measurements in any possible order.
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3.
  • Amselem, Elias, et al. (författare)
  • Experimental fully contextual correlations
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 108:20, s. 200405-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quantum correlations are contextual yet, in general, nothing prevents the existence of even more contextual correlations. We identify and test a noncontextuality inequality in which the quantum violation cannot be improved by any hypothetical postquantum theory, and use it to experimentally obtain correlations in which the fraction of noncontextual correlations is less than 0.06. Our correlations are experimentally generated from the results of sequential compatible tests on a four-state quantum system encoded in the polarization and path of a single photon.
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4.
  • Aolita, Leandro, et al. (författare)
  • Fully Nonlocal, Monogamous, and Random Genuinely Multipartite Quantum Correlations
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 108:10, s. 100401-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Local measurements on bipartite maximally entangled states can yield correlations that are maximally nonlocal, monogamous, and with fully random outcomes. This makes these states ideal for bipartite cryptographic tasks. Genuine-multipartite nonlocality constitutes a stronger notion of nonlocality in the multipartite case. Maximal genuine-multipartite nonlocality, monogamy, and random outcomes are thus highly desired properties for genuine-multipartite cryptographic scenarios. We prove that local measurements on any Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state can produce correlations that are fully genuine-multipartite nonlocal, monogamous, and with fully random outcomes. A key ingredient in our proof is a multipartite chained Bell inequality detecting genuine-multipartite nonlocality, which we introduce. Finally, we discuss applications to device-independent secret sharing.
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5.
  • Aolita, Leandro, et al. (författare)
  • Fully nonlocal quantum correlations
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. - 1050-2947 .- 1094-1622. ; 85:3, s. 032107-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quantum mechanics is a nonlocal theory, but not as nonlocal as the no-signalling principle allows. However, there exist quantum correlations that exhibit maximal nonlocality: they are as nonlocal as any nonsignalling correlation and thus have a local content, quantified by the fraction p(L) of events admitting a local description, equal to zero. We exploit the known link between the Kochen-Specker and Bell theorems to derive a maximal violation of a Bell inequality from every Kochen-Specker proof. We then show that these Bell inequalities lead to experimental bounds on the local content of quantum correlations that are significantly better than those based on other constructions. We perform the experimental demonstration of a Bell test originating from the Peres-Mermin Kochen-Specker proof, providing an upper bound on the local content pL less than or similar to 0.22.
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6.
  • Araujo, Mateus, et al. (författare)
  • Tests of bell inequality with arbitrarily low photodetection efficiency and homodyne measurements
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. - 1050-2947 .- 1094-1622. ; 86:3, s. 030101-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We show that hybrid local measurements combining homodyne measurements and photodetection provide violations of a Bell inequality with arbitrarily low photodetection efficiency. This is shown in two different scenarios: when one part receives an atom entangled to the field mode to be measured by the other part and when both parts make similar photonic measurements. Our findings promote the hybrid measurement scenario as a candidate for loophole-free Bell tests beyond previous expectations.
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7.
  • Badziag, Piotr, et al. (författare)
  • Pentagrams and Paradoxes
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: FOUNDATIONS OF PHYSICS. - : Springer Science Business Media. - 0015-9018. ; 41:3, s. 414-423
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Klyachko and coworkers consider an orthogonality graph in the form of a pentagram, and in this way derive a Kochen-Specker inequality for spin 1 systems. In some low-dimensional situations Hilbert spaces are naturally organised, by a magical choice of basis, into SO(N) orbits. Combining these ideas some very elegant results emerge. We give a careful discussion of the pentagram operator, and then show how the pentagram underlies a number of other quantum "paradoxes", such as that of Hardy.
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8.
  • Bengtsson, Ingemar, et al. (författare)
  • A Kochen-Specker inequality for a SIC
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters A. - 0375-9601 .- 1873-2429. ; 376:4, s. 374-376
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Yu and Oh (eprint) [1] have given a state-independent proof of the Kochen–Specker theorem in three dimensions using only 13 rays. The proof consists of showing that a non-contextual hidden variable theory necessarily leads to an inequality that is violated by quantum mechanics. We give a similar proof making use of 21 rays that constitute aSIC (symmetric informationally-complete positive operator-valued measure) and a complete set of MUB (mutually unbiased bases). A theory-independent inequality is also presented using the same 21 rays, as required for experimental tests of contextuality.
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9.
  • Bengtsson, Ingemar, et al. (författare)
  • Pentagrams and paradoxes
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Foundations of Physics. ; 41, s. 414-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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10.
  • Budroni, Costantino, et al. (författare)
  • Bell inequalities from variable-elimination methods
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics A. - 1751-8113 .- 1751-8121. ; 45:38, s. 385304-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tight Bell inequalities are facets of Pitowsky's correlation polytope and are usually obtained from its extreme points by solving the hull problem. Here, we present an alternative method based on a combination of algebraic results on extensions of measures and variable-elimination methods, e. g., the Fourier-Motzkin method. Our method is shown to overcome some of the computational difficulties associated with the hull problem in some non-trivial cases. Moreover, it provides an explanation for the arising of only a finite number of families of Bell inequalities in measurement scenarios where one experimenter can choose between an arbitrary number of different measurements.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 31
  • [1]234Nästa
 
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