SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Cros Olivier) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Cros Olivier)

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Cros, Olivier, et al. (författare)
  • Determination of the mastoid surface area and volume based on micro-CT scanning of human temporal bone : Geometrical parameters dependence on scanning resolutions
  • ????
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The mastoid air cell system (MACS) with its large complex of interconnected air cells reflects an enhanced surface area (SA) relative to its volume (V), which may indicate that the MACS is adapted to gas exchange and has a potential role in middle ear pressure regulation. Thus, these geometric parameters of the MACS have been studied by high resolution clinical CT scanning. However, the resolution of these scans is limited to a voxel size of around 0.6 mm in all dimensions, and so, the geometrical parameters are also limited. Small air cells may appear below the resolution and cannot be detected. Such air cells may contribute to a much higher SA than the V, and thus, also the SA/V ratio. More accurate parameters are important for analysis of the function of the MACS including physiological modeling.Our aim was to determine the SA, V, and SA/V ratio in MACS in human temporal bones at highest resolution by using micro-CT-scanning. Further, the influence of the resolution on these parameters was investigated by downsampling the data. Eight normally aerated temporal bones were scanned at the highest possible resolution (30-60 μm). The SA was determined using a triangular mesh fitted onto the segmented MACS. The V was determined by summing all the voxels containing air. Downsampling of the original data was applied four times by a factor of 2.The mean SA was 194 cm2, the mean V was 9 cm3, and the mean SA/V amounted to 22 cm-1. Decreasing the resolution resulted in a non-linear decrement of SA and SA/V, whereas V was mainly independent of the resolution.The current study found significantly higher SA and SA/V compared with previous studies using clinical CT scanning at lower resolutions. These findings indicate a separate role of the MACS compared with the tympanum, and the results are important for a more accurate modeling of the middle ear physiology.
  •  
2.
  • Cros, Olivier, 1975- (författare)
  • Image Analysis and Visualization of the Human Mastoid Air Cell System
  • 2015
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • From an engineering background, it is often believed that the human anatomy has already been fully described. Radiology has greatly contributed to understand the inside of the human body without surgical intervention. Despite great advances in clinical CT scanning, image quality is still related to a limited amount X-ray exposure for the patient safety. This limitation prevents fine anatomical structures to be visible and, more importantly, to be detected. Where such modality is of great advantage for screening patients, extracting parameters like surface area and volume implies the bone structure to be large enough in relation to the scan resolution.The mastoid, located in the temporal bone, houses an air cell system whose cells have a variation in size that can go far below current conventional clinical CT scanner resolution. Therefore, the mastoid air cell system is only partially represented on a CT scan. Any statistical analysis will be biased towards air cells of smaller size. To allow a complete representation of the mastoid air cell system, a micro-CT scanner is more adequate. Micro-CT scanning uses approximately the same amount of X-rays but for a much longer exposure time compared to what is normally allowed for patients. Human temporal bone specimens are therefore necessary when using such scanning method. Where the conventional clinical CT scanner lacks level of minutes details, micro-CT scanning provides an overwhelming amount of fine details.Prior to any image analysis of medical data, visualization of the data is often needed to learn how to extract the structures of interest for further processing. Visualization of micro-CT scans is of no exception. Due to the high resolution nature of the data, visualization of such data not only requires modern and powerful computers, but also necessitates a tremendous amount of time to adjust the hiding of irrelevant structures, to find the correct orientation, while emphasising the structure of interest. Once the quality of the data has been assessed, and a strategy for the image processing has been decided, the image processing can start, to in turn extract metrics such as the surface area or volume and draw statistics from it. The temporal bone being one of the most complex in the human body, visualization of micro-CT scanning of this bone awakens the curiosity of the experimenter, especially with the correct visualization settings.This thesis first presents a statistical analysis determining the surface area to volume ratio of the mastoid air cell system of human temporal bone, from micro-CT scanning using methods previously applied for conventional clinical CT scannings. The study compared current resul s with previous studies, with successive downsampling the data down to a resolution found in conventional clinical CT scanning. The results from the statistical analysis showed that all the small mastoid air cells, that cannot be detected in conventional clinical CT scans, do heavily contribute to the estimation of the surface area, and in consequence to the estimation of the surface area to volume ratio by a factor of about 2.6. Such a result further strengthens the idea of the mastoid to play an active role in pressure regulation and gas exchange.Discovery of micro-channels through specific use of a non-traditional transfer function was then reported, where a qualitative and a quantitative preanalysis was performed are described. To gain more knowledge about these micro-channels, a local structure tensor analysis was applied where structures are described in terms of planar, tubular, or isotropic structures. The results from this structural tensor analysis, also reported in this thesis, suggest these micro-channels to potentially be part of a more complex framework, which hypothetically would provide a separate blood supply for the mucosa lining the mastoid air cell system.
3.
  • Cros, Olivier, et al. (författare)
  • Mastoid structural properties determined by imaging analysis of high resolution CT-scanning
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Hearing Research. - Elsevier. - 0378-5955. ; 263:1-2, s. 242-243
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hypothesis: The structure of the mastoid air cells can be described by quantitative imaging analysis of high-resolution CT-scans, which may contribute to understand its function in normal and pathological ears. Background: Negative middle ear pressure is a common factor in middle ear diseases resulting from an imbalance between mastoid gas exchange and Eustachian tube function. While the Eustachian tube function has been the main focus of research, more recent studies indicate that the mastoid may play an active role in pressure regulation. The mastoid structure with numerous air cells reflects a large area to volume ratio (AV-ratio) adapted to efficient gas exchange. Imaging analysis applied to high resolution CT-scanning can describe quantitative measures, which may reveal important information about mastoid function and its role in healthy and diseased ears. Materials and methods: Quantitative analysis was performed on a series of unselected high resolution CT-scans (voxel size: 0.29 _ 0.29 _ 0.625 mm) from 36 ears in 24 patients. Area and volume were determined using Cavalieri’s method, i.e. by summing cross-sectional areas. The AV-ratio was computed for each scan. Results: Mean area was 69 cm2 (range: 23–134cm2), mean volume was 4 cm3 (range: 1.3–10.8 cm3), and mean AV-ratio was 16 cm-1 (range: 11.2–21.0 cm-1). The area correlated linearly to the volume by A = 17.2*V-0.2. Conclusion: The area and volume values corresponded with previous studies, and the additional AV-ratio reflected the functional properties of the mastoid in terms of capability for gas exchange. Due to a series of similarities between structure and function of the lungs and mastoid, it seems likely to propose a tree-structure of dividing mastoid cells. In respiratory research, analysis describing the dimensions of series of bronchi generations has been applied, and based on current results; our aim of future research is to establish similar details of mastoid tree-structure. Funding source: Various private Danish funds.
  •  
4.
  • Cros, Olivier, et al. (författare)
  • Micro-channels in the mastoid anatomy. Indications of a separate blood supply of the air cell system mucosa by micro-CT scanning
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Hearing Research. - Elsevier. - 0378-5955. ; 301, s. 60-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The mastoid air cell system has traditionally been considered to have a passive role in gas exchange and pressure regulation of the middle ear possibly with some acoustic function. However, more evidence has focused on the mucosa of the mastoid, which may play a more active role in regulation of middle ear pressure.In this study we have applied micro-CT scanning on a series of three human temporal bones. This approach greatly enhances the resolution (40–60 ?m), so that we have discovered anatomical details, which has not been reported earlier. Thus, qualitative analysis using volume rendering has demonstrated notable micro-channels connecting the surface of the compact bone directly to the mastoid air cells as well as forming a network of connections between the air cells. Quantitative analysis on 2D slices was employed to determine the average diameter of these micro-channels (158 ?m; range = 40–440 ?m) as well as their density at a localized area (average = 75 cm?2; range = 64–97 cm?2).These channels are hypothesized to contain a separate vascular supply for the mastoid mucosa. However, future studies of the histological structure of the micro-channels are warranted to confirm the hypothesis. Studies on the mastoid mucosa and its blood supply may improve our knowledge of its physiological properties, which may have important implications for our understanding of the pressure regulation of the middle ear.
5.
  • Cros, Olivier, et al. (författare)
  • Structual Analysis of Micro-channels in Human Temporal Bone
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: IEEE 12th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI), 2015 IEEE 12th International Symposium on. - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). - 978-1-4799-2374-8 ; s. 9-12
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently, numerous micro-channels have been discovered in the human temporal bone by micro-CT-scanning. Preliminary structure of these channels has suggested they contain a new separate blood supply for the mucosa of the mastoid air cells, which may have important functional implications. This paper proposes a structural analysis of the microchannels to corroborate this role. A local structure tensor is first estimated. The eigenvalues obtained from the estimated local structure tensor were then used to build probability maps representing planar, tubular, and isotropic tensor types. Each tensor type was assigned a respective RGB color and the full structure tensor was rendered along with the original data. Such structural analysis provides new and relevant information about the micro-channels but also their connections to mastoid air cells. Before carrying a future statistical analysis, a more accurate representation of the micro-channels in terms of local structure tensor analysis using adaptive filtering is needed.
  •  
6.
  •  
7.
  • Läthén, Gunnar, et al. (författare)
  • Non-ring Filters for Robust Detection of Linear Structures
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Pattern Recognition. - Los Alamitos, CA, USA : IEEE Computer Society. - 978-1-4244-7542-1 ; s. 233-236
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many applications in image analysis include the problem of linear structure detection, e.g. segmentation of blood vessels in medical images, roads in satellite images, etc. A simple and efficient solution is to apply linear filters tuned to the structures of interest and extract line and edge positions from the filter output. However, if the filter is not carefully designed, artifacts such as ringing can distort the results and hinder a robust detection. In this paper, we study the ringing effects using a common Gabor filter for linear structure detection, and suggest a method for generating non-ring filters in 2D and 3D. The benefits of the non-ring design are motivated by results on both synthetic and natural images.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy