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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Dessypris Nick) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Dessypris Nick) > (2005-2009)

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1.
  • Petridou, Eleni, et al. (författare)
  • Neonatal leptin levels are strongly associated with female gender, birth length, IGF-I levels and formula feeding.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - 0300-0664 .- 1365-2265. ; 62:3, s. 366-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> To investigate predictors of circulating leptin in healthy full-term newborns and to explore the relationship with anthropometric variables, serum levels of adiponectin and the major components of the IGF system at birth. To explore whether leptin levels are regulated by breastfeeding vs. formula feeding.</p><p><strong>DESIGN:</strong> Observational cross-sectional study.</p><p><strong>PATIENTS:</strong> Three hundred and nineteen healthy full-term newborns delivered during 1999 in Athens, Greece.</p><p><strong>MEASUREMENTS:</strong> Anthropometric measurements, formula feeding information and blood samples were obtained. Leptin and adiponectin determinations were performed using a radioimmunoassay (RIA).</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Multivariate regression analyses showed that leptin levels were positively associated with female gender, newborn length, ponderal index and IGF-I levels, but not with adiponectin levels. Newborns who were fed exclusively with milk formulas had more than twice the leptin levels of those who were exclusively breastfed.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> Leptin levels are positively related to female gender and anthropometric characteristics of neonates but, contrary to studies in adults, are not correlated with adiponectin levels. We also found evidence that formula feeding imparts a considerable increase in leptin levels in newborns.</p>
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2.
  • Petridou, Eleni T., et al. (författare)
  • Circulating adiponectin levels and expression of adiponectin receptors in relation to lung cancer : two case-control studies
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Oncology. - 0030-2414 .- 1423-0232. ; 73:3-4, s. 261-269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Decreased circulating levels of adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone and endogenous insulin sensitizer, have been associated with several obesity-related malignancies. Thiazolidinedione administration, which increases adiponectin levels, decreases risk for lung cancer. Whether circulating adiponectin levels are associated with lung cancer and/or whether adiponectin receptors are expressed in lung cancer remains unknown. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 85 patients with incidental, histologically confirmed lung cancer and 170 healthy controls matched by gender and age. In a separate study, archival lung specimens from 134 cancerous and 8 noncancerous tissues were examined for relative expression of adiponectin receptors AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Tobacco smoking, heavy alcohol intake and education were all associated with lung cancer risk, whereas serum adiponectin levels were not significantly different between cases and controls (multiple logistic regression, odds ratio per SD of adiponectin among controls: 1.13, 95% confidence interval: 0.64-2.02). Adiponectin levels were significantly lower (odds ratio: 0.25, 95% confidence interval: 0.10-0.78) among patients with advanced compared to those with limited disease stage. Expression of adiponectin receptors was apparent only in the cancerous lung tissue (64.2% AdipoR1 and 61.9% AdipoR2 in cancerous vs. 0% among noncancerous tissue). Specifically, AdipoR1 was expressed in all disease types, but no difference was noted with disease stage, whereas AdipoR2 was mainly expressed in the non-small cell carcinomas and more prominently in the advanced disease stage (80%). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating adiponectin levels are not different in cases of this malignancy - which seems to be unrelated to obesity and insulin resistance - compared to their healthy controls, though hormonal levels were significantly lower in advanced versus limited lung cancer. Both adiponectin receptors were expressed in cancerous lung tissue, but not in normal control tissue and there was a differential expression by disease stage. These findings should be further explored, especially in the context of the recently reported protective effect of thiazolidinediones in diabetic patients with lung cancer.</p>
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3.
  • Petridou, Eleni Th., et al. (författare)
  • Sun exposure, birth weight, and childhood lymphomas : A case control study in Greece
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Causes and Control. - 0957-5243 .- 1573-7225. ; 18:9, s. 1031-1037
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objectives  To explore whether the inverse association of sun exposure with non Hodgkin lymphoma among adults is also evident among the childhood population and test the specificity of the relation by contrasting the findings to those for Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods  A total of 87 cases of childhood (0–14 years) with non Hodgkin lymphoma and 71 with Hodgkin lymphoma, diagnosed in Greece through the national network of childhood Hematology-Oncology Units, during a 7-year period, along with 164 age- and gender-matched control children were enrolled in the study. The guardians of all eligible children were interviewed in person on the basis of a structured questionnaire covering socio-demographic, anthropometric, and perinatal characteristics. Average time of sunbathing per year at a seaside resort was used as a proxy variable of exposure to sun controlling for use of sun protection measures. Results  The estimated incidence of 10.2 cases per 1,000,000 children-years {95% Confidence Intervals (CI), 8.4–12.1} for NHL during the study period in Greece is around the average figure in countries of the European Union. There was an inverse association of sun exposure with Non Hodgkin lymphoma, namely, for an increment of 15 days of sunbathing at seaside resorts children had almost 40% lower risk (Odds Ratio: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.43–0.83), whereas no such association was evident for Hodgkin lymphoma. The risk for non Hodgkin lymphoma has been found to be statistically and significantly higher in birth weight (Odds ratio: 1.42 and 95% CI, 1.04–1.92, for every 500 g increment), whereas there was no substantial indication that maternal education or maternal smoking during the child’s life were important risk factors for the disease. Conclusions  This is the first study to provide epidemiological evidence that increased sun exposure of children may also be associated with a decreased risk of developing childhood non Hodgkin, but not Hodgkin lymphoma.</p> <p> </p>
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4.
  • Spyridopoulos, Themistoklis N., et al. (författare)
  • Inverse association of leptin levels with renal cell carcinoma : results from a case-control study
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Hormones (Athens, Greece). - 1109-3099. ; 8:1, s. 39-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>OBJECTIVE: Leptin is primarily produced in adipose tissue and appears to play a modulatory role between metabolism and immunity. Given that obesity, a state of chronic inflammation, is an established risk factor for Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC), we investigated the association between plasma leptin levels and RCC risk. DESIGN: This case-control study included 70 patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed RCC and 280 age-, gender- and district of residence-matched controls. Anthropometric data, socio-demographic variables, medical history, lifestyle habits and dietary data were derived from a personal interview. Serum leptin and adiponectin levels were determined using standard commercial kits. Adjusted odds ratios for RCC risk were derived through multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Leptin levels were inversely associated with RCC risk (OR: 0.53, CI: 0.28- 0.99, p = 0.05), even after controlling for potential confounding factors, such as Body Mass Index (BMI), recent weight change, history of diabetes mellitus and other obesity related hormones, notably adiponectin. CONCLUSIONS: The precise mechanism linking obesity with RCC remains unclear; however, the inverse association of leptin with RCC might be attributed, at least in part, to hormonal cross-talk with complex neuron-endocrine and immune circuits. These findings, if confirmed in prospective and interventional studies, might further elucidate the underlying mechanisms.</p>
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5.
  • Spyridopoulos, Themistoklis N., et al. (författare)
  • Low adiponectin levels are associated with renal cell carcinoma : A case-control study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 120:7, s. 1573-1578
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Adiponectin is a novel endogenous insulin sensitizer, secreted by mature adipocytes. Circulating levels of adiponectin are inversely associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Because obesity is a risk factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), we hypothesized that low adiponectin levels are associated with RCC. To evaluate this hypothesis, we conducted a case- control study of 70 patients with histologically confirmed RCC and 280 healthy controls matched by gender, age and county of residence. Study subjects were interviewed and blood samples were collected during a 32-month period in Athens, Greece. Serum adiponectin levels were statistically, significantly and inversely associated with RCC when compared with controls (OR = 0.76, p = 0.05) and this association remained practically unchanged after controlling for BMI; the introduction of waist to hip ratio along with adiponectin in the multiple logistic regression analysis model rendered the association between adiponectin and RCC risk insignificant, indicating that altered levels of adiponectin may mediate the effect of central or intra-abdominal obesity on RCC. Prospective studies as well as studies exploring underlying mechanisms are needed to fully explore the role of adiponectin in predicting future risk of RCC in humans.</p>
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