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Sökning: WFRF:(Dina C) > (2003-2004)

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  • Frayling, Timothy M., et al. (författare)
  • A Genome-Wide Scan in Families With Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young: Evidence for Further Genetic Heterogeneity.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 52:3, s. 872-881
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a heterogeneous single gene disorder characterized by non–insulin-dependent diabetes, an early onset and autosomal dominant inheritance. Mutations in six genes have been shown to cause MODY. Approximately 15–20% of families fitting MODY criteria do not have mutations in any of the known genes. These families provide a rich resource for the identification of new MODY genes. This will potentially enable further dissection of clinical heterogeneity and bring new insights into mechanisms of β-cell dysfunction. To facilitate the identification of novel MODY loci, we combined the results from three genome-wide scans on a total of 23 families fitting MODY criteria. We used both a strict parametric model of inheritance with heterogeneity and a model-free analysis. We did not identify any single novel locus but provided putative evidence for linkage to chromosomes 6 (nonparametric linkage [NPL]score 2.12 at 71 cM) and 10 (NPL score 1.88 at 169–175 cM), and to chromosomes 3 (heterogeneity LOD [HLOD] score 1.27 at 124 cM) and 5 (HLOD score 1.22 at 175 cM) in 14 more strictly defined families. Our results provide evidence for further heterogeneity in MODY.
  • Johar, Dina, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammatory response, reactive oxygen species, programmed (necrotic-like and apoptotic) cell death and cancer
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Roczniki Akademii Medycznej w Bialymstoku (1995). ; 49, s. 31-39
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this short review we attempt to establish and/or strengthen connections between clinical, inflammatory manifestation of cancer, inflammatory processes driven by lipoxy-metabolites and their contribution to immortalized phenotype and apoptosis inhibition. Particularly the resemblance between symptoms of inflammation and signs associated with cancer chemotherapy and/or cytokine therapy is illustrated. In this context the role of apoptosis and necrosis in inflammation as well as the role of RedOx processes and lipid-oxidizing enzymes particularly cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and also to lesser extend the 5-lipooxygenase (5-LOX) is highlighted. The multitude of biological effects of reactive oxygen species is shortly summarized and some aspects of it are being discussed in greater detail. Apoptotic cell death is discussed in the context of the "resolve-phase" of an inflammatory response. The disturbance of apoptosis is mainly deliberated in the framework of insufficient removal of immuno-effector cells that may cause autoimmunity. The role of COX-2 in apoptosis resistance is being highlighted mainly in the context of malignant transformation. The mechanism of cell death (apoptotic or necrotic) and its influence on the immune system and potential benefits of necrotic cell death induction during cancer chemotherapy is indicated.
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