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Sökning: WFRF:(Dybedal Ingunn) > (2001-2004)

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  • Bryder, David, et al. (författare)
  • Self-renewal of multipotent long-term repopulating hematopoietic stem cells is negatively regulated by Fas and tumor necrosis factor receptor activation
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Experimental Medicine. - : Rockefeller University Press. - 1540-9538. ; 194:7, s. 941-952
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multipotent self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are responsible for reconstitution of all blood cell lineages. Whereas growth stimulatory cytokines have been demonstrated to promote HSC self-renewal, the potential role of negative regulators remains elusive. Receptors for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and Fas ligand have been implicated as regulators of steady-state hematopoiesis, and if overexpressed mediate bone marrow failure. However, it has been proposed that hematopoietic progenitors rather than stem cells might be targeted by Fas activation. Here, murine Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) stem cells revealed little or no constitutive expression of Fas and failed to respond to an agonistic anti-Fas antibody. However, if induced to undergo self-renewal in the presence of TNF-alpha, the entire short and long-term repopulating HSC pool acquired Fas expression at high levels and concomitant activation of Fas suppressed in vitro growth of Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) cells cultured at the single cell level. Moreover, Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) stem cells undergoing self-renewal divisions in vitro were severely and irreversibly compromised in their short- and long-term multilineage reconstituting ability if activated by TNF-alpha or through Fas, providing the first evidence for negative regulators of HSC self-renewal.
  • Dybedal, Ingunn, et al. (författare)
  • Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated activation of the p55 TNF receptor negatively regulates maintenance of cycling reconstituting human hematopoietic stem cells
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020. ; 98:6, s. 1782-1791
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) fate decisions between self-renewal and commitment toward differentiation are tightly regulated in vivo. Recent developments in HSC culture and improvements of human HSC assays have facilitated studies of these processes in vitro. Through such studies stimulatory cytokines critically involved in HSC maintenance in vivo have been demonstrated to also promote HSC self-renewing divisions in vitro. Evidence for negative regulators of HSC self-renewal is, however, lacking. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), if overexpressed, has been implicated to mediate bone marrow suppression. However, whether and how TNF might affect the function of HSC with a combined myeloid and lymphoid reconstitution potential has not been investigated. In the present studies in vitro conditions recently demonstrated to promote HSC self-renewing divisions in vitro were used to study the effect of TNF on human HSCs capable of reconstituting myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis in nonobese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficient (NOD-SCID) mice. Although all cord blood and adult bone marrow CD34(+)CD38(-) cells were capable of undergoing cell divisions in the presence of TNF, cycling HSCs exposed to TNF in vitro and in vivo were severely compromised in their ability to reconstitute NOD-SCID mice and long-term cultures. The negative effect of TNF was not dependent on the Fas pathway, and a similar effect could be observed using a mutant TNF exclusively targeting the p55 TNF receptor. TNF did not appear to enhance apoptosis or affect cell-cycle distribution of cultured progenitors, but rather promoted myeloid differentiation. Thus, TNF might regulate HSC fate by promoting their differentiation rather than self-renewal.
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