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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Ekelund Mats) srt2:(1995-1999)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Ekelund Mats) > (1995-1999)

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1.
  • Axelson, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • The changes in the rat parotid glands following total parenteral nutrition and pancreatico-biliary diversion are not mediated by cholecystokinin
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Pancreatology. - : Humana Press. - 0169-4197. ; 20:2, s. 109-118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest that the pancreas and parotid glands both respond with hypoplasia during absence of food in the digestive tract and with hyperplasia following pancreatico-biliary diversion (PBD). Factors other than cholecystokinin (CCK) are, however, involved in the effects on the parotid glands, since infusion of CCK-8S and devazepide was without influence. BACKGROUND AND AIM: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) causes reduced pancreatic weight, whereas PBD evokes hyperCCKemia and enlargement of the rat pancreas. The pancreas and parotid glands have in part similar morphology and function. Therefore, we studied the possible presence of alterations also in the parotid glands during TPN, after PBD and during infusion of sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK-8S) and the CCK-A receptor antagonist devazepide, respectively. MATERIALS AND RESULTS: Rats either received TPN for 7 d, or were kept under otherwise identical conditions with free access to food and water. TPN markedly reduced both pancreatic and parotid wet weight and thereby also the protein and amylase contents, and pancreatic DNA content was decreased. There was a significant correlation between the pancreas and parotid glands when comparing these parameters. The concentration of plasma CCK was unaffected by TPN. PBD caused a sevenfold increase in plasma CCK and a three fold increase in the pancreatic weight compared to control rats 28 d after the operation. The protein and DNA contents in the pancreas were found to be increased. The parotid glands increased twofold in weight, but their protein and amylase contents were not affected. There was a significant correlation between the pancreas and parotid glands when comparing weight, and protein and amylase concentrations. Infusion of CCK-8S during 28 d caused a marked increase in pancreatic wet wt and protein and DNA contents. The CCK-A receptor antagonist devazepide induced a reduction in protein and DNA contents in the pancreas. The parotid glands were not affected by either treatment. No effect on the labeling index of serous and ductal cells of the parotid gland was seen at 36 h, 3, 7, and 28 d of infusion with CCK-8S or devazepide.
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2.
  • Fan, Bo-Guang, et al. (författare)
  • Total parenteral nutrition influences both endocrine and exocrine function of rat pancreas
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Pancreas. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0885-3177. ; 15:2, s. 147-153
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to examine the effect of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on the endocrine and exocine function of the pancreas. Endocrine function was investigated using an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IGTT) in rats with TPN for 7 or 14 days. Exocrine function was evaluated by measuring amylase secretion from isolated acini as well as pancreatic weight, water content, protein, and enzymes after 7 days of TPN. When the TPN rats were compared with the controls, the glucose tolerance curve after an IGTT was unchanged, the basal plasma insulin levels were slightly lower and the insulin secretory response to intravenous glucose was markedly impaired. No differences could be seen between the insulin response after 7 days and that after 14 days of TPN. The weight of pancreas, the total content and concentration of pancreatic protein, and the total amylase content of the pancreas were lower, whereas the total content of both chymotrypsin and trypsin was higher. The concentration of DNA remained intact, whereas the total DNA content decreased. The levels of lipolytic enzymes, except for carboxylesterlipase, were unaffected. After TPN treatment, the insulin secretory response to glucose is impaired, the exocrine pancreas is hypoplastic and the storage pattern of pancreatic exocrine enzymes is altered.
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3.
  • Roth, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Biochemical and ultra-structural reactions to parenteral nutrition with two different fat emulsions in rats
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Intensive Care Medicine. - : Springer. - 0342-4642. ; 24:7, s. 716-724
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on fat metabolism and Kupffer cell morphology by total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with two different fat emulsions. DESIGN: Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into three groups, were investigated. Rats fed orally were used as a reference group, and a group of rats receiving TPN with fat emulsions containing pure long-chain triglycerides (LCT) was compared to a group of rats receiving fat emulsions containing both long-chain triglycerides and medium-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT). The TPN regimens were equicaloric and administered continuously via a jugular catheter for 10 days. INTERVENTIONS: After suffocation, blood of the rats was collected for the determination of serum lipids. Epididymal fat and heart were collected for the analysis of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activities, and liver specimens were saved for analyses of hepatic triglyceride concentration, as well as activities of hepatic lipase (HL) and lysosomal enzymes. Light and electron microscopy were used for examination of the Kupffer cell reaction. RESULTS: Directly after termination of parenteral feeding, the levels of serum triglycerides and high density lipoprotein (HDL) triglycerides were higher in the MCT/LCT group than in the LCT group, while no differences concerning cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations were found. No significant difference in liver steatosis was found between the two TPN groups. Comparison of the TPN groups showed that the MCT/ LCT group had significantly decreased LPL activity in adipose tissue, while the LCT group had significantly increased LPL activity in the heart. The activity of HL was low in both groups, but significantly lower in the LCT group. Lipid accumulation and an increased number of lysosomes were found in all Kupffer cell when TPN with LCTemulsions was used. Moreover, TPN induced a pronounced increase in various liver lysosomal enzyme activities, but there was no notable difference between LCT and MCT/LCT effects. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to treatment with pure LCTemulsions, treatment with MCT/LCT emulsions evoked weaker biochemical reactions in terms of lower activity of lipoprotein lipase in fat and heart together with higher serum and HDL triglyceride levels. Morphological signs of increased Kupffer cell activity such as the appearance of multiple lysosomes and fat vacuoles in the cytoplasm followed treatment with pure LCT emulsions. However, both TPN groups showed a marked increase in activities of liver lysosomal enzymes.
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4.
  • Roth, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Lipid deposition in Kupffer cells after parenteral fat nutrition in rats: a biochemical and ultrastructural study
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Intensive Care Medicine. - : Springer. - 0342-4642. ; 22:11, s. 1224-1231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To study fat metabolism and evaluate lipid deposition in hepatocytes and Kupffer cells during parenteral nutrition (PN) with or without fat. DESIGN: 20 male Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into four groups, were investigated. Rats fed orally were used as a reference group and compared to three groups of rats receiving PN either without fat or with 33% of non-protein energy as fat or with 66% of non-protein energy as fat. The PN regimens were equicaloric and administered continuously via a jugular catheter for 7 days. INTERVENTIONS: After suffocation, blood was collected for determination of serum lipids. Epididymal fat and heart were collected for analysis of lipoprotein lipase activities, and pieces of liver were saved for analyses of liver triglyceride concentration and hepatic lipase activity. Light and electron microscopy were used for examination of lipid deposition in Kupffer cells. RESULTS: Directly after termination of parenteral feeding, the serum levels of triglycerides were similar in all PN groups, while the levels of non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and non-HDL phospholipids were significantly increased in parallel with increased doses of fat. Lipid-free PN resulted in significantly less liver steatosis than high-fat PN. Lipid PN also resulted in downregulated hepatic lipase activity, signs of lipid accumulation in Kupffer cells and hepatocytes and an increased number of phagosomes in Kupffer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Fat vacuoles were found in Kupffer cells after lipid PN, although serum levels of triglycerides were not elevated and lipoprotein lipase activity were not depressed. The cells were distended by fat vacuoles after administration of PN solutions with a high fat concentration. Morphological signs of increased Kupffer cell activity were also found, suggesting that intravenous fat emulsions may activate macrophages.
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