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Sökning: WFRF:(Eklöf Anna 1976 ) > (2010-2014)

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  • Eklöf, Anna, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Networks, Ecological
  • 2012. - 1
  • Ingår i: Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology. - : University of California Press. - 9780520269651 - 9780520951785 ; , s. 470-478
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
  • Eklöf, Anna, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Relevance of evolutionary history for food web structure
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences. - : The Royal Society Publishing. - 0962-8452 .- 1471-2954. ; 279:1733, s. 1588-1596
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Explaining the structure of ecosystems is one of the great challenges of ecology. Simple models for foodweb structure aim at disentangling the complexity of ecological interaction networks and detect the main forces that are responsible for their shape. Trophic interactions are influenced by species traits, which in turn are largely determined by evolutionary history. Closely related species are more likely to share similar traits, such as body size, feeding mode and habitat preference than distant ones. Here, we present a theoretical framework for analysing whether evolutionary history—represented by taxonomic classification—provides valuable information on food web structure. In doing so, we measure which taxonomic ranks better explain species interactions. Our analysis is based on partitioning of the species into taxonomic units. For each partition, we compute the likelihood that a probabilistic model for food web structurere produces the data using this information. We find that taxonomic partitions produce significantly higher likelihoods than expected at random. Marginal likelihoods (Bayes factors) are used to perform model selection among taxonomic ranks. We show that food webs are best explained by the coarser taxonomic ranks (kingdom to class). Our methods provide a way to explicitly include evolutionary history in models for food web structure.
  • Eklöf, Anna, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Secondary extinctions in food webs : a Bayesian network approach
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Methods in Ecology and Evolution. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 2041-210X .- 2041-210X. ; 4:8, s. 760-770
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ecological communities are composed of populations connected in tangled networks of ecological interactions. Therefore, the extinction of a species can reverberate through the network and cause other (possibly distantly connected) species to go extinct as well. The study of these secondary extinctions is a fertile area of research in ecological network theory.However, to facilitate practical applications, several improvements to the current analytical approaches are needed. In particular, we need to consider that (i) species have different ‘a priori’ probabilities of extinction, (ii) disturbances can simultaneously affect several species, and (iii) extinction risk of consumers likely grows with resource loss. All these points can be included in dynamical models, which are, however, difficult to parameterize.Here we advance the study of secondary extinctions with Bayesian networks. We show how this approach can account for different extinction responses using binary – where each resource has the same importance – and quantitative data – where resources are weighted by their importance. We simulate ecological networks using a popular dynamical model (the Allometric Trophic Network model) and use it to test our method.We find that the Bayesian network model captures the majority of the secondary extinctions produced by the dynamical model and that consumers’ responses to species loss are best modelled using a nonlinear sigmoid function. We also show that an approach based exclusively on food web structure loses power when species at higher trophic levels are preferentially lost. Because the loss of apex predators is unfortunately widespread, the results highlight a serious limitation of studies on network robustness.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
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tidskriftsartikel (2)
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refereegranskat (3)
Allesina, Stefano (3)
Eklöf, Anna, 1976- (3)
Moore, M. (1)
Helmus, Matthew R. (1)
Tang, Si (1)
Linköpings universitet (3)
Engelska (3)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Naturvetenskap (3)


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