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Sökning: WFRF:(Enflo Kerstin)

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1.
  • Berger, Thor, et al. (författare)
  • Geographical Location and Urbanization of the Swedish Manufacturing Industry, 1900-1960: Evidence from a New Database
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review. - Routledge. - 0358-5522. ; 60:3, s. 290-308
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article introduces a new database, based on official statistics, of regional manufacturing industries in Sweden. We employ this database to examine the distribution of manufacturing activity across Swedish regions and cities, 1900–1960. Over this period we observe an increasing concentration of manufacturing activities, reaching a peak around 1940, across the northern, southern and western parts (NUTS-I areas) of Sweden. Over the same period, the North-South divide in terms of manufacturing employment grew larger. Across counties (NUTS-III) and cities we, however, observe two shorter periods of convergence of manufacturing activities, in the early twentieth century and in the post-war period, whereas the inter-war period was characterised by divergence. These developments occurred to the backdrop of the urbanisation of industry in Sweden, as the rural share of manufacturing employment declined from roughly 60 to 25% between 1900 and 1960. We also find that the regional patterns of individual industries over time followed different trajectories, suggesting that that the determinants of industry location differed significantly across industries.
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  • Berger, Thor, et al. (författare)
  • Locomotives of local growth: The short- and long-term impact of railroads in Sweden
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Urban Economics. - Elsevier. - 1095-9068. ; 98, s. 124-138
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper studies the impact of railroads on 150 years of urban growth in Sweden, identifying the short- and long-term effects of a first wave of railroad construction. Difference-in-differences and instrumental variable estimates show that towns that gained access experienced substantial relative increases in population, though such growth mainly reflected a relocation of economic activity. Over the twentieth century, we find little evidence of convergence in town populations, despite the railroad network expanding further to connect nearly all towns. Evidence on historical investments and present-day factors is consistent with the idea that the transitory shock of the first railroads gave rise to path dependence in the location of economic activity.
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4.
  • Berger, Thor, et al. (författare)
  • Locomotives of Local Growth: The Short- and Long-Term Impact of Railroads in Sweden
  • 2014
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper studies the impact of railroads on town-level growth in Sweden over 150 years. Our analysis builds on the fact that railroads historically were extended quasi-randomly across towns. Towns that gained access to a rail connection grew larger relative to other towns, with large negative spillovers on unconnected nearby towns. Over the 20th century, we find little adjustment to the initial shock in town populations, despite a sharp reversal in relative connectivity. Evidence on historical investments and present-day factors is consistent with this temporary shock giving rise to path dependence in the location of economic activity.
5.
  • Collantes, Fernando, et al. (författare)
  • In memoriam : Lennart Schön, 1946-2016
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Investigaciones de Historia Economica. - Spanish Association of Economic History. - 1698-6989. ; 12:2, s. 67-67
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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8.
  • Enflo, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Between Malthus and the industrial take-off: regional inequality in Sweden, 1571-1850
  • 2017
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The causes and extent of regional inequality in the process of economic growth are at the core of historical economic research. So far, much attention has been devoted to studying the role of industrialization in driving regional divergence. But empirical studies on relatively unequal countries such as Italy or Spain show that inequality was already high when their modern industrialization began (Felice, 2011; Rosés et al., 2010). This paper studies the extent and drivers of pre-industrial inequality for the first time with reference to a pre-industrial European economy. Using new estimates of regional GDP for the regions of Sweden for the period 1571-1850 (Enflo and Missiaia, 2017), we find that regional inequality increased dramatically between 1571 and 1750 and stayed high until the mid-19th century. This result discards the view that industrial take-off was the main driver of regional divergence. Decomposing the Theil index for GDP per worker, we find that the bulk of inequality from 1750 onwards was driven by structural differences across sectors rather than different regional productivity within sectors. We then show that counties with higher agricultural productivity followed a classic Malthusian pattern in its population dynamics when experiencing technological advancement, while ones with higher industrial productivity did not. The difference in the two sectors is what boosted pre-industrial regional inequality. We suggest that institutional factors such as the creation of the Swedish Empire, the monopoly trading rights for Stockholm and the protective industrial policy explain this exceptional pattern.
9.
  • Enflo, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Causality Between Energy and Output in the Long-Run
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Energy Economics. - Elsevier. - 0140-9883. ; 39, s. 135-146
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Though there is a very large literature examining whether energy use Granger causes economic output or vice versa, it is fairly inconclusive. Almost all existing studies use relatively short time series, or panels with a relatively small time dimension. We apply Granger causality and cointegration techniques to a Swedish time series dataset spanning 150 years to test whether increases in energy use and energy quality have driven economic growth or vice versa. We show that these techniques are very sensitive to variable definition, choice of additional variables in the model, sample periods and size, and the introduction of structural breaks. The relationship between energy and growth may also have changed over time - energy causes output in the full sample while output causes energy use in recent smaller samples. Energy prices have a more robust causal impact on both energy use and output.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 47
 
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