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Sökning: WFRF:(Fristrup C) > (2020)

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1.
  • Carroll, A. M., et al. (författare)
  • Synthetic and mechanistic studies in enantioselective allylic substitutions catalysed by palladium complexes of a modular class of axially chiral quinazoline-containing ligands
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Tetrahedron. - 0040-4020. ; 76:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The application of palladium complexes of a modular series of axially chiral phosphinamine ligands, the Quinazolinaps, to the enantioselective alkylation of 1,3-diphenyl-2-propenyl acetate with dimethyl malonate and methyl dimethyl malonate is described. Complete conversions and enantiomeric excesses of up to 91% were obtained. To elucidate the solution structure of these complexes and their dynamic behaviour, 2D COSY and NOESY NMR experiments were carried out. An X-ray crystal structure of a palladacycle derived from 2-phenylQuinazolinap which possesses two Pd3Cl5 units is shown. Computational studies were also undertaken to allow qualitative predictions of diastereomeric ratios. The observed enantioselectivity was then rationalised in terms of combined spectroscopic and theoretical data. The catalytic results obtained are best interpreted by the reaction proceeding with nucleophilic attack on the allyl trans to the phosphorus donor atom of the major diastereomeric intermediate. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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2.
  • Dominoni, Davide M., et al. (författare)
  • Why conservation biology can benefit from sensory ecology
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Ecology & Evolution. - 2397-334X. ; 4:4, s. 502-511
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Anthropogenic sensory pollutants, such as noise, light and chemicals, are affecting biodiversity. This Perspective uses an understanding of animal sensory ecology to explore how these impacts can be mitigated. Global expansion of human activities is associated with the introduction of novel stimuli, such as anthropogenic noise, artificial lights and chemical agents. Progress in documenting the ecological effects of sensory pollutants is weakened by sparse knowledge of the mechanisms underlying these effects. This severely limits our capacity to devise mitigation measures. Here, we integrate knowledge of animal sensory ecology, physiology and life history to articulate three perceptual mechanisms-masking, distracting and misleading-that clearly explain how and why anthropogenic sensory pollutants impact organisms. We then link these three mechanisms to ecological consequences and discuss their implications for conservation. We argue that this framework can reveal the presence of 'sensory danger zones', hotspots of conservation concern where sensory pollutants overlap in space and time with an organism's activity, and foster development of strategic interventions to mitigate the impact of sensory pollutants. Future research that applies this framework will provide critical insight to preserve the natural sensory world.
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