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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Glimelius Bengt) srt2:(1995-1999)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Glimelius Bengt) > (1995-1999)

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1.
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2.
  • Adami, Hans-Olov, et al. (författare)
  • Pregnancy and risk of non-Hodgkin´s lymphoma : a prospective study
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 70:2, s. 155-158
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The etiology of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL), including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), is likely to be related to immune function. In the light of the established immunologic effects of a pregnancy, we decided to examine the risk of NHL and CLL in relationship to full-term pregnancies. Within a nationwide cohort we identified 1,546 women with NHL and 198 women with CLL, all 15 years or older, born 1925-1972. Five age-matched controls were selected for each case patient. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios after mutual adjustment for number of births and age at first birth. We found a weak, negative association between parity and risk of NHL (p for trend 0.11) and a transient, 10-40% decrease in risk within 5-14 years after the last birth among women with various parity status. The risk of CLL decreased more markedly, and orderly with increasing parity, but the trend was not significant (p = 0.18). Small numbers of cases with CLL prevented more detailed analyses of temporal relationships. Age at first birth appeared unrelated to the risk of both NHL and CLL. We conclude that the immunologic alterations associated with a pregnancy have limited, if any, relevance to the etiology of NHL and CLL; changing reproductive pattern is an unlikely contributor to the marked increase in incidence of NHL seen in many populations.
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3.
  • Adami, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Blood transfusion and non-Hodgkin lymphoma: : Lack of association
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE. - AMER COLL PHYSICIANS. - 0003-4819. ; 127:5, s. 365-&
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the seventh most commonly diagnosed malignant condition worldwide, and its incidence has increased markedly in recent decades. Blood transfusions have been implicated as a possible risk factor for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether blood transfusions are associated with an elevated risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. DESIGN: Population-based, nested case-control study. SETTING: Nationwide cohort in Sweden. PATIENTS: 361 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 705 matched controls, nested within a population-based cohort of 96795 patients at risk for blood transfusion between 1970 and 1983. Prospectively collected information on exposure was retrieved from computerized transfusion registries. MEASUREMENTS: Odds ratios obtained from conditional logistic regression models were used as measures of relative risks. RESULTS: No association was found between blood transfusions and the risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma when patients who had received transfusions were compared with patients who had not received transfusions (odds ratio, 0.93 [95% CI, 0.71 to 1.23]). A reduction in risk was seen among persons who received transfusion of blood without leukocyte depletion (odds ratio, 0.72 [CI, 0.53 to 0.97]). Risk was not related to number of transfusions, and no interaction was seen with latency after transfusion. CONCLUSION: The findings in this study do not support previous observations of an association between blood transfusions and the risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
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4.
  • Adami, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Evidence of an association between non-Hodgkin´s lymphoma and skin cancer
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: BMJ (Clinical research ed.). - 0959-8138. ; 310:6993, s. 1491-1495
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE--To investigate a possible link between exposure to ultraviolet light and the almost epidemic increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma worldwide. Because ultraviolet light is known to cause skin cancers, the association between non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer was studied. DESIGN--Secondary occurrence of either malignant melanoma or squamous cell skin cancer in cohorts of patients with a first diagnosis of either non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, and vice versa, were studied. Expected numbers of subsequent cancers were calculated by sex, age, and period specific national incidence rates multiplied by the person years under observation in the cohorts. SETTING--Denmark (1943-89) and Sweden (1958-89). SUBJECTS--Four population based cohorts identified in the nationwide cancer registries (34,641 people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 17,400 with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, 34,989 with malignant melanoma, 25,980 with squamous cell skin cancer). A total of 562,085 person years were accrued for the analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--The ratios of observed to expected cancers (the standardised incidence ratio) served as a measure of the relative risk. RESULTS--The relative risk for developing squamous cell skin cancer was 5.5 (95% confidence interval 4.6 to 6.6) among patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and 8.6 (7.2 to 10.3) among patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. The relative risks remained high over more than 15 years of follow up. Relative risks for malignant melanoma were 2.4 (1.8 to 3.2) for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and 3.1 (2.1 to 4.4) for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. After squamous cell skin cancer had been diagnosed there was a twofold excess risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. By contrast, in each of the cohorts the general cancer risks excluding skin and lymphoproliferative malignancies were close to the expected. CONCLUSIONS--The occurrence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer are strongly associated; this supports the hypothesis that the secular increase in exposure to ultraviolet light may have contributed to the increasing incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in recent decades.
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5.
  • Adami, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Maternal and perinatal factors associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among children
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 65:6, s. 774-777
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This nested case-control study based on 1.7 million live births in Sweden explores the associations between maternal and perinatal factors and the occurrence of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The National Swedish Cancer Registry ascertained 168 cases in successive birth cohorts from 1973 through 1989 recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. From the nationwide Birth Registry, 5 controls without NHL and alive at the date the case was diagnosed were randomly selected from the pool of children, with each case matched by gender, birth year and birth month. Standardized information on selected maternal and perinatal factors up to one month after delivery were recorded in the Medical Birth Registry. Mothers of children with NHL were more likely than mothers of controls to have undergone Cesarean section [Odds ratio (OR) 1.6] and to have been exposed to paracervical anesthesia during delivery (OR 1.8). Children with NHL were more likely than controls to have endocrine-metabolic disorders (OR 3.3). This study is one of the largest focusing on the etiology of childhood NHL. Most of the maternal and perinatal characteristics studied did not markedly affect risk for childhood NHL, which may be due to maternal and perinatal factors not included in these data or to exposures later in life.
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6.
  • Adami, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Smoking and the risk of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma (Sweden)
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Cancer Causes and Control. - 0957-5243 .- 1573-7225. ; 9:1, s. 49-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While several epidemiologic studies have indicated a link between smoking and the risk of developing hematolymphoproliferative cancers (chiefly leukemias, lymphomas, and multiple myelomas), in particular myeloid leukemia, the role of tobacco in the etiology of these neoplasms remains unclear. To evaluate the potential impact of tobacco use on development of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma, we conducted a cohort study of 334,957 Swedish construction workers using prospectively collected exposure-information with complete long-term follow-up. A total of 1,322 incident neoplasms occurred during the study period, 1971-91. We found no significant association between smoking status, number of cigarettes smoked, or duration of smoking and the risk of developing leukemias, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma. There was a suggestion of a positive association between smoking and the risk of developing Hodgkin's disease, although the rate ratios were not significantly elevated, except for young current smokers. No positive dose-risk trends emerged. Our study provides no evidence that smoking bears any major relationship to the occurrence of leukemias, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
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7.
  • Adami, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Sunlight and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma : a population-based cohort study in Sweden
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 80:5, s. 641-645
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Indirect evidence, notably ecological comparisons and an association with skin cancer, links non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with exposure to sunlight. We conducted a population-based, nationwide cohort study with exposure to outdoor work inferred from job titles reported in the population and housing censuses in 1960 and/or 1970 and by classifying each individual's work and home addresses according to latitude. Follow-up for cancer incidence was accomplished through record linkages with the virtually complete Swedish Cancer Registry. The cohort included all Swedish residents who were recorded as gainfully employed in both censuses. Altogether 4,171,175 individuals contributing 69,639,237 person-years accrued through 1989 were included in the analyses. We identified 10,381 cases of NHL, 4,018 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), 11,398 cases of malignant melanoma (MM) and 11,913 cases of squamous cell skin cancer (SCC). We calculated age-adjusted relative risks for NHL, CLL, MM and SCC in strata based on estimated residential and occupational sunlight exposure. Interaction effects were considered for pesticide and solvent exposure. NHL, MM and SCC, but not CLL, were positively associated with increasingly southerly residential latitude, with stronger associations seen for skin cancer compared to NHL. Occupational sun exposure was not associated with the risk of developing any of the studied cancers. Pesticides and solvents also were not related to an increased risk of NHL, nor did these exposures enhance effects of residential or occupational sunlight exposure. Our results provide some support for an association of sunlight exposure with NHL incidence based on the associations seen using geographic latitude of residence as a proxy for exposure. Although type of occupation may be an imperfect index of the biologically relevant ultraviolet (UV) light dose, our data on individual exposure are not consistent with an important role of sunlight in the etiology of NHL.
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8.
  • Amini, Rose-Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Patients suffering from both Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: : a clinico-pathological and immuno-histochemical population-based study of 32 patients
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 71:4, s. 510-516
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The occurrence of Hodgkin's disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) appearing in the same individual indicates a closer relationship between the 2 diseases than previously believed. The purpose of our study was to analyze cases of HD and NHL in a defined population clinically, histopathologically and immunohistochemically to look for similarities indicating a common cellular origin. Between 1974 and 1994, 77 individuals were identified from the Swedish Cancer Registry and the National Health Care Programme for HD as potentially having both diagnoses. Thirty-two patients who had both HD and NHL were available for histo-pathological re-examination and immunohistochemical staining with CD30, CD15, LMP, p53, CD45 (LCA), CD3, CD45R0 (UCHL-1), L26, MB2 and CD45R (4KB5). The most common relation was HD preceding a high-grade malignant NHL (16 of 32 patients), unexpectedly often of T-cell phenotype (7 of 16 patients). The next common association was NHL of B-CLL type followed by HD (7 of 32 patients). At clinical presentation, the first lymphoma did not differ from lymphomas not associated with a second lymphoma, whereas the second one often appeared with a disseminated and aggressive clinical form. There was a significant correlation between the expression of p53 and LMP in first and second lymphomas. CD3 antibody was frequently expressed both in HD and NHL, whereas positivity for B-cell-related antibodies, CD30, CD15 and CD45R0, was less frequent and generally lower than previously described. The occurrence of HD and NHL in an individual is unusual. Tumour biological features common to both HD and NHL may indicate a similar cellular origin, regardless of the time interval between the diagnoses, and may contribute to the understanding of the pathogenesis of lymphoma.
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9.
  • Christiansen, Ilse, et al. (författare)
  • Soluble ICAM-1 in Hodgkin´s disease : a promising independent predictive marker for survival
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Leukemia and Lymphoma. - 1042-8194 .- 1029-2403. ; 19:3-4, s. 243-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The serum levels of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1, sCD54) were significantly elevated (p = .0006) in patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) (n = 101) compared to healthy controls (n = 31). Serum levels of sICAM-1 in HD correlated significantly with the presence of B-symptoms, histology and tumour burden as reflected in the Ann Arbor staging system, but not to bulky disease. sICAM-1 was compared to other serum factors claimed to be of prognostic significance in HD, including erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), deoxythymidine kinase (TK), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R, sCD25) and soluble CD30 (sCD30, sKi-1-antigen). Serum levels of sICAM-1 correlated positively with all of these markers. In univariate regression analyses, all but ESR correlated with disease-free survival but only sICAM-1, sIL-2R and sCD30 correlated with overall survival. In multivariate analyses only sIL-2R (as a continuous variable) added independent prognostic information in addition to age, stage and B-symptoms. sICAM-1 and sCD30 approached significance (p = 0.07 and p = 0.08, respectively) for disease-free survival. sCD30 correlated with overall survival (p = 0.03) while sICAM-1 did not. When dichotomised at optimal cut-off levels, sICAM-1 as well as sIL-2R and sCD30 added independent prognostic information for both disease-free and overall survival. Based on the present observations, it appears that sICAM-1 may be a predictor for relapse and survival in HD. Determination of serum levels of sICAM-1 (in addition to sIL-2R and sCD30) may thus be of potential value when selecting HD patients eligible for intensive therapy in clinical trials.
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10.
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