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  • Elliot, A. H., et al. (författare)
  • Preoperative treatment selection in rectal cancer : A population-based cohort study
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 40:12, s. 1782-1788
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Preoperative radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer reduce local recurrence rates but is also associated with side effects. Thus, it is important to identify patients in whom the benefits exceed the risks. This study assessed the pretherapeutic parameters influencing the selection to preoperative treatment. Methods: Data on all patients in the Stockholm-Gotland area, Sweden, who underwent elective trans-abdominal surgery for rectal cancer in 2000-2010, was retrieved from the Regional Cancer Registry and the Swedish National Patient Register. Clinical variables were analysed in relation to selected preoperative therapy. Odds Ratios were derived from univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. Results: In total 2619 patients were included. Of these 1789 (68.3%) received preoperative radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. Over time, use of preoperative therapy increased (p < 0.001). In a multivariable model, age (>= 80 years) and comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index score >= 2) were strongly correlated to omittance of preoperative treatment (OR: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.04-0.07 and 0.29; 95% CI: 0.21-0.39) but there was no difference between genders. Pre-treatment tumour stage was a strong predictor for selection to preoperative (chemo-) radiotherapy. However, 8.2% of patients with intermediate or advanced tumours were selected to no preoperative treatment while 55.0% of patients with early tumours were selected to preoperative therapy. Conclusions: The use of preoperative (chemo-) radiotherapy increased over time. Suboptimal adherence to guidelines appears to exist leading to a risk of overtreatment and to a small extent also undertreatment. More robust selection criteria, also including age and comorbidity should be developed.
  • Eloranta, S., et al. (författare)
  • Does socioeconomic status influence the prospect of cure from colon cancer - A population-based study in Sweden 1965-2000
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 46:16, s. 2965-2972
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim of study Differences in the survival of colon cancer patients by socioeconomic status have been demonstrated in several populations but the underlying reasons for the differences are not well understood By simultaneously estimating the proportion of patients cured from colon cancer and the survival times of the uncured we hope to increase under standing of how socioeconomic status affects survival following a diagnosis of colon cancer Methods We conducted a population based cohort study of 58 873 patients diagnosed with colon cancer in Sweden 1965-2000 Socioeconomic status was classified based on occupation We fitted mixture cure models and Poisson regression models adjusted for age sex and calendar period Results We observed higher excess mortality lower proportion cured and shorter survival times among the uncured in patients from lower socioeconomic groups compared to the highest socioeconomic group There was no evidence that the gap between the socioeconomic groups reduced over time Farmers had the lowest odds of cure (odds ratio (OR) 0 85 95% confidence interval (Cl) 0 75-0 95) compared to higher non manual workers followed by self employed (0 91, 0 81-1 03) manual workers (0 93, 0 85-1 03) and lower non manual workers (0 91 0 89-1 08) Conclusion Patients from lower socioeconomic groups in Sweden experience worse survival following a diagnosis of colon cancer Differences exist in both the cure proportion and the survival time of the uncured suggesting that socioeconomic differences cannot be attributed solely to lead time bias Although this study has furthered our under standing of socioeconomic differences in survival more detailed studies are required in order to identify and subsequently remove the underlying reasons for the differences.
  • Enciso-Mora, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • A genome-wide association study of Hodgkin's lymphoma identifies new susceptibility loci at 2p16.1 (REL), 8q24.21 and 10p14 (GATA3)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 42:12, s. 1126-1126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • To identify susceptibility loci for classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL), we conducted a genome-wide association study of 589 individuals with cHL (cases) and 5,199 controls with validation in four independent samples totaling 2,057 cases and 3,416 controls. We identified three new susceptibility loci at 2p16.1 (rs1432295, REL, odds ratio (OR) = 1.22, combined P = 1.91 x 10(-8)), 8q24.21 (rs2019960, PVT1, OR = 1.33, combined P = 1.26 x 10(-13)) and 10p14 (rs501764, GATA3, OR = 1.25, combined P = 7.05 x 10(-8)). Furthermore, we confirmed the role of the major histocompatibility complex in disease etiology by revealing a strong human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association (rs6903608, OR = 1.70, combined P = 2.84 x 10(-50)). These data provide new insight into the pathogenesis of cHL.
  • Fagerlind, Hanna, et al. (författare)
  • Communication analysis in oncology care : Performance of a combination of a content analysis system and a global scale
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Psycho-Oncology. - 1057-9249 .- 1099-1611. ; 20:9, s. 992-1000
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim was to assess the feasibility and reliability of Velikova's Content Analysis System (VCAS) and the Medical Interaction Process System (MIPS) global scale for evaluation of communication in oncology care.Methods: Seventy routine physician consultations with gastro-intestinal (GI) cancer patients were audio-recorded. Two coders applied VCAS and MIPS global scale to the consultations. VCAS captures aspects of communication like symptoms, side effects, functional issues (e.g. emotional, social, physical), health-related quality of life and medical decision making. MIPS global scale measures the total impression of the consultation, e.g. patient centredness and psychosocial focus.Results: In total, 61 of 70 consultations were coded. The coding took twice the consultations' actual durations in minutes for VCAS. The time for coding MIPS global scale equalled the consultations length. However, the coder had then listened to the consultation twice before, coding for VCAS. Cohen's kappa for all aspects measured by VCAS varied between 0.20 and 1, mean 0.80. One category (Info on test) had a kappa of 0.20, the other categories were all above 0.60. Weighted Kappa for MIPS global scale varied between 0.25 and 0.73, mean 0.42.Conclusions: VCAS and MIPS global scale is a feasible combination of tools for evaluating patient-physician communication regarding content, medical decision making and global aspects of communication. VCAS showed high reliability. The MIPS global scale showed lower reliability, due to its sensitivity to the individual coders' unique values, common for all global scales. Further development of the combination of content and global instruments would be valuable.
  • Fagerlind, Hanna, et al. (författare)
  • Different perspectives on communication quality and emotional functioning during routine oncology consultations
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Patient Education and Counseling. - 0738-3991 .- 1873-5134. ; 88:1, s. 16-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To determine quality of communication in routine oncology consultations from patient, physician, and observer perspectives, and to determine agreement of emotional function content in consultations from these three perspectives.Methods: In total, 69 consultations were included. Perceived quality of communication and whether or not emotional functioning had been discussed was evaluated with patient- and physician-reported questionnaires. Observer perspective was evaluated by content analysis of audio records of the consultations. Agreement between perspectives was analyzed and means compared using linear mixed models.Results: The patients' ratings of communication quality differed significantly from those of both the physician and observer. Observer and physician scores did not differ significantly. Physicians rated emotional functioning as discussed more often than was reported from patient and observer perspectives.Conclusion: The patients' view of the quality of communication differed from that of the physician and observer. Whether emotional functioning was discussed or not was also perceived differently by patients, physicians, and observer.Practice implications: The underpinnings and implications of these results need to be further explored regarding how to move toward a higher degree of shared understanding, where different perspectives are more in alignment, and how to develop more valid methods for evaluating communication.
  • Foo, Jia Nee, et al. (författare)
  • Coding Variants at Hexa-allelic Amino Acid 13 of HLA-DRB1 Explain Independent SNP Associations with Follicular Lymphoma Risk
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Human Genetics. - 0002-9297 .- 1537-6605. ; 93:1, s. 167-172
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma represents a diverse group of blood malignancies, of which follicular lymphoma (FL) is a common subtype. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II region multiple independent SNPs that are significantly associated with FL risk. To dissect these signals and determine whether coding variants in HLA genes are responsible for the associations, we conducted imputation, HLA typing, and sequencing in three independent populations for a total of 689 cases and 2,446 controls. We identified a hexa-allelic amino acid polymorphism at position 13 of the HLA-DR beta chain that showed the strongest association with FL within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region (multiallelic p = 2.3 x 10(-15)). Out of six possible amino acids that occurred at that position within the population, we classified two as high risk (Tyr and Phe), two as low risk (Ser and Arg), and two as moderate risk (His and Gly). There was a 4.2-fold difference in risk (95% confidence interval = 2.9-6.1) between subjects carrying two alleles encoding high-risk amino acids and those carrying two alleles encoding low-risk amino acids (p = 1.01 x 10(-14)). This coding variant might explain the complex SNP associations identified by GWASs and suggests a common HLA-DR antigen-driven mechanism for the pathogenesis of FL and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Frederiksen, C., et al. (författare)
  • Plasma TIMP-1 levels and treatment outcome in patients treated with XELOX for metastatic colorectal cancer
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - 0923-7534 .- 1569-8041. ; 22:2, s. 369-375
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim was to evaluate the association between plasma tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels and outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) receiving XELOX (combination chemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin) as first-line treatment. Patients and methods: One hundred and twenty patients were included. Blood samples were collected before treatment and 3 weeks later before the next treatment cycle. Plasma TIMP-1 and serum CEA levels were correlated to treatment outcome. Results: No significant associations between baseline TIMP-1 or CEA levels and best response to treatment or progression-free survival (PFS) could be demonstrated. In contrast, high baseline plasma TIMP-1 levels were associated with poor overall survival (OS), P = 0.008, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.80 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.17-2.78]. Furthermore, increase in TIMP-1 levels from baseline to immediately before the second cycle of chemotherapy had a significant negative effect on survival (P = 0.03, HR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.02-1.65) while a decrease in TIMP-1 was significantly associated with a higher objective response rate (P = 0.03). Conclusions: Both high baseline and subsequent increase in TIMP-1 levels were associated with shorter OS in patients with mCRC receiving XELOX as first-line treatment, whereas baseline TIMP-1 levels were not associated with response or PFS following XELOX treatment.
  • Glimelius, Bengt (författare)
  • 50 years with Acta Oncologica
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 52:1, s. 1-2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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