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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Graf Wilhelm) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Graf Wilhelm) > (2000-2004)

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1.
  • Gustafsson, Ulla-Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Endoanal ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging for preoperative assessment of anal fistula : a comparative study
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Colorectal Disease. - 1462-8910 .- 1463-1318. ; 3:3, s. 189-197
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE:To compare endoanal ultrasound (EUS) with a 10-MHz probe vs. bodycoil magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the preoperative evaluation of anal fistula.SUBJECTS AND METHODS:23 patients with fistula in the anal region underwent preoperative 0.5 T bodycoil MRI and 10 MHz EUS which included probing in 6 patients. The results of the EUS and MRI were compared against the surgical findings as a reference method.RESULTS:In classification of the primary tract there was agreement between EUS and surgical findings in 14 (61%) and between MRI and surgery in 11 (48%). Concerning the presence of an internal opening the corresponding figures were 17 (74%) and 10 (43%) and in judging the presence of an extension or an abscess 15 (65%) vs. 11 (48%), respectively. In three out of eight patients with nonhealing or recurrence after surgery preoperative imaging had shown an extension and/or an abscess that was not identified by the surgeon.CONCLUSION:EUS, sometimes complemented with probing, is well comparable to bodycoil MRI in classifying and describing the topography of an anal fistula.
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  • Jóhannsson, Helgi Örn, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term Results of Haemorrhoidectomy
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgery. - 1102-4151. ; 168:8, s. 485-489
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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5.
  • Lundin, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Outcome of segmental colonic resection for slow-transit constipation
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Surgery. - Blackwell. - 1365-2168. ; 89:10, s. 1270-1274
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The standard surgical treatment for slow-transit constipation (STC) is subtotal colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis. A segmental resection may serve the same purpose, but with a reduced risk of side-effects such as diarrhoea or incontinence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional results following segmental resection in a consecutive series of patients with STC.METHODS: Selection criteria included prolonged segmental transit on oral 111In-labelled diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid scintigraphic transit study, and disabling symptoms resistant to medical therapy and treatment of outlet obstruction. Twenty-eight patients (26 women, median age 52 years) were treated with segmental resection and followed prospectively with a validated questionnaire.RESULTS: After a median of 50 (range 16-78) months, 23 patients were pleased with the outcome. The median (range) stool frequency increased from 1 (0-7) to 7 (0-63) per week (P < 0.001). The number of patients passing hard stools and straining excessively decreased (P = 0.016 and P = 0.041, respectively). The median incontinence score was unchanged. Rectal sensory thresholds were higher in patients in whom the treatment failed (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: With a symptomatic relief comparable to that after ileorectal anastomosis and less severe side-effects, segmental colectomy may be a better alternative for selected patients with STC. Thorough preoperative evaluation is important and impaired rectal sensation may predict a poor outcome.
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6.
  • Lundin, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Scintigraphic assessment of slow transit constipation with special reference to right- or left-sided colonic delay
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Colorectal Disease. - 1462-8910 .- 1463-1318. ; 6:6, s. 499-505
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Subtotal colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis for slow transit constipation has several side-effects. The motor abnormality in some patients may be segmental which could motivate a limited resection of the colon. Therefore a diagnostic tool to identify a segmental colonic motor dysfunction is needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate a scintigraphic method to assess colonic transit with special reference to right- or left-sided delay. METHODS: Twenty-three constipated patients (19 women, mean age 50 years) with slow colonic transit on radio-opaque marker studies and 13 healthy individuals (11 women, mean age 46 years) were studied. All subjects were examined with oral (111)Indium-DTPA scintigraphy. The scintigraphic results for patients and controls were presented as geometric centre of radioactivity and percent activity over time in the right, the left and the recto-sigmoid colon. The inter-observer variation in the interpretation of the scans was also evaluated. RESULTS: There was no difference in transit time between the groups of patients and controls in the right colon whereas the patients had a significant delay in the left colon (P < 0.05). Two patients had a marked delay in the right colon followed by relatively rapid transit in the left colon. The inter-observer correlation was good comparing the right, the left and the recto-sigmoid colon (r = 0.58-0.98, P < 0.01-0.001). CONCLUSION: The results indicate that colonic scintigraphy with oral (111)Indium-DTPA may help to select patients for a left or, in a few cases, a right hemicolectomy for slow transit constipation.
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7.
  • Mahteme, Haile, et al. (författare)
  • Uptake of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in peritoneal metastases in relation to the route of drug administration and tumour debulking surgery : an autoradiographic study in the rat
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 40:1, s. 142-147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer have a poor prognosis. Aggressive treatment by debulking surgery and intraperitoneal (i.p.) chemotherapy has been suggested as an alternative therapy. However, the drug penetrance into the tumour in relation to the administration route and surgical reduction of the tumour is not well known. We compared locoregional administration with intravenous (i.v.) injection. Thirty-four in-bred rats with peritoneal metastases were randomly allocated into eight groups and injected with 14C-labelled 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) either through the i.v. or i.p. route, with or without a preceding tumour debulking, and were sacrificed after 2 or 8 h. Tumour radioactivity was visualised by autoradiography and quantified by a computer-based image analysis. After 8 h, 19 debulked and i.p.-injected tumours had a higher drug uptake, 63.2+/-28 (mean+/-standard deviation (SD)) kBq/g than 62 native i.p.-injected tumours (32.8+/-14) or 22 debulked and i.v.-injected tumours (18.5+/-18, P=0.002). After 8 h, 9 small tumours (<median 571 pixels) which underwent i.p. injection and tumour reduction had a higher drug uptake (77.4+/-26) than 29 non-debulked and i.p.-injected (35.1+/-17) or eight debulked and i.v. injected tumours (23.0+/-16, P=0.004). For larger tumours (>/=median 571 pixels), 16 debulked and i.p.-injected tumours had a higher radioactivity (drug uptake) (150.7+/-63) at 2 h than 49 i.p.-injected native tumours (48.5+/-59) or 11 reduced and i.v.-injected tumours (19.9+/-13, P=0.03). At 8 h, 10 debulked and i.p.-injected tumours had a higher drug uptake (50.3+/-24) than 33 native and i.p.-injected (30.8+/-10) or 14 debulked and i.v.-injected tumours (16.0+/-19, P=0.001). These results indicate that a debulking procedure and locoregional treatment of peritoneal metastases is associated with an increased level of 5-FU in the tumours.
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