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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Greve Anders M.) srt2:(2012)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Greve Anders M.) > (2012)

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1.
  • Greve, Anders M., et al. (författare)
  • Contrasting Hemodynamic Mechanisms of Losartan- vs. Atenolol-Based Antihypertensive Treatment : A LIFE Study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Hypertension. - 0895-7061. ; 25:9, s. 1017-1023
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND Pharmaceutical differences in central hemodynamics might influence cardiac response to antihypertensive treatment despite similar lowering of brachial blood pressure (BP). METHODS Data from all patients with at least two echocardiographic examinations in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) echocardiographic substudy (n = 801); high-risk patients on losartan- vs. atenolol-based antihypertensive therapy. Echocardiography was performed annually for 4 years to measure stroke index (SI), heart rate, cardiac index (CI), conduit artery stiffness assessed as pulse pressure/stroke index (PP/SI) and total peripheral resistance index (TPRI). RESULTS Atenolol- and losartan-based therapy reduced BP similarly (cumulative difference in mean brachial blood pressure 0.3 mm Hg, P = 0.65). After 4 years the cumulative means of SI and heart rate were 1.8 ml/m(2) higher and 5.7 beats/min lower on atenolol-based treatment, respectively (both P < 0.001). This kept CI below baseline in atenolol-treated patients, whereas in the losartan group CI was unchanged from baseline throughout the study. TPRI was decreased more and remained lower in the losartan group (cumulative difference in mean TPRI 287 dynes/sec(-5)/cm/m(2), P < 0.001). These findings partly explained univariate differences in systolic- and diastolic function indices between the two treatments; fully adjusted losartan was only associated with a smaller left atrial diameter (cumulative mean difference 0.07 cm; 95% confidence intervals, -0.13 to -0.01, P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS Contrasting hemodynamics impacted cardiac response to similar reductions in brachial BP on losartan- vs. atenolol-based therapy. The similar reduction of PP/SI suggests that the antihypertensive regimens used in the LIFE study had comparable effects on arterial stiffness (LIFE study; NCT00338260)
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2.
  • Bang, Casper N., et al. (författare)
  • Effect of lipid lowering on new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis : The Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis (SEAS) study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - Elsevier. - 0002-8703. ; 163:4, s. 690-696
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Lipid-lowering drugs, particularly statins, have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that may prevent atrial fibrillation (AF). This effect has not been investigated on new-onset AF in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). Methods Asymptomatic patients with mild-to-moderate AS (n = 1,421) were randomized (1: 1) to double-blind simvastatin 40 mg and ezetimibe 10 mg combination or placebo and followed up for a mean of 4.3 years. The primary end point was the time to new-onset AF adjudicated by 12-lead electrocardiogram at a core laboratory reading center. Secondary outcomes were the correlates of new-onset AF with nonfatal nonhemorrhagic stroke and a combined end point of AS-related events. Results During the course of the study, new-onset AF was detected in 85 (6%) patients (14.2/1,000 person-years of follow-up). At baseline, patients who developed AF were, compared with those remaining in sinus rhythm, older and had a higher left ventricular mass index a smaller aortic valve area index. Treatment with simvastatin and ezetimibe was not associated with less new-onset AF (odds ratio 0.89 [95% CI 0.57-1.97], P = .717). In contrast, age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.07 [95% CI 1.05-1.10], P < .001) and left ventricular mass index (HR 1.01 [95% CI 1.01-1.02], P < .001) were independent predictors of new-onset AF. The occurrence of new-onset AF was independently associated with 2-fold higher risk of AS-related outcomes (HR 1.65 [95% CI 1.02-2.66], P = .04) and 4-fold higher risk of nonfatal nonhemorrhagic stroke (HR 4.04 [95% CI 1.18-13.82], P = .03). Conclusions Simvastatin and ezetimibe were not associated with less new-onset AF. Older age and greater left ventricular mass index were independent predictors of AF development. New-onset AF was associated with a worsening of prognosis. (Am Heart J 2012;163:690-6.)
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3.
  • Greve, Anders M., et al. (författare)
  • Clinical Implications of Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Strain and Hypertrophy in Asymptomatic Patients With Aortic Stenosis The Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis Study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. - 1524-4539. ; 125:2, s. 346-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background-The prognostic impact of ECG left ventricular strain and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in asymptomatic aortic stenosis is not well described. Methods and Results-Data were obtained in asymptomatic patients randomized to simvastatin/ezetimibe combination versus placebo in the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis (SEAS) study. Primary end point was the first of myocardial infarction, nonhemorrhagic stroke, heart failure, aortic valve replacement, or cardiovascular death. The predictive value of ECG left ventricular strain (defined as T-wave inversion in leads V(4) through V(6)) and LVH, assessed by Sokolow-Lyon voltage criteria (R(V5-6) +/- S(V1) >= 35 mV) and Cornell voltage-duration criteria {[RaVL + S(V3) + (6 mV in women)] x QRS duration >= 2440 mV.ms}, was evaluated by adjustment for other prognostic covariates. A total of 1533 patients were followed for 4.3 +/- 0.8 years (6592 patient-years of follow-up), and 627 cardiovascular events occurred. ECG strain was present in 340 patients (23.6%), with LVH by Sokolow-Lyon voltage in 260 (17.1%) and by Cornell voltage-duration product in 220 (14.6%). In multivariable analyses, ECG left ventricular strain was associated with 3.1-fold higher risk of in-study myocardial infarction (95% confidence interval, 1.4-6.8; P = 0.004). Similarly, ECG LVH by both criteria predicted, compared with no ECG LVH, 5.8-fold higher risk of heart failure (95% confidence interval, 2.0 -16.8), 2.0-fold higher risk of aortic valve replacement (95% confidence interval, 1.3-3.1; both P = 0.001), and 2.5-fold higher risk of a combined end point of myocardial infarction, heart failure, or cardiovascular death (95% confidence interval, 1.3-4.9; P = 0.008). Conclusions-ECG left ventricular strain and LVH were independently predictive of poor prognosis in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis.
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4.
  • Greve, Anders M., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of QRS Duration and Morphology on the Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death in Asymptomatic Patients With Aortic Stenosis The SEAS (Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis) Study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - Elsevier USA. - 0735-1097. ; 59:13, s. 1142-1149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives The aim of the study was to examine the predictive value of QRS duration and morphology during watchful waiting in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). Background QRS duration and morphology are associated with poor prognosis in many different populations, but the predictive value, particularly of the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), in asymptomatic patients with AS has not been well studied. Methods Data were obtained in asymptomatic AS patients randomized to simvastatin/ezetimibe combination versus placebo in the SEAS (Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis) study. The impact of QRS duration, evaluated as a categorical variable of <85 ms versus 85 to 99 ms and >= 100 ms (excluding bundle branch block [BBB]) and QRS morphology in those with BBB, on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality was assessed by adjusting for clinical and echocardiographic covariates. Results QRS data were available in 1,542 patients who were followed for a mean of 4.3 +/- 0.8 years (6,631 patient-years of follow-up). There were 68 cardiovascular deaths (4.6%), including 27 SCDs (1.8%). QRS duration was <85 ms in 900 patients (58.4%), 85 to 99 ms in 396 (25.7%), >= 100 ms in those without BBB in 144 (9.3%), and 102 (6.6%) in those with BBB. In multivariable analyses, those with QRS duration >= 100 ms had, compared with those with QRS duration <85 ms, a 5-fold higher risk of SCD (95% confidence interval: 1.8 to 13.7, p = 0.002) and a 2.5-fold higher risk of cardiovascular death (95% confidence interval: 1.2 to 5.1, p = 0.01). Conclusions QRS duration and morphology in asymptomatic patients with AS are independently associated with a poor prognosis, particularly the risk of SCD. (Simvastatin Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis [SEAS]; NCT00092677) (J Am Coll Cardiol 2012; 59: 1142-9) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
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