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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Hamsten Anders) srt2:(2020)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Hamsten Anders) > (2020)

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1.
  • Folkersen, Lasse, et al. (författare)
  • Genomic and drug target evaluation of 90 cardiovascular proteins in 30,931 individuals.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature metabolism. - : Springer Nature. - 2522-5812. ; 2:10, s. 1135-1148
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Circulating proteins are vital in human health and disease and are frequently used as biomarkers for clinical decision-making or as targets for pharmacological intervention. Here, we map and replicate protein quantitative trait loci (pQTL) for 90 cardiovascular proteins in over 30,000 individuals, resulting in 451 pQTLs for 85 proteins. For each protein, we further perform pathway mapping to obtain trans-pQTL gene and regulatory designations. We substantiate these regulatory findings with orthogonal evidence for trans-pQTLs using mouse knockdown experiments (ABCA1 and TRIB1) and clinical trial results (chemokine receptors CCR2 and CCR5), with consistent regulation. Finally, we evaluate known drug targets, and suggest new target candidates or repositioning opportunities using Mendelian randomization. This identifies 11 proteins with causal evidence of involvement in human disease that have not previously been targeted, including EGF, IL-16, PAPPA, SPON1, F3, ADM, CASP-8, CHI3L1, CXCL16, GDF15 and MMP-12. Taken together, these findings demonstrate the utility of large-scale mapping of the genetics of the proteome and provide a resource for future precision studies of circulating proteins in human health.
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2.
  • Lind, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • The plasma protein profile and cardiovascular risk differ between intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery and the bulb : A meta-analysis and a longitudinal evaluation
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Atherosclerosis. - : Elsevier. - 0021-9150 .- 1879-1484. ; 295, s. 25-30
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and aims: Genetic loci associated with CHD show different relationships with intima-media thickness in the common carotid artery (IMT-CCA) and in the bulb (IMT-bulb). We evaluated if IMT-CCA and IMT-bulb differ also with respect to circulating protein profiles and risk of incident atherosclerotic disease. Methods: In three Swedish cohorts (MDC, IMPROVE, PIVUS, total n > 7000), IMT-CCA and IMT-bulb were assessed by ultrasound at baseline, and 86 cardiovascular-related proteins were analyzed. In the PIVUS study only, IMT-CCA and IMT-bulb were investigated in relation to incident atherosclerotic disease over 10 years of follow-up. Results: In a meta-analysis of the analysis performed separately in the cohorts, three proteins, matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), were associated with IMT-CCA when adjusted for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Five proteins were associated with IMT-bulb (MMP-12, growth/differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), osteoprotegerin, growth hormone and renin). Following adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors, IMT-bulb was significantly more closely related to incident stroke or myocardial infarction (total number of cases, 111) than IMT-CCA in the PIVUS study (HR 1.51 for 1 SD, 95%CI 1.21–1.87, p < 0.001 vs HR 1.17, 95%CI 0.93–1.47, p = 0.16). MMP-12 levels were related to this combined end-point (HR 1.30, 95%CI 1.08–1.56, p = 0.0061). Conclusions: Elevated levels of MMP-12 were associated with both IMT-CCA and IMT-bulb, but other proteins were significantly related to IMT in only one of these locations. The finding that IMT-bulb was more closely related to incident atherosclerotic disease than IMT-CCA emphasizes a difference between these measurements of IMT.
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3.
  • Hong, Mun-Gwan, et al. (författare)
  • Profiles of histidine-rich glycoprotein associate with age and risk of all-cause mortality
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Life Science Alliance. - : Life Science Alliance, LLC. - 2575-1077. ; 3:10, s. e202000817-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite recognizing aging as a common risk factor of many human diseases, little is known about its molecular traits. To identify age-associated proteins circulating in human blood, we screened 156 individuals aged 50–92 using exploratory and multiplexed affinity proteomics assays. Profiling eight additional study sets (N = 3,987), performing antibody validation, and conducting a meta-analysis revealed a consistent age association (P = 6.61 × 10−6) for circulating histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG). Sequence variants of HRG influenced how the protein was recognized in the immunoassays. Indeed, only the HRG profiles affected by rs9898 were associated with age and predicted the risk of mortality (HR = 1.25 per SD; 95% CI = 1.12–1.39; P = 6.45 × 10−5) during a follow-up period of 8.5 yr after blood sampling (IQR = 7.7–9.3 yr). Our affinity proteomics analysis found associations between the particular molecular traits of circulating HRG with age and all-cause mortality. The distinct profiles of this multipurpose protein could serve as an accessible and informative indicator of the physiological processes related to biological aging.
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4.
  • Rykaczewska, Urszula, et al. (författare)
  • PCSK6 Is a Key Protease in the Control of Smooth Muscle Cell Function in Vascular Remodeling
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Circulation Research. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0009-7330 .- 1524-4571. ; 126:5, s. 571-585
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale: PCSKs (Proprotein convertase subtilisins/kexins) are a protease family with unknown functions in vasculature. Previously, we demonstrated PCSK6 upregulation in human atherosclerotic plaques associated with smooth muscle cells (SMCs), inflammation, extracellular matrix remodeling, and mitogens. Objective: Here, we applied a systems biology approach to gain deeper insights into the PCSK6 role in normal and diseased vessel wall. Methods and Results: Genetic analyses revealed association of intronic PCSK6 variant rs1531817 with maximum internal carotid intima-media thickness progression in high-cardiovascular risk subjects. This variant was linked with PCSK6 mRNA expression in healthy aortas and plaques but also with overall plaque SMA+ cell content and pericyte fraction. Increased PCSK6 expression was found in several independent human cohorts comparing atherosclerotic lesions versus healthy arteries, using transcriptomic and proteomic datasets. By immunohistochemistry, PCSK6 was localized to fibrous cap SMA+ cells and neovessels in plaques. In human, rat, and mouse intimal hyperplasia, PCSK6 was expressed by proliferating SMA+ cells and upregulated after 5 days in rat carotid balloon injury model, with positive correlation to PDGFB (platelet-derived growth factor subunit B) and MMP (matrix metalloprotease) 2/MMP14. Here, PCSK6 was shown to colocalize and cointeract with MMP2/MMP14 by in situ proximity ligation assay. Microarrays of carotid arteries from Pcsk6(-/-) versus control mice revealed suppression of contractile SMC markers, extracellular matrix remodeling enzymes, and cytokines/receptors. Pcsk6(-/-) mice showed reduced intimal hyperplasia response upon carotid ligation in vivo, accompanied by decreased MMP14 activation and impaired SMC outgrowth from aortic rings ex vivo. PCSK6 silencing in human SMCs in vitro leads to downregulation of contractile markers and increase in MMP2 expression. Conversely, PCSK6 overexpression increased PDGFBB (platelet-derived growth factor BB)-induced cell proliferation and particularly migration. Conclusions: PCSK6 is a novel protease that induces SMC migration in response to PDGFB, mechanistically via modulation of contractile markers and MMP14 activation. This study establishes PCSK6 as a key regulator of SMC function in vascular remodeling.
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5.
  • van Zuydam, Natalie R., et al. (författare)
  • Genetic Predisposition to Coronary Artery Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: CIRCULATION-GENOMIC AND PRECISION MEDICINE. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 2574-8300. ; 13:6, s. 640-648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is accelerated in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D).METHODS: To test whether this reflects differential genetic influences on CAD risk in subjects with T2D, we performed a systematic assessment of genetic overlap between CAD and T2D in 66 643 subjects (27 708 with CAD and 24 259 with T2D). Variants showing apparent association with CAD in stratified analyses or evidence of interaction were evaluated in a further 117 787 subjects (16 694 with CAD and 11 537 with T2D).RESULTS: None of the previously characterized CAD loci was found to have specific effects on CAD in T2D individuals, and a genome-wide interaction analysis found no new variants for CAD that could be considered T2D specific. When we considered the overall genetic correlations between CAD and its risk factors, we found no substantial differences in these relationships by T2D background.CONCLUSIONS: This study found no evidence that the genetic architecture of CAD differs in those with T2D compared with those without T2D.
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6.
  • Bonomi, Alice, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of the genetic variants associated with circulating levels of sgp130 : Results from the IMPROVE study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Genes and Immunity. - 1466-4879 .- 1476-5470. ; 21:2, s. 100-108
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The genes regulating circulating levels of soluble gp130 (sgp130), the antagonist of the inflammatory response in atherosclerosis driven by interleukin 6, are largely unknown. Aims of the present study were to identify genetic loci associated with circulating sgp130 and to explore the potential association between variants associated with sgp130 and markers of subclinical atherosclerosis. The study is based on IMPROVE (n = 3703), a cardiovascular multicentre study designed to investigate the determinants of carotid intima media thickness, a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis. Genomic DNA was genotyped by the CardioMetaboChip and ImmunoChip. About 360,842 SNPs were tested for association with log-transformed sgp130, using linear regression adjusted for age, gender, and population stratification using PLINK v1.07. A p value of 1 × 10−5 was chosen as threshold for significance value. In an exploratory analysis, SNPs associated with sgp130 were tested for association with c-IMT measures. We identified two SNPs significantly associated with sgp130 levels and 24 showing suggestive association with sgp130 levels. One SNP (rs17688225) on chromosome 14 was positively associated with sgp130 serum levels (β = 0.03 SE = 0.007, p = 4.77 × 10−5) and inversely associated with c-IMT (c-IMTmean–max β = −0.001 SE = 0.005, p = 0.0342). Our data indicate that multiple loci regulate sgp130 levels and suggest a possible common pathway between sgp130 and c-IMT measures.
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