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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Heikkilä Päivi) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Heikkilä Päivi) > (2005-2009)

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1.
  • Aaltonen, Kirsimari, et al. (författare)
  • Cyclin D1 expression is associated with poor prognostic features in estrogen receptor positive breast cancer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. - Springer. - 1573-7217. ; 113:1, s. 75-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cyclins D1 and E play an important role in breast carcinogenesis. High cyclin E expression is common in hormone receptor negative and high grade aggressive breast cancer, whereas cyclin D1 in hormone receptor positive and low grade breast cancer. Experimental data has suggested that cyclin D1 and E mediate cell proliferation by different mechanisms in estrogen receptor (ER) positive and negative breast cancer. To test this hypotheses in large breast cancer material and to clarify the histopathological correlations of cyclin E and D1, especially the association with proliferation, we analyzed cyclin E and D1 immunohistochemical expression on breast tumour microarrays consisting of 1348 invasive breast cancers. High cyclin D1 expression was associated with high grade (P < 0.0005), high cyclin A (P < 0.0005) and Ki67 (P < 0.0005) expression among ER positive but with low grade (P = 0.05) and low Ki67 (P = 0.01) expression among ER negative breast cancers. Cyclin E and D1 expression correlated positively in ER positive (P < 0.0005) but had a negative correlation in ER negative tumours (P = 0.004). Cyclin E associated with high grade among all tumours (P < 0.0005). In conclusion, the findings of this study show that cyclin D1 has separate roles, and proliferation is driven by different mechanisms in ER positive and negative breast cancers.
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2.
  • Aaltonen, Kirsimari, et al. (författare)
  • Familial breast cancers without mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 have low cyclin E and high cyclin D1 in contrast to cancers in BRCA mutation carriers
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 14:7, s. 1976-83
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: We analyzed the expression of critical cell cycle regulators cyclin E and cyclin D1 in familial breast cancer, focusing on BRCA mutation-negative tumors. Cyclin E expression in tumors of BRCA1 or BRCA2 carriers is higher, and cyclin D1 expression lower, than in sporadic tumors. In familial non-BRCA1/2 tumors, cyclin E and cyclin D1 expression has not been studied. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Cyclin E and cyclin D1 immunohistochemical expression was studied in tissue microarrays consisting of 53 BRCA1, 58 BRCA2, 798 familial non-BRCA1/2, and 439 sporadic breast tumors. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, BRCA1 tumors had significantly more frequently high cyclin E (88%) and low cyclin D1 (84%) expression than sporadic (54% and 49%, respectively) or familial non-BRCA1/2 (38% and 45%, respectively) tumors. BRCA2 tumors had significantly more frequently low cyclin D1 expression (68%) than sporadic or familial non-BRCA1/2 tumors and significantly more frequently high cyclin E expression than familial non-BRCA1/2 tumors. In a logistic regression model, cyclin expression, early age of onset, and estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) status were the independent factors most clearly distinguishing tumors of BRCA1 mutation carriers from other familial breast cancers. High cyclin E and low cyclin D1 expression were also independent predictors of BRCA2 mutation when compared with familial non-BRCA1/2 tumors. Most interestingly, lower frequency of high cyclin E expression independently distinguished familial non-BRCA1/2 tumors also from sporadic ones. CONCLUSIONS: Cyclin E and cyclin D1 expression distinguishes non-BRCA1/2 tumors from both sporadic and BRCA1- and BRCA2-associated tumors and may reflect different predisposition and pathogenesis in these groups.
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3.
  • Aaltonen, Kirsimari, et al. (författare)
  • High cyclin B1 expression is associated with poor survival in breast cancer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 100:7, s. 1055-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cyclin B1 regulates the G(2)-M transition of the cell cycle. Cyclin B1 expression is higher in premalignant and malignant than normal breast lesions. Correlation of cyclin B1 expression with other histopathological variables and prognostic role in breast cancer are not fully understood. Traditionally used prognostic criteria identify large subset of patients to receive adjuvant chemotherapy and to be exposed to adverse effects. A reliable and simple method helping prognostic evaluation in breast cancer is needed. We analysed cyclin B1 expression on 1348 invasive breast cancers and studied correlations with other histopathological variables and survival. High cyclin B1 correlated with high tumour grade, large tumour size and positive nodal status, oestrogen and progesterone receptor negativity, positive HER2 and p53 status, young age at diagnosis, and high cyclin E, cyclin A and Ki67 expression. Among patients not given adjuvant chemotherapy high cyclin B1 was a strong predictor of shorter overall and metastasis-free survival (RR 3.74, P&lt;0.0005 and RR 3.51, P&lt;0.0005, respectively), and remained as an independent prognostic factor also in multivariate analysis (RR 1.80, P=0.04 and RR 2.31, P=0.02, respectively). This study suggests high cyclin B1 associates with aggressive phenotype and is an independent prognostic factor in breast cancer.
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4.
  • Amini, Rose-Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Mast cells and eosinophils in invasive breast carcinoma
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - 1471-2407 .- 1471-2407. ; 7, s. 165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Inflammatory cells in the tumour stroma has gained increasing interest recently. Thus, we aimed to study the frequency and prognostic impact of stromal mast cells and tumour infiltrating eosinophils in invasive breast carcinomas. METHODS: Tissue microarrays containing 234 cases of invasive breast cancer were prepared and analysed for the presence of stromal mast cells and eosinophils. Tumour infiltrating eosinophils were counted on hematoxylin-eosin slides. Immunostaining for tryptase was done and the total number of mast cells were counted and correlated to the proliferation marker Ki 67, positivity for estrogen and progesterone receptors, clinical parameters and clinical outcome. RESULTS: Stromal mast cells were found to correlate to low grade tumours and estrogen receptor positivity. There was a total lack of eosinophils in breast cancer tumours. CONCLUSION: A high number of mast cells in the tumours correlated to low-grade tumours and estrogen receptor positivity. Eosinophils are not tumour infiltrating in breast cancers.
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5.
  • Bartkova, Jirina, et al. (författare)
  • Aberrations of the MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 DNA damage sensor complex in human breast cancer : MRE11 as a candidate familial cancer-predisposing gene
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Molecular Oncology. - 1574-7891. ; 2:4, s. 296-316
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The MRE11, RAD50, and NBS1 genes encode proteins of the MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 (MRN) complex critical for proper maintenance of genomic integrity and tumour suppression; however, the extent and impact of their cancer-predisposing defects, and potential clinical value remain to be determined. Here, we report that among a large series of approximately 1000 breast carcinomas, around 3%, 7% and 10% tumours showed aberrantly reduced protein expression for RAD50, MRE11 and NBS1, respectively. Such defects were more frequent among the ER/PR/ERBB2 triple-negative and higher-grade tumours, among familial (especially BRCA1/BRCA2-associated) rather than sporadic cases, and the NBS1 defects correlated with shorter patients' survival. The BRCA1-associated and ER/PR/ERBB2 triple-negative tumours also showed high incidence of constitutively active DNA damage signalling (gamma H2AX) and p53 aberrations. Sequencing the RAD50, MRE11 and NBS1 genes of 8 patients from non-BRCA1/2 breast cancer families whose tumours showed concomitant reduction/loss of all three MRN-complex proteins revealed two germline mutations in MRE11: a missense mutation R202G and a truncating mutation R633STOP (R633X). Gene transfer and protein analysis of cell culture models with mutant MRE11 implicated various destabilization patterns among the MRN complex proteins including NBS1, the abundance of which was restored by re-expression of wild-type MRE11. We propose that germline mutations qualify MRE11 as a novel candidate breast cancer susceptibility gene in a subset of non-BRCA1/2 families. Our data have implications for the concept of the DNA damage response as an intrinsic anti-cancer barrier, various components of which become inactivated during cancer progression and also represent the bulk of breast cancer susceptibility genes discovered to date.
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6.
  • Eerola, Hannaleena, et al. (författare)
  • Basal cytokeratins in breast tumours among BRCA1, BRCA2 and mutation-negative breast cancer families
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Breast cancer research : BCR. - 1465-542X. ; 10:1, s. R17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Finding new immunohistochemical markers that are specific to hereditary breast cancer could help us to select candidates for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation testing and to understand the biological pathways of tumour development. METHODS: Using breast cancer tumour microarrays, immunohistochemical expression of cytokeratin (CK)-5/6, CK-14 and CK-17 was evaluated in breast tumours from BRCA1 families (n = 46), BRCA2 families (n = 40), non-BRCA1/BRCA2 families (n = 358) and familial breast cancer patients with one first-degree relative affected by breast or ovarian cancer (n = 270), as well as from patients with sporadic breast cancer (n = 364). Staining for CK-5/6, CK-14 and CK-17 was compared between these groups and correlated with other clinical and histological factors. RESULTS: CK-5/6, CK-14 and CK-17 were detected mostly among oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative, progesterone receptor (PR)-negative and high-grade tumours. We found the highest percentages of samples positive for these CKs among ER-negative/HER2-negative tumours. In univariate analysis, CK-14 was significantly associated with tumours from BRCA1 (39%; P &lt; 0.0005), BRCA2 (27%; P = 0.011), and non-BRCA1/BRCA2 (21%; P &lt; 0.005) families, as compared with sporadic tumours (10%). However, in multivariate analysis, CKs were not found to be independently associated with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation status, and the most effective predictors of BRCA1 mutations were age at onset, HER2 status, and either ER or PR status. CONCLUSION: Although our study confirms that basal CKs can help to identify BRCA1 mutation carriers, this effect was weaker than previously suggested and CKs did not independently predict BRCA1 mutation either from sporadic or familial breast cancer cases. The most effective, independent predictors of BRCA1 mutations were age at onset, HER2 status, and either ER or PR status, as compared with sporadic or non-BRCA1/BRCA2 cancers.
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7.
  • Fagerholm, Rainer, et al. (författare)
  • NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 NQO1*2 genotype (P187S) is a strong prognostic and predictive factor in breast cancer
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 40:7, s. 844-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • NQO1 guards against oxidative stress and carcinogenesis and stabilizes p53. We find that a homozygous common missense variant (NQO1(*)2, rs1800566(T), NM_000903.2:c.558C&gt;T) that disables NQO1 strongly predicts poor survival among two independent series of women with breast cancer (P = 0.002, N = 1,005; P = 0.005, N = 1,162), an effect particularly evident after anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy with epirubicin (P = 7.52 x 10(-6)) and in p53-aberrant tumors (P = 6.15 x 10(-5)). Survival after metastasis was reduced among NQO1(*)2 homozygotes, further implicating NQO1 deficiency in cancer progression and treatment resistance. Consistently, response to epirubicin was impaired in NQO1(*)2-homozygous breast carcinoma cells in vitro, reflecting both p53-linked and p53-independent roles of NQO1. We propose a model of defective anthracycline response in NQO1-deficient breast tumors, along with increased genomic instability promoted by elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS), and suggest that the NQO1 genotype is a prognostic and predictive marker for breast cancer.
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8.
  • Heikkinen, Tuomas, et al. (författare)
  • The breast cancer susceptibility mutation PALB2 1592delT is associated with an aggressive tumor phenotype
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 15:9, s. 3214-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To determine the effect of the breast cancer susceptibility mutation PALB2 1592delT on tumor phenotype and patient survival. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We defined the PALB2 mutation status in 947 familial and 1,274 sporadic breast cancer patients and 1,079 population controls, and compared tumor characteristics and survival in mutation carriers relative to other familial and sporadic cases and to 79 BRCA1 and 104 BRCA2 mutation carrier cases. RESULTS: The PALB2 1592delT mutation was found in 19 familial [2.0%; odds ratio, 11.03; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 2.65-97.78; P &lt; 0.0001] and eight sporadic patients (0.6%; odds ratio, 3.40; 95% CI, 0.68-32.95; P = 0.1207) compared with two (0.2%) control individuals. Tumors of the PALB2 mutation carriers presented triple negative (estrogen receptor negative/progesterone receptor negative/HER negative) phenotype more often (54.5%; P &lt; 0.0001) than those of other familial (12.2%) or sporadic (9.4%) breast cancer patients. They were also more often of higher grade (P = 0.0027 and P = 0.0017, respectively) and had higher expression of Ki67 (P = 0.0004 and P = 0.0490, respectively). Carrying a PALB2 mutation was also associated with reduced survival, especially in familial cases (hazard ratio, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.01-5.24; P = 0.0466) and among familial patients with HER2-negative tumors (hazard ratio, 4.57; 95% CI, 1.96-10.64; P = 0.0004). Carrying a BRCA2 mutation was also found to be an independent predictor of poor survival at 10-year follow-up (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: The PALB2 1592delT mutation has a strong effect on familial breast cancer risk. The tumors rising in patients carrying this mutation manifest a phenotype associated with aggressive disease. Our results also suggest a significant impact of carrying a BRCA2 mutation on long-term breast cancer survival.
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9.
  • Heinonen, Mira, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic role of HuR in hereditary breast cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 13:23, s. 6959-6963
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: HuR is an mRNA-binding protein that enhances the stability of certain transcripts and can regulate their translation. Elevated cytoplasmic expression of HuR protein has been linked to carcinogenesis and is associated with reduced survival in breast, ovarian, and gastric adenocarcinomas. Experimental Design: Here, we have explored the relevance of HuR in familial breast cancer. Tumor samples were collected from patients with identified BRCA1 (n = 51) or BRCA2 (n = 47) mutations or familial non-BRCA1/2 cases (n = 525), and analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Results: Among familial non-BRCAI/2 breast cancer patients, cytoplasmic HuR protein expression was present in 39.4% of the cases and was associated with estrogen receptor negativity, progesterone receptor negativity, p53 positivity, high tumor grade, and ductal type of the tumor. In multivariate analysis, cytoplasmic HuR expression was an independent marker of reduced survival in the non-BRCAI/2 group along with tumor size &gt;2 cm, lymph node metastasis, and high histologic grade. In patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, cytoplasmic HuR expression was more frequent (62.7% for BRCA1 and 61.7% for BRCA2) than in the non-BRCA1/ 2 group, but in BRCA -mutated subgroups cytoplasmic HuR expression did not associate with survival. Conclusions: Our results show that HuR is an important prognostic factor in familial breast cancer patients and may contribute to carcinogenesis in this disease.
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10.
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