SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Hicks Andrew A.) srt2:(2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Hicks Andrew A.) > (2009)

  • Resultat 1-5 av 5
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Aulchenko, Yurii S, et al. (författare)
  • Loci influencing lipid levels and coronary heart disease risk in 16 European population cohorts
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 41:1, s. 47-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies of lipids have been conducted in samples ascertained for other phenotypes, particularly diabetes. Here we report the first GWA analysis of loci affecting total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides sampled randomly from 16 population-based cohorts and genotyped using mainly the Illumina HumanHap300-Duo platform. Our study included a total of 17,797-22,562 persons, aged 18-104 years and from geographic regions spanning from the Nordic countries to Southern Europe. We established 22 loci associated with serum lipid levels at a genome-wide significance level (P &lt; 5 x 10(-8)), including 16 loci that were identified by previous GWA studies. The six newly identified loci in our cohort samples are ABCG5 (TC, P = 1.5 x 10(-11); LDL, P = 2.6 x 10(-10)), TMEM57 (TC, P = 5.4 x 10(-10)), CTCF-PRMT8 region (HDL, P = 8.3 x 10(-16)), DNAH11 (LDL, P = 6.1 x 10(-9)), FADS3-FADS2 (TC, P = 1.5 x 10(-10); LDL, P = 4.4 x 10(-13)) and MADD-FOLH1 region (HDL, P = 6 x 10(-11)). For three loci, effect sizes differed significantly by sex. Genetic risk scores based on lipid loci explain up to 4.8% of variation in lipids and were also associated with increased intima media thickness (P = 0.001) and coronary heart disease incidence (P = 0.04). The genetic risk score improves the screening of high-risk groups of dyslipidemia over classical risk factors.</p>
  •  
2.
  • Hicks, Andrew A., et al. (författare)
  • Genetic determinants of circulating sphingolipid concentrations in European populations
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: PLoS genetics. - 1553-7404. ; 5:10, s. e1000672
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Sphingolipids have essential roles as structural components of cell membranes and in cell signalling, and disruption of their metabolism causes several diseases, with diverse neurological, psychiatric, and metabolic consequences. Increasingly, variants within a few of the genes that encode enzymes involved in sphingolipid metabolism are being associated with complex disease phenotypes. Direct experimental evidence supports a role of specific sphingolipid species in several common complex chronic disease processes including atherosclerotic plaque formation, myocardial infarction (MI), cardiomyopathy, pancreatic β-cell failure, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Therefore, sphingolipids represent novel and important intermediate phenotypes for genetic analysis, yet little is known about the major genetic variants that influence their circulating levels in the general population. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) between 318,237 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and levels of circulating sphingomyelin (SM), dihydrosphingomyelin (Dih-SM), ceramide (Cer), and glucosylceramide (GluCer) single lipid species (33 traits); and 43 matched metabolite ratios measured in 4,400 subjects from five diverse European populations. Associated variants (32) in five genomic regions were identified with genome-wide significant corrected <em>p</em>-values ranging down to 9.08×10<sup>−66</sup>. The strongest associations were observed in or near 7 genes functionally involved in ceramide biosynthesis and trafficking: <em>SPTLC3</em>, <em>LASS4</em>, <em>SGPP1</em>, <em>ATP10D</em>, and <em>FADS1–3</em>. Variants in 3 loci (<em>ATP10D</em>, <em>FADS3</em>, and <em>SPTLC3</em>) associate with MI in a series of three German MI studies. An additional 70 variants across 23 candidate genes involved in sphingolipid-metabolizing pathways also demonstrate association (<em>p</em> = 10<sup>−4</sup> or less). Circulating concentrations of several key components in sphingolipid metabolism are thus under strong genetic control, and variants in these loci can be tested for a role in the development of common cardiovascular, metabolic, neurological, and psychiatric diseases.</p>
  •  
3.
  • Johansson, Åsa, et al. (författare)
  • Common variants in the JAZF1 gene associated with height identified by linkage and genome-wide association analysis
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - 0964-6906 .- 1460-2083. ; 18:2, s. 373-380
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Genes for height has gained interest for decades, but only recently have candidate genes started to be identified. We have performed linkage analysis and genome-wide association for height in approximately 4,000 individuals from five European populations. A total of 5 chromosomal regions showed suggestive linkage and in one of these regions, two SNPs (rs849140 and rs1635852) were associated with height (nominal p=7.0 x 10(-8) and p=9.6 x 10(-7) respectively). In total, five SNPs across the genome showed an association with height that reached the threshold of genome-wide significance (nominal p&lt;1.6 x 10(-7)). The association with height was replicated for two SNPs (rs1635852 and rs849140) using three independent studies (N=31,077, N=1,268 and N=5,746) with overall meta p-values of 9.4x10(-10) and 5.3x10(-8). These SNPs are located in the JAZF1 gene, which has recently been associated with type II diabetes, prostate and endometrial cancer. JAZF1 is a transcriptional repressor of NR2C2, which results in low IGF1 serum concentrations, perinatal and early postnatal hypoglycaemia and growth retardation when knocked-out in mice. Both the linkage and association analyses independently identified the JAZF1 region affecting human height. We have demonstrated, through replication in additional independent populations, the consistency of the effect of the JAZF1 SNPs on height. Since this gene also has a key function in the metabolism of growth, JAZF1 represents one of the strongest candidates influencing human height so far identified.</p>
  •  
4.
  • Marroni, Fabio, et al. (författare)
  • A genome-wide association scan of RR and QT interval duration in 3 European genetically isolated populations : the EUROSPAN project
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics. - 1942-3268. ; 2:4, s. 322-328
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: We set out to identify common genetic determinants of the length of the RR and QT intervals in 2325 individuals from isolated European populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the heart rate at rest, measured as the RR interval, and the length of the corrected QT interval for association with 318 237 single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The RR interval was associated with common variants within GPR133, a G-protein-coupled receptor (rs885389, P=3.9 x 10(-8)). The QT interval was associated with the earlier reported NOS1AP gene (rs2880058, P=2.00 x 10(-10)) and with a region on chromosome 13 (rs2478333, P=4.34 x 10(-8)), which is 100 kb from the closest known transcript LOC730174 and has previously not been associated with the length of the QT interval. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested an association between the RR interval and GPR133 and confirmed an association between the QT interval and NOS1AP.</p>
  •  
5.
  • Pattaro, Cristian, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide linkage analysis of serum creatinine in three isolated European populations
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Kidney International. - 0085-2538 .- 1523-1755. ; 76:3, s. 297-306
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>There is increasing evidence for a role of genetic predisposition in the etiology of kidney disease, but linkage scans have been poorly replicated. Here we performed a genome-wide linkage analysis of serum creatinine on 2859 individuals from isolated villages in South Tyrol (Italy), Rucphen (The Netherlands) and Vis Island (Croatia), populations that have been stable and permanently resident in their region. Linkage of serum creatinine levels to loci on chromosomes 7p14, 9p21, 11p15, 15q15-21, 16p13, and 18p11 was successfully replicated in at least one discovery population or in the pooled analysis. A novel locus was found on chromosome 10p11. Linkage to chromosome 22q13, independent of diabetes and hypertension, was detected over a region containing the non-muscle myosin heavy chain type II isoform A (MYH9) gene (LOD score=3.52). In non-diabetic individuals, serum creatinine was associated with this gene in two of the three populations and in meta-analysis (SNP rs11089788, P-value=0.0089). In populations sharing a homogeneous environment and genetic background, heritability of serum creatinine was higher than in outbred populations, with consequent detection of a larger number of loci than reported before. Our finding of a replicated association of serum creatinine with the MYH9 gene, recently linked to pathological renal conditions in African Americans, suggests that this gene may also influence kidney function in healthy Europeans.</p>
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-5 av 5
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy