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Sökning: WFRF:(Hollander Ernst)

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  • Hermele, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Taking sustainability into account
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Science for Sustainable Development. - Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU). - 978-91-633-3660-7 ; s. 221-230
  • Bokkapitel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • In this chapter we argue in favour of transparent accounting for ecological and social sustainability. Such accounting serves as a warning against economism by highlighting the social and ecological costs of economic growth that is accompanied by growing social inequalities, dissolution of trust and reciprocity in society, as well as by ecological destruction.We do this in four steps. First we briefly note that many analysts (including us – the two authors) are tempted to choose between two extremes. Either you settle for a one-dimensional measure, or you include so many dimensions that the end result becomes impossible to grasp. Secondly, we present an economic measure of the value of ecological services which we view as useful inter alia in order to establish ecological concerns in a society where economic considerations still dominate. Thirdly, we elaborate a new measure to “green” the Human Development Index, which we call the Sustainable Human Development Index. Fourthly, we discuss two problems with the SHDI: Substitutability and Modernity. We pursue our discussion against the background of the fact that the GDP still commands a unique position of influence over the social discourse of sustainability.However, the powerful position of this reductionist concept can be turned around to serve the interest of sustainability, in two ways. Firstly, by using economic measures of sustainability in order to argue for more demanding policies; and secondly, by reminding ourselves that even reductionist measures may serve good purposes, as when GDP calculations were part of the process of estimating available economic resources which in turn contributed to making the welfare state possible after the second world war.
  • Hollander, Ernst, 1947- (författare)
  • The Doll, the Globe and the  Boomerang Chemical Risks  in the Future : Introduced by a  Chinese Doll Coming to Sweden
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This research report concerns the role of chemical risk information in attempts to 'detoxify' global product chains. Under what conditions can such information make a difference and how can we combine interdisciplinarities in order to study this hitherto dark terrain?  Seven 'images' are painted in order to discuss these questions. The introductory image pictures a doll made in Southern China who ends up at a day care centre in Malmoe, Sweden. To describe the methodological problems which arise when studying this 'doll chain' I use the image of going into the dark. A set of three images describe much discussed futures for the 'detox' efforts, futures which might lead the Swedish public at large to complacency or despair. My dramatising names for the three futures are: "REACHing a less contaminated EU", "Race to the bottom", and "Submission".   My main aim is, however, to paint an image of global 'detoxification from below' and an image of 'interdisciplinarities in dialogue' in order to study the Herculean task of detoxification of global product chains. Those two images are simultaneously elaborated in chapter II and then summarised in chapter III.   My hope is that I – through this report – will help make global detoxification from below 'possible to imagine'. At the methodological level, I argue for concepts and proto-concepts such as 'interdisciplinarity', 'boundary spanning', 'multiple partisanships' and 'transformative pressure'.   I allow myself a completely unrealistic end (section III.4), in order not to be overwhelmed by the seriousness of the problems discussed in the rest of the report.  The report is my main contribution to the research project INFLOW which i.a. has studied the flow of chemical risk information in global product chains.
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