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Sökning: WFRF:(Hollander Ernst)

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  • Hermele, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Taking sustainability into account
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Science for Sustainable Development. - Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU). - 978-91-633-3660-7 ; s. 221-230
  • Bokkapitel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • In this chapter we argue in favour of transparent accounting for ecological and social sustainability. Such accounting serves as a warning against economism by highlighting the social and ecological costs of economic growth that is accompanied by growing social inequalities, dissolution of trust and reciprocity in society, as well as by ecological destruction.We do this in four steps. First we briefly note that many analysts (including us – the two authors) are tempted to choose between two extremes. Either you settle for a one-dimensional measure, or you include so many dimensions that the end result becomes impossible to grasp. Secondly, we present an economic measure of the value of ecological services which we view as useful inter alia in order to establish ecological concerns in a society where economic considerations still dominate. Thirdly, we elaborate a new measure to “green” the Human Development Index, which we call the Sustainable Human Development Index. Fourthly, we discuss two problems with the SHDI: Substitutability and Modernity. We pursue our discussion against the background of the fact that the GDP still commands a unique position of influence over the social discourse of sustainability.However, the powerful position of this reductionist concept can be turned around to serve the interest of sustainability, in two ways. Firstly, by using economic measures of sustainability in order to argue for more demanding policies; and secondly, by reminding ourselves that even reductionist measures may serve good purposes, as when GDP calculations were part of the process of estimating available economic resources which in turn contributed to making the welfare state possible after the second world war.
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  • Hollander, Ernst, 1947- (författare)
  • Innovation and Entrepreneurship in a Circular Economy
  • 2016
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Demand shaping and the quadruple challenge for industrial policyErnst Hollander           for EAEPE 2016 ra[E1]            [≈ 747 words] This abstract takes as one of its departures Fagerberg et.al. (2015) where a ‘Triple Challenge for Europe’ is analysed. When I – in the header – talk about ‘quadruple’ the challenge I add is the one of social sustainability. In the title here this is indicated also by the reference to ‘demand shaping’ which is a process mirroring the innovation process (Hollander 2003). One important aspect of demand shaping is that it focuses on under-researched and under-represented actors in the transition – actors which needs to be ‘brought’ to centre stage if Fagerberg et.al.’s hope (2015:28) that transitionary policies would ‘provide Europe and its citizens with a new sense of purpose, revitalizing the EU and the European project …’. Social sustainability and agency for carriers of weak signals are to my mind of a sine qua non type if the other three challenges are to be met.[1] According to Fagerberg et.al. the other three challenges are: Economic Development, Climate Change, and Governance. There is more to ecological sustainability than Climate Change but the idea of creating a ‘low-carbon industrial complex’ – as an antidote to the present powers – is arguably a vision which can stand as a symbolic unifying goal for most of us who hope for a great transformation to ecological sustainability. The kinds of industrial policies needed for a great transformation to sustainability have been audaciously described by Mazzucato – i.a. in Fagerberg et.al. (2015: 255-258). One of her key ideas is massive challenge-oriented public investment. But policies for small scale contributions to the transition are also important. As pointed out by Warlenius in Borgnäs et.al. (2015:91-93) powerful interests in all kinds of today’s socio-economic formations are threatened by the ‘decentralising sustainable technologies’ which will be necessary if our ecosystems are to be saved. A way of simultaneously supporting large and small scale is exemplified by the German Energiewende (Fagerberg et.al. 2015:173-203). A key to understanding the importance of this is to see that it ‘encourages experimentation to explore different trajectories …’. In my suggested paper I – towards the end – venture even further on to thin ice or unchartered waters. One concern here is how definancialisation is probably a prerequisite for the kind of transition-oriented industrial policy discussed here. For instance: The vivid demand shaping needed fares ill when reciprocity and other potentially cohesive forces are reduced as consequences of rising inequalities etc. Another very intricate question is the decoupling from ‘contaminated product chains’ (Hollander 2011). Preferential tariff treatment for transparent and decontaminated value chains could be a bold policy for transition. Finally – industrial policies are too seldom associated with the fostering of what Laestadius (Fagerberg et.al. 2015:146) calls the green (non CO2 generating) sector. But the creation of a conducive environment for this sector is, of course, very important for the transition. Which means that we need to better understand the relation between industrial policy and the nurturing of that part of the ‘sharing economy’ which promotes sustainability (see Bradley & Pargman 2016 or 2017). To transfer efforts and competencies from Laestadius’ black (climate impacting) sector to the green one is a daunting but necessary project. My main contribution with the suggested paper will, however, be to add the perspective of demand shaping and bottom-up innovation to the studies already done concerning industrial and specifically innovation policies for the transformation to sustainability.References:Adams, R., Jeanrenaud, S., Bessant, J., Denyer, D., & Overy, P. (2016). “Sustainability-oriented Innovation: A Systematic Review”, International Journal of Management Reviews, 18(2), 180-205Borgnäs, K., Eskelinen, T., Perkiö, J., and Warlenius, R., ed’s (2015) The Politics of Ecosocialism. Transforming welfare RoutledgeBradley, K. & Pargman, D. (forthcoming 2016 Q) ”The sharing economy as the commons of the 21st century" in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and SocietyFagerberg, J., Laestadius, S., and Martin, B., ed’s (2015) The Triple Challenge for Europe – Economic Development, Climate Change, and Governance Oxford University PressHollander, E., (2011) The Doll, the Globe and the  Boomerang: Chemical Risks  in the Future – Introduced by a  Chinese Doll Coming to Sweden Research Report 2, University of Gävle– (2003) The noble art of demand shaping - how the tenacity of sustainable innovation can be explained by it being radical in a new sense, Contribution to 11th international GIN (GIN = Greening of Industry Network), conference in San Francisco 2003. The contribution not published but is quoted in Adams et.al. (2016) and available from me. / EH. [1] The importance of listening to ’weak signals’ for ’sustainability oriented innovators’ is underlined i.a. by Adams et.al. (2016) which analyses this subject from a business perspective.
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  • Hollander, Ernst (författare)
  • Kravformarmodellen för innovationer en pusselbit för frigörande arbetslivsforskning
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: På jakt efter framtidens arbete : utmaningar i arbetets organisering och forskning. - Stockholm : Tankesmedjan Tiden. - 978-91-566-3167-2 ; s. 131-135
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Med hjälp av kravformarmodellen kan vi få syn på att jämlika löner och hög standard på arbetsmiljön uppmuntrar avancerade krav. Dessa krav kan i sin tur föda innovationer som har såväl demokratiförstärkande kvaliteter som kommersiell potential. Med mitt bidrag vill jag medverka till en revitaliserad forskning om arbetsorganisation som stödjer en ”regim” där forskare samarbetar med allt ifrån kravformare ”på golvet” till fack, andra civilsamhälleliga organisationer (NGO:s) och företagsledningar som är öppna för dialoger.
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  • Hollander, Ernst, 1947- (författare)
  • The Doll, the Globe and the  Boomerang Chemical Risks  in the Future : Introduced by a  Chinese Doll Coming to Sweden
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This research report concerns the role of chemical risk information in attempts to 'detoxify' global product chains. Under what conditions can such information make a difference and how can we combine interdisciplinarities in order to study this hitherto dark terrain?  Seven 'images' are painted in order to discuss these questions. The introductory image pictures a doll made in Southern China who ends up at a day care centre in Malmoe, Sweden. To describe the methodological problems which arise when studying this 'doll chain' I use the image of going into the dark. A set of three images describe much discussed futures for the 'detox' efforts, futures which might lead the Swedish public at large to complacency or despair. My dramatising names for the three futures are: "REACHing a less contaminated EU", "Race to the bottom", and "Submission".   My main aim is, however, to paint an image of global 'detoxification from below' and an image of 'interdisciplinarities in dialogue' in order to study the Herculean task of detoxification of global product chains. Those two images are simultaneously elaborated in chapter II and then summarised in chapter III.   My hope is that I – through this report – will help make global detoxification from below 'possible to imagine'. At the methodological level, I argue for concepts and proto-concepts such as 'interdisciplinarity', 'boundary spanning', 'multiple partisanships' and 'transformative pressure'.   I allow myself a completely unrealistic end (section III.4), in order not to be overwhelmed by the seriousness of the problems discussed in the rest of the report.  The report is my main contribution to the research project INFLOW which i.a. has studied the flow of chemical risk information in global product chains.
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