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Sökning: WFRF:(Hollander Ernst)

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  • Hermele, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Taking sustainability into account
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Science for Sustainable Development : the social challenge with emphasis on the conditions for change. - Uppsala : Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU). - 978-91-633-3660-7 ; s. 221-230
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this chapter we argue in favour of transparent accounting for ecological and social sustainability. Such accounting serves as a warning against economism by highlighting the social and ecological costs of economic growth that is accompanied by growing social inequalities, dissolution of trust and reciprocity in society, as well as by ecological destruction.We do this in four steps. First we briefly note that many analysts (including us – the two authors) are tempted to choose between two extremes. Either you settle for a one-dimensional measure, or you include so many dimensions that the end result becomes impossible to grasp. Secondly, we present an economic measure of the value of ecological services which we view as useful inter alia in order to establish ecological concerns in a society where economic considerations still dominate. Thirdly, we elaborate a new measure to “green” the Human Development Index, which we call the Sustainable Human Development Index. Fourthly, we discuss two problems with the SHDI: Substitutability and Modernity. We pursue our discussion against the background of the fact that the GDP still commands a unique position of influence over the social discourse of sustainability.However, the powerful position of this reductionist concept can be turned around to serve the interest of sustainability, in two ways. Firstly, by using economic measures of sustainability in order to argue for more demanding policies; and secondly, by reminding ourselves that even reductionist measures may serve good purposes, as when GDP calculations were part of the process of estimating available economic resources which in turn contributed to making the welfare state possible after the second world war.
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  • Hermele, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Taking sustainability into account
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Science for Sustainable Development. - Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU). - 978-91-633-3660-7 ; s. 221-230
  • Bokkapitel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)
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  • Hollander, Ernst (författare)
  • Bretton Woods as a prerequisite for the Swedish Model
  • 2012
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the suggested paper I will discuss my idea that one of the main conditions for the Rehn-Meidner Model – which was first described for a wider audience in 1952 – was the Bretton Woods Agreement of 1944. I actually suggested this to Meidner and other economists at a conference in Stockholm in the 1990s. But none of those present were prepared to discuss the subject. I have, however, not been able to abandon the idea. My inspiration in this mainly comes from Eric Helleiner's, States and the Reemergence of Global Finance (1994) as well as acquaintance with Swedish Model thinking gained during decades of exposure to actors central to the model's further fate. The title of the keynote ch. 2 in Helleiner (1944) is "Bretton Woods and the Endorsement of Capital Controls". Helleiner's high-lighting of 'the double nature of' Bretton Woods was far from main-stream when his book was published. By 'the double nature of' Bretton Woods I refer to the trait that Bretton Woods at the same time provided a framework for liberalising trade in goods and controling movements of capital. When global finance reemerged in the 1970s it led to problems for most of the welfare states built during the early postwar period ( ≈ 1950s - 1960s). The Swedish welfare state was among the most resilient but to my judgement important parts of it have been dismantled. In order to thoroughly study and understand the issues raised above I think that a large research project would be needed. My intention with the suggested paper is to give an impetus to this rather than to seriously initiate the research.The paper which I have in mind have relations to at least 2 EAEPE research areas: [J] Monetary Economics, Finance and Financial Institutions and [T] History of Political Economy. It is also related to the EAEPE 2012 theme "Economic Policy in Times of Crisis".
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  • Hollander, Ernst E. (författare)
  • The noble art of demand shaping : how the tenacity of sustainable innovation can be explained by it being radical in a new sense
  • 2003
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There's an enigmatic tenacity in sustainable innovation processes. I try to explain it by introducing demand shapingas a mirror process to the innovation process. In the literature on innovation it is often noted that it is impossible to plan radical innovation. Studies by economists and business economists alike have, however, mostly analysed those that are radical in a technological or economic sense. I introduce a third type of radicalness - radicalness in the demand shaping. Economists have had a hard time in appreciating this type of radicalness since they are seldom willing to rub shoulders with social anthropologists or sociologists.Sustainable innovation processes often involve creative demand shaping since they presuppose dialogues that bridge huge distances of rationalities. Cases in point are when new or old social movements must interact with planners of infrastructure or R&D departments of TNC's in order to find (part) solutions for their sustainability demands. The complexity of the bridge building becomes even greater since the creative path breakers on both sides of the innovative user<->producer relation live very precarious lives in their respective organisations. Creativity is seen as threatening by the establishments of the organisations since new patterns of thought often devalue traditional competencies, networks etc.Creative bridge building often takes place at protomarkets where path breakers from users and producers meet. Those producers - such as innovative industrial firms - who, through their "representatives" at proto markets, listen to the "weak signals" from new demand shapers will, however, often be punished for their receptiveness. This occurs if those who look like path breakers on the "user side", in my words new demand shapers, can not develop into representatives of the broader user side. Because the user side must have a rewarding capacity in relation to those producers that dare to venture into sustainable innovation processes. The rewards can take many forms but I summarise them with the term Dominant Demand. Successful demand shapers must thus be both small/flexible and big/resource rich. This is a dilemma for many sustainable innovations.If, however, the many challenges are successfully met this will mean a lot for both sustainability and the actors involved.
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  • Hollander, Ernst (författare)
  • Halting Global Degradation? : Forces which might Reverse the Spread of Toxic Work
  • 2012
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the suggested paper I want to contribute to making it possible to imagine the reversal of two global trends. In wide circles it is un-controversial to claim that those trends are threatening the very fabric of life. The trends which I have in mind are the degradation of work and the toxification of the biosphere.The paper builds on my contribution to a three year research project called INFLOW.My main contribution was a research report titled The doll, the globe and the boomerang - chemical hazards futures introduced by a doll travelling from China to Sweden. In the report I inter alia discuss a number of forces which – in the long run – might reverse the trends.A product chain that I use as illustration starts in the heart of the new workshop of the world – the Pearl River Delta in the South Chinese province Guandong. Research initiated by a group of ethnic Chinese scholars is a good starting point when discussing internal "Southern" forces for reversal. One important conclusion of their work is that "despite formidable institutional odds, Chinese workers do resist ... the commodification of labor power".Important "Northern" support for "internal Southern forces", such as the Chinese forces hinted to above, will be needed. I call some of the non-governmental forces "Castellian" with reference to Manuel Castells' discussion of the multi-pronged movement that has started to act on global warming. INGOs, Unions and progressive academics are among those forces."Gramscian forces" will also be essential in spite of the weakening of state regulatory power which are crucial when interpreting our times.Technological and entrepreneurial forces as well as such forces as demand shapers in the North will of course also be important for a possible reversal.
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