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Sökning: WFRF:(Hollander Ernst)

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  • Hermele, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Taking sustainability into account
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Science for sustainable development : the social challenge with emphasis on the conditions for change : proceedings of the 2nd VHU Conference on Science for Sustainable Development, Linköping, Sweden, 6-7 September 2007. - Uppsala : Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU). - 978-91-633-3660-7 ; s. 221-229
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this chapter we argue in favour of transparent accounting for ecological and social sustainability. Such accounting serves as a warning against economism by highlighting the social and ecological costs of economic growth that is accompanied by growing social inequalities, dissolution of trust and reciprocity in society, as well as by ecological destruction.We do this in four steps. First we briefly note that many analysts (including us – the two authors) are tempted to choose between two extremes. Either you settle for a one-dimensional measure, or you include so many dimensions that the end result becomes impossible to grasp. Secondly, we present an economic measure of the value of ecological services which we view as useful inter alia in order to establish ecological concerns in a society where economic considerations still dominate. Thirdly, we elaborate a new measure to “green” the Human Development Index, which we call the Sustainable Human Development Index. Fourthly, we discuss two problems with the SHDI: Substitutability and Modernity. We pursue our discussion against the background of the fact that the GDP still commands a unique position of influence over the social discourse of sustainability.However, the powerful position of this reductionist concept can be turned around to serve the interest of sustainability, in two ways. Firstly, by using economic measures of sustainability in order to argue for more demanding policies; and secondly, by reminding ourselves that even reductionist measures may serve good purposes, as when GDP calculations were part of the process of estimating available economic resources which in turn contributed to making the welfare state possible after the second world war.
  • Hermele, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Taking sustainability into account
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Science for Sustainable Development. - Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU). - 978-91-633-3660-7 ; s. 221-230
  • Bokkapitel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)
  • Hollander, Ernst (författare)
  • Bretton Woods as a prerequisite for the Swedish Model
  • 2012
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the suggested paper I will discuss my idea that one of the main conditions for the Rehn-Meidner Model – which was first described for a wider audience in 1952 – was the Bretton Woods Agreement of 1944. I actually suggested this to Meidner and other economists at a conference in Stockholm in the 1990s. But none of those present were prepared to discuss the subject. I have, however, not been able to abandon the idea. My inspiration in this mainly comes from Eric Helleiner's, States and the Reemergence of Global Finance (1994) as well as acquaintance with Swedish Model thinking gained during decades of exposure to actors central to the model's further fate. The title of the keynote ch. 2 in Helleiner (1944) is "Bretton Woods and the Endorsement of Capital Controls". Helleiner's high-lighting of 'the double nature of' Bretton Woods was far from main-stream when his book was published. By 'the double nature of' Bretton Woods I refer to the trait that Bretton Woods at the same time provided a framework for liberalising trade in goods and controling movements of capital. When global finance reemerged in the 1970s it led to problems for most of the welfare states built during the early postwar period ( ≈ 1950s - 1960s). The Swedish welfare state was among the most resilient but to my judgement important parts of it have been dismantled. In order to thoroughly study and understand the issues raised above I think that a large research project would be needed. My intention with the suggested paper is to give an impetus to this rather than to seriously initiate the research.
  • Hollander, Ernst, 1947- (författare)
  • Conscious Use, Collaborative Research and 'Interdisciplinarities'
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Consuming the Environment. - Gävle. ; s. 29-30
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Conscious Use, Collaborative Research and 'Interdisciplinarities'The spark for my paper is a Chinese doll coming to a Swedish day care centre. The doll was conceived in a Vinnova research project related to the toxic contamination of our environments.[1] My part dealt with i.a. political economy and methods.The proposed paper focuses on how the sustainability research community need to integrate the process of doing the research with what used to be called ‘the communication phase’ of the research.A conclusion in my part of the Vinnova research project was that a number of 'interdisciplinarities' must be used, constructed and/or confronted in order to create images for a political economy of the Environment.My strategy was and is to confront widely different knowledge interests. One of the many families of knowledge interests which emerge through such exercises can be illustrated by today's quest for 'social union environmentalism'. A precursor was visible in Sweden of the 1970s. We can thus understand the contradictions facing 'social union environmentalism' today and imagine a landscape where new patterns of consumption might be created. Such a vision is needed in spite of the fact that success has as yet been limited.In the proposed paper I try to find methods which provide more room for i.a. 'interdisciplinarity, boundary-spanning, and transparent multiple partisanships’.Interdisciplinarity is of course an accepted concept. It has been an ideal of the academic wing of the environmental movement ever since the dawn of the new environmental consciousness. But many attempts have failed. Fear that immersion in conceptual problems will delay projects, have made research teams reluctant to devote the time needed for 'translating'.Boundary-spanning and the importance of boundary-spanning individuals have been discussed in many disciplines. But the intricacies of bringing boundary-spanning into academia have been poorly understood specifically in the more positivist oriented sciences.Transparent multiple partisanships is a worthy aim for practioneers turned academics. Accepting such hybrids might help bringing the academic community into more fruitful dialogues with other actors who want to contribute to a reversal of the global ecological degradation.My submission relates to Stream D1 Media and Public Understanding[1] Hollander, E. (2011): The Doll, the Globe and the Boomerang – Chemical Risks in the Future Introduced by a Chinese Doll Coming to Sweden - University of Gävle, (Research report 2) Sweden 2011. Many concepts used in this abstract are developed there. Important references are also provided.
  • Hollander, Ernst E. (författare)
  • The noble art of demand shaping how the tenacity of sustainable innovation can be explained by it being radical in a new sense
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of GIN2003.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There's an enigmatic tenacity in sustainable innovation processes. I try to explain it by introducing demand shapingas a mirror process to the innovation process. In the literature on innovation it is often noted that it is impossible to plan radical innovation. Studies by economists and business economists alike have, however, mostly analysed those that are radical in a technological or economic sense. I introduce a third type of radicalness - radicalness in the demand shaping. Economists have had a hard time in appreciating this type of radicalness since they are seldom willing to rub shoulders with social anthropologists or sociologists.Sustainable innovation processes often involve creative demand shaping since they presuppose dialogues that bridge huge distances of rationalities. Cases in point are when new or old social movements must interact with planners of infrastructure or R&D departments of TNC's in order to find (part) solutions for their sustainability demands. The complexity of the bridge building becomes even greater since the creative path breakers on both sides of the innovative user<->producer relation live very precarious lives in their respective organisations. Creativity is seen as threatening by the establishments of the organisations since new patterns of thought often devalue traditional competencies, networks etc.Creative bridge building often takes place at protomarkets where path breakers from users and producers meet. Those producers - such as innovative industrial firms - who, through their "representatives" at proto markets, listen to the "weak signals" from new demand shapers will, however, often be punished for their receptiveness. This occurs if those who look like path breakers on the "user side", in my words new demand shapers, can not develop into representatives of the broader user side. Because the user side must have a rewarding capacity in relation to those producers that dare to venture into sustainable innovation processes. The rewards can take many forms but I summarise them with the term Dominant Demand. Successful demand shapers must thus be both small/flexible and big/resource rich. This is a dilemma for many sustainable innovations.If, however, the many challenges are successfully met this will mean a lot for both sustainability and the actors involved.
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