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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Johansson A. G. M.) srt2:(1988-1989)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Johansson A. G. M.) > (1988-1989)

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  • Malmqvist, K. G., et al. (författare)
  • PIXE and proton microprobe advances at the Lund Institute of Technology
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B. - Elsevier. - 0168-583X. ; 40-41:PART 1, s. 685-689
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A review of recent advances in high-energy ion beam analysis at the Lund Institute of Technology is presented. A nonvacuum specimen chamber allows chemical speciation using a combination of ion beam analysis and controlled heating. The development of a new versatile scanning proton microbeam based on a new dedicated accelerator, an achromatic triplet lens and an advanced specimen chamber is outlined together with the performance of a microVAX-II/VMEbus-based data acquisition system.
  • Nardella, F A, et al. (författare)
  • Fc epitopes for human rheumatoid factors and the relationships of rheumatoid factors to the Fc binding proteins of microorganisms
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. Supplement. - Taylor & Francis. - 1502-7740. ; 17:Suppl. 75, s. 190-198
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Work from our laboratories has shown that the major antigenic determinants for rheumatoid factors (RFs) are in the C gamma 2-C gamma 3 interface region of IgG in the same area that binds staphylococcal protein A (SPA). Furthermore, the Fc binding proteins of groups A, C and G streptococci as well as the Fc binding proteins induced on cell surfaces by herpes simplex virus type I also bind to the same area of IgG. These binding site similarities between RFs and the microbial Fc binding proteins suggested conformational similarities between the RF antigen combining regions and the Fc binding regions of the microbial proteins. This hypothesis was supported by the observation that antibodies to SPA bind to the antigen combining regions of most RFs as well as to the Fc binding region of the T15 group A streptococcal Fc binding protein. These findings indicate that RFs bear the conformational internal image of these microbial proteins and suggest that RFs could arise as antibodies to the idiotypic determinants on antibodies to microbial Fc binding proteins. Alternatively, microbial Fc binding proteins could present IgG to the immune system in a way that renders specific areas of the C gamma 2-C gamma 3 interface region immunogenic. These relationships between RFs and microbial Fc binding proteins may prove to be important for our understanding of the generation of RFs in rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Johansson, S L, et al. (författare)
  • Snuff-induced carcinogenesis : effect of snuff in rats initiated with 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 49:11, s. 3063-3069
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A canal in the lower lip to function as a reservoir for snuff was surgically created in 150 male Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were randomized into five groups of 30 each: Group I received snuff twice a day, 5 days a wk; Group II was painted with propylene glycol (solvent control) on the hard palate 3 times a wk during 4 wk; Group III underwent painting on the hard palate with 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide (4-NQO) dissolved in propylene glycol, 3 times a wk for 4 wk; Group IV received 4-NQO as in Group III followed by snuff application as in Group I; and Group V received a cotton pellet dipped in saline twice a day, 5 days a wk. Treatment continued for up to 108 wk. There was no significant difference in mean survival time between the groups. Squamous cell tumors of the lip, oral and nasal cavities, esophagus, and forestomach were seen only in Groups I, III, and IV. Nine tumors of these organs were found in Group I (six carcinomas and three papillomas), nine in Group III (seven carcinomas and two papillomas), and ten in Group IV (eight carcinomas and two papillomas). The difference between each of these groups and the control groups (II and V) with regard to tumor incidence is statistically significant (P less than 0.05). In Group I, four oral cavity or lip carcinomas were found in 29 rats, a significant difference in relation to control rats (P less than 0.05). In addition, hyperplastic lesions of the lip, palate, and forestomach were significantly more common in Groups I and IV compared with Groups II, III, and V. The study has shown that snuff and 4-NQO by themselves have the potential to induce malignant tumors. Initiation with 4-NQO followed by snuff did not significantly enhance tumor formation.</p>
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