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  • Akimov, D., et al. (författare)
  • Physics with WASA and PROMICE
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Physics with GeV-particle beams, Juelich 1994. ; s. 519-530
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Johansson, S. G, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of New Experimental and Astrophysical F-values For Some Ru-ii Lines, Observed In Hst Spectra of Chi-lupi
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - American Astronomical Society. - 0004-637X. ; 421:2, s. 809-815
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on experimental absolute oscillator strengths for 18 UV lines of Ru II, obtained by combining laser-induced fluorescence measurements of radiative lifetimes and branching fractions from line intensities in a calibrated Fourier-transform spectrum. HST/GHRS observations of the spectrum of the sharp-lined B star chi Lupi contain six of these lines, for which ''astrophysical'' relative f-values have been determined. The agreement is within 0.10 dex for a Ru abundance of log N(Ru)/N(H) = -7.90, which is 2.3 dex above the solar abundance.
  • Mellstrom, D, et al. (författare)
  • Osteoporosis, metabolic aberrations, and increased risk for vertebral fractures after partial gastrectomy
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Calcified Tissue International. - Springer. - 1432-0827. ; 53:6, s. 370-377
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A case-control study compared 129 men with earlier partial gastrectomy (operation during the period 1952-1961) with 216 men from a community-based population study. All were born 1910-1915 and the mean age was 72 years. Men with a previous partial gastrectomy had vertebral fractures in 19% compared with 4% (P < 0.01) in the control population. Bone mineral density (BMD) in the right calcaneus measured with dual energy photon absorptiometry was 20% lower in men with a Billroth II operation (P < 0.001) and 8% lower with a Billroth I operation (ns). In comparison with the controls, the men subjected to partial gastrectomy had higher serum concentrations of osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase activity, a lower serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and a lower body mass index (BMI). There were no difference in serum concentrations of free calcium, intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), or free thyroxine. The smoking prevalence was significantly higher in men with partial gastrectomy than in controls. Smokers had significantly lower serum concentrations of intact PTH and 25OHD than nonsmokers and also lower BMD and BMI. The relationships between intact PTH on one hand, and ionized calcium (inverse relationship) and osteocalcin (direct relationship) on the other were preserved in smokers, however. Gastroscopy was performed in 78 men with multiple biopsies in the gastric remnant and also in the small intestine. All but two subjects had chronic gastritis. Examination of sternal bone marrow smears showed that 40% of the Billroth-operated men lacked bone marrow reticular iron.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Fernö, M., et al. (författare)
  • Estrogen and progesterone receptor analyses in more than 4000 human breast cancer samples : A study with special reference to age at diagnosis and stability of analyses
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Taylor & Francis. - 0284-186X. ; 29:2, s. 129-135
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR) were measured in the same laboratory in more than 4000 breast cancer biopsy samples obtained from 15 different hospitals during ten years. ER was measured with isoelectric focusing and PgR with the dextran-coated charcoal method and Scatchard analysis. The distribution pattern for both ER and PgR was during this time period and for the different hospitals rather similar indicating a good stability of the analytical methods. ER concentration was positively correlated with patient age, with a higher percentage of positive samples and higher concentrations in patients ≥50 years of age compared with patients <50 years. PgR concentration increased with age for patients under 50 years, but a considerable reduction of PgR concentration and of the proportion of positive samples was seen in patients between 50 and 59 years of age. Above this age the PgR concentration again increased with increasing age. The PgR/ER ratio and the proportion of ER- PgR+ samples were higher in patients under 50 years compared to older patients. ER and PgR values decreased during tamoxifen treatment, during pregnancy and after preoperative radiotherapy. Wet weight, DNA and protein were compared as reference parameters for the expression of ER and PgR concentrations. Strong correlations were obtained suggesting that similar information can be obtained with either of these reference parameters.
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