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Sökning: WFRF:(Johansson H.) > Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan

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1.
  • Tsuchida, H, et al. (författare)
  • Gene expression of the p85alpha regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in skeletal muscle from type 2 diabetic subjects.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology. - 0031-6768. ; 445:1, s. 25-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The gene of the p85alpha regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase gives rise to several splice variants. We hypothesized that the expression of p85alpha splice variants may be altered in skeletal muscle from subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Skeletal muscle biopsies were obtained from nine type 2 diabetic and eight healthy men, matched for age, body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness. PI 3-kinase activity in skeletal muscle following in vitro insulin stimulation was reduced in subjects with type 2 diabetes. p85alpha mRNA was elevated fourfold in type 2 diabetic as compared to healthy control subjects ( P<0.05). p85alpha mRNA abundance was positively correlated with plasma insulin concentration ( P<0.01) and serum glucose concentration ( P<0.01). Despite this, protein levels of p85alpha, p55alpha, and the novel human p50alpha were not altered in type 2 diabetic subjects. Thus, although gene expression of full-length p85alpha is increased in skeletal muscle from type 2 diabetics, this is not reflected by increased protein levels. Therefore, defects in PI 3-kinase activity are likely due to impaired activation of the enzyme rather than changes in protein expression of the isoforms of the regulatory subunit.
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2.
  • Enqvist, Jonas K, et al. (författare)
  • Energy turnover during 24 hours and 6 days of adventure racing.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Sports Sciences. - Routledge. - 0264-0414. ; 28:9, s. 947-955
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Energy turnover was assessed in two conditions of mixed ultra-endurance exercise. In Study 1, energy expenditure and intake were measured in nine males in a laboratory over 24 h. In Study 2, energy expenditure was assessed in six males during an 800-km Adventure race (mean race time 152.5 h). Individual correlations between heart rate and oxygen uptake ([Vdot]O(2)) were established during pre-tests when kayaking, cycling, and running. During exercise, energy expenditure was estimated from continuous heart rate recordings. Heart rate and [Vdot]O(2) were measured regularly during fixed cycling work rates to correct energy expenditure for drift in oxygen pulse. Mean energy expenditure was 18,050 +/- 2,390 kcal (750 +/- 100 kcal . h(-1)) and 80,000 +/- 18,000 kcal (500 +/- 100 kcal . h(-1)) in Study 1 and Study 2 respectively, which is higher than previously reported. Energy intake in Study 1 was 8,450 +/- 1,160 kcal, resulting in an energy deficit of 9,590 +/- 770 kcal. Body mass decreased in Study 1 (-2.3 +/- 0.8 kg) but was unchanged in Study 2. Fat mass decreased in Study 2 (-2.3 +/- 1.5 kg). In Study 1, muscle glycogen content decreased by only 60%. Adventure racing requires a high energy expenditure, with large inter-individual variation. A large energy deficit is caused by inadequate energy intake, possibly due to suppressed appetite and gastrointestinal problems. The oxygen pulse, comparing start to 12 h of exercise and beyond, increased by 10% and 5% in Study 1 and Study 2 respectively. Hence, estimations of energy expenditure from heart rate recordings should be corrected according to this drift.
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3.
  • Mattsson, C. Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • Reversed drift in heart rate but increased oxygen uptake at fixed work rate during 24 h ultra-endurance exercise.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. - 0905-7188. ; 20:2, s. 298-304
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper we report a reversed drift in heart rate (HR) but increased oxygen uptake (VO(2)) during ultra-endurance exercise. Nine well-trained male athletes performed 24-h exercise in a controlled laboratory setting, with alternating blocks of kayaking, running and cycling. Each block included 110 min of exercise and 10 min of rest, with an average work intensity of approximately 55% of respective VO(2peak). Blood samples were taken and HR and VO(2) measured every 6th hour during steady-state cycling at fixed work rate. As assumed HR was increased at 6 h by 15 +/- 6 beats/min compared with initial level (0 h). Thereafter the drift did not progress continuously, but instead unexpectedly returned toward initial values, although the plasma levels of catecholamines increased continuously during exercise. VO(2) was increased by 0.22 +/- 0.15 L/min (10%) at 6 h and 0.37 +/- 0.18 L/min (17%) at 12 h compared with 0 h, and thereafter remained stable. This implies an increased oxygen pulse (VO(2)/HR) by approximately 10% at the last half of the 24-h exercise compared with 0 h. Consequently, sole use of HR would give inaccurate estimates of exercise intensity and energy expenditure during endurance exercise lasting more than 6 h, and different patterns of cardiovascular drift need to be taken into account.
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4.
  • Patrik Johansson, H, et al. (författare)
  • Accelerometry combined with heart rate telemetry in the assessment of total energy expenditure.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Nutrition. - 0007-1145. ; 95:3, s. 631-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was: (1) to develop a new method for total energy expenditure (TEE) assessment, using accelerometry (ACC) and heart rate (HR) telemetry in combination; (2) to validate the new method against the criterion measure (DLW) and to compare with two of the most common methods, FLEX-HR and ACC alone. In the first part of the study VO(2), HR and ACC counts were measured in twenty-seven subjects during walking and running on a treadmill. Considering the advantages and disadvantages of the HR and ACC methods an analysis model was developed, using ACC at intensities of low and medium levels and HR at higher intensities. During periods of inactivity, RMR is used. A formula for determining TEE from ACC, HR and RMR was developed: TEE = 1.1x(EQ(HR) x TT(HR) + EQ(ACC1) x TT(ACC1) + EQ(ACC2) x TTACC2 + RMR x TT(RMR)). In the validation part of the study a sub-sample of eight subjects wore an accelerometer, HR was logged and TEE was measured for 14 d with the DLW method. Analysis of the Bland-Altman plots with 95 % CI indicates that there are no significant differences in TEE estimated with HR-ACC and ACC alone compared with TEE measured with DLW. It is concluded that the HR-ACC combination as well as ACC alone has potential as a method for assessment of TEE during free-living activities as compared with DLW.
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