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Sökning: WFRF:(Johansson H.) > Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan

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  • Enqvist, Jonas K, et al. (författare)
  • Energy turnover during 24 hours and 6 days of adventure racing.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Sports Sciences. - Routledge. - 0264-0414. ; 28:9, s. 947-955
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Energy turnover was assessed in two conditions of mixed ultra-endurance exercise. In Study 1, energy expenditure and intake were measured in nine males in a laboratory over 24 h. In Study 2, energy expenditure was assessed in six males during an 800-km Adventure race (mean race time 152.5 h). Individual correlations between heart rate and oxygen uptake ([Vdot]O(2)) were established during pre-tests when kayaking, cycling, and running. During exercise, energy expenditure was estimated from continuous heart rate recordings. Heart rate and [Vdot]O(2) were measured regularly during fixed cycling work rates to correct energy expenditure for drift in oxygen pulse. Mean energy expenditure was 18,050 +/- 2,390 kcal (750 +/- 100 kcal . h(-1)) and 80,000 +/- 18,000 kcal (500 +/- 100 kcal . h(-1)) in Study 1 and Study 2 respectively, which is higher than previously reported. Energy intake in Study 1 was 8,450 +/- 1,160 kcal, resulting in an energy deficit of 9,590 +/- 770 kcal. Body mass decreased in Study 1 (-2.3 +/- 0.8 kg) but was unchanged in Study 2. Fat mass decreased in Study 2 (-2.3 +/- 1.5 kg). In Study 1, muscle glycogen content decreased by only 60%. Adventure racing requires a high energy expenditure, with large inter-individual variation. A large energy deficit is caused by inadequate energy intake, possibly due to suppressed appetite and gastrointestinal problems. The oxygen pulse, comparing start to 12 h of exercise and beyond, increased by 10% and 5% in Study 1 and Study 2 respectively. Hence, estimations of energy expenditure from heart rate recordings should be corrected according to this drift.
  • Mattsson, C. Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • Reversed drift in heart rate but increased oxygen uptake at fixed work rate during 24 h ultra-endurance exercise.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. - 0905-7188. ; 20:2, s. 298-304
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper we report a reversed drift in heart rate (HR) but increased oxygen uptake (VO(2)) during ultra-endurance exercise. Nine well-trained male athletes performed 24-h exercise in a controlled laboratory setting, with alternating blocks of kayaking, running and cycling. Each block included 110 min of exercise and 10 min of rest, with an average work intensity of approximately 55% of respective VO(2peak). Blood samples were taken and HR and VO(2) measured every 6th hour during steady-state cycling at fixed work rate. As assumed HR was increased at 6 h by 15 +/- 6 beats/min compared with initial level (0 h). Thereafter the drift did not progress continuously, but instead unexpectedly returned toward initial values, although the plasma levels of catecholamines increased continuously during exercise. VO(2) was increased by 0.22 +/- 0.15 L/min (10%) at 6 h and 0.37 +/- 0.18 L/min (17%) at 12 h compared with 0 h, and thereafter remained stable. This implies an increased oxygen pulse (VO(2)/HR) by approximately 10% at the last half of the 24-h exercise compared with 0 h. Consequently, sole use of HR would give inaccurate estimates of exercise intensity and energy expenditure during endurance exercise lasting more than 6 h, and different patterns of cardiovascular drift need to be taken into account.
  • Patrik Johansson, H, et al. (författare)
  • Accelerometry combined with heart rate telemetry in the assessment of total energy expenditure.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Nutrition. - 0007-1145. ; 95:3, s. 631-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was: (1) to develop a new method for total energy expenditure (TEE) assessment, using accelerometry (ACC) and heart rate (HR) telemetry in combination; (2) to validate the new method against the criterion measure (DLW) and to compare with two of the most common methods, FLEX-HR and ACC alone. In the first part of the study VO(2), HR and ACC counts were measured in twenty-seven subjects during walking and running on a treadmill. Considering the advantages and disadvantages of the HR and ACC methods an analysis model was developed, using ACC at intensities of low and medium levels and HR at higher intensities. During periods of inactivity, RMR is used. A formula for determining TEE from ACC, HR and RMR was developed: TEE = 1.1x(EQ(HR) x TT(HR) + EQ(ACC1) x TT(ACC1) + EQ(ACC2) x TTACC2 + RMR x TT(RMR)). In the validation part of the study a sub-sample of eight subjects wore an accelerometer, HR was logged and TEE was measured for 14 d with the DLW method. Analysis of the Bland-Altman plots with 95 % CI indicates that there are no significant differences in TEE estimated with HR-ACC and ACC alone compared with TEE measured with DLW. It is concluded that the HR-ACC combination as well as ACC alone has potential as a method for assessment of TEE during free-living activities as compared with DLW.
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