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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Johnson Julie A) srt2:(2020)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Johnson Julie A) > (2020)

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1.
  • Gentiluomo, Manuel, et al. (författare)
  • Mitochondrial DNA Copy-Number Variation and Pancreatic Cancer Risk in the Prospective EPIC Cohort
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - Philadelphia : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 29:3, s. 681-686
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in peripheral blood has been found to be sociated with risk of developing several cancers. However, data on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma DAC) are very limited.</p><p>Methods: To further our knowledge on this topic, we measured relative mtDNA copy number by a antitative real-time PCR assay in peripheral leukocyte samples of 476PDACcases and 357 controls sted within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort.</p><p>Results: We observed lower mtDNA copy number with advancing age (P = 6.54 x 10(-5)) and with a high dy mass index (BMI) level (P = 0.004) and no association with sex, smoking behavior, and alcohol nsumption. We found an association between increased mtDNA copy number and decreased risk of veloping PDAC with an odds ratios (OR) of 0.35 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.160.79; P = 0.01] when mparing the fifth quintile with the first using an unconditional logistic regression and an OR of 0.19 5% CI, 0.07-0.52; P = 0.001) with a conditional analysis. Analyses stratified by BMI showed an sociation between high mtDNA copy number and decreased risk in the stratum of normal weight, nsistent with the main analyses.</p><p>Conclusions: Our results suggest a protective effect of a higher number of mitochondria, measured in ripheral blood leukocytes, on PDAC risk.</p><p>Impact: Our findings highlight the importance of understanding the mitochondrial biology in pancreatic ncer.</p>
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2.
  • Alexander, Steven M., et al. (författare)
  • Qualitative data sharing and synthesis for sustainability science
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Sustainability. - 2398-9629. ; 3:2, s. 81-88
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Opportunities, challenges and recommended targeted actions to accelerate qualitative data sharing to address complex socio-environmental problems Socio-environmental synthesis as a research approach contributes to broader sustainability policy and practice by reusing data from disparate disciplines in innovative ways. Synthesizing diverse data sources and types of evidence can help to better conceptualize, investigate and address increasingly complex socio-environmental problems. However, sharing qualitative data for re-use remains uncommon when compared to sharing quantitative data. We argue that qualitative data present untapped opportunities for sustainability science, and discuss practical pathways to facilitate and realize the benefits from sharing and reusing qualitative data. However, these opportunities and benefits are also hindered by practical, ethical and epistemological challenges. To address these challenges and accelerate qualitative data sharing, we outline enabling conditions and suggest actions for researchers, institutions, funders, data repository managers and publishers.</p>
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3.
  • Nano, Rita, et al. (författare)
  • Heterogeneity of Human Pancreatic Islet Isolation Around Europe : Results of a Survey Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Transplantation. - LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0041-1337 .- 1534-6080. ; 104:1, s. 190-196
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Europe is currently the most active region in the field of pancreatic islet transplantation, and many of the leading groups are actually achieving similar good outcomes. Further collaborative advances in the field require the standardization of islet cell product isolation processes, and this work aimed to identify differences in the human pancreatic islet isolation processes within European countries.</p><p>Methods: A web-based questionnaire about critical steps, including donor selection, pancreas processing, pancreas perfusion and digestion, islet counting and culture, islet quality evaluation, microbiological evaluation, and release criteria of the product, was completed by isolation facilities participating at the Ninth International European Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association (EPITA) Workshop on Islet-Beta Cell Replacement in Milan.</p><p>Results: Eleven islet isolation facilities completed the questionnaire. The facilities reported 445 and 53 islet isolations per year over the last 3 years from deceased organ donors and pancreatectomized patients, respectively. This activity resulted in 120 and 40 infusions per year in allograft and autograft recipients, respectively. Differences among facilities emerged in donor selection (age, cold ischemia time, intensive care unit length, amylase concentration), pancreas procurement, isolation procedures (brand and concentration of collagenase, additive, maximum acceptable digestion time), quality evaluation, and release criteria for transplantation (glucose-stimulated insulin secretion tests, islet numbers, and purity). Moreover, even when a high concordance about the relevance of one parameter was evident, thresholds for the acceptance were different among facilities.</p><p>Conclusions: The result highlighted the presence of a heterogeneity in the islet cell product process and product release criteria.</p>
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