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Sökning: WFRF:(Johnson Julie A) > (2020)

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  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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2.
  • Mahmoodi, Bakhtawar K., et al. (författare)
  • Association of Factor V Leiden With Subsequent Atherothrombotic Events A GENIUS-CHD Study of Individual Participant Data
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0009-7322 .- 1524-4539. ; 142:6, s. 546-555
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Studies examining the role of factor V Leiden among patients at higher risk of atherothrombotic events, such as those with established coronary heart disease (CHD), are lacking. Given that coagulation is involved in the thrombus formation stage on atherosclerotic plaque rupture, we hypothesized that factor V Leiden may be a stronger risk factor for atherothrombotic events in patients with established CHD. Methods: We performed an individual-level meta-analysis including 25 prospective studies (18 cohorts, 3 case-cohorts, 4 randomized trials) from the GENIUS-CHD (Genetics of Subsequent Coronary Heart Disease) consortium involving patients with established CHD at baseline. Participating studies genotyped factor V Leiden status and shared risk estimates for the outcomes of interest using a centrally developed statistical code with harmonized definitions across studies. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to obtain age- and sex-adjusted estimates. The obtained estimates were pooled using fixed-effect meta-analysis. The primary outcome was composite of myocardial infarction and CHD death. Secondary outcomes included any stroke, ischemic stroke, coronary revascularization, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality. Results: The studies included 69 681 individuals of whom 3190 (4.6%) were either heterozygous or homozygous (n=47) carriers of factor V Leiden. Median follow-up per study ranged from 1.0 to 10.6 years. A total of 20 studies with 61 147 participants and 6849 events contributed to analyses of the primary outcome. Factor V Leiden was not associated with the combined outcome of myocardial infarction and CHD death (hazard ratio, 1.03 [95% CI, 0.92-1.16];I-2=28%;P-heterogeneity=0.12). Subgroup analysis according to baseline characteristics or strata of traditional cardiovascular risk factors did not show relevant differences. Similarly, risk estimates for the secondary outcomes including stroke, coronary revascularization, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality were also close to identity. Conclusions: Factor V Leiden was not associated with increased risk of subsequent atherothrombotic events and mortality in high-risk participants with established and treated CHD. Routine assessment of factor V Leiden status is unlikely to improve atherothrombotic events risk stratification in this population.
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3.
  • Gentiluomo, Manuel, et al. (författare)
  • Mitochondrial DNA Copy-Number Variation and Pancreatic Cancer Risk in the Prospective EPIC Cohort
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - Philadelphia : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 29:3, s. 681-686
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in peripheral blood has been found to be sociated with risk of developing several cancers. However, data on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma DAC) are very limited.Methods: To further our knowledge on this topic, we measured relative mtDNA copy number by a antitative real-time PCR assay in peripheral leukocyte samples of 476PDACcases and 357 controls sted within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort.Results: We observed lower mtDNA copy number with advancing age (P = 6.54 x 10(-5)) and with a high dy mass index (BMI) level (P = 0.004) and no association with sex, smoking behavior, and alcohol nsumption. We found an association between increased mtDNA copy number and decreased risk of veloping PDAC with an odds ratios (OR) of 0.35 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.160.79; P = 0.01] when mparing the fifth quintile with the first using an unconditional logistic regression and an OR of 0.19 5% CI, 0.07-0.52; P = 0.001) with a conditional analysis. Analyses stratified by BMI showed an sociation between high mtDNA copy number and decreased risk in the stratum of normal weight, nsistent with the main analyses.Conclusions: Our results suggest a protective effect of a higher number of mitochondria, measured in ripheral blood leukocytes, on PDAC risk.Impact: Our findings highlight the importance of understanding the mitochondrial biology in pancreatic ncer.
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4.
  • Alexander, Steven M. (författare)
  • Qualitative data sharing and synthesis for sustainability science
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Sustainability. - 2398-9629. ; 3:2, s. 81-88
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Opportunities, challenges and recommended targeted actions to accelerate qualitative data sharing to address complex socio-environmental problems Socio-environmental synthesis as a research approach contributes to broader sustainability policy and practice by reusing data from disparate disciplines in innovative ways. Synthesizing diverse data sources and types of evidence can help to better conceptualize, investigate and address increasingly complex socio-environmental problems. However, sharing qualitative data for re-use remains uncommon when compared to sharing quantitative data. We argue that qualitative data present untapped opportunities for sustainability science, and discuss practical pathways to facilitate and realize the benefits from sharing and reusing qualitative data. However, these opportunities and benefits are also hindered by practical, ethical and epistemological challenges. To address these challenges and accelerate qualitative data sharing, we outline enabling conditions and suggest actions for researchers, institutions, funders, data repository managers and publishers.
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5.
  • Nano, Rita, et al. (författare)
  • Heterogeneity of Human Pancreatic Islet Isolation Around Europe : Results of a Survey Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Transplantation. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0041-1337 .- 1534-6080. ; 104:1, s. 190-196
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Europe is currently the most active region in the field of pancreatic islet transplantation, and many of the leading groups are actually achieving similar good outcomes. Further collaborative advances in the field require the standardization of islet cell product isolation processes, and this work aimed to identify differences in the human pancreatic islet isolation processes within European countries.Methods: A web-based questionnaire about critical steps, including donor selection, pancreas processing, pancreas perfusion and digestion, islet counting and culture, islet quality evaluation, microbiological evaluation, and release criteria of the product, was completed by isolation facilities participating at the Ninth International European Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association (EPITA) Workshop on Islet-Beta Cell Replacement in Milan.Results: Eleven islet isolation facilities completed the questionnaire. The facilities reported 445 and 53 islet isolations per year over the last 3 years from deceased organ donors and pancreatectomized patients, respectively. This activity resulted in 120 and 40 infusions per year in allograft and autograft recipients, respectively. Differences among facilities emerged in donor selection (age, cold ischemia time, intensive care unit length, amylase concentration), pancreas procurement, isolation procedures (brand and concentration of collagenase, additive, maximum acceptable digestion time), quality evaluation, and release criteria for transplantation (glucose-stimulated insulin secretion tests, islet numbers, and purity). Moreover, even when a high concordance about the relevance of one parameter was evident, thresholds for the acceptance were different among facilities.Conclusions: The result highlighted the presence of a heterogeneity in the islet cell product process and product release criteria.
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