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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Jonson Björn) srt2:(2005-2009);pers:(Jonson Björn 1941)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Jonson Björn) > (2005-2009) > Jonson Björn 1941

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3.
  • Alcorta, M., et al. (författare)
  • Nuclear Structure of C-12 from Break-up Studies in Complete Kinematics
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Structure and Dynamics '09. - 0094-243X. ; 1165, s. 27-30461
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A complete kinematics study of the B-10(He-3,p alpha alpha alpha) and B-11(He-3,d alpha alpha alpha) reactions has been performed to study the multi-particle break-up of C-12 resonances above the triple-alpha threshold. Four-particle coincidence detection gives us complete information on the direction and energy of the individual alpha particles from the decay of C-12, allowing us to extract new information on the structure of C-12 which we shall present in this contribution. We have observed gamma de-excitation of the T=1 15.11 MeV resonance using charged particle detectors, and have constructed Dalitz plots of the individual resonances in C-12 using the complete kinematics information of the alpha particles which come from their break-up.
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5.
  • Chulkov, L. V., et al. (författare)
  • Three-body correlations in electromagnetic dissociation of Borromean nuclei: The He-6 case
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A. - 0375-9474. ; 759:1-2, s. 23-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dissociation of He-6 on a lead target has been studied at 240 MeV/u. The four-momenta of the two neutrons in coincidence with alpha-particles have been measured and used to reconstruct the three-body energy and angular correlations in the final state. For the first time, three-body correlations were included in the analysis of the He-6 dissociation data, and compared with calculations assuming a dipole mode for the electromagnetic dissociation. In addition, the experimental data have been analyzed using a series expansion of the final transition amplitude into hyperspherical functions, showing the importance of both nn and alpha n final-state interactions. It is shown that the dissociation process is governed by a transition of one neutron from the p-shell in the 6He ground state to the s-shell in the continuum further indicating that the role of the transition through an intermediate He-5(3/2(-)) state is more important than expected. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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6.
  • Cortina-Gil, D., et al. (författare)
  • One-neutron knockout of O-23
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal A. - 1434-6001. ; 25, s. 343-346
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Breakup reactions were used to study the ground-state configuration of the neutron-rich isotope O-23. The O-22 fragments produced in one-nucleon removal from O-23 at 938 MeV/nucleon in a carbon target were detected in coincidence with de-exciting gamma rays, allowing to discern between 220 ground-state and excited-states contributions. From the comparison of exclusive experimental momentum distributions for the one-neutron removal channel to theoretical momentum distributions calculated in an Eikonal model for the knockout process, and spin and parity assignment of I-pi = 1/2(+) was deduced for the 230 ground state. This result solved the existent experimental discrepancy.
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8.
  • Diget, C. A., et al. (författare)
  • Breakup channels for C-12 triple-alpha continuum states
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C. - 0556-2813. ; 80:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The triple-alpha-particle breakup of states in the triple-alpha continuum of C-12 has been investigated by way of coincident detection of all three alpha particles of the breakup. The states have been fed in the beta decay of N-12 and B-12, and the alpha particles measured using a setup that covers all of the triple-alpha phase space. Contributions from the breakup through the Be-8(0(+)) ground state as well as other channels-interpreted as breakup through excited energies in Be-8-have been identified. Spins and parities of C-12 triple-alpha continuum states are deduced from the measured phase-space distributions for breakup through Be-8 above the ground state by comparison to a fully symmetrized sequential R-matrix description of the breakup. At around 10 MeV in C-12, the breakup is found to be dominated by 0(+) strength breaking up through the ghost of the Be-8(0(+)) ground state with L = 0 angular momentum between the first emitted alpha particle and the intermediate Be-8 nucleus. For C-12 energies above the 12.7 MeV 1(+) state, however, L = 2 breakup of a C-12 2(+) state through the Be-8(2(+)) excited state dominates. Furthermore, the possibility of a 2(+) excited state in the 9-12 MeV region of C-12 is investigated.
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9.
  • Diget, C. A., et al. (författare)
  • Properties of the C-12 10 MeV state determined through beta-decay
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A. - 0375-9474. ; 760:1-2, s. 3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The beta-delayed triple-alpha particle decay of B-12 has been measured with a setup that favours coincidence detection. A broad state in C-12, previously reported around 10 MeV, has been seen and its properties determined through R-matrix analysis of the excitation spectrum. The spin and parity are 0(+). Interference between this state and the Hoyle state at 7.654 MeV has a marked influence on the spectrum. The coupling between the two states makes it difficult to determine the resonance energy. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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10.
  • Fynbo, H. O. U., et al. (författare)
  • Revised rates for the stellar triple-alpha process from measurement of C-12 nuclear resonances
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836. ; 433:7022, s. 136-139
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the centres of stars where the temperature is high enough, three alpha-particles (helium nuclei) are able to combine to form C-12 because of a resonant reaction leading to a nuclear excited state(1). (Stars with masses greater than similar to0.5 times that of the Sun will at some point in their lives have a central temperature high enough for this reaction to proceed.) Although the reaction rate is of critical significance for determining elemental abundances in the Universe(1), and for determining the size of the iron core of a star just before it goes supernova(2), it has hitherto been insufficiently determined(2). Here we report a measurement of the inverse process, where a C-12 nucleus decays to three alpha-particles. We find a dominant resonance at an energy of similar to11 MeV, but do not confirm the presence of a resonance at 9.1 MeV (ref. 3). We show that interference between two resonances has important effects on our measured spectrum. Using these data, we calculate the triple-a rate for temperatures from 10(7) K to 10(10) K and find significant deviations from the standard rates(3). Our rate below similar to5 x 10(7) K is higher than the previous standard, implying that the critical amounts of carbon that catalysed hydrogen burning in the first stars are produced twice as fast as previously believed(4). At temperatures above 10(9) K, our rate is much less, which modifies predicted nucleosynthesis in supernovae(5,6).
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