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Sökning: WFRF:(Källén Anna)

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  • Greenlees, Ruth, et al. (författare)
  • Paper 6: EUROCAT Member Registries: Organization and Activities
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc. - 1542-9768. ; 91:Suppl. 1, s. S51-S100
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: EUROCAT is a network of population-based congenital anomaly registries providing standardized epidemiologic information on congenital anomalies in Europe. There are three types of EUROCAT membership: full, associate, or affiliate. Full member registries send individual records of all congenital anomalies covered by their region. Associate members transmit aggregate case counts for each EUROCAT anomaly subgroup by year and by type of birth. This article describes the organization and activities of each of the current 29 full member and 6 associate member registries of EUROCAT. METHODS: Each registry description provides information on the history and funding of the registry, population coverage including any changes in coverage over time, sources for ascertaining cases of congenital anomalies, and upper age limit for registering cases of congenital anomalies. It also details the legal requirements relating to termination of pregnancy for fetal anomalies, the definition of stillbirths and fetal deaths, and the prenatal screening policy within the registry. Information on availability of exposure information and denominators is provided. The registry description describes how each registry conforms to the laws and guidelines regarding ethics, consent, and confidentiality issues within their own jurisdiction. Finally, information on electronic and web-based data capture, recent registry activities, and publications relating to congenital anomalies, along with the contact details of the registry leader, are provided. CONCLUSIONS: The registry description gives a detailed account of the organizational and operational aspects of each registry and is an invaluable resource that aids interpretation and evaluation of registry prevalence data. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 91: S51-S100, 2011. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • Lundgren, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • WINROP identifies severe retinopathy of prematurity at an early stage in a nation-based cohort of extremely preterm infants
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: PLoS One. - 1932-62031932-6203. ; 8:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To evaluate the ability of a postnatal weight-gain algorithm (WINROP) to identify sight-threatening retinopathy of prematurity (ROP type 1) in a nation-based extremely preterm infant cohort. Methods: This study enrolled all 707 live-born extremely preterm (gestational age GA <27 weeks) infants, born 2004-2007 in Sweden; the Extremely preterm Infants in Sweden Study (EXPRESS). WINROP analysis was performed retrospectively in 407 of the infants using weekly weight gain to assess the preterm infant's risk of developing ROP type 1 requiring treatment. GA, birthweight (BW), and weekly postnatal weight measurements were entered into WINROP. WINROP signals with an alarm to indicate if the preterm infant is at risk for ROP type 1. Results: In this extremely preterm population, WINROP correctly identified 96% (45/47) of the infants who required treatment for ROP type 1. The median time from alarm to treatment was 9 weeks (range, 4-20 weeks). Conclusions: WINROP, an online surveillance system using weekly weight gain, identified extremely preterm infants at risk for ROP type 1 requiring treatment at an early stage and with high sensitivity in a Swedish nation-based cohort.
  • Jennbert, Kristina, et al. (författare)
  • Introduction to Life Through Death
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Fishbones and Glittering Emblems. Southeast Asian Archaelogy 2002. - Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities. Östasiatiska museet. Stockholm.. - 91-970616-0-3 ; s. 71-73
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Arkeologisk Framtid : Arkeologmötet 2008
  • 2009
  • Proceedings (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Sedan 1994 arrangerar Svenska Arkeologiska Samfundet konferenser som kretsar kring arkeologins roll för människan och samhället. Det åttonde Arkeologmötet hölls i april 2008 på Kulturen i Lund, med temat Framtidens arkeologier - tendenser och visioner. Femton aktiva arkeologer, forskare, kulturskribenter, politiker och myndighetspersoner inviterades för att ge sin syn på den arkeologiska framtiden. I den här boken finner du deras samtidsanalyser och framtidsvisioner presenterade o tretton essäer.
  • Bremme, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Group B streptococcal carriage in Sweden : a national study on risk factors for mother and infant colonisation
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. - Stockholm : Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6349. ; 87:1, s. 50-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: To study group B streptococcus (GBS) colonisation in parturients and infants in relation to obstetric outcome and to define serotypes and antibiotic resistance in GBS isolates acquired.Methods: A population-based, national cohort of parturients and their infants was investigated. During 1 calendar week in 2005 all women giving birth (n=1,754) were requested to participate in the study.Results: A total of 1,569 mother/infant pairs with obstetric and bacteriological data were obtained. Maternal carriage rate was 25.4% (95% confidence interval (CI): 23.3–27.6). In GBS-positive mothers with vaginal delivery and no intrapartum antibiotics, the infant colonisation rate was 68%. Some 30% of infants were colonised after acute caesarean section, and 0% were colonised after an elective procedure. Duration of transport of maternal recto/vaginal swabs of more than 1 day impeded culture sensitivity. Infant mMales were more frequently colonised than females (76.9 versus 59.8%, odds ratio (OR): 2.16; 95% CI: 1.27–3.70), as were infants born after rupture of membranes ≥24 h (p =0.039). Gestational age, birth weight and duration of labor did not significantly influence infant colonisation. Some 30% of parturients with at least one risk factor for neonatal disease received intrapartum antibiotics. The most common GBS serotypes were type III and V. Some 5% of the isolates were resistant to clindamycin and erythromycin, respectively.Conclusions: Maternal GBS prevalence and infant transfer rate were high in Sweden. Males were more frequently colonised than females. The sensitivity of maternal cultures decreased with the duration of sample transport. Clindamycin resistance was scarce. The use of intrapartum antibiotics was limited in parturients with obstetric risk factors for early onset group B streptococcal disease. 
  • Dahlquist, Gisela, et al. (författare)
  • Hospitalization for vascular complications in childhood onset type 1 diabetes - effects of gender and age at onset
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica. - Blackwell Publishing. - 0803-5253. ; 97:4, s. 483-488
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To study the cumulative incidence of hospitalization for severe diabetic vascular complications in childhood onset type 1 diabetes patients with special regards to age at onset and gender. Methods: The Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register (SCDR) was linked to the Swedish Hospital Discharge Register up to 31 December 2004. The following diagnoses were traced: diabetic kidney disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, lower limb arterial disease and diabetes with multiple complications. Cox proportional hazards survival method was applied with the following covariates: maternal age, birthweight deviation from gestational week standard, age at onset and gender. Results: Until 31 December 9974 children had been followed for at least 10 years corresponding to 141 839 person years at risk and 103 (7.3 per 1000 person years) had been hospitalized at least once at the maximum duration of follow-up of 26 years. Diabetic kidney disease was the most common cause of hospitalization and 63 patients had more than one diabetic complication. Female gender (RR = 2.02, 95% CI = 1.05-3.89) and age at onset of diabetes (RR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.20-1.56) were significant risk factors for severe complication. Conclusions: Hospitalization for severe diabetic complications at a maximum follow-up of 26 years is rather low in Sweden. There is a higher hospitalization rate among females than among males, and also among patients diagnosed with diabetes after 10 years of age than among patients diagnosed before the age of 10 years.
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