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Sökning: WFRF:(Kaaks Rudolf) > (2005-2009)

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  • Amundadottir, Laufey, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study identifies variants in the ABO locus associated with susceptibility to pancreatic cancer.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 41, s. 986-990
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We conducted a two-stage genome-wide association study of pancreatic cancer, a cancer with one of the lowest survival rates worldwide. We genotyped 558,542 SNPs in 1,896 individuals with pancreatic cancer and 1,939 controls drawn from 12 prospective cohorts plus one hospital-based case-control study. We conducted a combined analysis of these groups plus an additional 2,457 affected individuals and 2,654 controls from eight case-control studies, adjusting for study, sex, ancestry and five principal components. We identified an association between a locus on 9q34 and pancreatic cancer marked by the SNP rs505922 (combined P = 5.37 x 10(-8); multiplicative per-allele odds ratio 1.20; 95% confidence interval 1.12-1.28). This SNP maps to the first intron of the ABO blood group gene. Our results are consistent with earlier epidemiologic evidence suggesting that people with blood group O may have a lower risk of pancreatic cancer than those with groups A or B.
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  • Buechner, Frederike L., et al. (författare)
  • Consumption of vegetables and fruit and the risk of bladder cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 125:11, s. 2643-2651
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous epidemiologic studies found inconsistent associations between vegetables and fruit consumption and the risk of bladder cancer. We therefore investigated the association between vegetable and fruit consumption and the risk of bladder cancer among participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Data on food consumption and complete follow-up for cancer occurrence was available for a total of 478,533 participants, who were recruited in 10 European countries. Estimates of rate ratios were obtained by Cox proportional hazard models, stratified by age at recruitment, gender and study centre, and adjusted for total energy intake, smoking status, duration of smoking and lifetime intensity of smoking. A calibration study in a subsample was used to control for dietary measurement errors. After a mean follow-up of 8.7 years, 1015 participants were newly diagnosed with bladder cancer. Increments of 100 g/day in fruit and vegetable consumption combined did not affect bladder cancer risk (i.e., calibrated HR = 0.98; 95%CI: 0.95-1.01). Borderline statistically significant lower bladder cancer risks were found among fever smokers with increased consumption of fruit and vegetables combined (HR = 0.94 95%CI: 0.87-1.00 with increments of 100 g/day; calibrate HR = 0.92 95%CI 0.79-1.06) and increased consumption of apples and pears (hard fruit; calibrated HR = 0.90 95%CI: 0.82-0.98 with increments of 25 g/day). For none of the associations a statistically significant interaction with smoking status was found. Our findings do not support an effect of fruit and vegetable consumption, combined or separately, on bladder cancer risk. (c) 2009 UICC
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  • Capella, Gabriel, et al. (författare)
  • DNA repair polymorphisms and the risk of stomach adenocarcinoma and severe chronic gastritis in the EPIC-EURGAST study
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Epidemiology. - : Oxford University Press. - 1464-3685. ; 37:6, s. 1316-1325
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The contribution of genetic variation in DNA repair genes to gastric cancer (GC) risk remains essentially unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the relative contribution of DNA repair gene polymorphisms to GC risk and severe chronic atrophic gastritis (SCAG). Method A nested case control study within the EPIC cohort was performed including 246 gastric adenocarcinomas and 1175 matched controls. Controls with SCAG (n 91), as defined by low pepsinogen A (PGA) levels, and controls with no SCAG (n 1061) were also compared. Twelve polymorphisms at DNA repair genes (MSH2, MLH1, XRCC1, OGG1 and ERCC2) and TP53 gene were analysed. Antibodies against Helicobacter pylori were measured. Results No association was observed for any of these polymorphisms with stomach cancer risk. However, ERCC2 K751Q polymorphism was associated with an increased risk for non-cardial neoplasm [odds ratio (OR) 1.78; 95 confidence interval (CI) 1.023.12], being ERCC2 K751Q and D312N polymorphisms associated with the diffuse type. ERCC2 D312N (OR 2.0; 95 CI 1.093.65) and K751Q alleles (OR 1.82; 95 CI 1.013.30) and XRCC1 R399Q (OR 1.69; 95 CI 1.022.79) allele were associated with an increased risk for SCAG. Conclusion Our study supports a role of ERCC2 in non-cardial GC but not in cardial cancer. A concordant result was observed for subjects with low PGA levels. XRCC1 allele was associated also with SCAG. This is the first prospective study suggesting that individual variation in DNA repair may be relevant for gastric carcinogenesis, a finding that will require further confirmation validation in larger independent studies.
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  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive evaluation of genetic variation in the IGF1 gene and risk of prostate cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - German Canc Res Ctr, Div Canc Epidemiol, DKFZ, D-69121 Heidelberg, Germany. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci Urol & Androl, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Int Agcy Res Canc, F-69372 Lyon, France. Menzies Res Inst, Hobart, Tas, Australia. German Canc Inst, Genom Epidemiol Grp, DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden. Harvard Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA. : WILEY-LISS. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 120:3, s. 539-542
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF1) stimulates cell proliferation, decreases apoptosis, and has been implicated in cancer development. Epidemiological studies have shown elevated levels of circulating IGF1 to be associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. To what extent genetic variation in the IGF1 gene is related to prostate cancer risk is largely unknown. We performed a comprehensive haplotype tagging (HT) assessment of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) representing the common haplotype variation in the IGF1 gene. We genotyped 10 SNPs (9 haplotype tagging SNPs (htSNPs)) within Cancer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS), a case–control study of 2,863 cases and 1,737 controls, in order to investigate if genetic variation in the IGF1 gene is associated with prostate cancer risk. Three haplotype blocks were identified across the IGF1 gene and 9 SNPs were selected as haplotype tagging SNPs. Common haplotypes in the block covering the 3′ region of the IGF1 gene showed significant global association with prostate cancer risk (p = 0.004), with one particular haplotype giving an odds ratio of 1.46 (95% CI = 1.15–1.84, p = 0.002). This haplotype had a prevalence of 5% in the study population. Our results indicate that common variation in the IGF1 gene, particularly in the 3′ region, may affect prostate cancer risk. Further studies on genetic variations in the IGF1 gene in relation to prostate cancer risk as well as to circulating levels of IGF1 are needed to confirm this novel finding.
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  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic and plasma variation of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in relation to prostate cancer incidence and survival
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Prostate. - 0270-4137 .- 1097-0045. ; 69:12, s. 1281-1291
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Binding proteins regulate bioavailability of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the circulation and affect apoptosis of tumor cells in the prostate. We analyzed genetic variation within genes coding for IGF binding proteins in relation to prostate cancer incidence and survival. We also investigated if circulating IGFBP3 affects prostate cancer-specific survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven haplotype tagging SNPs and two single SNPs in the IGFBP1, IGFBP3, and IGFALS genes were genotyped within the CAncer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study including 2,774 cases and 1,736 controls. Plasma samples for analyses of total- and intact IGFBP3 levels were available for 1,521 cases and 909 controls. Complete follow-up of vital status was achieved by linkage to the Swedish Cause of Death Register. RESULTS: We found no clear association between the genetic variants and prostate cancer incidence or survival. The rare allele of the IGFBP3 SNP rs2854744 was associated with elevated plasma levels of total IGFBP3 (P(trend) = 9 x 10(-8)), but not intact IGFBP3 (P(trend) = 0.16). Elevated levels of total- (P(trend) = 0.03) and intact IGFBP3 (P(trend) = 6 x 10(-14)) were associated with increased risk of prostate cancer specific death. Treatment and tumor characteristics accounted for the association with total IGFBP3, whereas the association with intact IGFBP3 was attenuated, but still statistically significant in adjusted analysis (P(trend-adjusted) = 0.0004). Elevated intact IGFBP3 was also significantly associated with increased risk of prostate cancer-specific death among patients who were chemically or surgically castrated (P(trend-adjusted) = 0.0003), and among patients who had not been treated (P(trend-adjusted) = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating levels of intact IGFBP3 measured after diagnosis is associated with increased risk of prostate cancer-specific death.
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  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation in the SST gene and its receptors in relation to circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor-I, IGFBP3, and prostate cancer risk
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - : AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 18:5, s. 1644-1650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Somatostatin (SST) and its receptors (SSTR1-5) may have a role in prostate cancer by influencing the IGFI hormone axis or through direct effects on prostate epithelia. We have investigated if genetic variation in the SST and SSTR1-5 genes influences prostate cancer risk and/or circulating IGFI and IGFBP3 hormone levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 28 haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms in the SST and SSTR1-5 genes in a case-control/genetic association study to investigate the association between genetic variation and prostate cancer risk. The study included 2863 cases and 1737 controls from the Cancer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study. To investigate the genetic influence on circulating hormone levels, plasma concentrations of IGFI and IGFBP3 were analyzed in 874 controls of the CAPS study and 550 male subjects from the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort (NSHDC). RESULTS: No clear association between prostate cancer risk and genetic variation of the SST and SSTR1-5 genes was identified. The SSTR5 missense single nucleotide polymorphism rs4988483 was associated with circulating IGFI (P = 0.002) and IGFBP3 (P = 0.0003) hormone levels in CAPS controls, with a per allele decrease of approximately 11%. This decrease was replicated in NSHDC for circulating IGFBP3 (P = 0.01) but not for IGFI (P = 0.09). Combining CAPS and NSHDC subjects indicated evidence of association between rs4988483 and both IGFBP3 (P = 2 x 10(-5)) and IGFI (P = 0.0004) hormone levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that genetic variation in the SSTR5 gene and, particularly, the rs4988483 single nucleotide polymorphism influence circulating IGFI and IGFBP3 hormone levels with no measurable effect on prostate cancer risk. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(5):1644-50).
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10.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Implications for prostate cancer of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) genetic variation and circulating IGF-I levels
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Surgical & Perioperative Sci, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Urol Androl, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Int Agcy Res Canc, F-69372 Lyon, France. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden. Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Julius Ctr Hlth Sci & Primary Care, NL-85500 Utrecht, Netherlands. Harvard Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02215 USA. German Canc Res Ctr, Div Canc Epidemiol, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. : ENDOCRINE SOC. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 92:12, s. 4820-4826
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Elevated levels of circulating IGF-I have consistently been associated with increased prostate cancer risk. We recently found a haplotype in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene associated with increased risk of prostate cancer, and we hypothesized that the observed association is mediated by circulating IGF-I. Materials and Methods: We analyzed haplotypes and three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating levels IGF-I in 698 control subjects from the CAncer Prostate in Sweden ( CAPS) study and 575 cases and controls from the prospective Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort ( NSHDC) study. We also performed a meta-analysis of these two and four other association studies on genetic variation in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating IGF-I levels. Results: The IGF-I haplotype previously associated with prostate cancer risk, labeled "TCC," was associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the CAPS study (P = 0.02), but not in the NSHDC study. In contrast, two of the three IGF-I htSNPs tagging this haplotype, rs6220 and rs7136446, were associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the NSHDC ( P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively), but not in the CAPS study. In the meta-analysis, the TCC haplotype and the rs6220 SNP were associated with elevated levels of circulating IGF-I ( P = 0.001 and P < 0.0001, respectively). Conclusions: Genetic variation in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene seems to influence circulating levels of IGF-I. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that variation in the IGF-I gene plays a role in prostate cancer susceptibility by influencing circulating levels of IGF-I.
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