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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Karlson Björn) srt2:(1988-1989)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Karlson Björn) > (1988-1989)

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1.
  • Herlitz, Johan, 1949-, et al. (författare)
  • 5-year mortality rate in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction in relation to early diagnosis.
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: Cardiology. - 0008-6312. ; 75:4, s. 250-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In 1,395 patients admitted to hospital between 1976 and 1981 due to suspected acute myocardial infarction, the 5-year mortality rate was related to whether they developed infarction or not during the first 3 days. In all, patients with definite myocardial infarction had a 5-year mortality rate of 33.4% as compared with 13.3% in patients not fulfilling the criteria for this diagnosis (p less than 0.001). When separately analyzing patients with no previous myocardial infarction before admission and discharged from hospital, the corresponding mortality rate was 24.1% for myocardial infarction patients versus 8.1% in nonmyocardial infarction patients (p less than 0.001). Among all patients with nonconfirmed myocardial infarction, those who partly fulfilled the criteria (possible myocardial infarction) had a 5-year mortality rate of 16.7% as compared with 12.0% in those in whom myocardial infarction was completely ruled out (p = 0.18). Independent risk factors for death among patients not developing early infarction were high age and a clinical history of previous myocardial infarction and smoking. We conclude that in this study the long-term prognosis among patients admitted to hospital due to suspected acute myocardial infarction was clearly related to whether they developed an infarction or not during the first 3 days in hospital.
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3.
  • Seger, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • A new dynamometer measuring concentric and eccentric muscle strength in accelerated, decelerated, or isokinetic movements
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. - 0301-5548. ; 57, s. 526-530
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A new computerized dynamometer (the SPARK System) is described. The system can measure concentric and eccentric muscle strength (torque) during linear or nonlinear acceleration or deceleration, isokinetic movements up to 400 degrees.s-1, and isometric torque. Studies were performed to assess: I. validity and reproducibility of torque measurements; II. control of lever arm position; III. control of different velocity patterns; IV. control of velocity during subject testing; and, V. intra-individual reproducibility. No significant difference was found between torque values computed by the system and known torque values (p greater than 0.05). No difference was present between programmed and external measurement of the lever arm position. Accelerating, decelerating and isokinetic velocity patterns were highly reproducible, with differences in elapsed time among 10 trials being never greater than 0.001 s. Velocity during concentric and eccentric isokinetic quadriceps contractions at 30 degrees.s-1, 120 degrees.s-1 and 270 degrees.s-1 never varied by more than 3 degrees.s-1 among subjects (N = 21). Over three days of testing, the overall error for concentric and eccentric quadriceps contraction peak torque values for 5 angular velocities between 30 degrees.s-1 and 270 degrees.s-1 ranged from 5.8% to 9.0% and 5.8% to 9.6% respectively (N = 25). The results indicate that the SPARK System provides valid and reproducible torque measurements and strict control of velocity. In addition, the intra-individual error is in accordance with those reported for other similar devices.
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4.
  • Tallroth, Gustav, et al. (författare)
  • The influence of different insulin regimens on quality of life and metabolic control in insulin-dependent diabetics
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Diabetes research and clinical practice. - Elsevier. - 0168-8227. ; 6:1, s. 37-43
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Administration of insulin with premeal boluses of short-acting insulin using a new injection device (Novopen) was compared with a conventional three times daily injection regimen regarding aspects of quality of life and metabolic control in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Eighteen C-peptide-negative patients with IDDM (16 men, two women, aged 31.0 ± 7.4 years, duration of diabetes 13.0 ± 4.6 years; mean ± SD) participated in the study. All patients had been treated with three daily insulin injections for at least 1 year prior to the study. The patients were randomized into two groups. Group A started a 3-month treatment period with premeal injections of short-acting insulin and intermediate-acting insulin at bedtime. This period was followed by another 3 months using the initial three times daily injection regimen. Group B completed the study in the reverse order. Quality of life was assessed by using questionaires and personal interviews by the same clinical psychologist. Metabolic control was assessed by measuring the levels of glycosylated hemoglobin. The results show that both treatment groups experienced a general improvement in mood and well-being during the period with multiple insulin injection treatment. Furthermore, during the periods of insulin pen treatment, an increased experience of freedom and less dependence on fixed meal times were noted. Overall metabolic control, insulin dosage, body weight, and number of hypoglycemic episodes did not changes during the study. It is concluded that metabolic control, safety, and number of hypoglycemic episodes using premeal doses of short-acting insulin using Novopen were not different from those seen during conventional treatment. However, the experienced effects and consequences on quality of life during this treatment regimen were generally more positive with an increased feeling of freedom and improvement in mood.
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5.
  • Westing, Stephen, et al. (författare)
  • Eccentric and concentric torque-velocity characteristics of the quadriceps femoris in man
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. - 0301-5548. ; 58, s. 100-104
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The primary purpose of this investigation was to study the eccentric and concentric torque-velocity characteristics of the quadriceps femoris in man using a recently developed combined isometric, concentric and eccentric controlled velocity dynamometer (the SPARK System). A secondary purpose was to compare the method error associated with maximal voluntary concentric and eccentric torque output over a range of testing velocities. 21 males (21-32 years) performed on two separate days maximal voluntary isometric, concentric and eccentric contractions of the quadriceps femoris at 4 isokinetic lever arm velocities of 0 degree.s-1 (isometric), 30 degrees.s-1, 120 degrees.s-1 and 270 degrees.s-1. Eccentric peak torque and angle-specific torques (measured every 10 degrees from 30 degrees to 70 degrees) did not significantly change from 0 degrees.s-1 to 270 degrees.s-1 (p greater than 0.005) with the exception of angle-specific 40 degrees torque, which significantly increased; p less than 0.05). The mean method error was significantly higher for the eccentric tests (10.6% +/- 1.6%) than for the concentric tests (8.1% +/- 1.7%) (p less than 0.05). The mean method error decreased slightly with increasing concentric velocity (p greater than 0.05), and increased slightly with increasing eccentric velocity (p greater than 0.05). A tension restricting neural mechanism, if active during maximal eccentric contractions, could possibly account for the large difference seen between the present eccentric torque-velocity results and the classic results obtained from isolated animal muscle.
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