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Sökning: WFRF:(Kirchler Michael 1977 ) > (2016)

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1.
  • Tinghög, Gustav, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Intuition and Moral Decision-Making The Effect of Time Pressure and Cognitive Load on Moral Judgment and Altruistic Behavior
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - San Fransisco : library of science. - 1932-6203. ; 11:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Do individuals intuitively favor certain moral actions over others? This study explores the role of intuitive thinking—induced by time pressure and cognitive load—in moral judgment and behavior. We conduct experiments in three different countries (Sweden, Austria, and the United States) involving over 1,400 subjects. All subjects responded to four trolley type dilemmas and four dictator games involving different charitable causes. Decisions were made under time pressure/time delay or while experiencing cognitive load or control. Overall we find converging evidence that intuitive states do not influence moral decisions. Neither time-pressure nor cognitive load had any effect on moral judgments or altruistic behavior. Thus we find no supporting evidence for the claim that intuitive moral judgments and dictator game giving differ from more reflectively taken decisions. Across all samples and decision tasks men were more likely to make utilitarian moral judgments and act selfishly compared to women, providing further evidence that there are robust gender differences in moral decision-making. However, there were no significant interactions between gender and the treatment manipulations of intuitive versus reflective decision-making.
2.
  • Camerer, C. F., et al. (författare)
  • Evaluating replicability of laboratory experiments in economics
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075. ; 351:6280, s. 1433-1436
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The replicability of some scientific findings has recently been called into question. To contribute data about replicability in economics, we replicated 18 studies published in the American Economic Review and the Quarterly Journal of Economics between 2011 and 2014. All of these replications followed predefined analysis plans that weremade publicly available beforehand, and they all have a statistical power of at least 90% to detect the original effect size at the 5% significance level. We found a significant effect in the same direction as in the original study for 11 replications (61%); on average, the replicated effect size is 66% of the original. The replicability rate varies between 67% and 78% for four additional replicability indicators, including a prediction market measure of peer beliefs.
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3.
  • Huber, Jürgen, et al. (författare)
  • The influence of investment experience on market prices: laboratory evidence
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Experimental Economics. - 1386-4157. ; 19:2, s. 394-411
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We run laboratory experiments to analyze the impact of prior investment experience on price efficiency in asset markets. Before subjects enter the asset market they gain either no, positive, or negative investment experience in an investment game. To get a comprehensive picture about the role of experience we implement two asset market designs. One is prone to inefficient pricing, exhibiting bubble and crash patterns, while the other exhibits efficient pricing. We find that (i) both, positive and negative, experience gained in the investment game lead to efficient pricing in both market settings. Further, we show that (ii) the experience effect dominates potential effects triggered by positive and negative sentiment generated by the investment game. We conjecture that experiencing changing price paths in the investment game can create a higher sensibility on changing fundamentals (through higher salience) among subjects in the subsequently run asset market.
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4.
  • Kirchler, Michael, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Market design and moral behavior
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Management science. - 0025-1909 .- 1526-5501. ; 62:9, s. 2615-2625
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In an experiment with 739 subjects, we study whether and how different interventions might have an influence on the degree of moral behavior when subjects make decisions that can generate negative externalities on uninvolved parties. Particularly, subjects can either take money for themselves or donate it to UNICEF for measles vaccines. By considering two fairly different institutional regimes-one with individual decision making, one with a double-auction market-we expose the different interventions to a kind of robustness check. We find that the threat of monetary punishment promotes moral behavior in both regimes. Getting subjects more involved with the traded good has no effect, though, in both regimes. Only the removal of anonymity, thus making subjects identifiable, has different effects across regimes, which we explain by different perceptions of responsibility.
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