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Sökning: WFRF:(Kjaer M.) > Kluit P. > Amato S.

  • Resultat 1-10 av 75
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1.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Correlations between polarisation states of W particles in the reaction e(-)e(+)-> W-W+ at LEP2 energies 189-209 GeV
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 63:4, s. 611-623
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a study of the reaction e(-)e(+)-> W-W+ with the DELPHI detector, the probabilities of the two W particles occurring in the joint polarisation states transverse-transverse (T T), longitudinal-transverse plus transverse-longitudinal (LT) and longitudinal-longitudinal (LL) have been determined using the final states WW -> lvq (q) over bar (l = e, mu). The two-particle joint polarisation probabilities, i.e. the spin density matrix elements rho T T, rho LT, rho LL, are measured as functions of the W- production angle, theta(W-), at an average reaction energy of 198.2 GeV. Averaged over all cos.W-, the following joint probabilities are obtained: (rho) over barT T = (67 +/- 8)%, (rho) over barL T = (30 +/- 8)%, (rho) over barL T = (3 +/- 7)%. These results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions of 63.0%, 28.9% and 8.1%, respectively. The related polarisation cross-sections sigma(TT), sigma(LT) and sigma(LL) are also presented.
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2.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Inclusive single-particle production in two-photon collisions at LEP II with the DELPHI detector
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 678:5, s. 444-449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A study of the inclusive charged hadron production in two-photon collisions is described. The data were collected with the DELPHI detector at LEP II. Results on the inclusive single-particle p(T) distribution and the differential charged hadrons d sigma/dp(T) cross-section are presented and compared to the predictions of perturbative NLO QCD calculations and to published results. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of the muon inner bremsstrahlung at LEP1
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 57:3, s. 499-514
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Muon bremsstrahlung photons converted in front of the DELPHI main tracker (TPC) in dimuon events at LEP1 were studied in two photon kinematic ranges: 0.2< E-gamma <= 1 GeV and transverse momentum with respect to the parent muon p(T) < 40 MeV/c, and 1< E-gamma <= 10 GeV and pT < 80 MeV/c. A good agreement of the observed photon rate with predictions from QED for the muon inner bremsstrahlung was found, contrary to the anomalous soft photon excess that has been observed recently in hadronic Z(0) decays. The obtained ratios of the observed signal to the predicted level of the muon bremsstrahlung are 1.06 +/- 0.12 +/- 0.07 in the photon energy range 0.2< E-gamma <= 1 GeV and 1.04 +/- 0.09 +/- 0.12 in the photon energy range 1< E-gamma <= 10 GeV. The bremsstrahlung dead cone is observed for the first time in the direct photon production at LEP.
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4.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Search for a fourth generation b '-quark at LEP-II at root s=196-209GeV
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 50:3, s. 507-518
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A search for the pair production of fourth generation b'-quarks was performed using data taken by the DELPHI detector at LEP-II. The analysed data were collected at centre-of-mass energies ranging from 196 to 209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 420 pb(-1). No evidence for a signal was found. Upper limits on BR(b'-> bZ) and BR(b'-> bZ) were obtained for b' masses ranging from 96 to 103 GeV/c(2) stop. These limits, together with the theoretical branching ratios predicted by a sequential four generations model, were used to constrain the value of R-CKM=vertical bar V-cb(') /V-tb'V-tb vertical bar there V-cb', V-tb' and V-tb are elements of the extended CKM matrix.
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5.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • A measurement of the tau hadronic branching ratios
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 46:1, s. 1-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The exclusive and semi-exclusive branching ratios of the tau lepton hadronic decay modes (h(-)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-) >= 2 pi(0)nu(tau), 2h(-)h(+)upsilon(tau), 2h(-)h(+)>= 2 pi(0)upsilon(tau), 3h(-)2h(+)upsilon(tau) and 3h(-)2h(+) >= 1 pi(0)upsilon(tau)) were measured with data from the DELPHI detector at LEP.
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6.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • A study of b(b)over-bar production in e(+)e(-) collisions at root s=130-207 GeV
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 60:1, s. 1-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Measurements are presented of R-b, the ratio of the b (b) over bar cross-section to the q (q) over bar cross-section in e(+)e(-) collisions, and the forward-backward asymmetry A(FB)(b) at twelve energy points in the range root s = 130-207 GeV. These results are found to be consistent with the Standard Model expectations. The measurements are used to set limits on new physics scenarios involving contact interactions.
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7.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • A study of the b-quark fragmentation function with the DELPHI detector at LEP I and an averaged distribution obtained at the Z Pole
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 71:2, s. 1557
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The nature of b-quark jet hadronisation has been investigated using data taken at the Z peak by the DELPHI detector at LEP. Two complementary methods are used to reconstruct the energy of weakly decaying b-hadrons, E-B(weak). The average value of x(B)(weak) = E-B(weak)/E-beam is measured to be 0.699 +/- 0.011. The resulting x(B)(weak) distribution is then analysed in the framework of two choices for the perturbative contribution (parton shower and Next to Leading Log QCD calculation) in order to extract measurements of the non-perturbative contribution to be used in studies of b-hadron production in other experimental environments than LEP. In the parton shower framework, data favour the Lund model ansatz and corresponding values of its parameters have been determined within PYTHIA 6.156 from DELPHI data: a = 1.84(-0.21)(+0.23) and b = 0.642(-0.063)(+0.073) GeV-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.2%. Combining the data on the b-quark fragmentation distributions with those obtained at the Z peak by ALEPH, OPAL and SLD, the average value of x(B)(weak) is found to be 0.7092 +/- 0.0025 and the non-perturbative fragmentation component is extracted. Using the combined distribution, a better determination of the Lund parameters is also obtained: a = 1.48(-0.10)(+0.11) and b = 0.509(-0.023)(+0.024) GeV-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.6%.
8.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Determination of the b quark mass at the M-Z scale with the DELPHI detector at LEP
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 46:3, s. 569-583
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An experimental study of the normalized three-jet rate of b quark events with respect to light quarks events (light = l equivalent to u, d, s) has been performed using the CAMBRIDGE and DURHAM jet algorithms. The data used were collected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP on the Z peak from 1994 to 2000. The results are found to agree with theoretical predictions treating mass corrections at next-to-leading order. Measurements of the b quark mass have also been performed for both the b pole mass: M-b and the b running mass: m(b)(M-Z). Data are found to be better described when using the running mass. The measurement yields: m(b)(M-Z) = 2.85 +/- 0.18(stat) +/- 0.13(exp) +/- 0.19(had) +/- 0.12(theo) GeV/c(2). for the CAMBRIDGE algorithm. This result is the most precise measurement of the b mass derived from a high energy process. When compared to other b mass determinations by experiments at lower energy scales, this value agrees with the prediction of quantum chromodynamics for the energy evolution of the running mass. The mass measurement is equivalent to a test of the flavour independence of the strong coupling constant with an accuracy of 7 parts per thousand.
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9.
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10.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for an excess of soft photons in hadronic decays of Z(0)
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 47:2, s. 273-294
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Soft photons inside hadronic jets converted in front of the DELPHI main tracker (TPC) in events of qq disintegrations of the Z(0) were studied in the kinematic range 0.2 < E-y < I GeV and transverse momentum with respect to the closest jet direction P-T < 80 MeV/c. A clear excess of photons in the experimental data as compared to the Monte Carlo predictions is observed. This excess (uncorrected for the photon detection efficiency) is (1.17 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.27) x 10(-3) gamma/jet in the specified kinematic region, while the expected level of the inner hadronic bremsstrahlung (which is not included in the Monte Carlo) is (0.340 +/- 0.001 +/- 0.038) X 10(-3) gamma/jet. The ratio of the excess to the predicted bremsstrahlung rate is then (3.4 +/- 0.2 +/- 0.8), which is similar in strength to the anomalous soft photon signal observed in fixed target experiments with hadronic beams.
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