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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Kozyrev Sergey V) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Kozyrev Sergey V) > (2010-2014)

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
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1.
  • Lofgren, S. E., et al. (författare)
  • Genetic association of miRNA-146a with systemic lupus erythematosus in Europeans through decreased expression of the gene
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Genes and Immunity. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5470 .- 1466-4879. ; 13:3, s. 268-274
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A recent genome-wide association study revealed a variant (rs2431697) in an intergenic region, between the pituitary tumor-transforming 1 (PTTG1) and microRNA (miR-146a) genes, associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility. Here, we analyzed with a case-control design this variant and other candidate polymorphisms in this region together with expression analysis in order to clarify to which gene this association is related. The single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2431697, rs2910164 and rs2277920 were genotyped by TaqMan assays in 1324 SLE patients and 1453 healthy controls of European ancestry. Genetic association was statistically analyzed using Unphased. Gene expression of PTTG1, the miRNAs miR-3142 and primary and mature forms of miR-146a in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR. Of the three variants analyzed, only rs2431697 was genetically associated with SLE in Europeans. Gene expression analysis revealed that this SNP was not associated with PTTG1 expression levels, but with the microRNA-146a, where the risk allele correlates with lower expression of the miRNA. We replicated the genetic association of rs2341697 with SLE in a case-control study in Europeans and demonstrated that the risk allele of this SNP correlates with a downregulation of the miRNA 146a, potentially important in SLE etiology.
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2.
  • Castillejo-Lopez, Casimiro, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic and physical interaction of the B-cell systemic lupus erythematosus-associated genes BANK1 and BLK
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. ; 71:1, s. 136-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesAltered signalling in B cells is a predominant feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The genes BANK1 and BLK were recently described as associated with SLE. BANK1 codes for a B-cell-specific cytoplasmic protein involved in B-cell receptor signalling and BLK codes for an Src tyrosine kinase with important roles in B-cell development. To characterise the role of BANK1 and BLK in SLE, a genetic interaction analysis was performed hypothesising that genetic interactions could reveal functional pathways relevant to disease pathogenesis.MethodsThe GPAT16 method was used to analyse the gene-gene interactions of BANK1 and BLK. Confocal microscopy was used to investigate co-localisation, and immunoprecipitation was used to verify the physical interaction of BANK1 and BLK.ResultsEpistatic interactions between BANK1 and BLK polymorphisms associated with SLE were observed in a discovery set of 279 patients and 515 controls from northern Europe. A meta-analysis with 4399 European individuals confirmed the genetic interactions between BANK1 and BLK. As BANK1 was identified as a binding partner of the Src tyrosine kinase LYN, the possibility that BANK1 and BLK could also show a protein-protein interaction was tested. The co-immunoprecipitation and co-localisation of BLK and BANK1 were demonstrated. In a Daudi cell line and primary naive B cells endogenous binding was enhanced upon B-cell receptor stimulation using anti-IgM antibodies.ConclusionsThis study shows a genetic interaction between BANK1 and BLK, and demonstrates that these molecules interact physically. The results have important consequences for the understanding of SLE and other autoimmune diseases and identify a potential new signalling pathway.
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3.
  • Delgado-Vega, Angelica M., et al. (författare)
  • Fine mapping and conditional analysis identify a new mutation in the autoimmunity susceptibility gene BLK that leads to reduced half-life of the BLK protein
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1468-2060 .- 0003-4967. ; 71:7, s. 1219-1226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives To perform fine mapping of the autoimmunity susceptibility gene BLK and identify functional variants involved in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Genotyping of 1163 European SLE patients and 1482 controls and imputation were performed covering the BLK gene with 158 single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Logistic regression analysis was done using PLINK and conditional analyses using GENABEL's test score. Transfections of BLK constructs on HEK293 cells containing the novel mutation or the wild type form were analysed for their effect on protein half-life using a protein stability assay, cycloheximide and western blot. CHiP-qPCR for detection of nuclear factor. B (NFkB) binding. Results Fine mapping of BLK identified two independent genetic effects with functional consequences: one represented by two tightly linked associated haplotype blocks significantly enriched for NF kappa B-binding sites and numerous putative regulatory variants whose risk alleles correlated with low BLK mRNA levels. Binding of NFkBp50 and p65 to an associated 1.2 Kb haplotype segment was confirmed. A second independent genetic effect was represented by an Ala71Thr, low-frequency missense substitution with an OR = 2.31 (95% CI 1.38 to 3.86). The 71Thr decreased BLK protein half-life. Conclusions These results show that rare and common regulatory variants in BLK are involved in disease susceptibility and both, albeit independently, lead to reduced levels of BLK protein.
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4.
  • Lofgren, Sara E., et al. (författare)
  • A 3 '-Untranslated Region Variant Is Associated With Impaired Expression of CD226 in T and Natural Killer T Cells and Is Associated With Susceptibility to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1529-0131 .- 0004-3591. ; 62:11, s. 3404-3414
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. Costimulatory receptor CD226 plays an important role in T cell activation, differentiation, and cytotoxicity. This study was undertaken to investigate the genetic association of CD226 with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to assess the functional implications of this association. Methods. Twelve tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CD226 were typed in 1,163 SLE patients and 1,482 healthy control subjects from Europe or of European ancestry. Analyses of association were performed by single-marker Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel meta-analysis, followed by haplotype analysis. Gene expression was analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses of RNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and by fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis. To study the functional impact of the associated variants, luciferase reporter constructs containing different portions of the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the gene were prepared and used in transfection experiments. Results. A 3-variant haplotype, rs763361; rs34794968; rs727088 (ATC), in the last exon of CD226 was associated with SLE (P = 1.3 x 10(-4), odds ratio 1.24, 95% confidence interval 1.11-1.38). This risk haplotype correlated with low CD226 transcript expression and low CD226 protein levels on the surface of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and natural killer T (NKT) cells. NK cells expressed high levels of CD226, but this expression was independent of the haplotype. Reporter assays with deletion constructs indicated that only the presence of rs727088 could account for the differences in the levels of luciferase transcripts. Conclusion. This study identified an association of CD226 with SLE in individuals of European ancestry. These data support the importance of the 3'-UTR SNP rs727088 in the regulation of CD226 transcription both in T cells and in NKT cells.
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5.
  • Delgado-Vega, Angelica M., et al. (författare)
  • Genetic associations in type I interferon related pathways with autoimmunity
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Arthritis Research & Therapy. - 1478-6354 .- 1478-6362. ; 12, s. S2-
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Type I interferons play an outstanding role in innate and adaptive immunity by enhancing functions of dendritic cells, inducing differentiation of monocytes, promoting immunoglobulin class switching in B cells and stimulating effector functions of T cells. The increased production of IFN alpha/beta by plasmacytoid dendritic cells could be responsible for not only efficient antiviral defence, but it also may be a pathological factor in the development of various autoimmune disorders. The first evidence of a genetic link between type I interferons and autoimmune diseases was the observation that elevated IFN alpha activity is frequently detected in the sera of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, and that this trait shows high heritability and familial aggregation in their first-degree healthy relatives. To date, a number of genes involved in interferon signalling have been associated with various autoimmune diseases. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, dermatomyositis, psoriasis, and a fraction of patients with rheumatoid arthritis display a specific expression pattern of interferon-dependent genes in their leukocytes, termed the interferon signature. Here, in an attempt to understand the role of type I interferons in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity, we review the recent advances in the genetics of autoimmune diseases focusing on the association of genes involved in type I interferon pathways.
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6.
  • Kozyrev, Sergey V., et al. (författare)
  • The dual effect of the lupus-associated polymorphism rs10516487 on BANK1 gene expression and protein localization
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Genes and Immunity. - 1466-4879 .- 1476-5470. ; 13:2, s. 129-138
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Numerous loci have been found genetically associated with complex diseases, but only in a few cases has the functional variant and the molecular mechanism behind it been identified. Recently, the association of the BANK1 gene with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was described. Here, we investigated the role of the associated polymorphisms on gene function and found that SNP rs17266594 located in the branch point consensus sequence has negligible effect on splicing or gene expression. The non-synonymous SNP rs10516487 located in exon 2 influenced splicing efficiency by creating an exonic splicing enhancer site for the SRp40 factor. Further, this same SNP generates protein isoforms with differential and measurable self-association properties. The full-length protein isoform containing the R61 variant forms larger protein scaffold complexes in the cell cytoplasm compared with the protective BANK1-61H variant. We also observed that, contrary to the full-length isoforms, the short Delta 2 isoform of BANK1 displays a homogeneous cytoplasmic distribution, underscoring the potential role of the exon 2-coded protein domain in the scaffolding function of BANK1. We provide evidence that the non-synonymous SNP rs10516487 (G>A; R61H) shows a dual nature by first, influencing mRNA splicing and consequently the quantity of protein, and, second, by producing a risk variant-containing protein isoform with increased potential for multimerization.
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7.
  • Löfgren, Sara E., et al. (författare)
  • Promoter Insertion/Deletion in the IRF5 Gene Is Highly Associated with Susceptibility to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Distinct Populations, But Exerts a Modest Effect on Gene Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rheumatology. - 0315-162X .- 1499-2752. ; 37:3, s. 574-578
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. We examined the genetic association of the promoter insertion/deletion (indel) in IRF5 gene with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in distinct populations and assessed its role in gene expression. Methods. Four IRF5 polymorphisms were genotyped in 1488 SLE patients and 1466 controls. Gene expression was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR using RNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Results. The promoter indel and rs2070197 had independent genetic effects, which accounted for the association of rs2004640 and rs10954213. Gene expression analysis revealed that rs10954213 exerted the greatest influence on IRF5 transcript levels. Conclusion. We corroborated the association of the promoter indel with SLE in 5 different populations and revealed that rs10954213 is the main single-nucleotide polymorphism responsible for altered IRF5 expression in PBMC.
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