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Sökning: WFRF:(Kupisch Tanja) > Lunds universitet

  • Resultat 1-10 av 22
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  • Kupisch, Tanja, et al. (författare)
  • Article acquisition in English, German, Norwegian and Swedish
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Little Words : Their history, phonology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics and acquisition. - Washington : Georgetown University Press. - 978-1-58901-254-7 ; s. 223-235
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Article omission is a well-documented phenomenon in early child speech. Interestingly, children differ in terms of how extensively they omit articles depending on their age and what language(s) they are exposed to. Different accounts have been proposed to account for this cross-linguistic variation. One of the most widely discussed models is the Nominal Mapping Parameter (NMP), originally proposed in Chierchia (1998), which relates variation in child language to the syntactic and semantic properties of noun phrases across languages (e.g. Chierchia, Guasti and Gualmini 1999, Guasti and Gavarró 2003, Guasti et al. 2004). Other influential accounts of determiner omission have been formulated in prosody-oriented research (e.g. Gerken 1991, 1994, Lleó 1998, 2001, Lleó and Demuth 1999, Roark and Demuth 2000, Demuth et al., in press). So far, no common agreement has been reached.This paper presents a study on article acquisition in English, German, Norwegian and Swedish, where article use is subject to similar syntactic and semantic conditions. Hence, the NMP predicts similar acquisition patterns. In terms of their metrical structure, noun phrases in these languages differ considerably. Accordingly, different acquisition patterns are expected.
  • Kupisch, Tanja, et al. (författare)
  • Determiner use in Italian Swedish and Italian German children: Do Swedish and German represent the same parameter setting?
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nordlyd. - University of Tromsø. - 0332-7531 .- 1503-8599. ; 34:4
  • Annan publikation (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this article we compare the acquisition of determiners in bilingual children acquiring Italian simultaneously with German or Swedish. We are concerned with cross-linguistic differences in the rate of acquisition and we discuss in particular the Nominal Mapping Parameter, a model according to which the syntax-semantics interface is crucial in acquisition and which predicts similar developmental patterns for children acquiring a Germanic language. We show that Swedish determiners are acquired more easily than German determiners, which implies that predictions for developmental patterns should not be based on syntactic factors alone, but must make reference to typological differences in morphology and phonology. Furthermore, we show that the acquisition of Italian determiners is affected positively by the simultaneous acquisition of Swedish but that no such effect arises when Italian is acquired simultaneously with German.
  • Kupisch, Tanja, et al. (författare)
  • Foreign accent in adult simultaneous bilinguals
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Heritage Language Journal. - Language Resource Center of UCLA and the UC Consortium for Language Learning and Teaching. - 1550-7076. ; 11:2, s. 123-150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The study reported in this paper examines foreign accent (FA) in adult simultaneous bilinguals (2L1ers). Specifically, we investigate how accent is affected if a first language is acquired as a minority (heritage) language as compared to a majority (dominant) language. We compare the perceived FA in both languages of 38 adult 2L1ers (German-French and German-Italian) to that of monolingual native speakers (L1ers) and late second language learners (L2ers). Naturalistic speech samples are judged by 84 native speakers of the respective languages. Results indicate that the majority language is always spoken without an FA, while results for the heritage language fall between those of L1 and L2 speakers. For the heritage language, we further show that a native accent correlates with length of residence in the heritage country during childhood but not during adulthood. Furthermore, raters have comparatively more difficulties when judging the accent of a heritage speaker. The results of this study add to our current understanding of what factors shape the phonology of a heritage language system in adulthood.
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