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Sökning: WFRF:(Landén Ludvigsson Maria) > (2016)

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1.
  • Ardern, Clare, et al. (författare)
  • Satisfaction With the Outcome of Physical Therapist-Prescribed Exercise in Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders: : Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. - J O S P T. - 0190-6011. ; 46:8, s. 640-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. BACKGROUND: Patient perception of the benefits gained from treatment is important, yet satisfaction with the outcome of treatment for chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether satisfaction with the outcome of treatment for chronic WAD changed over time, and whether there were group differences. METHODS: Two hundred sixteen people with chronic WAD (66% women; mean age, 40.4 years) participated in a 3-month program of physical therapist-led neck-specific exercises with or without a behavioral approach, or received a prescription of general physical activity. The main outcome was satisfaction with the outcome of treatment, assessed at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months later. Additional outcomes were enablement and expectation fulfillment. RESULTS: Satisfaction improved over time in the 3 groups (odds ratio = 1.15; 95% confidence interval: 1.10, 1.20; P amp;lt; .001). There was a significant group-by-time interaction (P amp;lt; 001), with increased odds of being satisfied in the groups receiving neck-specific exercises compared to general physical activity. Enablement increased after completion of the intervention in all groups (P amp;lt; .001). People who received neck-specific exercises reported greater enablement and expectation fulfillment than people prescribed general physical activity (P amp;lt; .01). CONCLUSION: Exercise interventions for chronic WAD led to increased satisfaction for 12 months following treatment that was unrelated to the type of exercise intervention received.
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2.
  • Landén Ludvigsson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • One- and two-year follow-up of a randomized trial of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach compared with prescription of physical activity in chronic whiplash disorder
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. - FOUNDATION REHABILITATION INFORMATION. - 1650-1977. ; 48:1, s. 56-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To explore whether neck-specific exercise, with or without a behavioural approach, has benefits after 1 and 2 years compared with prescribed physical activity regarding pain, self-rated functioning/disability, and self-efficacy in management of chronic whiplash. Design: Follow-up of a randomized, assessor blinded, clinical trial. Patients: A total of 216 volunteers with chronic whiplash associated disorders, grades 2 or 3. Methods: Participants were randomized to 1 of 3 exercise interventions: neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach, or physical activity prescription. Self-rated pain (visual analogue scale), disability/functioning (Neck Disability Index/Patient Specific Functional Scale) and self-efficacy (Self-Efficacy Scale) were evaluated after 1 and 2 years. Results: Both neck-specific exercise groups maintained more improvement regarding disability/functioning than the prescribed physical activity group at both time-points (p <= 0.02). At 1 year, 61% of subjects in the neck-specific group reported at least 50% pain reduction, compared with 26% of those in the physical activity prescription group (p < 0.001), but at 2 years the difference was not significant. Conclusion: After 1-2 years, participants with chronic whiplash who were randomized to neck-specific exercise, with or without a behavioural approach, remained more improved than participants who were prescribed general physical activity.
3.
  • Peolsson, Anneli, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of Neck-Specific Exercises Compared to Waiting List for Individuals With Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. - W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC. - 0003-9993. ; 97:2, s. 189-195
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To determine whether 3 months of neck-specific exercises (NSEs) could benefit individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) who were on a waiting list (WL) for treatment. Design: A prospective, randomized controlled study. Setting: Primary health care. Participants: Individuals (N=41; 31 women, 10 men; mean age +/- SD, 38 +/- 11.2y) with chronic (6-36mo) WAD, grades 2 and 3, were analyzed. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to NSEs or no treatment for 3 months. Main Outcome Measures: Neck-specific disability (Neck Disability Index [NDI]), neck pain (visual analog scale), general pain-related disability (Pain Disability Index [PDI]), self-perceived performance ability (Self-Efficacy Scale [SES]), and health-related quality of life (EuroQol 5 dimensions [EQ-5D]) were measured. Results: NSEs significantly improved the NDI, SES, and EQ-5D compared with WL (P<.01). There was significant improvement (P<.0001) over time in all outcomes for NSEs, and apart from the PDI, significant worsening (P=.002-.0002) over time for the untreated group. Conclusions: NSEs were more beneficial than no intervention while on a WL for individuals with chronic WAD. (C) 2016 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
4.
  • Treleaven, Julia, et al. (författare)
  • Balance, dizziness and proprioception in patients with chronic whiplash associated disorders complaining of dizziness: A prospective randomized study comparing three exercise programs
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Manual Therapy. - CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE. - 1356-689X. ; 22, s. 122-130
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Dizziness and unsteadiness are common symptoms following a whiplash injury. Objective: To compare the effect of 3 exercise programs on balance, dizziness, proprioception and pain in patients with chronic whiplash complaining of dizziness. Design: A sub-analysis of a randomized study. Methods: One hundred and forty subjects were randomized to either a physiotherapist-guided neck-specific exercise (NSE), physiotherapist-guided neck-specific exercise, with a behavioural approach (NSEB) or prescription of general physical activity (PPA) group. Pre intervention, 3, 6 and 12 months post baseline they completed the University of California Los Angeles Dizziness Questionnaire (UCLA-DQ), Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) for, dizziness at rest and during activity and physical measures (static and dynamic clinical balance tests and head repositioning accuracy (HRA)). Results: There were significant time by group differences with respect to dizziness during activity and UCLA-Q favouring the physiotherapy led neck specific exercise group with a behavioural approach. Within group analysis of changes over time also revealed significant changes in most variables apart from static balance. Conclusion: Between and within group comparisons suggest that physiotherapist led neck exercise groups including a behavioural approach had advantages in improving measures of dizziness compared with the general physical activity group, although many still complained of dizziness and balance impairment. Future studies should consider exercises specifically designed to address balance, dizziness and cervical proprioception in those with persistent whiplash. Crown Copyright (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
5.
  • Bernhoff, Gabriella, et al. (författare)
  • The pain drawing as an instrument for identifying cervical spine nerve involvement in chronic whiplash-associated disorders
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pain Research. - DOVE MEDICAL PRESS LTD. - 1178-7090. ; 9, s. 397-404
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a standardized assessment of pain drawing with regard to clinical signs of cervical spine nerve root involvement. Design: This cross-sectional study included data collected in a randomized controlled study. Patients: Two hundred and sixteen patients with chronic (amp;gt;= 6 months) whiplash-associated disorders, grade 2 or 3, were included in this study. Methods: The validity, sensitivity, and specificity of a standardized pain drawing assessment for determining nerve root involvement were analyzed, compared to the clinical assessment. In addition, we analyzed the interrater reliability with 50 pain drawings. Results: Agreement was poor between the standardized pain drawing assessment and the clinical assessment (kappa = 0.11, 95% CI: -0.03 to 0.20). Sensitivity was high (93%), but specificity was low (19%). Interrater reliability was good (kappa = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.53 to 0.76). Conclusion: The standardized pain drawing assessment of nerve root involvement in chronic whiplash-associated disorders was not in agreement with the clinical assessment. Further research is warranted to optimize the utilization of a pain/discomfort drawing as a supportive instrument for identifying nerve involvement in cervical spinal injuries.
6.
  • Falla, D., et al. (författare)
  • Perceived pain extent is associated with disability, depression and self-efficacy in individuals with whiplash-associated disorders
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pain. - WILEY-BLACKWELL. - 1090-3801. ; 20:9, s. 1490-1501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundCompletion of a pain drawing is a familiar task in those presenting with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). Some people report pain almost over their entire body. Yet the reasons for larger pain extent have not been fully explored. MethodsA novel method was applied to quantify pain extent from the pain drawings of 205 individuals with chronic WAD. Pain extent was evaluated in relation to sex, age, educational level, insurance status and financial status. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to verify whether pain extent was associated with other health indicators including perceived pain and disability, health-related quality of life, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depression and self-efficacy. ResultsPain extent was influenced by sex ((2):10.392, pamp;lt;0.001) with larger pain extent in women compared to men (7.887.66% vs. 5.406.44%). People with unsettled insurance claims ((2): 7.500, pamp;lt;0.05) and those with a worse financial situation ((2):12.223, pamp;lt;0.01) also had larger pain extent. Multiple linear regression models revealed that, when accounting for age, sex, education, insurance status, financial status and neck pain intensity, pain extent remained associated with perceived disability (pamp;lt;0.01), depression (pamp;lt;0.05) and self-efficacy (pamp;lt;0.001). ConclusionBy utilizing a novel method for pain extent quantification, this study shows that widespread pain is associated with a number of factors including perceived disability, depression and self-efficacy in individuals with chronic WAD. Widespread pain should alert the clinician to consider more specific psychological screening, particularly for depression and self-efficacy, in patients with WAD. What does this study add?Women with chronic WAD, those with unsettled insurance claims and those with poorer financial status perceive more widespread pain. When controlling for these factors, larger pain areas remain associated with perceived pain and disability, depression and self-efficacy. The pain drawing is useful to support psychological screening in people with chronic WAD.
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7.
  • Landén Ludvigsson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Factors associated with pain and disability reduction following exercise interventions in chronic whiplash
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pain. - WILEY-BLACKWELL. - 1090-3801. ; 20:2, s. 307-315
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundSome studies support the prescription of exercise for people with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD); however, the response is highly variable. Further research is necessary to identify factors which predict response. MethodsThis is a secondary analysis of a randomized, multicentre controlled clinical trial of 202 volunteers with chronic WAD (grades 2 and 3). They received either neck-specific exercise with, or without a behavioural approach, or prescription of physical activity for 12weeks. Treatment response, defined as a clinical important reduction in pain or disability, was registered after 3 and 12months, and factors associated with treatment response were explored using logistic regression. ResultsParticipation in the neck-specific exercise group was the only significant factor associated with both neck pain and neck disability reduction both at 3 and 12months. Patients in this group had up to 5.3 times higher odds of disability reduction and 3.9 times higher odds of pain reduction compared to those in the physical activity group. Different baseline features were identified as predictors of response depending on the time point examined and the outcome measure selected (pain vs. disability). ConclusionFactors associated with treatment response after exercise interventions differ in the short and long term and differ depending on whether neck pain or disability is considered as the primary outcome. Participation in a neck-specific exercise intervention, in contrast to general physical activity, was the only factor that consistently indicated higher odds of treatment success. These results support the prescription of neck-specific exercise for individuals with chronic WAD.
8.
  • Overmeer, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach on psychological factors in chronic whiplash-associated disorders: A randomized controlled trial with a 2-year follow-up
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Medicine (Baltimore, Md.). - LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0025-7974. ; 95:34, s. e4430
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:To investigate the effect of neck-specific exercise with (NSEB) or without (NSE) a behavioural approach and prescribed physical activity (PPA) on general pain disability and psychological factors in chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), grade 2 and 3, with a 2-year follow-up.Methods:A randomized controlled multi-centre study of 3 exercise interventions (NSE, NSEB or PPA) including a 2-year follow-up. A total of 216 volunteers with chronic WAD were recruited and 194 were analyzed, mean age 40.4 (Standard Deviation [SD] 11.4). Measures of general pain disability, pain catastrophizing, anxiety and depression, and kinesiophobia were evaluated at baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 24 months with linear mixed models.Results:General pain disability decreased by 28% in the NSEB group from baseline to 3 months (Pamp;lt;0.001) and the improvements in disability were maintained over time (6, 12 and 24 months Pamp;lt;0.01) compared to the NSE (Pamp;gt;0.42) and PPA groups (Pamp;gt;0.43). Pain catastrophizing decreased in the NSE group from baseline to 6 and 12 months (Pamp;lt;0.01) and in the NSEB group from baseline to 3 and 24 months (Pamp;lt;0.01) compared to the PPA group (Pamp;gt;0.82) that showed no change over time. The NSE group improved in kinesiophobia over time from baseline to12 months (Pamp;lt;0.01) compared to the NSEB (P=0.052) and the PPA groups (Pamp;gt;0.74). Anxiety decreased over time from baseline to 12 and 24 months in the NSE group (Pamp;gt;0.02), but not in the NSEB (Pamp;gt;0.25) or the PPA (Pamp;gt;0.50) groups. The PPA had no effect on general disability or any of the measured psychological factors.Conclusion:This randomised controlled trial with a 2-year follow-up shows that physiotherapist-led neck-specific exercise with or without the addition of a behavioural approach had superior outcome on general disability and most psychological factors compared to the mere prescription of physical activity.
9.
  • Landén Ludvigsson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Mechanical properties of the trapezius during scapular elevation in people with chronic whiplash associated disorders - A case-control ultrasound speckle tracking analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Manual Therapy. - CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE. - 1356-689X. ; 21, s. 177-182
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Approximately 50% of people with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) report longstanding symptoms. The upper trapezius is commonly painful yet its mechanical properties are not fully understood. Objectives: This study examined the deformation of different depths of the upper trapezius muscle during a scapular elevation task (shoulder shrugging) before and following loaded arm abduction. Design and Methods: A cross-sectional case-control study of 36 people (26 female and 10 male, mean age 38 (SD 11)) with chronic WAD and 36 controls, matched for age and gender. Real-time ultrasound recordings of upper trapezius were taken during both scapular elevation tasks. Post-process speckle tracking analysis was undertaken of three different sections of the upper trapezius muscle (superficial, middle, deep). Results: The WAD group had lower deformation of the superficial section of the upper trapezius compared to the control group in both concentric and eccentric phases of scapular elevation (p < 0.05) especially before the loaded arm abduction. After arm abduction, the deformation of the trapezius was reduced in both groups but only significantly in the WAD-group (p = 0.03). Within-group analysis revealed that the control group least engaged the deep section of upper trapezius during the task (p < 0.01). Conclusion: This study, measuring mechanical deformation of the upper trapezius during a scapular elevation task indicates that persons with WAD may display different patterns in engagement of the muscle sections than those in the control group. Further research is needed to replicate and understand the reasons for and implications of this possible change in motor strategy within upper trapezius. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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10.
  • Landén Ludvigsson, Maria, 1967- (författare)
  • Neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach, or prescription of physical activity in chronic whiplash associated disorders
  • 2016
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Although 50% of those who suffer a whiplash injury still report neck pain after one year, there is a lack of knowledge about effective treatment for chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Exercise is potentially useful, but the response to exercise in chronic WAD is highly variable between individuals and factors associated with good outcomes as well as the cost-effectiveness are unknown.Aim: The general aim of this thesis was to evaluate the effect on  self-reported disability/ functioning, pain and selfefficacy of three different exercise interventions in chronic WAD grade 2 and 3, and to determine the cost-effectiveness of these interventions.Material and methods: A total of 216 participants with chronic WAD took part in this randomized, assessor blinded, controlled, clinical trial. Participants were randomized to either neck-specific exercise without (NSE), or with a behavioural approach (NSEB), or prescription of physical activity (PPA) for 12 weeks. Evaluations of change scores and proportion of clinically relevantly improved participants regarding disability/functioning (Neck Disability Index (NDI)/Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS)), pain (Visual Analogue Scale of current neck pain (VAS-P), pain bothersomeness (VAS-B)) and Self-efficacy (Self-Efficacy Scale (SES)) were made after 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. Secondary analyses were made, regarding factors associated with clinically relevant improvements in disability, pain and regarding cost-effectiveness.Results: Disability was more improved in the NSE/NSEB groups (NDI, P=0.02) than the PPA group, which reported no improvement, at 3 and 6 months, results remaining at 12 and 24 months (p ≤ 0.02). Functioning (PSFS) was also more improved in the NSE/NSEB groups than the PPA group at 3 months, in the NSEB compared to the PPA group at 6 months, and the NSE compared to the PPA groups at 12 and 24 months. The proportion of participants reaching clinically relevant improvement regarding NDI and PSFS was also larger in the NSE/NSEB groups at all time points (P<0.05), except NDI at 3 months and PSFS at 24 months. There were no differences between groups in VAS-P, VASB or SES change scores. The proportion of participants with clinically relevant reduction in VAS-P and VAS-B was however higher (P<0.02) in the NSE/NSEB groups compared with the PPA group at 3 and 12 months. Self-efficacy was only improved in the NSE group but without any between-group differences. There were no significant differences in any outcomes between the NSE/NSEB groups.The only significant factor associated with both clinically relevant improvements in disability and neck pain both at 3 and 12 months was participation in the NSE group, with odds up to 5.3 times higher than in the PPA group. Different baseline features were associated with the improvements depending on the outcome and time point examined. From a societal perspective, NSE was the cost-effective option.Conclusion: Physiotherapist-led neck-specific exercise resulted in better outcomes than prescription of physical activity regarding disability, functioning, and pain. The observed benefits of adding a behavioural approach to neck-specific exercise were inconclusive, and NSE was the cost-effective option from a societal perspective. Factors associated with clinically relevant improvements after exercise interventions in chronic WAD differed whether disability or neck pain was the outcome, but also differed in the short and long term. Participation in the NSE group was the only factor associated with both outcomes after both 3 and 12 months.
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