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Sökning: WFRF:(Landén Mikael 1966 ) > (2001-2004)

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1.
  • Melke, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • A polymorphism in the serotonin receptor 3A (HTR3A) gene and its association with harm avoidance in women.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Archives of general psychiatry. - 0003-990X. ; 60:10, s. 1017-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The brain neurotransmitter serotonin is known to affect various aspects of human behavior, including personality traits. Serotonin receptor type 3 is a ligand-gated channel encoded by 2 different subunit genes, HTR3A and HTR3B. A polymorphism (C178T) in the 5' region of the HTR3A gene has recently been identified and suggested to be of functional importance. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the possible association between the C178T polymorphism in the HTR3A gene and personality traits in women. DESIGN: Two independent samples of 35- to 45-year-old Swedish women were recruited using the population register. Sample 1 (n = 195) was assessed via the Karolinska Scales of Personality and the Temperament and Character Inventory; sample 2 (n = 175) was assessed using the latter only. Both samples were genotyped with respect to the C178T polymorphism in the HTR3A gene. The A1596G polymorphism in the same gene was also investigated. RESULTS: A significant association between C178T genotype and the Temperament and Character Inventory factor harm avoidance was observed in sample 1 (corrected for multiple comparisons P =.04); this finding was subsequently replicated in sample 2 (P =.004) (pooled populations: P<.001). In the pooled sample, all harm avoidance subscales were found to be significantly associated with the C178T polymorphism: anticipatory worry (P =.001), fear of uncertainty (P<.001), shyness (P<.001), and fatigability and asthenia (P =.008). In addition, a significant association was found in sample 1 between the C178T polymorphism and the Karolinska Scales of Personality nonconformity factor (corrected P =.002), including the subscales of social desirability (P<.001), indirect aggression (P =.002), verbal aggression (P =.05), and irritability (P<.001). Participants homozygous for the less common T allele (<4%) differed from the remaining women by displaying lower ratings on harm avoidance and nonconformity. CONCLUSION: The C178T polymorphism in the HTR3A gene may affect the personality trait of harm avoidance in women.
2.
  • Baghaei, Fariba, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of women in relation to personality traits.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: International journal of behavioral medicine. - 1070-5503. ; 10:4, s. 365-78
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The associations were examined in women between personality traits and steroid hormones, particularly androgens, as well as polymorphisms in genes regulating androgen concentration and effects. Women, all 42 years of age and premenopausal (n = 270), were recruited randomly. Conventional "masculine" and "feminine" personality traits were examined by questionnaire and set in relation to psychosocial and socioeconomic conditions, behavior in childhood, hormones, risk factors for disease, and polymorphisms in microsatellites in the CYP aromatase and the androgen receptor gene. The proportions of personality traits considered as being dominated by "masculinity" (M) or "femininity" (F) were 44.9%, respectively 15.0%, the rest consisting of a combination of M and F (33.2%) or "undifferentiated" (6.9%). M characteristics were positively associated with education, sporting, self-confidence, and good adaptation to work situation. M scores correlated with reports of "tomboyism" as girls. There was essentially no difference in hormones or disease risk factors between M and F women. The number of (CAG) repeats in the microsatellite of the transactivating domain of the androgen receptor was 19 (2.3; M and SD). M characteristics were more pronounced in the presence of longer repeat stretches (n > 20). No associations were found with F scores. There were no significant associations to the number of tetranucleotide repeats (TTTA) in the fourth introne of the aromatase gene. It was concluded that a majority of women showed M type of personality traits, associated with normal hormones, somatic health, and a long microsatellite in the transactivating domain of the AR gene.
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3.
  • Baghaei, Fariba, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • The lean woman.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Obesity research. - 1071-7323. ; 10:2, s. 115-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: In the current obesity epidemic, the ability to remain lean is beginning to be uncommon. Therefore, it was considered of interest to characterize such subjects. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: From a population of premenopausal women (n = 270), all 40 years of age, those with a similar body mass index (BMI) as women at the age of 21 years, born the same year (BMI = 21.1 kg/m(2)) were selected among nonsmokers and compared with the remaining nonsmoking women. RESULTS: Lean women showed, as expected, low waist-to-hip circumference ratio and abdominal sagittal diameter as well as absence of other disease risk factors. Compared with the remaining women, 17 beta-estradiol was high and androgens were low, whereas insulin-like growth factor I and thyroid hormones showed no differences. Dihydroepiandrosterone sulfate was lower, whereas cortisol, measured in saliva repeatedly over a day, and adrenocorticotropin hormone were not different. Results from questionnaires indicated higher education and socioeconomic status, frequent sports activities, and better psychosocial adaptation and psychological health. A tetranucleotide repeat polymorphism in the fourth [corrected] intron of the aromatase P450 gene was longer among the lean (187 base pairs) than the rest of the women. Women with opposite phylogenetic characteristic have a short microsatellite (168 base pairs) in this gene locus. DISCUSSION: Lean, nonsmoking women enjoy an excellent health in not only anthropometric and metabolic factors, but also in neuroendocrine, endocrine, and psychological variables. The endocrine measurements suggest a well-functioning aromatase, which in turn might have a genetic background, contributing to health. The aromatase gene might be important for regulation of body fat mass.
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4.
  • Landén, Mikael, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Dyslipidemia and high waist-hip ratio in women with self-reported social anxiety.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Psychoneuroendocrinology. - 0306-4530. ; 29:8, s. 1037-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research has indicated that phobic anxiety is associated with coronary heart disease. In this study, the possible association between social anxiety and various anthropometric, metabolic, and endocrine measurements known to be associated with cardiovascular disease were studied in a population-based cohort of 216 women 41-42 years old. Each participant was assessed by means of a DSM-IV based self-report questionnaire regarding social anxiety and related psychiatric diagnoses. Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), and serum levels of lipids and hormones were assessed. The prevalence of social anxiety was 14% (n=31). The social anxiety group displayed higher serum levels of triglycerides (1.3+/-0.9 vs. 1.0+/-0.5, P=0.003) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (3.3+/-0.8 vs. 3.0+/-0.7, P=0.03), but lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (1.4+/-0.3 vs. 1.6+/-0.4, P=0.04) and HDL/LDL ratio (0.46+/-0.15 vs. 0.57+/-0.22, P=0.008) than the other women. Serum levels of total testosterone (1.6+/-0.8 vs. 2.2+/-1.1, P=0.013) and free thyroxin (14+/-2 vs. 16+/-4, P=0.04) were lower in subjects confirming social anxiety. While WHR was significantly higher in the social anxiety group (0.83+/-0.06 vs. 0.80+/-0.07, P=0.016), BMI did not differ between the groups. Our data suggest that self-reported social anxiety is associated with two established risk factors for cardiovascular disease: dyslipidemia and increased WHR.
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5.
  • Melke, Jonas, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Serotonin transporter gene polymorphisms and platelet [3H] paroxetine binding in premenstrual dysphoria.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Psychoneuroendocrinology. - 0306-4530. ; 28:3, s. 446-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to investigate if women with premenstrual dysphoria differ from controls with respect to the number of platelet serotonin transporters, and with respect to three polymorphisms in the gene coding for the serotonin transporter: a 44 base pair insertion/deletion in the promoter region, a variable number of tandem repeats in the second intron, and a single nucleotide polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region. Also, the possible relationship between the three polymorphisms and platelet serotonin transporter density was analyzed. The density of platelet [(3)H]paroxetine binding sites was significantly lower in women with premenstrual dysphoria than in controls, but patients and controls did not differ with respect to allele or genotype frequency for any of the three polymorphisms examined. A significant association between the number of platelet serotonin transporters and the promoter polymorphism was observed, subjects being homozygous for the short (deletion) variant having higher platelet serotonin transporter density than subjects carrying the long (insertion) allele. The results support the assumption that serotonin-related psychiatric disorders-such as premenstrual dysphoria-may be associated with a reduction in platelet [(3)H]paroxetine binding, but argue against the notion that this reduction is due to certain variants of the serotonin transporter gene being more common in patients than in controls.
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6.
  • Melke, Jonas, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Serotonin transporter gene polymorphisms are associated with anxiety-related personality traits in women.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: American journal of medical genetics. - 0148-7299. ; 105:5, s. 458-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several studies have reported an association between anxiety-related personality traits and a promoter polymorphism in the human serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene (5-HTT gene-linked polymorphic region, 5-HTTLPR). In the present study, a population of 251 subjects was assessed with the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) and genotyped both for the 5-HTTLPR and for a variable number of tandem repeats polymorphism in the second intron of the same gene. The interpretation of previous studies has to some extent been confounded by the studied subjects differing with respect to ethnicity, sex, and age. To circumvent this problem, all included subjects were Caucasians, women, and born in the same year (1956). Associations were found between the 5-HTTLPR and four of the five anxiety-related KSP scales (psychic anxiety, muscular tension, psychasthenia, and lack of assertiveness), subjects being homozygous for the short allele displaying higher anxiety scores than those of the long/long or long/short genotype. In addition, an association was found between the intron 2 polymorphism and one anxiety-related personality trait (somatic anxiety).
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7.
  • Westberg, Lars, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Association between a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism of the estrogen receptor alpha gene and personality traits in women.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Molecular psychiatry. - 1359-4184. ; 8:1, s. 118-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Estrogens are known to play a key role in the regulation of various aspects of behavior. In order to study the potential contribution of genetic variation in the estrogen receptor (ER) alpha to specific personality traits, we investigated a repeat polymorphism in the ER alpha gene in 172 42-year-old women who had been assessed using the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP). Based on the hypothesis that there is a relationship between the length of a repeat polymorphism and gene function,(1) the alleles were divided into two groups: short and long. In order to elucidate the possible influence of the ER alpha gene on the different aspects of personality measured by means of the KSP, the possible association between this gene and four different factors ('neuroticism', 'psychoticism', 'non-conformity', and 'extraversion') was analysed. 'Neuroticism', 'psychoticism', and 'non-conformity' all appeared to be associated with the ER alpha gene. After correction for multiple comparisons by means of permutation analysis, the associations with the factor 'non-conformity'--including the subscales 'indirect aggression' and 'irritability'--and the factor 'psychoticism'--including the subscale 'suspicion'--remained significant. The results suggest that the studied dinucleotide repeat polymorphism of the ER alpha gene may contribute to specific components of personality.
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8.
  • Westberg, Lars, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Polymorphisms of the androgen receptor gene and the estrogen receptor beta gene are associated with androgen levels in women.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 0021-972X. ; 86:6, s. 2562-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To elucidate the possible role of genetic variation in androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha), and ER beta on serum androgen levels in premenopausal women, the CAG repeat polymorphism of the AR gene, the TA repeat polymorphism of the ER alpha gene, and the CA repeat polymorphism of the ER beta gene were studied in a population-based cohort of 270 women. Total testosterone, free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, androstenedione, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, 3 alpha-androstanediol glucuronide, 17 beta-estradiol, LH, FSH, and sex steroid hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were measured in serum samples obtained in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. Women with relatively few CAG repeats in the AR gene, resulting in higher transcriptional activity of the receptor, displayed higher levels of serum androgens, but lower levels of LH, than women with longer CAG repeat sequences. The CA repeat of the ER beta gene also was associated with androgen and SHBG levels; women with relatively short repeat regions hence displayed higher hormone levels and lower SHBG levels than those with many CA repeats. In contrast, the TA repeat of the ER alpha gene was not associated with the levels of any of the hormones measured. Our results suggest that the serum levels of androgens in premenopausal women may be influenced by variants of the AR gene and the ER beta gene, respectively.
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9.
  • Eriksson, Elias, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Diagnosis and treatment of premenstrual dysphoria.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical psychiatry. - 0160-6689. ; 63 Suppl 7, s. 16-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Premenstrual dysphoria (PMD) is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome afflicting 5% to 10% of all fertile women. Cardinal symptoms--appearing regularly between ovulation and menstruation and disappearing within a few days after the onset of the bleeding--are depressed mood, tension, affect lability, and irritability. Of these symptoms, irritability is often the most prominent. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs), but not nonserotonergic antidepressants, reduce the symptoms of PMD effectively. The onset of action of SRIs is much shorter when used for PMD than when used for depression, enabling women with PMD to restrict medication use to the luteal phase of the cycle (so-called intermittent treatment). The findings that SRIs are effective for PMD--and that sexual dysfunction is the most frequent side effect during long-term treatment--both lend support for the hypothesis that a major role for brain serotonin is to modulate sex steroid-driven behavior.
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10.
  • Landén, Mikael, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Compounds with affinity for serotonergic receptors in the treatment of premenstrual dysphoria: a comparison of buspirone, nefazodone and placebo.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Psychopharmacology. - 0033-3158. ; 155:3, s. 292-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • RATIONALE: It is well established that serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) are effective for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoria (PMD), but the receptor subtype(s) mediating this effect of serotonin have yet not been identified. OBJECTIVE: In this trial, the possible efficacy of buspirone, a partial 5HT1A receptor agonist, and nefazodone, a combined SRI and 5HT2 receptor antagonist, was evaluated in women with PMD. METHODS: After a three-menstrual-cycle screening phase, patients were randomised to buspirone (n=19), nefazodone (n=22) or placebo (n=22). During the first two treatment cycles, patients were taking the drug during the luteal phase only (mean +/- SD daily dose of buspirone: 21 +/- 6 mg; nefazodone: 228 +/- 54 mg). During the subsequent two cycles, the medication was taken each day of the menstrual cycle (mean daily dose of buspirone: 27 +/- 10 mg; nefazodone: 304 +/- 95 mg). RESULTS: With respect to self-rated global improvement, buspirone (P<0.001) but not nefazodone was significantly superior to placebo. While buspirone appeared to reduce self-rated irritability (visual analogue scale) more effectively than placebo, other self-rated symptoms did not differ markedly between the groups. The side-effects were mild, and sexual dysfunction was not significantly more common in patients given buspirone or nefazodone than in those given placebo. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that buspirone is mildly effective for premenstrual irritability. In patients experiencing sexual dysfunction when treated with an SRI, buspirone may be a useful alternative.
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