SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Larsson L.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Larsson L.)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075. ; 323:5922, s. 1688-1693
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gamma-ray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB 080916C, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. The high-energy gamma rays are observed to start later and persist longer than the lower energy photons. A simple spectral form fits the entire GRB spectrum, providing strong constraints on emission models. The known distance of the burst enables placing lower limits on the bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow and on the quantum gravity mass.
  •  
2.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • FERMI Large Area Telescope and multi-wavelength observations of the flaring activity of PKS 1510-089 between 2008 september and 2009 june
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 721:2, s. 1425-1447
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on the multi-wavelength observations of PKS 1510-089 (a flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) at z = 0.361) during its high activity period between 2008 September and 2009 June. During this 11 month period, the source was characterized by a complex variability at optical, UV, and gamma-ray bands, on timescales down to 6-12 hr. The brightest gamma-ray isotropic luminosity, recorded on 2009 March 26, was similar or equal to 2 x 1048 erg s-1. The spectrum in the Fermi Large Area Telescope energy range shows a mild curvature described well by a log-parabolic law, and can be understood as due to the Klein-Nishina effect. The. -ray flux has a complex correlation with the other wavelengths. There is no correlation at all with the X-ray band, a weak correlation with the UV, and a significant correlation with the optical flux. The. -ray flux seems to lead the optical one by about 13 days. From the UV photometry, we estimated a black hole mass of similar or equal to 5.4 x 10(8)M(circle dot) and an accretion rate of similar or equal to 0.5M(circle dot) yr(-1). Although the power in the thermal and non-thermal outputs is smaller compared to the very luminous and distant FSRQs, PKS 1510-089 exhibits a quite large Compton dominance and a prominent big blue bump (BBB) as observed in the most powerful gamma-ray quasars. The BBB was still prominent during the historical maximum optical state in 2009 May, but the optical/ UV spectral index was softer than in the quiescent state. This seems to indicate that the BBB was not completely dominated by the synchrotron emission during the highest optical state. We model the broadband spectrum assuming a leptonic scenario in which the inverse Compton emission is dominated by the scattering of soft photons produced externally to the jet. The resulting model-dependent jet energetic content is compatible with a scenario in which the jet is powered by the accretion disk, with a total efficiency within the Kerr black hole limit.
  •  
3.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • Fermi/LAT observations of LS 5039
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal Letters. - 05717248. - 0004-637X ; 706:1, s. L56-L61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first results from observations of the high-mass X-ray binary LS 5039 using the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope data between 2008 August and 2009 June are presented. Our results indicate variability that is consistent with the binary period, with the emission being modulated with a period of 3.903 ± 0.005 days; the first detection of this modulation at GeV energies. The light curve is characterized by a broad peak around superior conjunction in agreement with inverse Compton scattering models. The spectrum is represented by a power law with an exponential cutoff, yielding an overall flux (100 MeV-300 GeV) of 4.9 ± 0.5(stat) ± 1.8(syst) ×10–7 photon cm–2 s–1, with a cutoff at 2.1 ± 0.3(stat) ± 1.1(syst) GeV and photon index Γ = 1.9 ± 0.1(stat) ± 0.3(syst). The spectrum is observed to vary with orbital phase, specifically between inferior and superior conjunction. We suggest that the presence of a cutoff in the spectrum may be indicative of magnetospheric emission similar to the emission seen in many pulsars by Fermi.
  •  
4.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • FERMI OBSERVATIONS OF gamma-RAY EMISSION FROM THE MOON
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 758:2, s. 140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on the detection of high-energy gamma-ray emission from the Moon during the first 24 months of observations by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). This emission comes from particle cascades produced by cosmic-ray (CR) nuclei and electrons interacting with the lunar surface. The differential spectrum of the Moon is soft and can be described as a log-parabolic function with an effective cutoff at 2-3 GeV, while the average integral flux measured with the LAT from the beginning of observations in 2008 August to the end of 2010 August is F(> 100 MeV) = (1.04 +/- 0.01 [statistical error] +/- 0.1 [systematic error]) x 10(-6) cm(-2) s(-1). This flux is about a factor 2-3 higher than that observed between 1991 and 1994 by the EGRET experiment on board the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, F(> 100 MeV) approximate to 5 x 10(-7) cm-2 s-1, when solar activity was relatively high. The higher gamma-ray flux measured by Fermi is consistent with the deep solar minimum conditions during the first 24 months of the mission, which reduced effects of heliospheric modulation, and thus increased the heliospheric flux of Galactic CRs. A detailed comparison of the light curve with McMurdo Neutron Monitor rates suggests a correlation of the trends. The Moon and the Sun are so far the only known bright emitters of gamma-rays with fast celestial motion. Their paths across the sky are projected onto the Galactic center and high Galactic latitudes as well as onto other areas crowded with high-energy gamma-ray sources. Analysis of the lunar and solar emission may thus be important for studies of weak and transient sources near the ecliptic.
  •  
5.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • THE FIRST FERMI MULTIFREQUENCY CAMPAIGN ON BL LACERTAE : CHARACTERIZING THE LOW-ACTIVITY STATE OF THE EPONYMOUS BLAZAR
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 730:2, s. 101
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on observations of BL Lacertae during the first 18 months of Fermi LAT science operations and present results from a 48 day multifrequency coordinated campaign from 2008 August 19 to 2008 October 7. The radio to gamma-ray behavior of BL Lac is unveiled during a low-activity state thanks to the coordinated observations of radio-band (Metsahovi and VLBA), near-IR/optical (Tuorla, Steward, OAGH, and MDM), and X-ray (RXTE and Swift) observatories. No variability was resolved in gamma rays during the campaign, and the brightness level was 15 times lower than the level of the 1997 EGRET outburst. Moderate and uncorrelated variability has been detected in UV and X-rays. The X-ray spectrum is found to be concave, indicating the transition region between the low- and high-energy components of the spectral energy distribution (SED). VLBA observation detected a synchrotron spectrum self-absorption turnover in the innermost part of the radio jet appearing to be elongated and inhomogeneous, and constrained the average magnetic field there to be less than 3 G. Over the following months, BL Lac appeared variable in gamma rays, showing flares (in 2009 April and 2010 January). There is no evidence for the correlation of gamma rays with the optical flux monitored from the ground in 18 months. The SED may be described by a single-zone or a two-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model, but a hybrid SSC plus external radiation Compton model seems to be preferred based on the observed variability and the fact that it provides a fit closest to equipartition.
  •  
6.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • THE SECOND FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE CATALOG OF GAMMA-RAY PULSARS
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. - 0067-0049. ; 208:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This catalog summarizes 117 high-confidence >= 0.1 GeV gamma-ray pulsar detections using three years of data acquired by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi satellite. Half are neutron stars discovered using LAT data through periodicity searches in gamma-ray and radio data around LAT unassociated source positions. The 117 pulsars are evenly divided into three groups: millisecond pulsars, young radio-loud pulsars, and young radio-quiet pulsars. We characterize the pulse profiles and energy spectra and derive luminosities when distance information exists. Spectral analysis of the off-peak phase intervals indicates probable pulsar wind nebula emission for four pulsars, and off-peak magnetospheric emission for several young and millisecond pulsars. We compare the gamma-ray properties with those in the radio, optical, and X-ray bands. We provide flux limits for pulsars with no observed gamma-ray emission, highlighting a small number of gamma-faint, radio-loud pulsars. The large, varied gamma-ray pulsar sample constrains emission models. Fermi's selection biases complement those of radio surveys, enhancing comparisons with predicted population distributions.
  •  
7.
  • Ackermann, M., et al. (författare)
  • The Second Catalog of Active Galactic Nuclei Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 743:2, s. 171
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The second catalog of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) in two years of scientific operation is presented. The second LAT AGN catalog (2LAC) includes 1017 γ-ray sources located at high Galactic latitudes (|b| > 10°) that are detected with a test statistic (TS) greater than 25 and associated statistically with AGNs. However, some of these are affected by analysis issues and some are associated with multiple AGNs. Consequently, we define a Clean Sample which includes 886 AGNs, comprising 395 BL Lacertae objects (BL Lac objects), 310 flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs), 157 candidate blazars of unknown type (i.e., with broadband blazar characteristics but with no optical spectral measurement yet), 8 misaligned AGNs, 4 narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1s), 10 AGNs of other types, and 2 starburst galaxies. Where possible, the blazars have been further classified based on their spectral energy distributions (SEDs) as archival radio, optical, and X-ray data permit. While almost all FSRQs have a synchrotron-peak frequency <1014 Hz, about half of the BL Lac objects have a synchrotron-peak frequency >1015 Hz. The 2LAC represents a significant improvement relative to the first LAT AGN catalog (1LAC), with 52% more associated sources. The full characterization of the newly detected sources will require more broadband data. Various properties, such as γ-ray fluxes and photon power-law spectral indices, redshifts, γ-ray luminosities, variability, and archival radio luminosities and their correlations are presented and discussed for the different blazar classes. The general trends observed in 1LAC are confirmed.
  •  
8.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • FERMI-LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF THE EXCEPTIONAL GAMMA-RAY OUTBURSTS OF 3C 273 IN 2009 SEPTEMBER
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The Astrophysical Journal Letters. - 2041-8205. ; 714:1, s. L73-L78
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present the light curves and spectral data of two exceptionally luminous gamma-ray outbursts observed by the Large Area Telescope experiment on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope from 3C 273 in 2009 September. During these flares, having a duration of a few days, the source reached its highest gamma-ray flux ever measured. This allowed us to study, in some details, their spectral and temporal structures. The rise and the decay are asymmetric on timescales of 6 hr, and the spectral index was significantly harder during the flares than during the preceding 11 months. We also found that short, very intense flares put out the same time-integrated energy as long, less intense flares like that observed in 2009 August.
  •  
9.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • Gamma-ray light curves and variability of bright fermi-detected blazars
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 722:1, s. 520-542
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents light curves as well as the first systematic characterization of variability of the 106 objects in the high-confidence Fermi Large Area Telescope Bright AGN Sample (LBAS). Weekly light curves of this sample, obtained during the first 11 months of the Fermi survey (2008 August 4-2009 July 4), are tested for variability and their properties are quantified through autocorrelation function and structure function analysis. For the brightest sources, 3 or 4 day binned light curves are extracted in order to determine power density spectra (PDSs) and to fit the temporal structure of major flares. More than 50% of the sources are found to be variable with high significance, where high states do not exceed 1/4 of the total observation range. Variation amplitudes are larger for flat spectrum radio quasars and low/intermediate synchrotron frequency peaked BL Lac objects. Autocorrelation timescales derived from weekly light curves vary from four to a dozen of weeks. Variable sources of the sample have weekly and 3-4 day bin light curves that can be described by 1/f(alpha) PDS, and show two kinds of gamma-ray variability: (1) rather constant baseline with sporadic flaring activity characterized by flatter PDS slopes resembling flickering and red noise with occasional intermittence and (2)-measured for a few blazars showing strong activity-complex and structured temporal profiles characterized by long-term memory and steeper PDS slopes, reflecting a random walk underlying mechanism. The average slope of the PDS of the brightest 22 FSRQs and of the 6 brightest BL Lacs is 1.5 and 1.7, respectively. The study of temporal profiles of well-resolved flares observed in the 10 brightest LBAS sources shows that they generally have symmetric profiles and that their total duration vary between 10 and 100 days. Results presented here can assist in source class recognition for unidentified sources and can serve as reference for more detailed analysis of the brightest gamma-ray blazars.
  •  
10.
  • Ackermann, M., et al. (författare)
  • FERMI GAMMA-RAY SPACE TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF GAMMA-RAY OUTBURSTS FROM 3C 454.3 IN 2009 DECEMBER AND 2010 APRIL
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 721:2, s. 1383-1396
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The flat spectrum radio quasar 3C 454.3 underwent an extraordinary outburst in 2009 December when it became the brightest gamma-ray source in the sky for over 1 week. Its daily flux measured with the Fermi-Large Area Telescope at photon energiesE > 100 MeV reached F-100 = 22 +/- 1 x 10(6) photon cm(-2) s(-1), representing the highest daily flux of any blazar ever recorded in high-energy. -rays. It again became the brightest source in the sky in 2010 April, triggering a pointed-mode observation by Fermi. The correlated. -ray temporal and spectral properties during these exceptional events are presented and discussed. The main results show flux variability over time scales less than 3 hr and very mild spectral variability with an indication of gradual hardening preceding major flares. The light curves during periods of enhanced activity in 2008 July-August and 2010 December show strong resemblance, with a flux plateau of a few days preceding the major flare. No consistent loop pattern emerged in the. -ray spectral index versus the flux plane as would be expected in acceleration and cooling scenarios. The maximum energy of a photon from 3C 454.3 is approximate to 20 GeV and a minimum Doppler factor of approximate to 13 is derived. The gamma-ray spectrum of 3C 454.3 shows a significant spectral break between approximate to 2 and 3 GeV that is very weakly dependent on the flux state, even when the flux changes by an order of magnitude.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Åtkomst
fritt online (90)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (730)
konferensbidrag (106)
annan publikation (28)
rapport (20)
bokkapitel (15)
bok (10)
visa fler...
forskningsöversikt (7)
recension (6)
patent (1)
doktorsavhandling (1)
proceedings (redaktörskap) (1)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (772)
övrigt vetenskapligt (142)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (10)
Författare/redaktör
Larsson, L. (61)
Mizuno, T. (46)
Larsson, S. (46)
Larsson, A (45)
Larsson, B (45)
Fukazawa, Y. (43)
visa fler...
Raino, S. (42)
Sgro, C. (42)
Takahashi, H. (42)
Larsson, Stefan, (41)
Chiang, J. (41)
Bastieri, D. (40)
Barbiellini, G. (39)
Bellazzini, R. (39)
Ciprini, S. (39)
Longo, F. (39)
Caliandro, G. A. (38)
Cameron, R. A. (38)
Caraveo, P. A. (38)
Claus, R. (38)
Favuzzi, C. (38)
Fusco, P. (38)
Gargano, F. (38)
Giglietto, N. (38)
Guiriec, S. (38)
Kuss, M. (38)
Mazziotta, M. N. (38)
Monzani, M. E. (38)
Morselli, A. (38)
Murgia, S. (38)
Nuss, E. (38)
Piron, F. (38)
Razzano, M. (38)
Reimer, A. (38)
Reimer, O. (38)
Spinelli, P. (38)
Buson, S. (38)
Bregeon, J. (37)
Bruel, P. (37)
Dermer, C. D. (37)
Drell, P. S. (37)
Godfrey, G. (37)
Loparco, F. (37)
Lubrano, P. (37)
Ohsugi, T. (37)
Winer, B. L. (37)
Wood, K. S. (37)
Baldini, L. (36)
de Palma, F. (36)
Grenier, I. A. (36)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Uppsala universitet (308)
Lunds universitet (161)
Stockholms universitet (130)
Göteborgs universitet (88)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (84)
Linköpings universitet (74)
visa fler...
Chalmers tekniska högskola (67)
Umeå universitet (43)
Linnéuniversitetet (43)
Karlstads universitet (35)
Försvarshögskolan (26)
Örebro universitet (19)
Luleå tekniska universitet (18)
Högskolan i Jönköping (9)
Högskolan Dalarna (7)
Mittuniversitetet (7)
Södertörns högskola (5)
Mälardalens högskola (5)
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (5)
Malmö högskola (4)
VTI - Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (3)
Karolinska institutet (2)
Högskolan i Skövde (1)
Högskolan i Borås (1)
Högskolan Väst (1)
Högskolan Kristianstad (1)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (874)
Svenska (38)
Odefinierat språk (2)
Ämne (HSV)
Naturvetenskap (73)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (40)
Teknik (14)
Lantbruksvetenskap (4)
Samhällsvetenskap (3)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy