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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Larsson Rolf) ;pers:(Jonsson Elin)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Larsson Rolf) > Jonsson Elin

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  • Hassan, Saadia B, et al. (författare)
  • A hollow fiber model for in vitro studies of cytotoxic compounds : Activity of the cyanoguanidine CHS 828
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - 0959-4973. ; 12:1, s. 33-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The hollow fiber assay is currently used as an in vivo model for anticancer drug screening in nude mice, but it can also be used as an in vitro model. In the current study, an in vitro hollow fiber model was used to study the effect and mode of induced cell death of a new cyanoguanidine, CHS 828. Human leukemia, adenocarcinoma and lymphoma cell lines as well as primary cultures of human tumor cells from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and ovarian cancer (OC) and normal human lymphocytes were cultured in semipermeable hollow fibers. The fibers were incubated for 3 or 14 days prior to CHS 828 exposure for 72 h, followed by determination of living cell density by MTT staining. For cell morphology, using harvested cultures on cytospin slides had technical advantages compared to using paraffin sections of the formalin-fixed fibers. CHS 828 showed higher antitumor activity on CLL and normal human lymphocyte cultures compared to OC cultures, and cell lines cultured 3 days were more sensitive than those cultured 14 days. Morphological examination of CHS 828-treated cultures revealed a mixture of apoptosis and necrosis.
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  • Hassan, Saadia Bashir, et al. (författare)
  • Model for time dependency of the cytotoxic effect of CHS 828 in vitro suggests two different mechanisms of action
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. - 0022-3565. ; 299:3, s. 1140-1147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CHS 828 is a novel drug belonging to the cyanoguanidines. It has shown promising anticancer activity in many preclinical systems and is currently in early clinical trials. Our aim in this study was to assess the growth inhibitory effect of CHS 828 in comparison with paclitaxel, etoposide, and topotecan as a function of concentration and time. U937 GTB, RPMI 8226/S, MDA 231, primary cells from chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and normal mononuclear cells were exposed to CHS 828 and U937 GTB cells were exposed to paclitaxel, etoposide, and topotecan in 18 concentrations for times ranging from 1 to 72 h. Cell survival was measured after 72-h incubation by using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay. Nonlinear mixed effect modeling was used to model the concentration-effect curves with a modified Hill equation. Patterns of change of drug potency (IC(50)), slope of the concentration-effect curves, and plateau with time were studied. The log IC(50) for CHS 828 decreased with log time in a sigmoid manner for all cell types tested. Although very steep at short and long incubation, the concentration-effect curves became shallow at intermediate times. The log IC(50) for etoposide and topotecan was decreased with log time in a sigmoid manner. The log IC(50) for paclitaxel decreased linearly with log time. The information obtained from modeling the cytotoxic effect of CHS 828 and changes of IC(50) and slope parameters with exposure time suggests a heterogeneous cell response to CHS 828. This could indicate two distinct mechanisms of induction of cell death.
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  • Jonsson, Elin, et al. (författare)
  • Determination of drug effect on tumour cells, host animal toxicity and drug pharmacokinetics in a hollow-fibre model in rats
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology. - 0344-5704. ; 46:6, s. 493-500
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSEBased on the previously published hollow-fibre assay mainly used for early in vivo anticancer drug screening, we wanted to develop an extended hollow-fibre model in which antitumour activity, haematological toxicity and pharmacokinetics could be studied in the same animal.METHODThe breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 were cultured in semipermeable hollow fibres. The fibres were implanted subcutaneously into immunocompetent male Sprague Dawley rats, and the rats were treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU, 125 mg/kg), epirubicin (EPI, 10 mg/kg) or cyclophosphamide (CP, 120 mg/kg) intraperitoneally, the new cyanoguanidine CHS 828 (375 mg/kg or 75 mg/kg x 5) orally, or vehicle only. After 6 days the fibres were retrieved and the cell density was evaluated. Haematological parameters were monitored and two to four samples per animal were drawn to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters in NONMEM.RESULTSDrug treatment had generally low effects on the tumour cells. Of the standard drugs (5-FU, EPI and CP), only CP exerted a statistically significant antiproliferative effect. CHS 828 had only a minor effect as a single dose, but divided into five daily doses had a pronounced effect on both cell lines. 5-FU, EPI and CP all caused a marked decrease in leucocytes, platelets and haemoglobin, while CHS 828 did not seem to affect these parameters. The pharmacokinetics of 5-FU and EPI were in accordance with previously established pharmacokinetic models. The pharmacokinetics of CP and CHS 828 were both described by one-compartment models.CONCLUSIONSThis study illustrates the possibility of measuring antitumour effect, haematological toxicity and pharmacokinetics in the same animal using the hollow-fibre model.
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