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Sökning: WFRF:(Li H.) > Blazey G. > Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan

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1.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for production of single top quarks
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998. ; 78:1, s. 012005
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We present first evidence for the production of single top quarks in the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar collider. The standard model predicts that the electroweak interaction can produce a top quark together with an antibottom quark or light quark, without the antiparticle top-quark partner that is always produced from strong-coupling processes. Top quarks were first observed in pair production in 1995, and since then, single top-quark production has been searched for in ever larger data sets. In this analysis, we select events from a 0.9 fb(-1) data set that have an electron or muon and missing transverse energy from the decay of a W boson from the top-quark decay, and two, three, or four jets, with one or two of the jets identified as originating from a b hadron decay. The selected events are mostly backgrounds such as W + jets and t (t) over bar events, which we separate from the expected signals using three multivariate analysis techniques: boosted decision trees, Bayesian neural networks, and matrix-element calculations. A binned likelihood fit of the signal cross section plus background to the data from the combination of the results from the three analysis methods gives a cross section for single top-quark production of sigma(p (p) over bar -> tb + X, tqb + X) = 4.7 +/- 1.3 pb. The probability to measure a cross section at this value or higher in the absence of signal is 0.014%, corresponding to a 3.6 standard deviation significance. The measured cross section value is compatible at the 10% level with the standard model prediction for electroweak top-quark production. We use the cross section measurement to directly determine the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix element that describes the Wtb coupling and find vertical bar V(tb)f(1)(L)vertical bar = 1.31(-0.21)(+0.25), where f(1)(L) is a generic vector coupling. This model-independent measurement translates into 0.68 <= 1 at the 95% C.L. in the standard model.
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2.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the inclusive jet cross section in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 101:6, s. 062001
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a measurement of the inclusive jet cross section in p (p) over bar collisions at a center-of-mass energy root s = 1.96 TeV using data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0: 70 fb(-1). The data cover jet transverse momenta from 50 to 600 GeV and jet rapidities in the range -2.4 to 2.4. Detailed studies of correlations between systematic uncertainties in transverse momentum and rapidity are presented, and the cross section measurements are found to be in good agreement with next-to-leading order QCD calculations.
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3.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the Semileptonic Branching Ratio of Bs(0) to an Orbitally Excited D-s** State : Br(Bs(0) -> Ds1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X)
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 102:5, s. 051801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a data sample of approximately 1.3 fb(-1) collected with the D0 detector between 2002 and 2006, the orbitally excited charm state D-s1(+/-)(2536) has been observed with a measured mass of 2535.7 +/- 0.6(stat) +/- 0.5(syst) MeV/c(2) via the decay mode B-s(0) -> D-s1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X-mu. A first measurement is made of the branching ratio product Br((b) over bar -> D-s1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X-mu) x Br(D-s1(-) -> D*K--(S)0). Assuming that D-s1(-)(2536) production in semileptonic decay is entirely from B-s(0), an extraction of the semileptonic branching ratio Br(B-s(0) -> D-s1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X-mu) is made.
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4.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for decay of a fermiophobic Higgs boson h(f) -> gamma gamma with the D0 detector at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 101:5, s. 051801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the results of a search for a narrow resonance decaying into two photons in 1.1 fb(-1) of data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider during the period 2002-2006. We find no evidence for such a resonance and set a lower limit on the mass of a fermiophobic Higgs boson of m(hf) > 100 GeV at the 95% C.L. This exclusion limit exceeds those obtained in previous searches at the Fermilab Tevatron and covers a significant region of the parameter space B(h(f) -> gamma gamma) vs m(hf) which was not accessible at the CERN Large Electron-Positron Collider.
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5.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for large extra dimensions via single photon plus missing energy final states at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 101:1, s. 011601
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a search for large extra dimensions in a data sample of approximately 1 fb(-1) of p (p) over bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV. We investigate Kaluza-Klein graviton production with a photon and missing transverse energy in the final state. At the 95% C.L. we set limits on the fundamental mass scale M-D from 884 to 778 GeV for two to eight extra dimensions.
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6.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for pair production of doubly charged Higgs bosons in the H++H--->mu(+)mu(+)mu(-)mu(-) final state
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 101:7, s. 071803
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the results of a search for pair production of doubly charged Higgs bosons via p (p) over bar -> H++H--X ->mu(+)mu(+)mu(-)mu X- at root s=1.96 TeV. We use a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.1 fb(-1) collected from 2002 to 2006 by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. In the absence of an excess above the standard model background, lower mass limits of M(H-L(+/-+/-))> 150 GeV/c(2) and M(H-R(+/-+/-))> 127 GeV/c(2) at 95% C.L. are set, respectively, for left-handed and right-handed doubly charged Higgs bosons assuming a 100% branching ratio into muons.
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7.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for scalar top quarks in the acoplanar charm jets and missing transverse energy final state in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 665:1, s. 1-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a search for the pair production of scalar top quarks, (t) over tilde, using 995 pb(-1) of data collected in p (p) over bar collisions with the Dempty set detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at root s = 1.96 TeV. Both scalar top quarks are assumed to decay into a charm quark and a neutralino ((chi) over tilde (0)(1)), where (chi) over tilde (0)(1) is the lightest supersymmetric particle. This leads to a final state with two acoplanar charm jets and missing transverse energy. We find the yield of such events to be consistent with the standard model expectation, and exclude sets of (t) over tilde and (chi) over tilde (0)(1) masses at the 95% C.L. that substantially extend the domain excluded by previous searches.
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8.
  • Åsman, Barbro, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the differential cross section for the production of an isolated photon with associated jet in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 666:5, s. 435-445
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The process p (p) over bar -> gamma + jet + X is studied using 1.0 fb(-1) of data collected by the DO detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar collider at a center-of-mass energy root s = 1.96 TeV. Photons are reconstructed in the central rapidity region vertical bar y(gamma)vertical bar < 1.0 with transverse momenta in the range 30 < p(T)(gamma) < 400 GeV while jets are reconstructed in either the central vertical bar y(jet)vertical bar < 0.8 or forward 1.5 < vertical bar y(jet)vertical bar < 2.5 rapidity intervals with P-T(jet) > 15 GeV. The differential cross section d(3 sigma)/dp(T)(gamma) dy(gamma) dy(jet) is measured as a function of p(T)(gamma) in four regions, differing by the relative orientations of the photon and the jet in rapidity. Ratios between the differential cross sections in each region are also presented. Next-to-leading order QCD predictions using different parameterizations of parton distribution functions and theoretical scale choices are compared to the data. The predictions do not simultaneously describe the measured normalization and p(T)(gamma) dependence of the cross section in the four measured regions.
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9.
  • Åsman, Barbro, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the Lifetime of the B-c(+/-) Meson in the Semileptonic Decay Channel
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 102:9, s. 092001
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using approximately 1.3 fb(-1) of data collected by the D0 detector between 2002 and 2006, we measure the lifetime of the B-c(+/-) meson in the B-c(+/-)-> J/psi mu(+/-)+X final state. A simultaneous unbinned likelihood fit to the J/psi+mu invariant mass and lifetime distributions yields a signal of 881 +/- 80(stat) candidates and a lifetime measurement of tau(B-c(+/-))=0.448(-0.036)(+0.038)(stat)+/- 0.032(syst) ps.
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10.
  • Åsman, Barbro, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the ratio of the p(p)over-bar -> W + c-jet cross section to the inclusive p(p)over-bar -> W + jets cross section
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 666:1, s. 23-30
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a measurement of the fraction of inclusive W +jets events produced with net charm quantum number 11, denoted W + c-jet, in p collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV using approximately 1 fb(-1) of data collected by the DO detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We identify the W +jets events via the leptonic W boson decays. Candidate W + c-jet events are selected by requiring a jet containing a muon in association with a reconstructed W boson and exploiting the charge correlation between this muon and W boson decay lepton to perform a nearly model-independent background subtraction. We measure the fraction of W + c-jet events in the inclusive W +jets sample for jet PT > 20 GeV and pseudorapidity |eta| < 2.5 to be 0.074 +/- 0.019(stat.) +/-(0.012)(0.014) (syst.), in agreement with theoretical predictions. The probability that background fluctuations could produce the observed fraction of W + c-jet events is estimated to be 2.5 x 10(-4), which corresponds to a 3.5 sigma statistical significance. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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