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Sökning: WFRF:(Li H.) > Blazey G. > Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan

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1.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for production of single top quarks
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998. ; 78:1, s. 012005
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We present first evidence for the production of single top quarks in the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar collider. The standard model predicts that the electroweak interaction can produce a top quark together with an antibottom quark or light quark, without the antiparticle top-quark partner that is always produced from strong-coupling processes. Top quarks were first observed in pair production in 1995, and since then, single top-quark production has been searched for in ever larger data sets. In this analysis, we select events from a 0.9 fb(-1) data set that have an electron or muon and missing transverse energy from the decay of a W boson from the top-quark decay, and two, three, or four jets, with one or two of the jets identified as originating from a b hadron decay. The selected events are mostly backgrounds such as W + jets and t (t) over bar events, which we separate from the expected signals using three multivariate analysis techniques: boosted decision trees, Bayesian neural networks, and matrix-element calculations. A binned likelihood fit of the signal cross section plus background to the data from the combination of the results from the three analysis methods gives a cross section for single top-quark production of sigma(p (p) over bar -> tb + X, tqb + X) = 4.7 +/- 1.3 pb. The probability to measure a cross section at this value or higher in the absence of signal is 0.014%, corresponding to a 3.6 standard deviation significance. The measured cross section value is compatible at the 10% level with the standard model prediction for electroweak top-quark production. We use the cross section measurement to directly determine the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix element that describes the Wtb coupling and find vertical bar V(tb)f(1)(L)vertical bar = 1.31(-0.21)(+0.25), where f(1)(L) is a generic vector coupling. This model-independent measurement translates into 0.68 <= 1 at the 95% C.L. in the standard model.
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2.
  • Abazov, V.M., et al. (författare)
  • First study of the radiation-amplitude zero in W gamma production and limits on anomalous WW gamma couplings at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 100:24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present results from a study of p (p) over bar -> W gamma+X events utilizing data corresponding to 0.7 fb(-1) of integrated luminosity at root s = 1.96 TeV collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We set limits on anomalous WW gamma couplings at the 95% C.L. The one-dimensional 95% C.L. limits are 0.49 <kappa(gamma)< 1.51 and -0.12 <lambda(gamma)< 0.13. We make the first study of the charge-signed rapidity difference between the lepton and the photon and find it to be indicative of the standard model radiation-amplitude zero in the W gamma system.
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3.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the ratio of the p(p)over-bar -> W + c-jet cross section to the inclusive p(p)over-bar -> W + jets cross section
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 666:1, s. 23-30
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a measurement of the fraction of inclusive W +jets events produced with net charm quantum number 11, denoted W + c-jet, in p collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV using approximately 1 fb(-1) of data collected by the DO detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We identify the W +jets events via the leptonic W boson decays. Candidate W + c-jet events are selected by requiring a jet containing a muon in association with a reconstructed W boson and exploiting the charge correlation between this muon and W boson decay lepton to perform a nearly model-independent background subtraction. We measure the fraction of W + c-jet events in the inclusive W +jets sample for jet PT > 20 GeV and pseudorapidity |eta| < 2.5 to be 0.074 +/- 0.019(stat.) +/-(0.012)(0.014) (syst.), in agreement with theoretical predictions. The probability that background fluctuations could produce the observed fraction of W + c-jet events is estimated to be 2.5 x 10(-4), which corresponds to a 3.5 sigma statistical significance. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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4.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the Semileptonic Branching Ratio of Bs(0) to an Orbitally Excited D-s** State : Br(Bs(0) -> Ds1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X)
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 102:5, s. 051801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a data sample of approximately 1.3 fb(-1) collected with the D0 detector between 2002 and 2006, the orbitally excited charm state D-s1(+/-)(2536) has been observed with a measured mass of 2535.7 +/- 0.6(stat) +/- 0.5(syst) MeV/c(2) via the decay mode B-s(0) -> D-s1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X-mu. A first measurement is made of the branching ratio product Br((b) over bar -> D-s1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X-mu) x Br(D-s1(-) -> D*K--(S)0). Assuming that D-s1(-)(2536) production in semileptonic decay is entirely from B-s(0), an extraction of the semileptonic branching ratio Br(B-s(0) -> D-s1(-)(2536)mu(+)nu X-mu) is made.
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5.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the t(t)over-bar production cross section in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 100:19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We measure the t (t) over bar production cross section in p (p) over bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV in the lepton + jets channel. Two complementary methods discriminate between signal and background: b tagging and a kinematic likelihood discriminant. Based on 0.9 fb(-1) of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider, we measure sigma(t (t) over bar) = 7.62 +/- 0.85 pb, assuming the current world average m(t) = 172.6 GeV. We compare our cross section measurement with theory predictions to determine a value for the top-quark mass of 170 +/- 7 GeV.
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6.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Model-independent measurement of the W-boson helicity in top-quark decays at D0
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 100:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present the first model-independent measurement of the helicity of W bosons produced in top quark decays, based on a 1 fb(-1) sample of candidate t (t) over bar events in the dilepton and lepton plus jets channels collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar Collider. We reconstruct the angle theta(*) between the momenta of the down-type fermion and the top quark in the W boson rest frame for each top quark decay. A fit of the resulting cos theta(*) distribution finds that the fraction of longitudinal W bosons f(0)=0.425 +/- 0.166(stat)+/- 0.102(syst) and the fraction of right-handed W bosons f(+)=0.119 +/- 0.090(stat)+/- 0.053(syst), which is consistent at the 30% C.L. with the standard model.
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7.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for decay of a fermiophobic Higgs boson h(f) -> gamma gamma with the D0 detector at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 101:5, s. 051801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the results of a search for a narrow resonance decaying into two photons in 1.1 fb(-1) of data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider during the period 2002-2006. We find no evidence for such a resonance and set a lower limit on the mass of a fermiophobic Higgs boson of m(hf) > 100 GeV at the 95% C.L. This exclusion limit exceeds those obtained in previous searches at the Fermilab Tevatron and covers a significant region of the parameter space B(h(f) -> gamma gamma) vs m(hf) which was not accessible at the CERN Large Electron-Positron Collider.
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8.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for large extra dimensions via single photon plus missing energy final states at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 101:1, s. 011601
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a search for large extra dimensions in a data sample of approximately 1 fb(-1) of p (p) over bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV. We investigate Kaluza-Klein graviton production with a photon and missing transverse energy in the final state. At the 95% C.L. we set limits on the fundamental mass scale M-D from 884 to 778 GeV for two to eight extra dimensions.
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9.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for pair production of doubly charged Higgs bosons in the H++H--->mu(+)mu(+)mu(-)mu(-) final state
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 101:7, s. 071803
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the results of a search for pair production of doubly charged Higgs bosons via p (p) over bar -> H++H--X ->mu(+)mu(+)mu(-)mu X- at root s=1.96 TeV. We use a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.1 fb(-1) collected from 2002 to 2006 by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. In the absence of an excess above the standard model background, lower mass limits of M(H-L(+/-+/-))> 150 GeV/c(2) and M(H-R(+/-+/-))> 127 GeV/c(2) at 95% C.L. are set, respectively, for left-handed and right-handed doubly charged Higgs bosons assuming a 100% branching ratio into muons.
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10.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for scalar top quarks in the acoplanar charm jets and missing transverse energy final state in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 665:1, s. 1-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a search for the pair production of scalar top quarks, (t) over tilde, using 995 pb(-1) of data collected in p (p) over bar collisions with the Dempty set detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at root s = 1.96 TeV. Both scalar top quarks are assumed to decay into a charm quark and a neutralino ((chi) over tilde (0)(1)), where (chi) over tilde (0)(1) is the lightest supersymmetric particle. This leads to a final state with two acoplanar charm jets and missing transverse energy. We find the yield of such events to be consistent with the standard model expectation, and exclude sets of (t) over tilde and (chi) over tilde (0)(1) masses at the 95% C.L. that substantially extend the domain excluded by previous searches.
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