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Sökning: WFRF:(Lundqvist Peter) > Linköpings universitet

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1.
  • Austeng, Dordi, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal morbidity after active perinatal care: extremely preterm infants study in Sweden (EXPRESS)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica. - Wiley InterScience. - 0803-5253. ; 99:7, s. 978-992
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of neonatal morbidity in extremely preterm infants and to identify associated risk factors. Methods: Population based study of infants born before 27 gestational weeks and admitted for neonatal intensive care in Sweden during 2004-2007. Results: Of 638 admitted infants, 141 died. Among these, life support was withdrawn in 55 infants because of anticipation of poor long-term outcome. Of 497 surviving infants, 10% developed severe intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH), 5.7% cystic periventricular leucomalacia (cPVL), 41% septicaemia and 5.8% necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC); 61% had patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and 34% developed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) stage >= 3. Eighty-five per cent needed mechanical ventilation and 25% developed severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Forty-seven per cent survived to one year of age without any severe IVH, cPVL, severe ROP, severe BPD or NEC. Tocolysis increased and prolonged mechanical ventilation decreased the chances of survival without these morbidities. Maternal smoking and higher gestational duration were associated with lower risk of severe ROP, whereas PDA and poor growth increased this risk. Conclusion: Half of the infants surviving extremely preterm birth suffered from severe neonatal morbidities. Studies on how to reduce these morbidities and on the long-term health of survivors are warranted.
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2.
  • Green, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Pharmacogenetic Studies of Paclitaxel in the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Basic and clinical pharmacology and toxicology. - 1742-7835. ; 104:2, s. 130-137
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of sequence variants in the CYP2C8, ABCB1 and CYP3A4 genes and the CYP3A4 phenotype for the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of paclitaxel in ovarian cancer patients. Thirty-eight patients were treated with paclitaxel and carboplatin. The genotypes of CYP2C8*1B, *1C, *2, *3, *4, *5, *6, *7, *8 and P404A, ABCB1 G2677T/A and C3435T, as well as CYP3A4*1B, were determined by pyrosequencing. Phenotyping of CYP3A4 was performed in vivo with quinine as a probe. The patients were monitored for toxicity and 23 patients underwent a more extensive neurotoxicity evaluation. Patients heterozygous for G/A in position 2677 in ABCB1 had a significantly higher clearance of paclitaxel than most other ABCB1 variants. A lower clearance of paclitaxel was found for patients heterozygous for CYP2C8*3 when stratified according to the ABCB1 G2677T/A genotype. In addition, the CYP3A4 enzyme activity in vivo affected which metabolic pathway was dominant in each patient, but not the total clearance of paclitaxel. The exposure to paclitaxel correlated to the degree of neurotoxicity. Our findings suggest that interindividual variability in paclitaxel pharmacokinetics might be predicted by ABCB1 and CYP2C8 genotypes and provide useful information for individualized chemotherapy.
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5.
  • Jufvas, Asa, et al. (författare)
  • Global differences in specific histone H3 methylation are associated with overweight and type 2 diabetes.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Clinical epigenetics. - 1868-7075. ; 5:1, s. 15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence indicates yet unknown epigenetic mechanisms underlying a propensity for overweight and type 2 diabetes. We analyzed the extent of methylation at lysine 4 and lysine 9 of histone H3 in primary human adipocytes from 43 subjects using modification-specific antibodies.RESULTS: The level of lysine 9 dimethylation was stable, while adipocytes from type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic overweight subjects exhibited about 40% lower levels of lysine 4 dimethylation compared with cells from normal-weight subjects. In contrast, trimethylation at lysine 4 was 40% higher in adipocytes from overweight diabetic subjects compared with normal-weight and overweight non-diabetic subjects. There was no association between level of modification and age of subjects.CONCLUSIONS: The findings define genome-wide molecular modifications of histones in adipocytes that are directly associated with overweight and diabetes, and thus suggest a molecular basis for existing epidemiological evidence of epigenetic inheritance.
6.
  • Lundqvist, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Thermal Conductivity of Isotopically Enriched Silicon Carbide
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Thermal Investigations of ICs and Systems (THERMINIC), 2013. - IEEE. - 978-1-4799-2271-0 ; s. 58-61
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Since the semiconductor silicon carbide presents attractive opportunities for the fabrication of novel electronic devices, there is significant interest in improving its material quality. Shrinking component sizes and high demands for efficiency and reliability make the capability to release excess heat an important factor for further development. Experience from Si and Diamond tells us that isotopic enrichment is a possible way to increase the thermal conductivity. We have produced samples of 4H-SiC that contain Si-28 and C-12 to a purity of 99.5%. The thermal conductivity in the c-direction of these samples has been measured by a transient thermoreflectance method. An improvement due to enrichment of at least 18% was found. The result is valid for a temperature of 45K above room temperature. A preliminary study of the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity demonstrates a strong temperature dependence in agreement with earlier reports for 4H.
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