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Sökning: WFRF:(Magnusson G) > (2005-2009)

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  • Helgadottir, A, et al. (författare)
  • The same sequence variant on 9p21 associates with myocardial infarction, abdominal aortic aneurysm and intracranial aneurysm
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 40:2, s. 217-224
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently, two common sequence variants on 9p21, tagged by rs10757278-G and rs10811661-T, were reported to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD)(1-4) and type 2 diabetes (T2D)(5-7), respectively. We proceeded to further investigate the contributions of these variants to arterial diseases and T2D. Here we report that rs10757278-G is associated with, in addition to CAD, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA; odds ratio (OR) 1.31, P = 1.2 x 10(-12)) and intracranial aneurysm (OR = 1.29, P = 2.5 x 10(-6)), but not with T2D. This variant is the first to be described that affects the risk of AAA and intracranial aneurysm in many populations. The association of rs10811661-T to T2D replicates in our samples, but the variant does not associate with any of the five arterial diseases examined. These findings extend our insight into the role of the sequence variant tagged by rs10757278-G and show that it is not confined to atherosclerotic diseases.
  • Aulchenko, Yurii S, et al. (författare)
  • Loci influencing lipid levels and coronary heart disease risk in 16 European population cohorts
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 41:1, s. 47-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies of lipids have been conducted in samples ascertained for other phenotypes, particularly diabetes. Here we report the first GWA analysis of loci affecting total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides sampled randomly from 16 population-based cohorts and genotyped using mainly the Illumina HumanHap300-Duo platform. Our study included a total of 17,797-22,562 persons, aged 18-104 years and from geographic regions spanning from the Nordic countries to Southern Europe. We established 22 loci associated with serum lipid levels at a genome-wide significance level (P < 5 x 10(-8)), including 16 loci that were identified by previous GWA studies. The six newly identified loci in our cohort samples are ABCG5 (TC, P = 1.5 x 10(-11); LDL, P = 2.6 x 10(-10)), TMEM57 (TC, P = 5.4 x 10(-10)), CTCF-PRMT8 region (HDL, P = 8.3 x 10(-16)), DNAH11 (LDL, P = 6.1 x 10(-9)), FADS3-FADS2 (TC, P = 1.5 x 10(-10); LDL, P = 4.4 x 10(-13)) and MADD-FOLH1 region (HDL, P = 6 x 10(-11)). For three loci, effect sizes differed significantly by sex. Genetic risk scores based on lipid loci explain up to 4.8% of variation in lipids and were also associated with increased intima media thickness (P = 0.001) and coronary heart disease incidence (P = 0.04). The genetic risk score improves the screening of high-risk groups of dyslipidemia over classical risk factors.
  • Beral, V, et al. (författare)
  • Ovarian cancer and oral contraceptives: collaborative reanalysis of data from 45 epidemiological studies including 23 257 women with ovarian cancer and 87 303 controls
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - Elsevier Limited. - 1474-547X. ; 371:9609, s. 303-314
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Oral contraceptives were introduced almost 50 years ago, and over 100 million women currently use them. Oral contraceptives can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, but the eventual public-health effects of this reduction will depend on how long the protection lasts after use ceases. We aimed to assess these effects. Methods Individual data for 23 257 women with ovarian cancer (cases) and 87 303 without ovarian cancer (controls) from 45 epidemiological studies in 21 countries were checked and analysed centrally. The relative risk of ovarian cancer in relation to oral contraceptive use was estimated, stratifying by study, age, parity, and hysterectomy. Findings Overall 7308 (31%) cases and 32 717 (37%) controls had ever used oral contraceptives, for average durations among users of 4·4 and 5·0 years, respectively. The median year of cancer diagnosis was 1993, when cases were aged an average of 56 years. The longer that women had used oral contraceptives, the greater the reduction in ovarian cancer risk (p<0·0001). This reduction in risk persisted for more than 30 years after oral contraceptive use had ceased but became somewhat attenuated over time—the proportional risk reductions per 5 years of use were 29% (95% CI 23–34%) for use that had ceased less than 10 years previously, 19% (14–24%) for use that had ceased 10–19 years previously, and 15% (9–21%) for use that had ceased 20–29 years previously. Use during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s was associated with similar proportional risk reductions, although typical oestrogen doses in the 1960s were more than double those in the 1980s. The incidence of mucinous tumours (12% of the total) seemed little affected by oral contraceptives, but otherwise the proportional risk reduction did not vary much between different histological types. In high-income countries, 10 years use of oral contraceptives was estimated to reduce ovarian cancer incidence before age 75 from 1·2 to 0·8 per 100 users and mortality from 0·7 to 0·5 per 100; for every 5000 woman-years of use, about two ovarian cancers and one death from the disease before age 75 are prevented. Interpretation Use of oral contraceptives confers long-term protection against ovarian cancer. These findings suggest that oral contraceptives have already prevented some 200 000 ovarian cancers and 100 000 deaths from the disease, and that over the next few decades the number of cancers prevented will rise to at least 30 000 per year. Article Outline
  • Khotin, M.G., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of nuclear protein complexes comprising a-actinin-4 by 2D-electrophoresis and mass-spectrometry
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Tsitologiya. - SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica. - 0041-3771. ; 51:8, s. 684-690
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Actin-binding protein a-actinin-4 is a member of spectrin super family. It is located in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus. However, nuclear functions of a-actinin-4 are still not clear. In this study, we analyzed composition of nuclear protein complexes associated with a-actinin-4 in A431 cells. Using 2D electrophoresis, we have determined that about 50 different proteins may be associated with nuclear a-actinin-4. Using mass-spectrometry, we analyzed major proteins of these complexes. ß-Actin, a- and ß-tubulins, ribonucleoprotein A2/B1, which regulates splicing and is associated with ß-actin, peroxiredoxin-1, which is involved in oxidative stress, and glycolytic enzyme D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase were identified by MALDI-TOF. Detection of these proteins in nuclear complexes with a-actinin-4 may suggest that a-actinin-4 is involved in transcription and splicing. Presence of a-actin in the investigated complexes was confirmed by tandem mass-spectrometry (MALDITOF-TOF). Immunoprecipitation of nuclear proteins with antibodies against a-tubulin confirmed association of a-actinin-4 with a-tubulin in the protein complex. Nuclear a-actinin-4 constitutes of 105 KDa fullsize isoform and two truncated isoforms of 65 and 75 kDa, whereas only the truncated isoform have been found in nuclear complexes with a-tubulin. These data suggest that a-actinin-4 is associated with a number of different nuclear protein complexes which may carry out different functions in the cell nucleus.
  • Turoverova, L.V., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of extracellular matrix proteins produced by cultured cells
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Tsitologiya. - St Petersburg, Russian Federation : Sankt-Peterburgskaya Izdatel'skaya Firma Nauka. - 0041-3771. ; 51:8, s. 691-696
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Extracellular matrix (ECM) is a highly organized multimolecular structure essential for vital function of any organism. Although a lot of data on the extracellular matrix components has been accumulated, an isolation of the entire set of these proteins still remains to be a complex procedure since ECM contains fibrillar proteins and proteoglycans, which form multidomain net-like structures. In the presented study, we developed a method for isolation of ECM proteins from cell cultures. Human epidermoid carcinoma cells A431 and fibroblasts obtained from normal and scar human skin were used. We showed that EDTA solution removed cells from culture plates without destroying the cell membrane. Following treatment of remaining ECM proteins with acetic acid in order to dissociate collagen fibrils significantly improved fractioning of ECM proteins. Extraction of the remained proteins from culture plate surface was preformed using a buffer developed on the basis of Laemmli probe buffer. With this method, we isolated ECM proteins synthesized by culturing cells and suitable for a future analysis by SDS PAGE and two-dimentional electrophoresis as well as for identification of individual proteins by mass-spectrometry. This study may allow comparing protein contents of ECMs isolated from different sources, and elucidate influences of various proteins on the protein and the properties of extracellular matrix of investigated cells.
  • Turoverova, L.V., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of extracellular matrix proteins produced by cultured cells
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cell and Tissue Biology. - SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica. - 1990-519X. ; 3:5, s. 497-502
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a highly organized multimolecular structure essential for the vital functions of any organism. Although much of the data of extracellular matrix components has been accumulated, the isolation of an entire set of these proteins remains a complex procedure due to the high content of fibrillar proteins and proteoglycans, which form multidomain, netlike structures. In the study presented, we developed a method for isolating ECM proteins from cell cultures. Human epidermoid carcinoma cells A431 and fibroblasts obtained from normal and scar human skin were used. We showed that EDTA solution removed cells from culture plates without destroying the cell membranes. Subsequent treatment of remaining ECM proteins with acetic acid in order to dissociate collagen fibers significantly improved the fractioning of ECM proteins. The extraction of remaining proteins from the surface of the culture plate was preformed by a buffer developed based on Laemmli probe buffer. Using this method, we isolated ECM proteins synthesized by cultured cells, and the extracted proteins were suitable for future analysis by SDS PAGE and two-dimentional electrophoresis, as well as for identifying individual proteins by mass spectrometry. This study may allow us to compare assortments of ECM proteins isolated from different sources, and elucidate impact of various proteins on structure and property of extracellular matrix of investigated cells.
  • Babakov, V.N., et al. (författare)
  • RelA/NF-?B transcription factor associates with a-actinin-4
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Experimental Cell Research. - 0014-4827. ; 314:5, s. 1030-1038
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The NF-?B/RelA family of transcription factors regulates inducible transcription of a large number of genes in response to diverse stimuli. Little is known, however, about the location of NF-?B in the cytoplasm and the transport mechanism to the nucleus. We found that NF-?B is associated with the actin-binding protein a-actinin-4. NF-?B and a-actinin-4 co-localized along actin stress fibers and in membrane lamellae in A431 cells. After a 30-min stimulation with EGF or TNF-a, a-actinin-4 and p65 were found in the nucleus. Disruption of cytoskeleton by cytochalasin D prior to treatment with TNF-a led to increase of p65 nuclear translocation. Antibodies to p65 subunit of NF-?B co-immunoprecipitated a-actinin-4 from A431 cell lysates and nuclear extracts, but a-actinin-1 and ß-actin were not found in the precipitates. Affinity chromatography experiments displayed that p65 and p50 subunits of NF-?B can bind to matrix-bound chicken gizzard a-actinin. We suggest that the a-actinin-4 is important for the NF-?B nuclear translocation and its functions inside the nucleus. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Cornelissen, C, et al. (författare)
  • Global negative vegetation feedback to climate warming responses of leaf litter decomposition rates in cold biomes
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Ecology Letters. - 1461-023X. ; 10:7, s. 619-627
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Whether climate change will turn cold biomes from large long-term carbon sinks into sources is hotly debated because of the great potential for ecosystem-mediated feedbacks to global climate. Critical are the direction, magnitude and generality of climate responses of plant litter decomposition. Here, we present the first quantitative analysis of the major climate-change-related drivers of litter decomposition rates in cold northern biomes worldwide.Leaf litters collected from the predominant species in 33 global change manipulation experiments in circum-arctic-alpine ecosystems were incubated simultaneously in two contrasting arctic life zones. We demonstrate that longer-term, large-scale changes to leaf litter decomposition will be driven primarily by both direct warming effects and concomitant shifts in plant growth form composition, with a much smaller role for changes in litter quality within species. Specifically, the ongoing warming-induced expansion of shrubs with recalcitrant leaf litter across cold biomes would constitute a negative feedback to global warming. Depending on the strength of other (previously reported) positive feedbacks of shrub expansion on soil carbon turnover, this may partly counteract direct warming enhancement of litter decomposition.
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