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Sökning: WFRF:(Martinez Majander N) > (2017)

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  • Gensicke, H, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic significance of proteinuria in stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European journal of neurology. - 1468-1331. ; 24:2, s. 262-269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Proteinuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) are indicators of renal function. Whether proteinuria better predicts outcome than eGFR in stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) remains to be determined.In this explorative multicenter IVT register based study, the presence of urine dipstick proteinuria (yes/no), reduced eGFR (<60 ml/min/1.73 m2 ) and the coexistence of both with regard to (i) poor 3-month outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 3-6), (ii) death within 3 months and (iii) symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (ECASS-II criteria) were compared. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals were calculated.Amongst 3398 patients, 881 (26.1%) had proteinuria and 623 (18.3%) reduced eGFR. Proteinuria [ORadjusted 1.65 (1.37-2.00) and ORadjusted 1.52 (1.24-1.88)] and reduced eGFR [ORadjusted 1.26 (1.01-1.57) and ORadjusted 1.34 (1.06-1.69)] were independently associated with poor functional outcome and death, respectively. After adding both renal markers to the models, proteinuria [ORadjusted+eGFR 1.59 (1.31-1.93)] still predicted poor outcome whilst reduced eGFR [ORadjusted+proteinuria 1.20 (0.96-1.50)] did not. Proteinuria was associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage [ORadjusted 1.54 (1.09-2.17)] but not reduced eGFR [ORadjusted 0.96 (0.63-1.62)]. In 234 (6.9%) patients, proteinuria and reduced eGFR were coexistent. Such patients were at the highest risk of poor outcome [ORadjusted 2.16 (1.54-3.03)] and death [ORadjusted 2.55 (1.69-3.84)].Proteinuria and reduced eGFR were each independently associated with poor outcome and death but the statistically strongest association appeared for proteinuria. Patients with coexistent proteinuria and reduced eGFR were at the highest risk of poor outcome and death.
  • Pirinen, J., et al. (författare)
  • ECG markers associated with ischemic stroke at young age - a case-control study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Annals of Medicine. - 0785-3890. ; 49:7, s. 562-568
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Certain electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are associated with ischemic stroke (IS), especially cardioembolic subtype. Besides atrial fibrillation, markers of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) or atrial pathology also reflect elevated risk. We studied the association of ECG markers with IS in young adults. Methods: We performed a case-control study including 567 consecutive IS patients aged 15-49 years (inclusion period: 1994-2007) and one or two age-and sex-matched control subjects enrolled during 1978-1980 (n = 1033), and investigated also the stroke aetiologic subgroups. We studied ECGs of all participants for markers of atrial abnormality, i.e. P-terminal force (PTF) on lead V1, interatrial blocks (IAB; P-wave duration >= 110ms), and LVH. Conditional logistic regression analyses were used. Results: IAB (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.57, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.16-2.13) and PTF combined with LVH (HR: 6.83, 95% CI: 1.65-28.31), were independently associated with IS. LVH, abnormal P-wave (HR: 6.87, 95% CI: 1.97-135.29), PTF, IAB, and combinations of these P-wave abnormalities with LVH - were associated with cardioembolic subtype. Abnormal P-wave and IAB were associated with cryptogenic stroke subtype. In unadjusted analysis, LVH was associated with small-vessel disease subtype. Conclusion: P-wave abnormalities on ECG were associated with cardioembolic but also with a cryptogenic subtype of IS.
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