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Sökning: WFRF:(Matic Aleksandar 1968) > (2020-2021) > (2020)

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1.
  • Lindberg, S., et al. (författare)
  • Charge storage mechanism of alpha-MnO2 in protic and aprotic ionic liquid electrolytes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Power Sources. - : ELSEVIER. - 0378-7753 .- 1873-2755. ; 460
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this work we have investigated the charge storage mechanism of MnO2 electrodes in ionic liquid electrolytes. We show that by using an ionic liquid with a cation that has the ability to form hydrogen bonds with the active material (MnO2) on the surface of the electrode, a clear faradaic contribution is obtained. This situation is found for ionic liquids with cations that have a low pKa, i.e. protic ionic liquids. For a protic ionic liquid, the specific capacity at low scan rate rates can be explained by a densely packed layer of cations that are in a standing geometry, with a proton directly interacting through a hydrogen bond with the surface of the active material in the electrode. In contrast, for aprotic ionic liquids there is no interaction and only a double layer contribution to the charge storage is observed. However, by adding an alkali salt to the aprotic ionic liquid, a faradaic contribution is obtained from the insertion of Li+ into the surface of the MnO2 electrode. No effect can be observed when Li+ is added to the protic IL, suggesting that a densely packed cation layer in this case prevent Li-ions from reaching the active material surface.
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2.
  • Agostini, Marco, 1987, et al. (författare)
  • Designing Highly Conductive Functional Groups Improving Guest-Host Interactions in Li/S Batteries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Small. - 1613-6810 .- 1613-6829. ; 16:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Li-sulfur batteries are of great interest due to their potential to surpass the energy densities of other battery types, but the low electronic conductivity of both sulfur and its discharge products requires the use of a conductive host material. The most common is the use of different porous carbons which normally are hydrophobic and hardly retain the polar discharge products of the Li/S reaction, such as Li2S and lithium polysulfides (LiPs), at the working electrode. Functionalized hosts have been proposed as a strategy to improve LiPs interactions, including the use of heteroatom doping, organic frameworks, metals, metal oxides, sulfide particles, and conductive polymers. Despite demonstrating an improved cycle life, the functionalized structures often have an intrinsic limitation related to a low electronic conductivity resulting in slow kinetics and poor rate capability of Li/S cells. Herein, recent research trends aimed at designing sulfur electrodes with highly conductive functional groups on nanostructured hosts surface are reviewed. The main concepts, key developments, and parameters for building 3D hosts architectures that enable fast charge rates and long cycle life at high sulfur loadings are discussed.
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3.
  • Calcagno, Giulio, 1990, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Nitrogen Doping on the Performance of Mesoporous CMK-8 Carbon Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Energies. - 1996-1073. ; 13:19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Designing carbonaceous materials with heightened attention to the structural properties such as porosity, and to the functionalization of the surface, is a growing topic in the lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) field. Using a mesoporous silica KIT-6 hard template, mesoporous carbons belonging to the OMCs (ordered mesoporous carbons) family, namely 3D cubic CMK-8 and N-CMK-8 were synthesized and thoroughly structurally characterized. XPS analysis confirmed the successful introduction of nitrogen, highlighting the nature of the different nitrogen atoms incorporated in the structure. The work aims at evaluating the electrochemical performance of N-doped ordered mesoporous carbons as an anode in LIBs, underlining the effect of the nitrogen functionalization. The N-CMK-8 electrode reveals higher reversible capacity, better cycling stability, and rate capability, as compared to the CMK-8 electrode. Coupling the 3D channel network with the functional N-doping increased the reversible capacity to similar to 1000 mAh center dot g(-1) for the N-CMK-8 from similar to 450 mAh center dot g(-1) for the undoped CMK-8 electrode. A full Li-ion cell was built using N-CMK-8 as an anode, commercial LiFePO4, a cathode, and LP30 commercial electrolyte, showing stable performance for 100 cycles. The combination of nitrogen functionalization and ordered porosity is promising for the development of high performing functional anodes.
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4.
  • Calcagno, Giulio, 1990, et al. (författare)
  • Fast charging negative electrodes based on anatase titanium dioxide beads for highly stable Li-ion capacitors
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Materials Today Energy. - 2468-6069. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hybrid energy storage systems aim to achieve both high power and energy densities by combining supercapacitor-type and battery-type electrodes in tandem. The challenge is to find sustainable materials as fast charging negative electrodes, which are characterized by high capacity retention. In this study, mesoporous anatase beads are synthetized with tailored morphology to exploit fast surface redox reactions. The TiO2-based electrodes are properly paired with a commercial activated carbon cathode to form a Li-ion capacitor. The titania electrode exhibits high capacity and rate performance. The device shows extremely stable performance with an energy density of 27 mWh g-1 at a specific current of 2.5 A g−1 for 10,000 cycles. The remarkable stability is associated with a gradual shift of the potential during cycling as result of the formation of cubic LiTiO2 on the surface of the beads. This phenomenon renews the interest in using TiO2 as negative electrode for Li-ion capacitors.
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5.
  • Celeste, Arcangelo, et al. (författare)
  • Enhancement of Functional Properties of Liquid Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Addition of Pyrrolidinium-Based Ionic Liquids with Long Alkyl-Chains
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: BATTERIES & SUPERCAPS. - 2566-6223. ; 3:10, s. 1059-1068
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Three ionic liquid belonging to the N-alkyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imides (Pyr(1),nTFSI with n=4,5,8) have been added as co-solvent to two commonly used electrolytes for Li-ion cells: (a) 1 M lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) in a mixture of ethylene carbonate (EC) and linear like dimethyl carbonate (DMC) in 1 : 1 v/v and (b) 1 M lithium bis-(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) in EC : DMC 1 : 1 v/v. These electrolyte formulations (classified as P and T series containing LiPF6 or LiTFSI salts, respectively) have been analyzed by comparing ionic conductivities, transport numbers, viscosities, electrochemical stability as well as vibrational properties. In the case of the Pyr(1,5)TFSI and Pyr(1,8)TFSI blended formulations, this is the first ever reported detailed study of their functional properties in Li-ion cells electrolytes. Overall, P-electrolytes demonstrate enhanced properties compared to the T-ones. Among the various P electrolytes those containing Pyr(1,4)TFSI and Pyr(1,5)TFSI limit the accumulation of irreversible capacity upon cycling with satisfactory performance in lithium cells.
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6.
  • Fretz, Samuel Joseph, 1987, et al. (författare)
  • Amine- and Amide-Functionalized Mesoporous Carbons: A Strategy for Improving Sulfur/Host Interactions in Li-S Batteries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: BATTERIES & SUPERCAPS. - 2566-6223. ; 3:8, s. 757-765
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are of great interest due to their potentially high energy density, but the low electronic conductivity of both the sulfur (S-8) cathode active material and the final discharge product lithium sulfide (Li2S) require the use of a conductive host. Usually made of relatively hydrophobic carbon, such hosts are typically ill-suited to retain polar discharge products such as the intermediate lithium polysulfides (LiPs) and the final Li2S. Herein, we propose a route to increase the sulfur utilization by functionalizing the surface of ordered mesoporous carbon CMK3 with polar groups. These derivatized CMK3 materials are made using a simple two-step procedure of bromomethylation and subsequent nucleophilic substitution with amine or amide nucleophiles. We demonstrate that, compared to the unfunctionalized control, these modified CMK3 surfaces have considerably larger binding energies with LiPs and Li2S, which are proposed to aid the electrochemical conversion between S-8 and Li2S by keeping the LiPs species in close proximity to the carbon surface during Li-S battery cycling. As a result, the functionalized cathodes exhibit significantly improved specific capacities relative to their unmodified precursor.
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7.
  • Hansen, Henriette Wase, 1988, et al. (författare)
  • Density scaling of structure and dynamics of an ionic liquid
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. - 1463-9084 .- 1463-9076. ; 22:25, s. 14169-14176
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Room temperature ionic liquids are salts with low melting points achieved by employing bulky and asymmetrical ions. The molecular design leads to apolar and polar parts as well as the presence of competing Coulomb and van der Waals interactions giving rise to nano-scale structure, e.g. charge ordering. In this paper we address the question of how these nano-scale structures influence transport properties and dynamics on different timescales. We apply pressure and temperature as control parameters and investigate the structure factor, charge transport, microscopic alpha relaxation and phonon dynamics in the phase diagram of an ionic liquid. Including viscosity and self diffusion data from literature we find that all the dynamic and transport variables studied follow the same density scaling, i.e. they all depend on the scaling variable Γ = ργ/T, with γ = 2.8. The molecular nearest neighbor structure is found to follow a density scaling identical to that of the dynamics, while this is not the case for the charge ordering, indicating that the charge ordering has little influence on the investigated dynamics.
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8.
  • Haridas, Anupriya K., et al. (författare)
  • A flexible and free-standing FeS/sulfurized polyacrylonitrile hybrid anode material for high-rate sodium-ion storage
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Chemical Engineering Journal. - 1385-8947. ; 385:1 April
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sodium-ion based energy storage systems have attracted extensive attention due to the similarities in the mechanism of operation with lithium-ion batteries along with the additional benefit of low cost and high abundance of sodium resources. Iron sulfide-based electrodes that operate via conversion mechanism have shown ample potential for high energy sodium-ion storage. However, the problems related with tremendous volume changes and the dissolution of sodium polysulfides in the electrolyte deteriorate the cycle life and limit their application in sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Herein, a hybrid anode material, FeS/SPAN-HNF, with iron sulfide (FeS) nanoparticles decorated in a sulfurized polyacrylonitrile (SPAN) fiber matrix is demonstrated as flexible and free-standing anode material for high-rate SIBs. Unlike previous strategies in which FeS is encapsulated in an electrochemically inactive carbon matrix, this study utilizes SPAN, an electrochemically active material, as a dual functional matrix that can efficiently buffer volume expansion and sulfur dissolution of FeS nanoparticles as well as provide significant capacity improvement. The as-designed electrode is self-standing and flexible, without current collectors, binders or additional conductive agents, thus rendering enhanced practical capacity and energy density. This electrode showed a high reversible capacity of 782.8 mAh g−1 at 200 mA g−1 with excellent high rate capability, maintaining 327.5 mAh g−1 after 500 cycles at 5 A g−1, emphasizing promising prospects for the development of flexible and high energy density SIBs.
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9.
  • Izzo, M. G., et al. (författare)
  • Rayleigh scattering and disorder-induced mixing of polarizations in amorphous solids at the nanoscale: 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride glass
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW B. - 2469-9969 .- 2469-9950. ; 102:21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acousticlike excitations in topologically disordered media at mesocale/nanoscale present anomalous features with respect to the Debye's theory. The so-called Rayleigh scattering manifests in a strong increase of the attenuation of the acousticlike excitations and a softening of the phase velocity with respect to its continuum limit value. Mean field models developed in the random media theory framework can successfully predict the occurrence, at the proper length scale, of Rayleigh scattering. The overall attenuation in the Rayleigh region is, however, underestimated. In the framework of random media theory we developed an analytical model, which permits a quantitative description of the acousticlike excitations in topological glasses in the whole first pseudo-Brillouin zone. The underestimation of the Rayleigh scattering is avoided and, importantly, the model allows to account also for the polarization properties of the acousticlike excitations. In a three-dimensional medium an acoustic wave is characterized by its phase velocity, intensity, and polarization. Rayleigh scattering emphasizes how the topological disorder affects the first two properties. The topological disorder is, however, expected to influence also the third one. In common with the Rayleigh scattering, hallmarks possibly related to the mixing of polarizations have been traced in different classes of amorphous solids at nanoscale. The quantitative theoretical approach developed permits to demonstrate how the mixing of polarizations generates a distinctive feature in the dynamic structure factor of amorphous solids. The modeling capability of the proposed mean field theory is tested on glassy 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, whose spatial distribution of the elastic moduli is well assessed and can be experimentally characterized. Contrast between theoretical and experimental features for the selected glass reveals an excellent agreement. The mean field approach we present retains a certain degree of generality and can be possibly extended to different stochastic media or different wave fields.
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10.
  • Lee, Suyeong, et al. (författare)
  • Recent developments and future challenges in designing rechargeable potassium-sulfur and potassium-selenium batteries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Energies. - 1996-1073. ; 13:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of chalcogenide elements, such as sulfur (S) and selenium (Se), as cathode materials in rechargeable lithium (Li) and sodium (Na) batteries has been extensively investigated. Similar to Li and Na systems, rechargeable potassium-sulfur (K-S) and potassium-selenium (K-Se) batteries have recently attracted substantial interest because of the abundance of K and low associated costs. However, K-S and K-Se battery technologies are in their infancy because K possesses overactive chemical properties compared to Li and Na and the electrochemical mechanisms of such batteries are not fully understood. This paper summarizes current research trends and challenges with regard to K-S and K-Se batteries and reviews the associated fundamental science, key technological developments, and scientific challenges to evaluate the potential use of these batteries and finally determine effective pathways for their practical development.
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