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Sökning: WFRF:(McKay James D) > (2005-2009) > (2007)

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1.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive evaluation of genetic variation in the IGF1 gene and risk of prostate cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 120:3, s. 539-542
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF1) stimulates cell proliferation, decreases apoptosis, and has been implicated in cancer development. Epidemiological studies have shown elevated levels of circulating IGF1 to be associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. To what extent genetic variation in the IGF1 gene is related to prostate cancer risk is largely unknown. We performed a comprehensive haplotype tagging (HT) assessment of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) representing the common haplotype variation in the IGF1 gene. We genotyped 10 SNPs (9 haplotype tagging SNPs (htSNPs)) within Cancer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS), a case–control study of 2,863 cases and 1,737 controls, in order to investigate if genetic variation in the IGF1 gene is associated with prostate cancer risk. Three haplotype blocks were identified across the IGF1 gene and 9 SNPs were selected as haplotype tagging SNPs. Common haplotypes in the block covering the 3′ region of the IGF1 gene showed significant global association with prostate cancer risk (p = 0.004), with one particular haplotype giving an odds ratio of 1.46 (95% CI = 1.15–1.84, p = 0.002). This haplotype had a prevalence of 5% in the study population. Our results indicate that common variation in the IGF1 gene, particularly in the 3′ region, may affect prostate cancer risk. Further studies on genetic variations in the IGF1 gene in relation to prostate cancer risk as well as to circulating levels of IGF1 are needed to confirm this novel finding.</p>
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2.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive evaluation of genetic variation in the IGF1 gene and risk of prostate cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - German Canc Res Ctr, Div Canc Epidemiol, DKFZ, D-69121 Heidelberg, Germany. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci Urol & Androl, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Int Agcy Res Canc, F-69372 Lyon, France. Menzies Res Inst, Hobart, Tas, Australia. German Canc Inst, Genom Epidemiol Grp, DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden. Harvard Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA. : WILEY-LISS. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 120:3, s. 539-542
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF1) stimulates cell proliferation, decreases apoptosis, and has been implicated in cancer development. Epidemiological studies have shown elevated levels of circulating IGF1 to be associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. To what extent genetic variation in the IGF1 gene is related to prostate cancer risk is largely unknown. We performed a comprehensive haplotype tagging (HT) assessment of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) representing the common haplotype variation in the IGF1 gene. We genotyped 10 SNPs (9 haplotype tagging SNPs (htSNPs)) within Cancer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS), a case-control study of 2,863 cases and 1,737 controls, in order to investigate if genetic variation in the IGF1 gene is associated with prostate cancer risk. Three haplotype blocks were identified across the IGF1 gene and 9 SNPs were selected as haplotype tagging SNPs. Common haplotypes in the block covering the 3' region of the IGF1 gene showed significant global association with prostate cancer risk (p = 0.004), with one particular haplotype giving an odds ratio of 1.46 (95% CI = 1.15-1.84, p = 0.002). This haplotype had a prevalence of 5% in the study population. Our results indicate that common variation in the IGF1 gene, particularly in the 3' region, mail affect prostate cancer risk. Further studies on genetic variations in the IGF1 gene in relation to prostate cancer risk as well as to circulating levels of IGF1 are needed to confirm this novel finding. (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss. Inc.</p>
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3.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Implications for prostate cancer of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) genetic variation and circulating IGF-I levels.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 92:12, s. 4820-4826
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of circulating IGF-I have consistently been associated with increased prostate cancer risk. We recently found a haplotype in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene associated with increased risk of prostate cancer, and we hypothesized that the observed association is mediated by circulating IGF-I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed haplotypes and three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating levels IGF-I in 698 control subjects from the CAncer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study and 575 cases and controls from the prospective Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort (NSHDC) study. We also performed a meta-analysis of these two and four other association studies on genetic variation in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating IGF-I levels. RESULTS: The IGF-I haplotype previously associated with prostate cancer risk, labeled "TCC," was associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the CAPS study (P = 0.02), but not in the NSHDC study. In contrast, two of the three IGF-I htSNPs tagging this haplotype, rs6220 and rs7136446, were associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the NSHDC (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively), but not in the CAPS study. In the meta-analysis, the TCC haplotype and the rs6220 SNP were associated with elevated levels of circulating IGF-I (P = 0.001 and P &lt; 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variation in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene seems to influence circulating levels of IGF-I. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that variation in the IGF-I gene plays a role in prostate cancer susceptibility by influencing circulating levels of IGF-I.</p>
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4.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Implications for prostate cancer of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) genetic variation and circulating IGF-I levels
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Surgical & Perioperative Sci, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Urol Androl, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Int Agcy Res Canc, F-69372 Lyon, France. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden. Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Julius Ctr Hlth Sci & Primary Care, NL-85500 Utrecht, Netherlands. Harvard Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02215 USA. German Canc Res Ctr, Div Canc Epidemiol, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. : ENDOCRINE SOC. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 92:12, s. 4820-4826
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Elevated levels of circulating IGF-I have consistently been associated with increased prostate cancer risk. We recently found a haplotype in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene associated with increased risk of prostate cancer, and we hypothesized that the observed association is mediated by circulating IGF-I. Materials and Methods: We analyzed haplotypes and three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating levels IGF-I in 698 control subjects from the CAncer Prostate in Sweden ( CAPS) study and 575 cases and controls from the prospective Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort ( NSHDC) study. We also performed a meta-analysis of these two and four other association studies on genetic variation in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating IGF-I levels. Results: The IGF-I haplotype previously associated with prostate cancer risk, labeled "TCC," was associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the CAPS study (P = 0.02), but not in the NSHDC study. In contrast, two of the three IGF-I htSNPs tagging this haplotype, rs6220 and rs7136446, were associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the NSHDC ( P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively), but not in the CAPS study. In the meta-analysis, the TCC haplotype and the rs6220 SNP were associated with elevated levels of circulating IGF-I ( P = 0.001 and P &lt; 0.0001, respectively). Conclusions: Genetic variation in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene seems to influence circulating levels of IGF-I. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that variation in the IGF-I gene plays a role in prostate cancer susceptibility by influencing circulating levels of IGF-I.</p>
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5.
  • McKay, James D, et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype-based analysis of common variation in the growth hormone receptor gene and prostate cancer risk
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 16:1, s. 169-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The growth hormone receptor (GHR) is potentially involved in prostate cancer through its role in stimulating insulin-like growth factor I production and its cellular effects on prostate epithelium. We have used a haplotype-based tagging approach within CAncer Prostate Sweden, a large retrospective case-control study of 2,863 cases and 1,737 controls to investigate if genetic variation in the <em>GHR</em> gene influences prostate cancer risk. One haplotype in the 3' region of the <em>GHR</em> gene was found associated with prostate cancer risk in elderly men (&gt;65 years old at the time of diagnosis), with heterozygote haplotype carriers having an odds ratio of 1.65 (95% confidence interval, 1.21-2.16; <em>P</em> = 0.0009, <em>P</em><sub>corrected</sub> = 0.03). GHR function has been implicated in the determination of body mass index. Interestingly, the same haplotype associated with risk in the 3' end of the <em>GHR</em> gene was also associated with a decrease in body mass index in controls (<em>P</em> = 0.003, <em>P</em><sub>corrected</sub> = 0.05), possibly indicating some functionality with this haplotype. These results suggest that whereas genetic variation in the <em>GHR</em> gene does not seem to play a major role in prostate cancer etiology, one haplotype in the 3' region may be potentially relevant to cases with later onset of prostate cancer.</p>
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6.
  • McKay, James D., et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype-based analysis of common variation in the growth hormone receptor gene and prostate cancer risk
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - German Canc Res Ctr, Div Canc Epidemiol, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Menzies Res Inst, Hobart, Tas, Australia. Int Agcy Res Canc, F-69372 Lyon, France. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci Urol & Androl, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden. : AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 16:1, s. 169-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The growth hormone receptor (GHR) is potentially involved in prostate cancer through its role in stimulating insulin-like growth factor I production and its cellular effects on prostate epithelium. We have used a haplotype-based tagging approach within CAncer Prostate Sweden, a large retrospective case-control study of 2,863 cases and 1,737 controls to investigate if genetic variation in the GHR gene influences prostate cancer risk. One haplotype in the 3' region of the GHR gene was found associated with prostate cancer risk in elderly men (&gt; 65 years old at the time of diagnosis), with heterozygote haplotype carriers having an odds ratio of 1.65 (95% confidence interval, 1.21-2.16; P = 0.0009, P-corrected = 0.03). GHR function has been implicated in the determination of body mass index. Interestingly, the same haplotype associated with risk in the 3' end of the GHR gene was also associated with a decrease in body mass index in controls (P = 0.003, P-corrected = 0.05), possibly indicating some functionality with this haplotype. These results suggest that whereas genetic variation in the GHR gene does not seem to play a major role in prostate cancer etiology, one haplotype in the 3' region may be potentially relevant to cases with later onset of prostate cancer.</p>
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7.
  • Sinilnikova, Olga M., et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype-based analysis of common variation in the acetyl-CoA carboxyiase alpha gene and breast cancer risk: A case-control study nested within the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1538-7755. ; 16:3, s. 409-415
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A key fatty acid synthesis enzyme, acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha(ACC-alpha), has been shown to be highly expressed in human breast cancer and other tumor types and also to specifically interact with the protein coded by one of two major breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1. We used a comprehensive haplotype analysis to examine the contribution of the ACC-alpha common genetic variation (allele frequency > 5%) to breast cancer in a case-control study (1,588 cases/2,600 controls) nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. We identified 21 haplotypetagging polymorphisms efficiently capturing common variation within 325 kb of ACC-alpha and surrounding sequences using genotype data from the HapMap project and our resequencing data. We found an effect on overall risk of breast cancer in homozygous carriers of one common haplotype [odds ratio (OR), 1.74; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.03-2.94]. When the data were subdivided by menopausal status, we found statistical evidence of heterogeneity for two other common haplotypes (P value for heterogeneity = 0.016 and 0.045). In premenopausal women, the carriers of these haplotypes, compared with noncarriers, had an altered risk of breast cancer (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.53-0.92 and OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.04-1.76). These findings were not significant after adjustment for multiple testing and therefore should be considered as preliminary and evaluated in larger independent studies. However, they suggest a possible role of the ACC-alpha common sequence variants in susceptibility to breast cancer and encourage studies of other genes involved in fatty acid synthesis.
8.
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