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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(McKelvey Maureen 1965 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(McKelvey Maureen 1965 )

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1.
  • Assmus, Anne, et al. (författare)
  • How do personal networks affect successful drug development? An analysis of scientists networks in clinical trials
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: 16th International Schumpeter Conference, Montreal, Canada, 5th-8th July 2016.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The question of how to increase the efficiency and success of clinical research has gained considerable interest in recent years among researchers and managers of pharmaceutical companies, hospitals and healthcare organizations. This is part of a broader debate on the reorganization of the industry’s clinical research activities in order to decrease high attrition rates and foster clinical trial success, given the increasing costs associated with drug development (DiMasi et al., 2016; Munos, 2009; FDA, 2004). Principal investigators (PIs) - i.e., the lead scientists of clinical trials - are expected to have a major influence on key factors for successful clinical research. On the one hand, they bring in expertise in both basic and clinical research (Assmus and Haeussler, 2015); and on the other hand, they are embedded in social networks reflecting the collective nature of innovative and scientific activities (Oettl, 2012). Advocates of sparse network structures emphasize its opportunities for brokerage and for knowledge creation (McFadyen et al., 2009; Fleming et al., 2007; Burt, 2004); while a different stream of literature argues that network closure is more conducive to knowledge creation since it allows for the transfer of complex and sensitive knowledge (Reagans and McEvily, 2003). However, this debate has largely ignored the importance of the actors’ knowledge domains (Kilduff and Brass, 2010). We contribute to the literature by analyzing how the predominant knowledge domains of PIs affect the benefits obtained from by the network structure. More precisely, we analyze how the interplay between PIs’ scientific specialization into different knowledge domains in terms of publications in basic or clinical research journals and the structure of their networks in terms of brokerage and closure affect the outcome of clinical trials.
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2.
  • Bagchi-Sen, Sharmistha, et al. (författare)
  • Business strategy and innovation spaces in Asia
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Conference Business strategy and innovation spaces in Asia.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper presents a conceptual framework for why business strategy is related to the context of expanding market and technological opportunities in Asia. This paper was presented at the conference: Business strategy and innovation spaces in Asia was held in Gothenburg, Sweden, organized by IIE, 20-22 Feb 2013.
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4.
  • Bourelos, Evangelos, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Academic Patenting in Sweden: New Evidence from the 2011 Database
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: ESF-APE-INV workshop: “Scientists & Inventors” – KU Leuven, 10-11 May 2012.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract: After the collection of data on Swedish academic inventors in 2011, we created a longitudinal dataset containing two points in time. The 2005 dataset has indicated that research intense universities take the most patents, a trend which still remains. We describe and analyze the dynamics within the different disciplines among the 6 universities with highest number of patents. For these 6 universities data from 2009 are combined and compared too. Preliminary results indicate that Sweden still performs better than other European countries, where data available.
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5.
  • Bourelos, Evangelos, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Akademiska patent: om svenska forskares innovationsförmåga
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem : företag, akademi, politik / redaktörer: Maureen McKelvey, Olof Zaring. - Stockholm : Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research Institute. - 978-91-977728-4-6 ; s. 112-131
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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6.
  • Bourelos, Evangelos, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Is the prominent scientist the one who becomes an inventor? A matching of Swedish academic pairs in nanoscience to examine the effect of publishing on patenting
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Research Evaluation. - 0958-2029. ; 26:2, s. 144-156
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nanoscience is an interdisciplinary field in which science, in terms of publications, and technology, in terms of inventions, are closely related. Sweden represents an interesting setting to examine how they are related because a high proportion of the total Swedish academic patents can be classified as nanoscience. Combining bibliometric data from the Web of Science, patent data from European Patent Office and data from Swedish universities, this article identifies all authors and all inventors listed on patents who work at universities in Sweden within nanotechnology. The main question we address is whether prominent academic scientists in terms of scientific publications are also the ones who become academic inventors. The article uses a semiparametric technique, namely a conditional regression in a matched sample, to isolate the effect of publishing on patenting. One novelty of this article is that it applies a conditional logistic regression in matched pairs of academics, to isolate the relationship between patenting and publishing in nanoscience. The empirical results show that academics who both publish and patent have, on average, more publications as well as more citations. Furthermore, having a higher number of citations can increase the probability of having a patent. Interdisciplinarity is also positively correlated with patenting. Thus, by isolating the effects of publishing on patenting, this article demonstrates that scientific prominence, indicated both by the number of articles and citations, positively impacts the propensity to take patents.
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7.
  • Bourelos, Evangelos, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Universities and their Involvement in Industrial Innovation as seen through Academic Patents
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The 15th Globelics Conference, Athens, Greece, 11-13 October, 2017.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Incomplete data can lead to faulty conclusions within social science. This matters in a larger perspective because data and subsequent conclusions form the basis for decision-making in public policy. Academic patents represent reasonably reliable and good data, in the sense that one can systematically examine patents across many variables such as countries, time periods and technological fields. As a measure of either invention or innovation, patents of course have both advantages and disadvantages, as acknowledged by many leading authors (Henderson et al., 1998, Jaffe and Lerner, 2001, Pries and Guild, 2011, Zucker et al., 2002). A recent systematic literature review has found that the topic of academic patents in the broader understanding of university-industry interactions has exploded in recent years, with high levels of citations (Bourelos, 2013). In the case of Sweden, the data about academic patents needs to be carefully collected and checked, which is why new databases must be constructed. Sweden has an institutional framework called the ‘teachers’ exception’ or ‘professor’s privilege’, which means that the individual – and not the university – holds intellectual property rights (IPR). Working with colleagues abroad, our research group has developed novel databases through a series of European projects during the last decade . The two most reliable databases that we developed for Sweden are from 2005 and 2011, where construction of the first one was initially part of an MSc thesis while the completion of the latter one is part of a PhD thesis (Bourelos, 2013, Cropelli, 2006). This paper is presenting a map of academic patenting in Sweden. These descriptive statistics allow us to assess the academic performance in Sweden and will highlight the fields and universities where academics patent. We are therefore able to identify possible areas of competitive advantage for Sweden when comparing the figures with academic patenting in other countries. At the micro level, this paper will contribute in completing the picture of the academic inventor in Sweden. The statistics of this chapter can be interesting for academics who study academic entrepreneurship, policy makers who are interested in motivating third mission activities, as well as firms who are seeking collaboration with academic inventors. The empirical overviews and results can be seen as revolutionizing what we think we know – because the new databases help us challenging many stereotypes and myths about Sweden. This chapter provides two types of data in the overview: namely, data that compares Sweden to Italy, France and the USA based upon data from 2005 as well as novel data from the recent completion of the database for 2011. This chapter presents an overview of academic patents in Sweden, by defining academic patents as patents where individual scientists and engineers working at universities and engineering faculties are involved as inventors.
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8.
  • Brink, Johan, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Financing and privatizing a visionary research endeavor in proteonomics: The case of ProSci in Australia
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: How Entrepreneurs Do What They Do: Case Studies of Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship. - Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar Publishers. - 9781781005491
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter addresses the close linkages between how the firm can use public and private financing to act upon innovative opportunities. It also examines the complex linkages that the founder as well as venture capitalists extert upon the management and development of the venture. The case study concerns a company in proteonomics in Australia.
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10.
  • Broström, Anders, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Elite European Universities and the R&D Subsidiaries of Multinational Enterprises
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Academy of Management (AOM) Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, USA, 2007.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter analyzes why large multinational firms are willing to invest resources in long-term collaboration with leading universities. This chapter is based on interviews with the multinationals at universities in Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The issue of how and why multinational corporations are willing to invest in longer-term collaboration with universities relates back to the core of the ‘positive’ interpretation of the knowledge society for Europe – namely how to remain attract node for R&D. This chapter thus moves to the perspective of the firm, in their interactions with university-based researchers active in top universities in different fields.
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