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Sökning: WFRF:(Nevanlinna Heli) > (2005-2009) > (2007)

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1.
  • Ahlin, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Ki67 and cyclin A as prognostic factors in early breast cancer : What are the optimal cut-off values?
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Histopathology. - 0309-0167 .- 1365-2559. ; 51:4, s. 491-498
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: To find the optimal cut-off values for cyclin A and Ki67 in early breast cancer tumours and to evaluate their prognostic values. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tissue microarray (TMA) slides were constructed from 570 T1-4 N0-1 M0 breast cancer tumours. The TMA slides were stained for cyclin A and Ki67 using immunohistochemistry with commercial antibodies. To investigate the optimal cut-off values for cyclin A, Ki67 average and maximum values the material was split into two parts at cut-offs defined by dividing it into deciles. For each cut-off value the relative risk (RR) for metastasis-free survival (MFS) and overall survival (OS) was calculated comparing patients with high versus low cyclin A or Ki67 expression. When using a cut-off value around the seventh decile, cyclin A and Ki67 score correlated with the highest RR ratio for MFS in the chemotherapy-naïve subgroup. Among patients having received adjuvant chemotherapy, no statistically significant differences in MFS or OS were found. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal cut-off value for cyclin A average is 8% and for cyclin A maximum value 11%; for Ki67 the corresponding values are 15% and 22%. Additional studies are needed to verify these results.
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2.
  • Amini, Rose-Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Mast cells and eosinophils in invasive breast carcinoma
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - 1471-2407 .- 1471-2407. ; 7, s. 165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Inflammatory cells in the tumour stroma has gained increasing interest recently. Thus, we aimed to study the frequency and prognostic impact of stromal mast cells and tumour infiltrating eosinophils in invasive breast carcinomas. METHODS: Tissue microarrays containing 234 cases of invasive breast cancer were prepared and analysed for the presence of stromal mast cells and eosinophils. Tumour infiltrating eosinophils were counted on hematoxylin-eosin slides. Immunostaining for tryptase was done and the total number of mast cells were counted and correlated to the proliferation marker Ki 67, positivity for estrogen and progesterone receptors, clinical parameters and clinical outcome. RESULTS: Stromal mast cells were found to correlate to low grade tumours and estrogen receptor positivity. There was a total lack of eosinophils in breast cancer tumours. CONCLUSION: A high number of mast cells in the tumours correlated to low-grade tumours and estrogen receptor positivity. Eosinophils are not tumour infiltrating in breast cancers.
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3.
  • Couch, Fergus J., et al. (författare)
  • AURKA F31I polymorphism and breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: A consortium of investigators of modifiers of BRCA1/2 study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1538-7755. ; 16:7, s. 1416-1421
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The AURKA oncogene is associated with abnormal chromosome segregation and aneuploidy and predisposition to cancer. Amplification of AURKA has been detected at higher frequency in tumors from BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers than in sporadic breast tumors, suggesting that overexpression of AURKA and inactivation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 cooperate during tumor development and progression. The F31I polymorphism in AURKA has been associated with breast cancer risk in the homozygous state in prior studies. We evaluated whether the AURKA F31I polymorphism modifies breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2. Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 was established to provide sufficient statistical power through increased numbers of mutation carriers to identify polymorphisms that act as modifiers of cancer risk and can refine breast cancer risk estimates in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. A total of 4,935 BRCA1 and 2,241 BRCA2 mutation carriers and 11 individuals carrying both BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations was genotyped for F31I. Overall, homozygosity for the 311 allele was not significantly associated with breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers combined [hazard ratio (HR), 0.91; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.77-1.061. Similarly, no significant association was seen in BRCA1 (HR, 0.90; 95% Cl, 0.75-1.08) or BRCA2 carriers (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.67-1.29) or when assessing the modifying effects of either bilateral prophylactic oophorectomy or menopausal status of BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers. In summary, the F31I polymorphism in AURKA is not associated with a modified risk of breast cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers.
4.
  • Cox, Angela, et al. (författare)
  • A common coding variant in CASP8 is associated with breast cancer risk
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 39:3, s. 352-358
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC) has been established to conduct combined case-control analyses with augmented statistical power to try to confirm putative genetic associations with breast cancer. We genotyped nine SNPs for which there was some prior evidence of an association with breast cancer: CASP8 D302H (rs1045485), IGFBP3 -202 C --> A (rs2854744), SOD2 V16A (rs1799725), TGFB1 L10P (rs1982073), ATM S49C (rs1800054), ADH1B 3' UTR A --> G (rs1042026), CDKN1A S31R (rs1801270), ICAM5 V301I (rs1056538) and NUMA1 A794G (rs3750913). We included data from 9-15 studies, comprising 11,391-18,290 cases and 14,753-22,670 controls. We found evidence of an association with breast cancer for CASP8 D302H (with odds ratios (OR) of 0.89 (95% confidence interval (c.i.): 0.85-0.94) and 0.74 (95% c.i.: 0.62-0.87) for heterozygotes and rare homozygotes, respectively, compared with common homozygotes; P(trend) = 1.1 x 10(-7)) and weaker evidence for TGFB1 L10P (OR = 1.07 (95% c.i.: 1.02-1.13) and 1.16 (95% c.i.: 1.08-1.25), respectively; P(trend) = 2.8 x 10(-5)). These results demonstrate that common breast cancer susceptibility alleles with small effects on risk can be identified, given sufficiently powerful studies.
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5.
  • Heinonen, Mira, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic role of HuR in hereditary breast cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 13:23, s. 6959-6963
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: HuR is an mRNA-binding protein that enhances the stability of certain transcripts and can regulate their translation. Elevated cytoplasmic expression of HuR protein has been linked to carcinogenesis and is associated with reduced survival in breast, ovarian, and gastric adenocarcinomas. Experimental Design: Here, we have explored the relevance of HuR in familial breast cancer. Tumor samples were collected from patients with identified BRCA1 (n = 51) or BRCA2 (n = 47) mutations or familial non-BRCA1/2 cases (n = 525), and analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Results: Among familial non-BRCAI/2 breast cancer patients, cytoplasmic HuR protein expression was present in 39.4% of the cases and was associated with estrogen receptor negativity, progesterone receptor negativity, p53 positivity, high tumor grade, and ductal type of the tumor. In multivariate analysis, cytoplasmic HuR expression was an independent marker of reduced survival in the non-BRCAI/2 group along with tumor size >2 cm, lymph node metastasis, and high histologic grade. In patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, cytoplasmic HuR expression was more frequent (62.7% for BRCA1 and 61.7% for BRCA2) than in the non-BRCA1/ 2 group, but in BRCA -mutated subgroups cytoplasmic HuR expression did not associate with survival. Conclusions: Our results show that HuR is an important prognostic factor in familial breast cancer patients and may contribute to carcinogenesis in this disease.
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6.
  • Schmidt, Marjanka K, et al. (författare)
  • Do MDM2 SNP309 and TP53 R72P interact in breast cancer susceptibility? A large pooled series from the breast cancer association consortium
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 67:19, s. 9584-9590
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Association studies in large series of breast cancer patients can be used to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) contributing to breast cancer susceptibility. Previous studies have suggested associations between variants in TP53 (R72P) and MDM2 (SNP309) and cancer risk. Data from molecular studies suggest a functional interaction between these genes. We therefore investigated the effect of TP53 R72P and MDM2 SNP309 on breast cancer risk and age at onset of breast cancer in a pooled series of 5,191 cases and 3,834 controls from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). Breast cancer risk was not found to be associated with the combined variant alleles [odds ratio (OR), 1.00; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.81–1.23]. Estimated ORs were 1.01 (95% CI, 0.93–1.09) per MDM2 SNP309 allele and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.91–1.04) for TP53 R72P. Although we did find evidence for a 4-year earlier age at onset for carriers of both variant alleles in one of the breast cancer patient series of the BCAC (the German series), we were not able to confirm this effect in the pooled analysis. Even so, carriers of both variant alleles did not have different risk estimates for bilateral or estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer. In conclusion, in this large collaborative study, we did not find an association of MDM2 SNP309 and TP53 R72P, separately or in interaction, with breast cancer. This suggests that any effect of these two variants would be very small and possibly confined to subgroups that were not assessed in our present study.
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