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Sökning: WFRF:(Neven Patrick) > (2020-2021)

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1.
  • Zhan, Haoyu, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study identifies 32 novel breast cancer susceptibility loci from overall and subtype-specific analyses
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 52:6, s. 572-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide analysis identifies 32 loci associated with breast cancer susceptibility, accounting for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status and tumor grade. Breast cancer susceptibility variants frequently show heterogeneity in associations by tumor subtype(1-3). To identify novel loci, we performed a genome-wide association study including 133,384 breast cancer cases and 113,789 controls, plus 18,908 BRCA1 mutation carriers (9,414 with breast cancer) of European ancestry, using both standard and novel methodologies that account for underlying tumor heterogeneity by estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status and tumor grade. We identified 32 novel susceptibility loci (P < 5.0 x 10(-8)), 15 of which showed evidence for associations with at least one tumor feature (false discovery rate < 0.05). Five loci showed associations (P < 0.05) in opposite directions between luminal and non-luminal subtypes. In silico analyses showed that these five loci contained cell-specific enhancers that differed between normal luminal and basal mammary cells. The genetic correlations between five intrinsic-like subtypes ranged from 0.35 to 0.80. The proportion of genome-wide chip heritability explained by all known susceptibility loci was 54.2% for luminal A-like disease and 37.6% for triple-negative disease. The odds ratios of polygenic risk scores, which included 330 variants, for the highest 1% of quantiles compared with middle quantiles were 5.63 and 3.02 for luminal A-like and triple-negative disease, respectively. These findings provide an improved understanding of genetic predisposition to breast cancer subtypes and will inform the development of subtype-specific polygenic risk scores.
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2.
  • Guerini-Rocco, Elena, et al. (författare)
  • Genomic aberrations and late recurrence in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer: Results from the SOLE Trial.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432. ; 27:2, s. 504-512
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Women with hormone-receptor-positive early breast cancers have a persistent risk of relapse and biomarkers for late recurrence are needed. We sought to identify tumor genomic aberrations associated with increased late recurrence risk.In a secondary analysis of Study of Letrozole Extension (SOLE) trial, a case-cohort-like sampling selected 598 primary breast cancer for targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis of gene mutations and copy number gains (CNG). Correlations of genomic aberrations with clinicopathologic factors and breast and distant recurrence free-intervals (BCFI and DRFI) were analyzed using weighted Cox models.Analysis of mutations and CNG was successfully performed for 403 and 350 samples, including 148 and 134 patients with breast cancer recurrences (median follow-up time: 5.2 years), respectively. The most frequent alterations were PIK3CA mutations (42%) and CNGs of CCND1 (15%), ERBB2 (10%), FGFR1 (8%) and MYC (8%). PIK3CA mutations and MYC CNG were associated with lower (p=0.03) and higher (p=0.004) tumor grade respectively; a higher Ki67 was seen in tumor with CCND1, ERBB2 and MYC CNGs (p=0.01, <0.001 and 0.03 respectively). FGFR1 CNG was associated with an increased risk of late events in univariate analyses (17/29 patients; BCFI: HR=3.2, 95%CI: 1.48-6.92, p =0.003; DRFI: HR=3.5, 95%CI: 1.61-7.75, p=0.002) and in multivariable models adjusted for clinicopathologic factors.Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer harboring FGFR1 CNG had an increased risk of late recurrence despite extended therapy. FGFR1 CNG may represent a useful prognostic biomarker for late recurrence and a therapeutic target.
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