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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Nilsson Carl Henric) srt2:(1995-1999)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Nilsson Carl Henric) > (1995-1999)

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  • Nilsson, Carl-Henric, et al. (författare)
  • Making Manufacturing Flexibility Operational Part 1 - A Framework
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Integrated Manufacturing Systems. - MCB University Press. - 0957-6061. ; 6:1, s. 5-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Develops a framework for manufacturing flexibility which illustrates how to obtain consistency from manufacturing strategy to the resource characteristics in the production system. Provides guidance on how to analyse and develop manufacturing flexibility in a corporate decision-making context. Uses the well-known input-transformation-output (ITO) model as a starting point for building the frame-work. Makes a clear distinction between internal and external factors impinging on the company, connecting the market demand for flexibility, the characteristics of the production system and the flexibility of the suppliers. Pursues the connection from the strategic level to the individual resource characteristics in the production system
  • Nilsson, Carl-Henric, et al. (författare)
  • Making Manufacturing Flexibility Operational Part 2 - Distinctions and an Example
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Integrated Manufacturing Systems. - MCB University Press. - 0957-6061. ; 6:2, s. 04-10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Structures the concept of flexibility by making clear distinctions in three generic dimensions, describes the use of the framework for manufacturing flexibility by working through a concrete example. The framework was presented in “Making manufacturing flexibility operational – part 1: a framework”, IMS, Vol. 6 No. 2. Makes distinctions between the concept of flexibility in the three generic dimensions: utilized flexibility versus potential flexibility, external flexibility versus internal flexibility, and requested flexibility versus replied flexibility. The framework makes a clear distinction between the internal and the external factors impinging on the company, and brings together the market demand for flexibility, the characteristics of the production system, and the flexibility of the suppliers. Furthermore, pursues the connection from the strategic level to the single resource characteristics in the production system. Using the framework as a systematization for handling flexibility related issues in companies, can be especially useful for managers.
  • Nilsson, Carl-Henric (författare)
  • On Strategy and Manufacturing Flexibility
  • 1995
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The era when customers bought what companies produced is long gone. The situation is now reversed and companies must produce what customers want; while the customers' preferences are, furthermore, becoming increasingly diverse. This has forced companies to adopt a new mode of thinking in order to survive. The strategy, by necessity, has become to manufacture flexibly. This thesis focuses on strategy and manufacturing flexibility. It includes a frame of reference and eight papers appended in full, reporting findings in four broad areas: • Manufacturing flexibility, • Manufacturing strategy, • Strategic flexibility, • Strategic manufacturing flexibility. The overall purpose of this study is to conceptualise the strategic role of manufacturing flexibility in the continuous realignment between the organisation and its environment. The guiding principle of the methodology applied in this thesis is to use the most appropriate paradigm and methodology given the individual problem at hand. The results of the studies in manufacturing flexibility are used firstly to provide elucidation of the understanding of managers' perceptions of manufacturing flexibility. Secondly, a framework for manufacturing flexibility is deduced which illustrates how to obtain consistency from manufacturing strategy to the resource characteristics in the production system. Thirdly, a method for the evaluation of flexibility in manufacturing, the capital-back method, is developed and analysed. The results of the study in manufacturing strategy are presented as a case, indicating how flexibility of the manufacturing function can be utilised in order to gain competitive advantage in an uncertain and dynamic market. A combination methodology, using both a top-down, grand strategy approach and a bottom-up, grounded methodology is developed and used in the study, and is shown to provide a sound basis for understanding external as well as internal factors impinging upon the company. Furthermore, Porter's (1980) taxonomy of generic strategies is scrutinised and the difficulties of classifying the strategy of a real company into one, and only one, of the deduced taxa are illustrated. Strategic flexibility is a broad area of research. Consequently, the study of this area embraces only a minor part of the field, namely a meta-analysis of the literature on strategic alliances. The analysis confirms, among other things, that the literature is overoptimistic towards strategic alliances. Finally, regarding strategic manufacturing flexibility, a suggestion for research is presented which involves the synchronisation of three continuous processes within the company, concerning manufacturing flexibility, manufacturing strategy and strategic flexibility. Three major suggestions concerning research in the field of strategic manufacturing flexibility are presented. Firstly, an integrative perspective on the competitive priorities - cost, quality, flexibility and dependability - is advocated due to synergistic effects. Secondly, since the concept appears to transcend disciplinary boundaries, a multi-disciplinary perspective is also advocated. Thirdly, due to the multi-dimensionality of the concept of strategy as well as flexibility, a multi-methodological approach appears to be advantageous in the pursuit of research within this field.
  • Nilsson, Carl-Henric (författare)
  • Strategic Alliances - Trick or Treat? - The Case of Scania
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Production Economics1991-01-01+01:00. - Elsevier. - 0925-5273. ; 52:09-01-02, s. 147-160
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most authors are pro-alliances, and the casual reader may be lulled into a false sense of security concerning the advantages of strategic alliances. The literature on strategic alliances is reviewed concerning the motives for forming alliances and the way in which examples of alliances are used, and misused, in the literature by scholars. The case of Scania, the Swedish heavy truck producer, is then presented as an example of the strategic advantages that can be achieved by not entering into horizontal alliances.
  • Nilsson, Carl-Henric, et al. (författare)
  • The strategic grounding of competetive advantage the case of Scania
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Production Economics. - 0925-5273. ; 41:1-3, s. 281-296
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Scania has performed well above average in the heavy truck industry during a considerable time span. Scania's sources of competitive advantage are presented and their interrelations and significance for the business strategy analysed in order to explain the success of Scania. Strategic issues are traditionally analysed in a top-down procedure starting with the corporate strategy and proceeding by disaggregation of the strategy down in the organisation. This is known as the grand strategy perspective and views strategy as a “chain of causality”. We introduce the grounded strategy perspective which views strategy as a “pattern in a stream of decisions and actions”, and takes its starting point in the stream of activities within the company. Grounded strategy synthesises the strategy according to a bottom-up procedure. The case of Scania and the heavy truck industry is analysed according to these two different perspectives on strategy. The methodological approach may be different depending on the perspective. The results of the case study from each perspective reveal interesting implications to strategists: scholars as well as practitioners. The grand strategy approach appears to be advantageous for analysis at the higher levels of strategy, while the grounded approach appear to be advantageous at the lower levels of strategy.
  • Nordahl, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Managers' Perception of Flexibility in Manufacturing - A Study in the Swedish Engineering Industry
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Integrated Manufacturing Systems. - MCB University Press. - 0957-6061. ; 7:4, s. 22-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Managers’ perceptions of flexibility in manufacturing were investigated in a research case study conducted at six Swedish companies within the engineering industry. The goal of the study was to establish which factors managers considered to be important for manufacturing flexibility and how companies and managers perceived flexibility. The size of the company, the complexity of the products and the level of technology used in production were factors found to be important for issues concerning manufacturing flexibility. The findings have implications for both managers and researchers. Managers should be aware of the lack of conformity in the perception of flexibility within companies and its possible consequences. Gives researchers suggestions based on this study, for further research in manufacturing flexibility.
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