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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Olsson Daniel S 1983 ) srt2:(2020)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Olsson Daniel S 1983 ) > (2020)

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1.
  • van Santen, S. S., et al. (författare)
  • Fractures, Bone Mineral Density, and Final Height in Craniopharyngioma Patients with a Follow-up of 16 Years
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. - 0021-972X. ; 105:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Pituitary hormonal deficiencies in patients with craniopharyngioma may impair their bone health. Objective: To investigate bone health in patients with craniopharyngioma. Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Setting: Dutch and Swedish referral centers. Patients: Patients with craniopharyngioma (n = 177) with available data on bone health after a median follow-up of 16 years (range, 1-62) were included (106 [60%] Dutch, 93 [53%] male, 84 [48%] childhood-onset disease). Main outcome measures: Fractures, dual X-ray absorptiometry-derived bone mineral density (BMD), and final height were evaluated. Low BMD was defined as T- or Z-score <=-1 and very low BMD as <=-2.5 or <=-2.0, respectively. Results: Fractures occurred in 31 patients (18%) and were more frequent in men than in women (26% vs. 8%, P = .002). Mean BMD was normal (Z-score total body 0.1 [range, -4.1 to 3.5]) but T- or Z-score <=-1 occurred in 47 (50%) patients and T-score <=-2.5 or Z-score <=-2.0 in 22 (24%) patients. Men received less often treatment for low BMD than women (7% vs. 18%, P = .02). Female sex (OR 0.3, P = .004) and surgery (odds ratio [OR], 0.2; P = .01) were both independent protective factors for fractures, whereas antiepileptic medication was a risk factor (OR, 3.6; P = .03), whereas T-score <=-2.5 or Z-score <=-2.0 was not (OR, 2.1; P = .21). Mean final height was normal and did not differ between men and women, or adulthood and childhood-onset patients. Conclusions: Men with craniopharyngioma are at higher risk than women for fractures. In patients with craniopharyngioma, a very low BMD (T-score <=-2.5 or Z-score <=-2.0) seems not to be a good predictor for fracture risk.
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2.
  • Papakokkinou, Eleni, et al. (författare)
  • Excess Morbidity Persists in Patients With Cushing's Disease During Long-term Remission : A Swedish Nationwide Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197. ; 105:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: Whether multisystem morbidity in Cushing's disease (CD) remains elevated during long-term remission is still undetermined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate comorbidities in patients with CD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: A retrospective, nationwide study of patients with CD identified in the Swedish National Patient Register between 1987 and 2013. Individual medical records were reviewed to verify diagnosis and remission status. MAIN OUTCOMES: Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by using the Swedish general population as reference. Comorbidities were investigated during three different time periods: (i) during the 3 years before diagnosis, (ii) from diagnosis to 1 year after remission, and (iii) during long-term remission. RESULTS: We included 502 patients with confirmed CD, of whom 419 were in remission for a median of 10 (interquartile range 4 to 21) years. SIRs (95% CI) for myocardial infarction (4.4; 1.2 to 11.4), fractures (4.9; 2.7 to 8.3), and deep vein thrombosis (13.8; 3.8 to 35.3) were increased during the 3-year period before diagnosis. From diagnosis until 1 year after remission, SIRs (95% CI were increased for thromboembolism (18.3; 7.9 to 36.0), stroke (4.9; 1.3 to 12.5), and sepsis (13.6; 3.7 to 34.8). SIRs for thromboembolism (4.9; 2.6 to 8.4), stroke (3.1; 1.8 to 4.9), and sepsis (6.0; 3.1 to 10.6) remained increased during long-term remission. CONCLUSION: Patients with CD have an increased incidence of stroke, thromboembolism, and sepsis even after remission, emphasizing the importance of early identification and management of risk factors for these comorbidities during long-term follow-up.
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3.
  • van Santen, Selveta S, et al. (författare)
  • Body composition and bone mineral density in craniopharyngioma patients: a longitudinal study over 10 years.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with craniopharyngioma suffer from obesity and impaired bone health. Little is known about longitudinal changes in body composition and bone mineral density (BMD).To describe body composition and BMD (change).Retrospective longitudinal study.Two Dutch/Swedish referral centers.Patients with craniopharyngioma (n=112) with a DXA-scan available [two DXA-scans, n=86; median Δtime 9.6 years (range 0.4-23.3)] at age ≥18 years [58 (52%) male, 50 (44%) childhood-onset].Longitudinal changes of body composition and BMD, and associated factors of ΔZ-score (sex and age standardized).BMI (from 28.8±4.9 to 31.2±5.2 kg/m 2, P<0.001), fat mass index (FMI) (from 10.5±3.6 to 11.9±3.8 kg/m 2, P=0.001) and fat free mass index (FFMI) (from 18.3±3.2 to 19.1±3.2 kg/m 2, P<0.001) were high at baseline and increased. Fat percentage and Z-scores of body composition did not increase, except for FFMI Z-scores (from 0.26±1.62 to 1.06±2.22, P<0.001). Z-scores of total body, L2-L4, femur neck increased (mean difference 0.66±1.00, P<0.001; 0.78±1.63, P<0.001; 0.51±1.85, P=0.02). Linear regression models for ΔZ-score were positively associated with growth hormone replacement therapy (GHRT) [femur neck: beta 1.45 (95% CI 0.51-2.39)]; and negatively with radiotherapy [femur neck: beta -0.79 (-1.49--0.09)], glucocorticoid dose [total body: beta -0.06 (-0.09--0.02)]) and medication to improve BMD [L2-L4: beta -1.06 (-1.84--0.28)]).Z-scores of BMI, fat percentage and FMI remained stable in patients with craniopharyngioma over time, while Z-scores of FFMI and BMD increased. Higher glucocorticoid dose and radiotherapy were associated with BMD loss and GHRT with increase.
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4.
  • Einarsdottir, Margret, et al. (författare)
  • High prescription rate of oral glucocorticoids in children and adults: a retrospective cohort study from Western Sweden.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinical endocrinology. - 1365-2265. ; 92:1, s. 21-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Glucocorticoids (GCs) are a cornerstone in treating various common and uncommon diseases. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of GC use in terms of doses associated with risk of tertiary adrenal insufficiency in adults and children, and treatment indications.This was a retrospective cohort study. Information on dispensed prescriptions was obtained from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register. Patients with prescriptions of prednisolone (or equivalent dose of other GCs) ≥5 mg daily for ≥21 days between 2007-2014 were included. Information on concurrent diseases was obtained from the Swedish National Patient Register and the Västra Götaland Regional Healthcare Database.Of 1,585,335 inhabitants in Västra Götaland County, 223,211 were included in the study (women 55.6%). Mean age was 48 ± 24 years. Period prevalence of oral GC use during the 8-year study period was 14.1%. The highest prevalence (27.4%) was in men aged 80-89 years and lowest (7.5%) in men 10-19 years of age. The period prevalence in children 0-9 years of age was 10.6%. COPD and asthma were the most common indications for treatment (17.2%) followed by allergy (12.5%), and malignant neoplasms (11.5%). Allergy was the most frequent indication (20.5%) in children and adolescents.Between 2007-2014, every seventh inhabitant in western Sweden received a GC prescription at doses associated with risk of developing tertiary adrenal insufficiency. These findings illustrate the importance of awareness of the potential development of tertiary adrenal insufficiency in both pediatric and adult patients.
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5.
  • Esposito, Daniela, et al. (författare)
  • Prolonged Diagnostic Delay in Acromegaly is Associated with Increased Morbidity and Mortality.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - 1479-683X. ; 182:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Clinical features of acromegaly develop insidiously. Its diagnosis may therefore be delayed.Our aim was to study diagnostic delay and its impact on morbidity and mortality in a nationwide cohort of patients with acromegaly.Adult patients diagnosed with acromegaly between 2001 and 2013 were identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry. Diagnostic codes for predefined comorbidities associated with acromegaly were recorded between 1987 and 2013. Diagnostic delay was calculated as the time between the first registered comorbidity and the diagnosis of acromegaly.A total of 603 patients (280 men, 323 women) with acromegaly were included. Mean (SD) diagnostic delay was 5.5 (6.2) years [median (minimum, maximum) 3.3 (0.0-25.9)]. Diagnostic delay was 1-<5 years in 23% patients; 5-<10 years in 17%; and ≥10 years in 24%. No delay was recorded in 36% of patients. Overall, mean (SD) number of comorbidities was 4.1 (2.5) and was higher in patients with longer diagnostic delay (P < 0.0001). Overall, observed number of deaths was 61 (expected 42.2), resulting in a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 1.45 (95% CI: 1.11-1.86). Increased mortality was only found in patients with the longest diagnostic delay (1.76, 95% CI: 1.12-2.65). In the other groups, no statistically significant increase in mortality was recorded, with the numerically lowest SMR observed in patients without diagnostic delay (1.18; 95% CI: 0.68-1.92).The diagnosis of acromegaly is delayed in most patients. Prolonged diagnostic delay is associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
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6.
  • Fuchtbauer, Laila, et al. (författare)
  • Increased Number of Retinal Vessels in Acromegaly.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - 1479-683X. ; 182:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Excess of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), as in acromegaly, is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, but whether retinal vessels are altered is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate retinal vessel morphology in patients with acromegaly at diagnosis and after treatment and to describe the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in patients with long-standing acromegaly and diabetes.Two independent observational studies, one being prospective and the other retrospective and cross-sectional.Retinal vessel morphology of 26 patients with acromegaly was examined at diagnosis and 1 year after treatment and compared to 13 healthy controls. Cross-sectional evaluation of 39 patients with long-standing acromegaly and diabetes was performed. Fundus photographs were digitally analyzed for vessel morphology.Patients with acromegaly had a median (interquartile range) of 34.3 (30.0-39.0) vessel branching points compared to 27.0 (24.0-29.0) for healthy controls (P < 0.001). Tortuosity of arterioles and venules remained unchanged. Vessel morphology did not change significantly after treatment. Patients with acromegaly and diabetes for a median of 14 years also had a high number of branching points [34.2 (32.5-35.6)], but the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was not higher than expected in diabetic patients without acromegaly.Patients with acromegaly have an increased number of vascular branching points in the retina without an alteration of macroscopic vessel morphology. This is consistent with an angiogenic effect of GH/IGF-1 in humans. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was not increased in patients with acromegaly and diabetes.
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7.
  • Jakobsson, Sofie, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Extended Support Within a Person-Centered Practice After Surgery for Patients With Pituitary Tumors: Protocol for a Quasiexperimental Study.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: JMIR research protocols. - 1929-0748. ; 9:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with pituitary tumors often live with lifelong consequences of their disease. Treatment options include surgery, radiotherapy, and medical therapy. Symptoms associated with the tumor or its treatment affect several areas of life. Patients need to adhere to long-term contact with both specialist and general health care providers due to the disease, complex treatments, and associated morbidity. The first year after pituitary surgery constitutes an important time period, with medical evaluations after surgery and decisions on hormonal substitution. The development and evaluation of extended patient support during this time are limited.The aim of this study is to evaluate whether support within a person-centered care practice increases wellbeing for patients with pituitary tumors. Our main hypothesis is that the extended support will result in increased psychological wellbeing compared with the support given within standard of care. Secondary objectives are to evaluate whether the extended support, compared with standard care, will result in (1) better health status, (2) less fatigue, (3) higher satisfaction with care, (4) higher self-efficacy, (5) increased person-centered content in care documentation, and (6) sustained patient safety.Within a quasiexperimental design, patients diagnosed with a pituitary tumor planned for neurosurgery are consecutively included in a pretest-posttest study performed at a specialist endocrine clinic. The control group receives standard of care after surgery, and the interventional group receives structured patient support for 1 year after surgery based on person-centeredness covering self-management support, accessibility, and continuity. A total of 90 patients are targeted for each group.Recruitment into the control group was performed between Q3 2015 and Q4 2017. Recruitment into the intervention group started in Q4 2017 and is ongoing until Q4 2020. The study is conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki, and the protocol has received approval from a regional ethical review board.This study entails an extensive intervention constructed in collaboration between clinicians, patients, and researchers that acknowledges accessibility, continuity, and self-management support within person-centeredness. The study has the potential to compare standard care to person-centered practice adapted specifically for patients with pituitary tumors and evaluated with a combination of patient-reported outcomes and patient-reported experience measures. Following the results, the person-centered practice may also become a useful model to further develop and explore person-centered care for patients with other rare, lifelong conditions.Researchweb.org. https://www.researchweb.org/is/sverige/project/161671.DERR1-10.2196/17697.
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