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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Olsson Rolf) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Olsson Rolf) > (2010-2014)

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1.
  • Aleman, Soo, et al. (författare)
  • Health check-ups and family screening allow detection of hereditary hemochromatosis with less advanced liver fibrosis and survival comparable with the general population
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - Informa Healthcare. - 0036-5521. ; 46:9, s. 1118-1126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. The information concerning the morbidity and mortality of hereditary hemochromatosis is based primarily on clinical cohorts of symptomatic patients. The major aim of this study was to analyze the long-term prognosis for Swedish patients with this condition, with respect to both clinical features and survival, in relation to the route by which the disease was detected. Patients and methods. 373 patients with hemochromatosis detected through routine health checkups (n = 153), family screening (n = 44), symptoms of arthralgia (n = 23), investigation of other diseases/symptoms (n = 108) or signs of liver disease (n = 45) were monitored for a mean period of 11.9 +/- 5.8 years. The degree of liver fibrosis and survival were analyzed. Results. Overall survival among these patients was not significantly different from that of a matched normal population. The patients diagnosed through health check-ups and family screening were detected at an earlier age and had the highest rate of survival. Liver biopsy at the time of diagnosis revealed cirrhosis in 9% of those detected through the health check-ups and 5% in the case of family screening, compared with 13% for the group with arthralgia, 17% for other diseases/symptoms and 42% for liver disease. Conclusion. Health check-ups and family screening allow detection of hereditary hemochromatosis at an earlier age and with less advanced liver fibrosis, although a few of these patients have already developed cirrhosis. Our study indicates that iron indices should be included in health check-ups, and if abnormal, should lead to further investigation.
2.
  • Alsterlund, Rolf, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term carriage of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia Coli
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. - 0036-5548. ; 44:1, s. 51-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In 2009 we described an outbreak caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in southern Sweden that occurred during 2005–2006. An important finding from the investigation was the long carriage times of the ESBL-producing E. coli in several of the patients, which in some cases exceeded 30 months. Here we report findings from the continued follow-up of bacterial carriage. In September 2010, 5 of the 42 patients still carried the bacteria after a median of 58 months (range 41–59 months), 18 had had repeatedly negative cultures after shedding bacteria for a median of 7.5 months (range 0–39 months), 16 had died while still shedding the bacteria for a median of 9 months (range 0–38 months), and 3 had been lost to follow-up.
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3.
  • Andersson, Sarah, et al. (författare)
  • Malmbanan Diaries
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This booklet is a report for a case study visit during four day field trip, a group of nine PhD students and their supervisors – all part of the National Research School for Architecture and Planning in the Urban Landscape, APULA – set out to explore what may be considered the outback of Western Europe’s conurbations, the transnational region of Kiruna -Narvik.Both “remote” and “resourceful”, “threatened” and “thriving” (equally relative notions), this region seemed to offer possibilities to reflect upon many of the current tendencies influencing contemporary planning practice and research.
4.
5.
  • Gustafsson, Rita, et al. (författare)
  • Esophageal Dysmotility is More Common Than Gastroparesis in Diabetes Mellitus and is Associated With Retinopathy.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The review of diabetic studies : RDS. - 1614-0575. ; 8:2, s. 268-275
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gastroparesis is a well-known complication of diabetes mellitus, both in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Esophageal dysmotility has also been described, but is not as well-characterized. The etiology and effect of these complications need to be clarified. The aim of the present study was to evaluate esophageal and gastric motility, complications, gastrointestinal symptoms, and plasma biomarkers in a cross-sectional study comprising patients with diabetes mellitus.
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6.
  • Hindorf, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Characterisation and utility of thiopurine methyltransferase and thiopurine metabolite measurements in autoimmune hepatitis
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hepatology. - Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.. - 0168-8278. ; 52:1, s. 106-111
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Aims: Corticosteroids alone or in conjunction with azathioprine (AZA) is the standard treatment in autoimmune hepatitis (AiH). Individual variations in thiopurine (TP) metabolism may affect both drug efficacy and toxicity. Our aim was to investigate the utility of thiopurine methyl transferase (TPMT) as well as thioguanine nucleotide (TGN) and methylthioinosine monophosphate (meTIMP) metabolite measurements with regard to clinical outcome. Methods: Two hundred thirty-eight patients with AM were included in this cross-sectional study. TPMT status was assessed in all patients, while TGN and meTIMP were measured in patients with ongoing TP medication. Clinical outcome was evaluated by liver tests and the ability to withdraw steroids. Results: TPMT genotyping (n = 229) revealed 207 (90.4%) wildtype and 22 heterozygous patients. One hundred forty-three patients had ongoing TP therapy with AZA (n = 134) or mercaptopurine (MP; n = 9): response was judged as complete response (CR) in 113 patients and partial response (PR) in 30 patients. Both TP dose (1.64 vs 1.19 mg/kg; p = 0.012) and TPMT activity (14.3 vs 13.5; p = 0.05) were higher in PR, resulting in similar TGN levels (PR: 121 pmol/8 x 10(8) red blood cells [RBC]; CR: 113 pmol/8 x 10(8) RBC; p = 0.33) but higher meTIMP levels in PR (1350 vs 400 pmol/8 x 10(8) RBC; p = 0.004). Patients able to withdraw steroids or who were using less than= 5 mg prednisolone daily were treated with lower TP doses than patients on higher steroid doses (1.15 vs 1.18 vs 1.82 mg/kg; p less than 0.001). Conclusions: TP metabolite measurements are of clinical value in AM patients who do not respond to standard TP treatment and for the identification of a shifted metabolism, which may demand an alternative treatment strategy.
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7.
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8.
  • Larsson, Rolf, et al. (författare)
  • Framtidens ledningssystem för skola och förskola
  • 2012
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this report a new method, a Development laboratory (D-lab), has been used. From the D-lab a prototype for e new Decision Support System for school managers evolved, that helped to adress problems with Management by Objectives (MBO) in local school organisations. In the report critique is raised against the way MBO has been used in school management. As a conclusion, a systematic development model is presented that could lead to organisational development and learning.
9.
  • Lång, Kristina, et al. (författare)
  • Dorsal agenesis of the pancreas - a rare cause of abdominal pain and insulin-dependent diabetes
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Acta Radiologica. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1600-0455. ; 53:1, s. 41309-41309
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dorsal agenesis of the pancreas is a rare congenital disorder. We report a case of a 65-year-old man with mild abdominal pain and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed a short pancreas with no pancreatic tissue ventral to the splenic vein. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) visualized the absence of a dorsal duct system and confirmed the suspicion of complete agenesis of the dorsal pancreas. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) was also performed to rule out pancreatic malignancy.
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10.
  • Olsson, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Clotting factor level is not a good predictor of bleeding in carriers of haemophilia A and B.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis. - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. - 1473-5733. ; 25:5, s. 471-475
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Carriers of haemophilia are known to have a wide range of clotting factor levels and bleeding symptoms. This study aimed at investigating whether carriers of severe and moderate haemophilia had an increased bleeding tendency, compared with a control group, using a condensed version of a bleeding assessment tool developed by the Molecular and Clinical Markers for the Diagnosis and Management of Type 1 VWD study group (MCMDM-1VWD). One hundred and twenty-six genetically verified carriers of severe and moderate haemophilia and 90 controls were interviewed regarding bleeding symptoms. A bleeding score of at least 4 was considered positive, indicating a significant bleeding tendency. Clotting factor levels were tested in the carriers.Nineteen of the women were carriers of haemophilia B, with a mean factor (F)IX:C level of 0.54 (± 0.27) kIU/l, and 107 were carriers of haemophilia A, with a mean FVIII:C level of 0.74 (± 0.32) kIU/l. The median bleeding score was 2 (-3-12) among carriers and -1 (-3-8) among controls (P < 0.001). The bleeding score was weakly correlated to clotting factor levels in carriers of haemophilia A (rs = -0.36, P < 0.001). We conclude that the bleeding tendency in our cohort of carriers differed significantly from that in the controls and that clotting factor levels might not be sufficient to predict the bleeding tendency.
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