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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Orwoll Eric S) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Orwoll Eric S) > (2010-2014)

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1.
  • Ohlsson, Claes, 1965, et al. (författare)
  • Comparisons of Immunoassay and Mass Spectrometry Measurements of Serum Estradiol Levels and Their Influence on Clinical Association Studies in Men
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 98:6, s. E1097-E1102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Immunoassay-based techniques, routinely used to measure serum estradiol (E2), are known Objective: Our objective was to compare immunoassay and MS measurements of E2 levels in men and Design and Setting: Middle-aged and older male subjects participating in the population-based Main Outcome Measures: Immunoassay and MS measurements of serum E2 were compared and Results: Within each cohort, serum E2 levels obtained by immunoassay and MS correlated moderately Conclusions: Our findings suggest interference in the immunoassay E2 analyses, possibly by CRP or a
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2.
  • Moayyeri, Alireza, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic determinants of heel bone properties : genome-wide association meta-analysis and replication in the GEFOS/GENOMOS consortium
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - : Oxford University Press. - 0964-6906 .- 1460-2083. ; 23:11, s. 3054-3068
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by X-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinants of heel broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA; n = 14 260), velocity of sound (VOS; n = 15 514) and BMD (n = 4566) in 13 discovery cohorts. Independent replication involved seven cohorts with GWA data (in silico n = 11 452) and new genotyping in 15 cohorts (de novo n = 24 902). In combined random effects, meta-analysis of the discovery and replication cohorts, nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) had genome-wide significant (P < 5 x 10(-8)) associations with heel bone properties. Alongside SNPs within or near previously identified osteoporosis susceptibility genes including ESR1 (6q25.1: rs4869739, rs3020331, rs2982552), SPTBN1 (2p16.2: rs11898505), RSPO3 (6q22.33: rs7741021), WNT16 (7q31.31: rs2908007), DKK1 (10q21.1: rs7902708) and GPATCH1 (19q13.11: rs10416265), we identified a new locus on chromosome 11q14.2 (rs597319 close to TMEM135, a gene recently linked to osteoblastogenesis and longevity) significantly associated with both BUA and VOS (P < 8.23 x 10(-14)). In meta-analyses involving 25 cohorts with up to 14 985 fracture cases, six of 10 SNPs associated with heel bone properties at P < 5 x 10(-6) also had the expected direction of association with any fracture (P < 0.05), including three SNPs with P < 0.005: 6q22.33 (rs7741021), 7q31.31 (rs2908007) and 10q21.1 (rs7902708). In conclusion, this GWA study reveals the effect of several genes common to central DXA-derived BMD and heel ultrasound/DXA measures and points to a new genetic locus with potential implications for better understanding of osteoporosis pathophysiology.
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3.
  • Meng, Jerry, et al. (författare)
  • Associations of estradiol and testosterone with serum phosphorus in older men: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Kidney International. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1523-1755 .- 0085-2538. ; 78:4, s. 415-422
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Postmenopausal women consistently have higher phosphorus levels than similarly aged men. As it is known that estradiol induces phosphaturia in rodents, we evaluated the cross-sectional association of sex hormones with serum phosphorus in 1346 community-living older men (mean age 76) of which 18% had moderate (stage 3) kidney disease. Using linear regression with serum phosphorus levels as the dependent variable, we found that for each 10 pg/ml higher total estradiol level there was a statistically significant 0.05 mg/dl lower serum phosphorus when adjusted for age, ethnicity, testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, calcium, estimated glomerular filtration rate, intact parathyroid hormone, 25(OH) vitamin D, bone mineral density, and alkaline phosphatase. These results were similar in individuals with or without chronic kidney disease. Serum testosterone concentrations were also statistically significantly associated with lower serum phosphorus levels. We confirmed these results in an independent sample of 2555 older men, wherein these associations were not attenuated when adjusted for fibroblast growth factor-23 levels. Hence, our study of community-living older men suggests that estradiol may directly or indirectly induce phosphaturia in humans. The mechanism responsible for the association of testosterone with serum phosphorus remains to be determined. Kidney International (2010) 78, 415-422; doi:10.1038/ki.2010.161; published online 9 June 2010
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4.
  • Orwoll, Eric S, et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for geographical and racial variation in serum sex steroid levels in older men.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197 .- 0021-972X. ; 95:10, s. E151-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Despite considerable racial and geographical differences in human phenotypes and in the incidence of diseases that may be associated with sex steroid action, there are few data concerning variation in sex steroid levels among populations. We designed an international study to determine the degree to which geography and race influence sex steroid levels in older men. Methods: Using mass spectrometry, concentrations of serum androgens, estrogens, and sex steroid precursors/metabolites were measured in 5003 older men from five countries. SHBG levels were assessed using radioimmunoassay. Results: There was substantial geographical variation in the levels of sex steroids, precursors, and metabolites, as well as SHBG. For instance, Asian men in Hong Kong and Japan, but not in the United States, had levels of total testosterone approximately 20% higher than in other groups. Even greater variation was present in levels of estradiol, SHBG, and dihydrotestosterone. Group differences in body mass index did not explain most geographical differences. In addition, body mass index-independent racial differences were present; Black men had higher levels of estrogens (estradiol, estrone), and Asian men had lower levels of glucuronidated androgen metabolites. Conclusions: On a global scale, there are important geographical and racial differences in the concentrations of serum sex steroids and SHBG in older men.
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5.
  • Johansson, Helena, 1981, et al. (författare)
  • Low bone mineral density is associated with increased mortality in elderly men: MrOS Sweden.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Osteoporosis international. - : Springer. - 1433-2965 .- 0937-941X. ; 22:5, s. 1411-1418
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We studied the nature of the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and the risk of death among elderly men. BMD was associated with mortality risk and was independent of adjustments for other co-morbidities. A piecewise linear function described the relationship more accurately than assuming the same gradient of risk over the whole range of BMD (p = 0.020). Low BMD was associated with a substantial excess risk of death, whilst a higher than average BMD had little impact on mortality. INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between low BMD and an increased risk of death among men and women. The aim of the present study was to examine the pattern of the risk in men and its relation to co-morbidities. METHODS: We studied the nature of the relationship between BMD and death among 3,014 elderly men drawn from the population and recruited to the MrOS study in Sweden. Baseline data included general health questionnaires, life style questionnaires and BMD measured using DXA. Men were followed for up to 6.5 years (average 4.5 years). Poisson regression was used to investigate the relationship between BMD, co-morbidities and the hazard function of death. RESULTS: During follow-up, 382 men died (all-cause mortality). Low BMD at all measured skeletal sites was associated with increased mortality. In multivariate analyses, the relationship between BMD and mortality was non-linear, and a piecewise linear function described the relationship more accurately than assuming the same gradient of risk over the whole range of BMD (p = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Low BMD is associated with a substantial excess risk of death compared to an average BMD, whereas a higher than average BMD has a more modest effect on mortality. These findings, if confirmed elsewhere, have implications for the constructing of probability-based fracture risk assessment tools.
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6.
  • Jiang, Jieying, et al. (författare)
  • Association of genetic variations in aromatase gene with serum estrogen and estrogen/testosterone ratio in Chinese elderly men.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Clinica chimica acta. - 1873-3492. ; 411:1-2, s. 53-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2470152 of the gene CYP19A1 is associated with serum estradiol (E2) levels in Caucasian men. However, it remains to be verified if rs2470152 is the sole determinant accounting for the association. We determined whether 2 CYP19A1 SNPs tagging different haploblocks (rs2470152 and rs2899470) are associated with sex steroid levels in Chinese men. METHOD: Serum sex steroid level including E2, estrone (E1) and testosterone (T), of 1402 Chinese men aged > or = 65 years were analyzed. Genotyping of the two CYP19A1 SNPs was performed using Tm-shift allele-specific PCR. RESULTS: SNP rs2899470 was significantly associated with serum E2, E1 levels and E2/T ratio (p<0.001). However, SNP rs2470152 was only modestly associated with E2/T ratio (p=0.023). Analysis of haplotype showed a significant association between C-G, T-T haplotype with serum E2/T ratio (p=0.019 and p=1 x 10(-5), respectively). Similarly, E2 levels was also associated the T-T and T-G haplotypes (p=1 x 10(-5)). CONCLUSION: The genetic variation of CYP19A1 was associated with circulating estrogen levels in Chinese elderly men. In addition, it revealed that haplotype of rs2899470 and rs2470152, rather than rs2899470 alone, was a better indicator for the serum E2/T ratio and E2 levels.
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7.
  • Jiang, Jieying, et al. (författare)
  • Association of SRD5A2 variants and serum androstane-3alpha,17beta-diol glucuronide concentration in Chinese elderly men.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry. - 1530-8561. ; 56:11, s. 1742-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Results of recent studies have demonstrated that genetic variants of the enzyme steroid 5α reductase type II (SRD5A2) are associated with serum concentrations of major androgen metabolites such as conjugates of androstane-3α,17β-diol-glucuronide (3α-diol-G). However, this association was not consistently found among different ethnic groups. Thus, we aimed to determine whether the association with SRD5A2 genetic variations exists in a cohort of healthy Chinese elderly men, by examining 2 metabolite conjugates: androstane-3α,l7β-diol-3-glucuronide (3α-diol-3G) and androstane-3α,17β-diol-17-glucuronide (3α-diol-17G).
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8.
  • Orwoll, Eric, et al. (författare)
  • A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Effects of Denosumab for the Treatment of Men with Low Bone Mineral Density
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 97:9, s. 3161-3169
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Men with low bone mineral density (BMD) were treated with denosumab.Objective: Our objective was to investigate the effects of denosumab compared with placebo in men with low BMD after 1 yr of treatment.Design, Subjects, and Intervention: This was a placebo-controlled, phase 3 study to investigate the efficacy and safety of denosumab 60 mg every 6 months vs. placebo in men with low BMD.Main Outcome Measure: The primary endpoint was the percent change from baseline in lumbar spine (LS) BMD at month 12.Results: Of the 242 randomized subjects (mean age 65 yr), 228 (94.2%) completed 1 yr of denosumab therapy. After 12 months, denosumab resulted in BMD increases of 5.7% at the LS, 2.4% at the total hip, 2.1% at the femoral neck, 3.1% at the trochanter, and 0.6% at the one third radius (adjusted P <= 0.0144 for BMD percent differences at all sites compared with placebo). Sensitivity analyses done by controlling for baseline covariates (such as baseline testosterone levels, BMD T-scores, and 10-yr osteoporotic fracture risk) demonstrated that the results of the primary endpoint were robust. Subgroup analyses indicate that treatment with denosumab was effective across a spectrum of clinical situations. Treatment with denosumab significantly reduced serum CTX levels at d 15 (adjusted P < 0.0001). The incidence of adverse events was similar between groups.Conclusions: One year of denosumab therapy in men with low BMD was well tolerated and resulted in a reduction in bone resorption and significant increases in BMD at all skeletal sites assessed.
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