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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Parker B.) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Parker B.) > (2000-2004)

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  • Agace, William, et al. (författare)
  • T-lymphocyte-epithelial-cell interactions: integrin alpha(E)(CD103)beta(7), LEEP-CAM and chemokines
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Current Opinion in Cell Biology. - : Elsevier. - 0955-0674. ; 12:5, s. 563-568
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The epithelia are the avascular layers of cells that cover the environment-exposed surfaces of the body. It appears that T cells localize to selected sites in or adjacent to epithelia via the selective expression of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors on T cells. These bind to counter-receptors and to chemokines expressed by epithelial cells. Recently, there has been an advance in our understanding of the interaction of the alpha(Ebeta7) integrin with its epithelial cell ligand, E-cadherin. In addition, a new adhesion molecule has been identified on non-intestinal epithelial cells, termed lymphocyte-endothelial-epithelial-cell adhesion molecule (LEEP-CAM). Finally, there have been advances in our understanding of the role of skin- or gut-epithelia-derived chemokines in regulating activated T cell homing to these sites.
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3.
  • Kunkel, E J, et al. (författare)
  • Lymphocyte CC chemokine receptor 9 and epithelial thymus-expressed chemokine (TECK) expression distinguish the small intestinal immune compartment: Epithelial expression of tissue-specific chemokines as an organizing principle in regional immunity
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Journal of Experimental Medicine. - : Rockefeller University Press. - 1540-9538. ; 192:5, s. 761-768
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The immune system has evolved specialized cellular and molecular mechanisms for targeting and regulating immune responses at epithelial surfaces. Here we show that small intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes and lamina propria lymphocytes migrate to thymus-expressed chemokine (TECK). This attraction is mediated by CC chemokine receptor (CCR)9, a chemoattractant receptor expressed at high levels by essentially all CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes in the small intestine. Only a small subset of lymphocytes in the colon are CCR9(+), and lymphocytes from other tissues including tonsils, lung, inflamed liver, normal or inflamed skin, inflamed synovium and synovial fluid, breast milk, and seminal fluid are universally CCR9(-). TECK expression is also restricted to the small intestine: immunohistochemistry reveals that intense anti-TECK reactivity characterizes crypt epithelium in the jejunum and ileum, but not in other epithelia of the digestive tract (including stomach and colon), skin, lung, or salivary gland. These results imply a restricted role for lymphocyte CCR9 and its ligand TECK in the small intestine, and provide the first evidence for distinctive mechanisms of lymphocyte recruitment that may permit functional specialization of immune responses in different segments of the gastrointestinal tract. Selective expression of chemokines by differentiated epithelium may represent an important mechanism for targeting and specialization of immune responses.
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4.
  • Ljungman, P., et al. (författare)
  • Respiratory virus infections after stem cell transplantation : a prospective study from the Infectious Diseases Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - 0268-3369 .- 1476-5365. ; 28:5, s. 479-484
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Community-acquired respiratory virus infections are a cause of mortality after stem cell transplantation (SCT). A prospective study was performed at 37 centers to determine their frequency and importance. Additional cases were also collected to allow the analysis of risk factors for severe infection. Forty episodes were collected in the prospective study and 53 additional episodes through subsequent case collection. The frequency of documented respiratory virus infections was 3.5% among 819 allogeneic and 0.4% among 1154 autologous SCT patients transplanted during the study period. The frequency of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) was 2.1% among allogeneic and 0.2% among autologous SCT patients. The mortality within 28 days from diagnosis of a respiratory viral infection was 1.1% among allogeneic SCT while no autologous SCT patient died. The deaths of five patients (0.6%) were directly attributed to a respiratory virus infection (three RSV; two influenza A). On multivariate analysis, lymphocytopenia increased the risk for LRTI (P = 0.008). Lymphocytopenia was also a significant risk factor for LRTI in patients with RSV infections. The overall mortality in RSV infection was 30.4% and the direct RSV-associated mortality was 17.4%. For influenza A virus infection, the corresponding percentages were 23.0% and 15.3%. This prospective study supports the fact that community-acquired respiratory virus infections cause transplant-related mortality after SCT.
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  • Agace, William, et al. (författare)
  • Constitutive expression of stromal derived factor-1 by mucosal epithelia and its role in HIV transmission and propagation
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Current Biology. - : Elsevier. - 1879-0445. ; 10:6, s. 325-328
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • HIV particles that use the chemokine receptor CXCR4 as a coreceptor for entry into cells (X4-HIV) inefficiently transmit infection across mucosal surfaces [1], despite their presence in seminal fluid and mucosal secretions from infected individuals [2] [3] [4]. In addition, although intestinal lymphocytes are susceptible to infection with either X4-HIV particles or particles that use the chemokine receptor CCR5 for viral entry (R5-HIV) during ex vivo culture [5], only systemic inoculation of R5-chimeric simian-HIV (S-HIV) results in a rapid loss of CD4(+) intestinal lymphocytes in macaques [6]. The mechanisms underlying the inefficient capacity of X4-HIV to transmit infection across mucosal surfaces and to infect intestinal lymphocytes in vivo have remained elusive. The CCR5 ligands RANTES, MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta suppress infection by R5-HIV-1 particles via induction of CCR5 internalization, and individuals whose peripheral blood lymphocytes produce high levels of these chemokines are relatively resistant to infection [7] [8] [9]. Here, we show that the CXCR4 ligand stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is constitutively expressed by mucosal epithelial cells at sites of HIV transmission and propagation. Furthermore, CXCR4 is selectively downmodulated on intestinal lymphocytes within the setting of prominent SDF-1 expression. We postulate that mucosally derived SDF-1 continuously downmodulates CXCR4 on resident HIV target cells, thereby reducing the transmission and propagation of X4-HIV at mucosal sites. Moreover, such a mechanism could contribute to the delayed emergence of X4 isolates, which predominantly occurs during the later stages of the HIV infection.
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8.
  • Coates, C. G., et al. (författare)
  • Picosecond time-resolved resonance Raman probing of the light-switch states of Ru(Phen)(2)dppz (2+)
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B. - 1520-6106 .- 1520-5207. ; 105:50, s. 12653-12664
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Picosecond time-resolved resonance Raman (picosecond-TR3) spectroscopy has been used to conduct an extensive photophysical characterization of the light- switch complex [Ru(phen)(2)dppz](2+) as a function of environment, in which studies have been carried out in aqueous and nonaqueous media and in DNA. The results are considered in rotation to a previous report describing environment-sensitive lowest triplet MLCT states. Vibrational marker features and enhancement patterns were used to determine the rapid progression (< 20 ps) between two triplet MLCT states in aqueous environment, followed by subnanosecond, nonradiative deactivation to the ground state. In nonaqueous environment, the long-lived, emissive triplet MLCT state is spectrally identified as the short-lived first triplet MLCT state observed in water, in agreement with the earlier proposed mechanism. The present data are shown to correlate well with previous nanosecond RR findings for the complex in each environment. Interestingly, a precursor state has been identified upon excitation in both nonaqueous solvent and in DNA, which precedes the triplet MLCT state, and the lifetime of which appears to be environment dependent. Observation of this state is discussed in relation to other recent femtosecond spectroscopic studies on this complex.
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